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1 múr n o, m., (Lat. murus) orig. neut.? cf. n s. múr n-álainn,
Sitzungsb. der Preuss. Adad. v 92 § 10 (quoted below). n du.
da mur de[e]c, SR 397. a p. múru, 8048 . múra, 8078 . g p. inna
múr , Ml. 118d20 . n p. múrtha occurs in late MSS.
30(a) a wall or rampart , generally one constructed of earth or
stone surrounding a building, fort or town. mur, gl. murus,
Ir. Gl. 476. mur do chria[i]d, SR 395. mur .i. mō a úr .i. a
talam (i.e. an earthen wall), Corm. Y 910. no chlaided na
muru, FB 70. sé troigthe i n-airdi na clasach ┐ i n-airde in
35muir as a cind (of the dyke thrown up by digging a trench),
Laws iv 76.10 Comm. dún . . . ┐ m. ¤ gel ard im sodain, RC ix
476.3 ( LU 1700 ). for m. ¤ dron dúne Delga, Met. Dinds. iii 256.2 .
o mur Eamhna, ZCP viii 219 § 14. for mur Hierusalem (gl.
in muro), Ml. 33d21 . secht múir na cathrach, PH 8014. secht
40murtha daingne ina hurtimcill do ballaibh cloch `fortifications
of stone walls
', ZCP vi 284.12 . doradadh m. ¤ tar grian an
bhaile lá Gearaltachaibh `the Geraldines levelled the wall of the
town
', FM v 1722.12 , where we should perh. read: an baile,
and take m. ¤ tar g. as an adverbial phrase (possibly in sense
45 3 múr) = the town was demolished.
By extension of an embankment of earth and stones built
over burial-chambers (see Met. Dinds. iv 416 ad 103 ): múr
Tailten . . . in' rohadnacht ilar mban, Met. Dinds. iv 154.101 .
cnuicc for allmarchaib ánaib | ocus múir for mórphlágaib
50`walls built over the dead of great plagues', 152.100 ; quoted TSh.
5771. Cf. tri maic Echach . . . atáit it' múr (of burial rath
of Cruachan), LU 2820 = RC xvii 281.
(b) extensions of lit. meaning: maidid for Lagnib co turgab-
sat múr derg fri Ulto. ár ba geis do Ultaib dul dar m. ¤ ṅderg,
55 LL 115b39 ( RC viii 56.12 ); prob. a technical term, cf. ro
tocbaisit Fir Ol nEgmacht mur derg ind agaid Ulad, Ériu
viii 179.1 . Of heaps of slain: concichre C. cethri múru móra
de chollaib doene immon cath sechtair, TBC 5585. ro airgis
a ndún . . . tugais é fa mur tineadh `a wall of fire', Cog. 80.26 .
60Of water: mura na muir (leg. muire?) . . . batar dia ndeis is dia
cli (of Israelites passing through the Red Sea), RC xxxvii 347
§ 46 . tainic an lán mara 'na múraibh . . . gach taoibh, BNnÉ
209 § 63. Of confines of the sea: in muir . . . tēt dara muru
mōra, SR 8048. an muir . . . do dhul dara múruibh amach, RC
65 xxviii 312 § 7. Cf. is muir dar múru (of an overwhelming foe),
TBC 5277 ; 5558 (mura). ro soiset . . . co mara muru (i.e. as
far as the sea), ZCP xiii 14.22 . co mara mur, Anecd. ii 8.9 . in
fuicēb oc mara mūr | slicht mo dā glūn isin trācht? ZCP x
46.4 . mo brogad for mara mūr (i.e. on the ocean), 45.16 .
70 Loch Muinremair múir mellaig `of the pleasant wall' (i.e.
shore), Leb. Gab. i 100.5 = múr mellaig, LL 7a6 . ōs mūr
talman tinn, ZCP vi 271 § 3 , where m. ¤ seems used like druim
`ridge' = surface .
Fig. a protection, safeguard: m. ¤ trén . . . fri doíni, fri demnai
75(of a martyrology), Fél. Ep. 151. Mathae m. ¤ trén toídlech, ib.
Sept. 21 ; cf. Sept. 15 , Jan. 24. mūr n-ālainn ar ḟōir ēccrat (of
a chieftain), Sitzungsb. der Preuss. Akad. v 98 § 10. ba m. ¤
cach mire in mór-Dond `a fortress against frenzy', Met. Dinds.
iii 372.
80(c) transf. of place enclosed by a wall, dwelling, fort, keep,
etc., common in late poetry of a castle or mansion . ra béim
it' m. ¤ os gréin glain (of heaven), LL 145a51 . deoch mhilis an
mhúir neamhdha, PBocht 118 § 45. m. ¤ Muire, Ir. Monthly
1929, 212.23 . fer aen-cleithe cona mur `with his house', Laws
85 iv 350.14 . Ollamh Fódla . . . dorinne m. ¤ na n-ollmhan ` hall ',
Keat. ii 2063 (poem). múr d'ollamhnaibh innse Fáil leis do
tógbhadh, Content. xxx 13. i m. ¤ Mainisthrech Esa Ruaidh,
AU iii 326.22 . atbail [Ollamh Fódla] ina mhúr budhen i
Temhraigh, FM i 52.19 . an m. ¤ . . . | 'na gcluininn gáir chrot is
chliar (of a ruined mansion), Measgra Dánta 57.17 = KMMisc.
5 50.5 (early 17th cent.). ag biathadh truagh is tárnocht | it'
mhúr sriobhghlan, Maguires of F. 62.3 . i maigh nó i m. ¤ afield
or at home
TSh. 1175.
Compds. ¤ clad m. an earthen dyke or rampart: ni tarla
mūrchlad a mūir | dar dūil mar Dunchad the dyke of its
10(Ardmacha's) rampart never closed over a being like D., Bruchst.
i § 146 = ZCP iii 36.7 , FM ii 720.20 . ro gab P. . . . for métu-
gudh na murchlodh, TTr.² 1243. ¤ longport m.: co ṅder[n]sat
[na slóig] murlongporta mora dib imon cat[h]raig (i.e. en-
camped round the walls), LB 154a28 . ¤ mag: a mhúrmhagh
15Luighdheach castled (?) plain (of Ireland), Keat. Poems 1370.
With adj.: ? dos mūr-ālaind (of a great tree), ZCP v 22 § 7
(perh. fig. use). With vn.: dréimire . . . re múirlingeadh ar
neamh for scaling Heaven's wall, TSh. 10818.
See also 2 and 3 múr.

