Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


2 mael n ā, f., (same word as 1 mael).
35(a) a cropped head, close-cut hair; by extension crown of head,
poll . ro suíg a folt inna chend cor bo suas maeldub demischas
[leg. mael demis chas] chirdub ba forcsi fair, FB 27 ; cf. mael
demis chirdub for cechtar de, LL 252b16 . mæl dub demsidi
fair, FB 37. m. ¤ gárb fo[r]suidiu `rough cropt hair', BDD 38.
40 teóra máela foraib, 117 . días máel . . . im fer co folt, 87
(expld.: it é a dá glún imma chend, 88 ; `two bare hills' Stokes;
rather two cropped heads). mǽl gle find fair mar bō ataslilad,
TBC 1377. ic sliachtad a maíle, 1380 . nos-berr in gilla mail
fair cosin claideb crops off his hair, Ériu i 118 § 10. a mbui fo
45mail (i.e. when he was a boy; allusion to custom of cutting a
boy's hair at age of seven), Anecd. i 51 § 9 , cf. note, ZCP xi
162 . (fig.) do chuir Éire trí monga ┐ trí maola dhi (i.e. three
alternate growths and clearings of forest), Keat. i p. 96 ; cf.
mael .i. machaire ut est . . . teora maela ┐ teora monga .i.
50caille, H. 3.18, p. 626 ( O'C. 1371 ). In wider sense of head, poll:
snúadh óir . . . ar a mhaíl, IGT Dec. ex. 953. tarla an loirg-
fersad . . . a mullach na maeili do C., Celt. Rev. iii 212.7 .
ó chluasaibh a maoile, E. O'Rahilly xx 8. Meton. a crop-
headed person: augra in dá túathmaíl `of the two tribal slaves',
55 BDD § 168 App. ( LU 8022 ) = a. do dā moghud § 16 .
(b) dishorned head of an animal (used for food)? In the
Tech Midchuarta at Tara a `mael' was assigned as portion to
the dáilem, tannaire and rechtaire respectively, see Petrie
Ant. of Hill of Tara 203.13 , 204.4 , 206.20 , 23 ; LL 29, diagram .
60 rannaire . . . arrospetti mæl, 29b46 = ardospeti moel, YBL
419b39 . maíl na cethra dóib uile i tig ind ríg, Met. Dinds.
i 24. See also (d).
(c) of a convex or rounded surface resembling the crown of
a head: a flat-topped hillock (common in place-names): na tri
65Mæla Mide, TBC 6026. na tri maola Midhe, Anecd. ii 52.14 ;
see also formael. do ling do mhaoil an talman, ZCP x 295.14
= do maoilind talman, TBC 3890 (St.). for maíl maige maith,
ZCP xi 109 § 17. sruthair na Maile Chind Tire the Mull of
Cantire
, CRR 10. de'n mhaoil mhongach (of Howth Hill),
70 Hard. ii 224.1 . Possibly also AU ii 30.2 : maidm Maile dergi.
The name Mael was sometimes given to a large flattish stone:
LL 30b35 , cf. RC xv 282 § 21. Maelblatha (name of a stone in
the refectory at Iona which seems to have been used as a
table or buffet), BColm. 58.20 . Of buttocks: ó mhaolaibh a
75más (= usque ad nates, 2 Sam. x 4 ), Eochairsg. 87.29 (cf.
similar use of mell).
(d) some part of the shoulder (shoulder-blade or scapula?): co
torchair C. . . . co ndechaid a mǽl as a gualaind, TBC 1184.
comard fri fid máel a dá gúaland, Ériu iv 138 § 14. a
80máolaib a ngúalann, Maund. 173. súist . . . ós maoil a ghua-
lann, Gadelica i 43 ( Pairl. Chl. T. 269 ). Cf. ulcha . . . fair go
roichionn tar a maoil-īochdair sios, ZCP x 279.14 . In follg.
ex. used of some part of a thigh-bone or femur (the lower
end-surface?): ro tallad ōl cet i mæl a chnama, BB 372b38
85(Dinds. of Port Láirge) = a mael a chnamha, RC xv 433 =
for m. ¤ cech cnama, LL 169a17 .
(e) name of a weed: mail molchi . . . .i. genus zizaniae, Thes.
ii 48.26 (gl. infelix lolium et steriles avenae, Ecl. v 37 ) = maili
muilchi, 361 ; leg. maílán, edd. Thes. See 1 mael (g), maelán
(III)
, and muilche.
5(f) m. ¤ domnaig name of a cattle-disease: bō-dhīth ar fut
Erenn .i. Maeldomnaigh, AU ii 438.11 .
(g) m. ¤ tened a bonfire, conflagration? (fig.) dorat mael teined
tar hilltuathaib Aissia, Alex. 337. Cf. maelán IV.
