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maelaid v a, (1 mael) (a) shears (the hair), makes bald: sāl tria
hassae .i. as a firmullaig moeltar side (of a kind of tonsure?),
Corm. 1091 s.v. ranc (= maeltar LB). do maoladh a cnuic
corra `her round hills have been stripped', TD 1.6 . Intrans.:
5 nach maoluid siad (= nec calvi fiunt), Rosa Angl. 326.2 .
(b) decapitates or truncates (cf. 1 mael (d)): maelfaitir
muneóil, TFerbe 187 .
(c) flattens, blunts: máolais [an phéist] an greann adhuath-
mar baí fuirre lowered its horrible bristles, BNnÉ 8 § 27. in
10drem isa claidhbhi no maelta whose swords were blunted,
CCath. 5981. do mhaoladar [a n-airm] ó thuargain na cloiche,
ML 34.2 . ní har dhaorchloinn . . . do mhaolfoinn arma
fhileadh, Ir. Monthly 1930, 297 § 15 .
(d) esp. in fig. sense makes blunt or dull, depresses, abates:
15 gach ní méith maelaid sé an t-inntleacht, O'Gr. Cat. 260.17.
máelfaidh t'ferg dá n-éiste ar ndán, IGT Dec. ex. 88. ro
máolaitt menmanna a mileadh, Hugh Roe fo. 5 a . Impers.
pass.: nir mælad forru they were never defeated, LL 272b32
( SG 49.31 ). ro maeladh for slógh Poimp, CCath. 3705 , cf.
20 3696 . Cf. further: ro maelad . . . im Chennfaelad a ríge `C. is
shorn of his royal dignity
', SG 404.7 = TFrag. 70.10 . part. is
clanna moelta in Moeil | bid traeta a taeib sel re sreib `the
brave
(? discouraged, subdued) sons of the Mael', Fen. 230.5 .
Cf. biaid co hanbuain Eri | re forran na fer sin; | da toisc co
25Raith Cloentai | ni ba moelta a mesair (= her measure shall
be full
?), 282.22 .

maelaigid v i, (1 mael) blunts, depresses, abates and intrans.
grows blunt or weak: maoluigh uan docra an Dúilimh `turn
from us God's severity
', A. Ó Dálaigh xxv 9. ro mhaoluighedar
30a ingne le hársuigheacht (of a bird), Celt. Rev. x 142.28 . ro
maolaighset a menmanna, Anecd. ii 56.11 . vn. maolughadh
meanman, Keat. Poems 1502. maolughadh meisnigh, TSh.
6660. an mbia maolughadh ar in easlainte, R.I.A. 23 K 42,
6.8 .

35 maelán n o, m., (mael) I A blunt or flat hillock: do na trib máel-
anaib Átha Luain, TBC 6097.
II Some kind of shoe (cf. mael-assa): dá mǽlán argit imma
cossa, RC ix 490.4 ( LU 1808 ). tucsat Saxain scena etarru ┐ a
mmaelanu (= in medio ficonis sui, Nenn.), LU 237 ( Todd
40Nenn. 102 ) = mælu, BB 211b2 .
III (Bot.) some kind of grain (or herb): na hocht n-orbaind
. . . secul seruan mælan, etc., `beare', Aisl. MC 99.4 . Cf. 1
mael (g)
. m. ¤ muilche, see muilche.
IV A beacon: maelan, O'R. mar mháolán ar mhullach an
45tsléibhe, Isa. xxx 17. Cf. 2 mael (g).

maelassa xsee 1 mael, compds.

maelat n m. (1 mael + att `hat'?) the hood of a coat of mail worn
under the helmet: rogabh a corrc[h]athbarr . . . dar m. ¤ drolach
linech a luirige imma cenn, CCath. 4695 , cf. 5261 .