20 2 múr n abundance? The meaning is doubtful and may be a
conjecture of early glossators; Calder, Aen. Vocab. p. 222
gives sense ` sand, dust, drift ' to some of the follg. exx.; cf.
Dinneen: múr (m.) `a cloud of dust, etc., a shower, spindrift;
abundance (esp. in pl.); m. ¤ báistighe a heavy local shower',
25 múr `a dark cloud, a heavy shower threatening ', Arch. i 156
(`Spoken Gaelic of Aran and Meath'). Stokes, Met. Gl. p. 97
suggests cognate with Gk. μυρίος, cf. W. myrdd (?).
mur .i. imat, Corm. Y 905. mur imbad, Corm. p. 20 s.v.
fogamur. Dia mor mo anacol de mur teintide . . . .i. Dia mór
30dom anacol ar imbed in tened, RC xx 154 § 4 ( ACC 4 = de
múr theindtide, LU 502 ); `the fiery abundance', Stokes; `fiery
drift
', Calder; possibly a fig. use of 1 múr, m. ¤ teintide = Hell.
múr .i. immed ut dicitur: Múr ainm d'imbed tall 'sind recht, ib.
Comm. mur [múr v.l.] iomad thall isin recht, For. Foc. 50.
35 ciarbu tholgdae rígain | Phelait a múr chlúime, Fél. Prol. 126
= a mmuir (no a múr) chlaine, Laud; a muir chlúime, LB;
`though haughty was Pilate's queen out of abundance of down',
Stokes; `drift of down' Calder. If múr be the right reading, it
may bear the sense of 1 múr (= dwelling, house); there may
40be a contrast implied between `múr' and `loc', 128 , `dún', 130 .
mur .i. imad. mar .i. uasal. múr marbriathar Cormaic . . .
.i. is ard uasal ré tiachtain tairsi in breth ruc Cormac. no
issed só ata do reir imaid briathar mor Cormaic, O'Dav. 1229 ;
the first explanation suggests a fig. use of 1 múr. ? ní mé
45m'aonor i mmúr thol | docoid fordal i ndáil ban `'tis not I
alone who in the fullness of desire have gone astray
', Fian. 10 § 5.
? a mind óir ar mairgi mur `golden crown to be sorrowfully
regretted
' (?), FM ii 602.10 (elegy on death of Maenach abbot
of Bennchuir); cf. 4 múr. ? compd. gur fágaib in t-isdadh ina
50mhúraib maoldubha ar múrloscadh a mhor-Gall ina mhedón
`its English charred within them', Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.27 .
This word may possibly be the first component in several
words beginning with mur-, see murgrian, -luaith, -thonn,
-thrét below.