(h) in Mod.Ir. the sense of convex surface or top = climax
10in certain idiomatic expressions: thug lán na hadhairce fa
mhaoil he gave the horn brimming full, GJ iii 37b (Stair E. Uí
Cléirigh). [a] cur maoil air chártaí filling quarts to overflowing,
ITS xvii 247.1 .

3 Mael npr. m. Both 1 mael and 2 mael are largely used in the
15formation of masc. proper names (rarely fem.).
I Mael (adj.): (a) seldom alone, treated as o- stem. M(ael),
Ardm. 12b1 = Thes. ii 265 , Trip. 317.5 (equated with Lat.
calvus, ib. 13 ). Mæl, Rawl. 130a55 . g s. Mail, 119a28 , 127a39 .
meic Mail , Fél. 204.30 = m. ¤ Mæil , Lism.L. 3976.
20(b) in composition with a follg. noun which it qualifies.
Maolbennachtaidh, BNnÉ 192.7 (-bhennacht v.l.). Cf. g s.
Maelbennachtain, BB 88a22 . Maelcú, Lism. L. p. 315 (father of
Brude king of the Picts). g s. Maelcon (of same), AU 583.
Moelchú, Fél. 78.22 . Fergussan mac Maelcon, AU 702.
25 Máellecán, Sg. 203 a ( Thes. ii p. xxii ), possibly represents a
formation with g.s.
II Mael subst. is largely used folld. by (a) an adj., (b) gen. of
a common noun, and (c) gen. of a proper name. The orig.
meaning in class (a) was that of ` cropped head' or `head', in
30classes (b) and (c) of `slave' or `servant', hence `devoted to';
class (c) received its chief development after the introduction
of Christianity, generally in combination with names of
saints (in this connexion the meaning ` tonsured ' may have
been implied; it is occasionally glossed calvus). A humorous
35extension of the usage occurs in the fictitious names Ocmæl-
Blongi, Aisl. MC 77.23 ; Mælsaille mac Maílimme, 89.5 . Later
gilla came to be used in the same way (see ZCP xii 301 , 313
for discussion of the subject). That these names are not true
compds. is shown by (1) freq. declension of Mael as fem.
40 subst., g s. Maíle (a follg. adj. being occasionally in agreement);
(2) tmesis in poetry: Mael fial Finnia, AU 902 ; feil Mail chōir
Canaigh, Mart. Gorm. Sept. 18 ; Mael caemfertach Cetair,
May 14. Later they came to be regarded as compds. and in
gen. Máel > Maíl or remains unchanged. Both gen. forms Maíle
45and Maíl- (Máel-) often occur side by side. Maíle is common
in AU up to the year 850, then gradually gives way to Máel-
folld. by lenition, and goes out of use by 950. (See Ó Máille,
Lang. of Ann. Ulster, p. 52 n. ). The follg. lists are illustrative:
(a) Maelcaích: Thes. ii 251.15 (Stowe Miss.). AU 665. Fél.
50 132.28 . ¤ ciar, Rawl. 123b9 . Mælchiar (fem.), Aisl. MC 109.
27 . ¤ corcrae: g s. Maele Corcrai, AU 878. ¤ crōn: AU 837 ,
900 . g s. Maelchroin , Rawl. 145a31 . ¤ dub: AU 626. Fél.
Oct. 20. Moeldub, Fél. 73.22 . g s. Maelduibh , AU 626 , 673 .
Rawl. 146e39 . ¤ étig: g s. Maeletich ,
55 Rawl. 126a31 . ¤ find: g s. Moile Finde, Aisl. MC 43.11 . Moil-
finde, ib. 18 . Maelḟind, AU 912. ¤ garbh AU 932. g s. Maeli
Garba, Rawl. 129b53 . ¤ gorm, Rawl. 153a10 . ¤ inmain
(g.s.), Rawl. 153a10 . ¤ maith, Rawl. 130a52 . ¤ mithig:
Maelmhithig, AU 902. g s. Mailmithidh , 943 . ¤ mór, AU 548.
60 Trip. 88.13 . g s. Moile Móire, Trip. 88.15 . Maeilmhoir, AU
548. ¤ mōrda, AU 873. g s. Mailmorda , 911 . Maelmordhai,
943 . ¤ muad: Maelmuadh, AU 977. Maelmbuadh (acc.), ib.
Maelmuaidh, 1020 . g s. Mailmuaidh , 1014 . ¤ óc, Rawl.