50 maelgarb I adj. o,ā, as sobriquet: Tuathal maelgarbh mac
Cormaic chaeich, AU 534 ; so called because his head was bald
and lumpy, Cóir An. 273 , cf. Keat. iii p. 52 . As npr. m., see
3 Mael II (a).
II subst. o, m. name of a cattle-murrain: tosach in boair
55móir .i. m. ¤ anaicenta, RC xvii 345 (Tig.), cf. CS 985. tosach
an bhó-áir mhóir .i. an mhailghairbh, FM ii 720.6 , cf. 1044.11 .
boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb, O'Dav. 291.

maelland n f. (1 mael+land `lamina') some metal ornament worn
under the necks of horses: mælland arggait co cluciniu oir fo
60bragit cech eich, LL 248a42 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v 29 ) =
maellann, RC xxiv 143.24 . moaillind (muillind v.l.), ZCP iv
33.10 . Cf. maelchircul óir co clucinib fo bragit cech eich,
TFerbe 14 (prob. the same thing; a circular disk?). di gabair
cona n-allaib ┐ cona mullannaib oir ` frontlets ', Hib. Min. 73.7 .
65 muilleann .i. cluigín; gona mullannaibh óir .i. gona cluigínibh
oir a small bell (?), O'Cl.

maen adj o, ā. dumb: maoin balbh, For. Foc. 34. maon .i. balbh,
O'Cl. ? asbert in rígan: m. ¤ ruc `I have borne a mute' (of an
infant with a caul), IT iii 189.12 . machtnamh maon mute
70wonder
, Measgra Dánta 59.9 . See also Maín.

maer n o, m., (Lat. maior) maor, IGT Dec. § 96.6 .
(a) a steward of a king or prince, whose chief duty seems to
have been to collect imposts; often coupled with `rechtaire'.
m. ¤ .i. brethemh, O'Dav. 1275 (a definition not supported by
75literature). araid mǽir saír . . . i n-iarthur in taige (of the
Tech Midchuarta), LL 29b13 = moer, YBL 149b1 . masa aen
m. ¤ ro huirdnedh acun righ, leth-eniclann in rig do, Laws v
74.24 Comm. maoir no rechtaire in ri iat-sidhe, ii 94.4 Comm.
a maír ┐ a fhedmannaig oc crechad chaich (of a `tigerna
80tuaithe'), PH 7531. bó cach liss i Muman . . . ┐ mær dia
tobach, Aisl. MC 57.12 . do ordaich rigu ┐ taisechu, maeru ┐
reachtairedu (of Imar the Danish leader), Cog. 48.12 . a maeir
┐ a rectairedha, 84.13 . maor í Dhomhnaill, FM iii 178. Gilla
Crist . . . m. ¤ Muman, AU 1072 ; 1073 (moer). ardmaer Oa
85Neill in deiscirt, 923 . ardmaer oca mbiat ill-tuatha, O'Dav.
1275. ardmhaor sluaigh `chief officer', FM vi 2024.1 . The
steward or collector of dues attached to a monastery (or the col-
lective monasteries of the same foundation): Feidilmidh
abbas Cille M. et moer Breg o Phatraic (i.e. collector of P.'s
dues in Bregia), AU 813. m. ¤ muinteri Patraicc, 887 , cf. 893 .
5 muna íocait . . . fri maoraibh Máodog, BNnÉ 248.10 . dobert-
sat na Gaoidhil toirbearta . . . da maoraibh [sc. mainistre na
Croiche naoimhe] ┐ da manchoibh, FM vi 2148.14 . (fig.)
maor Dé, Ir. Monthly 1930, 516.28 (of St. Michael, common
in relig. poetry). maor tobhaigh an Tighiorna, 514.7 . m. ¤ na
10meidhe, 1929, 213.31 (see med).
(b) title given to the hereditary guardians of certain relics , see
Plummer Vitae SS. Hib. i p. cxxix . Solamh hUa Mellan m. ¤
Cluig in Udhacht[a] keeper of the Bell of the Testament, AU ii
502.15 (cf. FM iv 864 and see Trip. 120.11 fg.). ro beanadh an
15Chathach Coluim Cille . . . ┐ do marbadh a maér, iii 420.19 .
muintir Mochain Chille hAthracht .i. maoir na Croisi Athracht,
Hy Fiach. 40. mær na bachla cochlaige, BColm. 96.22 .
(c) of officials of antiquity: tria guth challaire no mair, PH
2608. ar Troe murnigh na mær, BB 52b21 . ro ordaigsett
20[Romáin] mair ┐ airrig for cendadachaib in domain do
tabac[h] a cisa, CCath. 3225. at[h]arruch consul ┐ maer ┐
airrigh, 3214 . See méra and mórmaer.