55 3 múr n[m.] other doubtful meanings.
(a) mire ; acc. to Stokes, ZCP iii 470 , a loan-word from O.N.
mýrr `slime' or A.S. mýre, in the follg. exx.: concicher ar m. ¤ is
ar ṅgrian | in trícha sin fer Galian, TBC 526 = ar ūir is ar
grian, St., Add. cotomelad [= cotob-méla] ar mur [múr LU]
60┐ grian, TBC² 1077. In both cases edd. suggest reading `úir',
an emendation supported by the parallel in LU 8700 ( FB 52 ):
coto[n]méla-ni in fer sin . . . ar úir ┐ grian, Cf. FM v 1722.12
quoted under 1 múr (a).
(b) ` sand-bank, shoal ', Calder, Aen. Vocab. p. 222 : ro gabsat
65co mur and, co nus-rucc neart imruma ┐ seolta estib `ran
aground
', Aen. 139 ; of Trojan ships passing between Scylla
and Charybdis. The quotation is a summary of Virg. Aen.
iii 563 - 9 : laevam cuncta cohors remis ventisque petivit . . .
Cyclopum adlabimur oris; perhaps ro gabsat co mur = they
70made for the coast
(of Sicily on the left), cf. 1 múr (b). feib
dosfuc for cúl . . . | ós cach múr cona mōrless, SR 3530 ; of
God bringing back the sons of Jacob from Egypt; `shoal'
Calder, but the journey was by land; the follg. mór-less (cf.
5010 ) suggests 1 múr in sense of wall or city or fig. barrier,
75obstacle
.

? 4 múr n f. sneachta na mure `the snow of the destruction', AU ii
196.10 (= s. na nemi, Ann. Boyle, AU ii 197 n .); ` drifting
snow ', Calder, Aen. Vocab. 222 (see 2 múr). múr m. ¤ ` sorrow,
grief, affliction ', O'R. See also FM ii 602.10 quoted under 2 múr.

80 murach n ā, f., shell-fish? métithir tulaig . . . | do muraig do
mór-ḟemnaig, Met. Dinds. iii 192.28 (mauraich, muirig v.l.;
with latter cf. 3 muirech). Cf. murach, -aigh, -aighe ` murex or
purple-fish ', Coneys ; murac m., O'R. (< Lat. murex?).

1 múrach adj o, ā (1 múr) possessing walls or fortifications: do bhí
85sé m. ¤ túrach tíreach (of a chieftain), Hackett xxxix 160 ( Keat.
Poems 792 ).