141b8 (a dim.?). ¤ odar: Maelodhor, AU 861 , 869 . ¤ odur,
65 Rawl. 130a11 . g s. Maili Odræ, Trip. 340.23 ( Ardm. 17b1 ).
Maele Odrae, AU 692 , 693 . Maeluidhir, 640 , 737 , 851 . ¤ rua-
naidh, AU 838. g s. Maelruanaidh , ib. ¤ salach, Rawl. 159b
12 . ¤ suthain, AU 1009. RC xi 492. ¤ temen: g s. Mael-
temin, Rawl. 145e6 . Maelteimin, AU 908.
70(b) Mael-aba, Rawl. 141b38 . ¤ achaid: ¤ achidh, AU 895.
¤ aithgein: ¤ aithgin, Fél. June 6 ( ¤ aithgen v.l.). ¤ aithgen,
Rawl. 130a6 . ¤ aithgeain, ib. 5 . ¤ aithchen, ib. 11 . g s.
Maele aithgen, 129b45 . Maeli aithchen, 155a53 = Maelath-
geáin, LL 325 b . ¤ anfaid (anfad `storm'?), Fél. Jan. 31. g s.
75 Maile anfaid, 186.1 . Maele anfaid, AU 709. Maele anfaith,
724 , 745 . ¤ anfis, Rawl. 122a17 (g.s.). ¤ augra, Rawl. 123a52 .
g s. Mailughra , BNnÉ 329.12 . ¤ bethad: g s. Máolbethad ,
BColm. 44.23 . ¤ chluichi, Rawl. 130a22 . ¤ cluchi, Thes. ii
288.1 (inscription). ¤ cluiche, AU 913 , 922 . ¤ cobho (cf.
80 cob `victory'), AU 646. g s. Maelecobho , 657 , 669 . Maeile
cobha, 663 . Moelocobha, Maelcobho, 653 . Maile Coba, RC
xvii 195 (Tig.), Mail Coba, 193 . Mailchoba, Fél. 136.25 .
¤ craíbe: ¤ craibi, AU 918. g s. Maelchræbe , Rawl. 146g28 .
¤ críche: g s. Maelchrichi , Rawl. 150b22 . ¤ crói: g s. Mael-
85chrói , Rawl. 128b37 . ¤ dithreib: Maoldithruib, Mon. Tall.
§ 4. g s. Maoilidíthraib , § 24. Maele ditraibh, AU 691. ¤ do-
borchon, AU 328. ¤ doburchon, Fél. 152.7 . g s. Maildo-
burchon , ib. 8 . Moeldobhorcon, Gorm. Feb. 19. ¤ dōid (doe
`forearm'?), AU 957. Gorm. May 13. ¤ domnaig, AU 911.
¤ domnaich, Rawl. 145d20 . ¤ dúin: Mailduin (Clonmacnois
5inscr.), Thes. ii 286.16 . g s. Maele duin, AU 668. Moeleduin,
669 . Moile Dúin, Aisl. MC 3 , 22 . Maeilduin, AU 689. ¤ fa-
baill: ¤ fabhuill, AU 890. g s. Maelfabaill , Rawl. 145a6 .
¤ fithrich, AU 628. g s. Maile fithrich, 721 . Cf. fithrech
`edible sea-weed'. ¤ fogai: mac Mæle Foga, TBC 4362 =
10 Maile Ogath, TBC² 2842. ¤ fogamair: g s. Maílfoghamair ,
BNnÉ 312 § 2. Maelḟoghamair, AU 1086. ¤ gaimrid, AU
838. Mailgaimrid, Ml. 56b33 , 68c15 . Maelgeimridh, Fél. 130.
28 . ¤ gualai (guala `drinking-vat'?), AU 858. g s. Maelghua-
lai , 894 . ¤ imorchair: g s. Maele imorchair, AU 750. ¤ meda
15(mid `mead'), Rawl. 161a35 . ¤ mocherghi (mochérge `early
rising'), AU 895. g s. Maelmochorghi , 912 . ¤ mracha (O.Ir.
mraich `malt'): g s. Maile mbracho, AU 621. ¤ na mbō, AU
1005. g s. Mail na mbo, 1041 . Mæl na mbō, Trip. 524.27 .
¤ ochtraig (ochtrach `manure, mizen'), Rawl. 141b50 , cf.
20 Maelochtaraich, AU 799. g s. Maele octraich, AU 670. Mael-
ochtraig, Rawl. 122b17 . ¤ oena (O.Ir. oín < Lat. ieiunium?),
Thes. ii 286.14 (Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤ oenaich, Rawl. 159b10
(g.s.). ¤ rois: g s. Maele rois, Rawl. 126a25 . Maeli rois, 122b36 .
¤ ruain, AU 626. Fél. Prol. 225. g s. Maile ruen, Thes. ii 284.
2526 (Stowe Miss.). Maoili ruoin, Mon. Tall. § 10. Maolrúoin,
§ 6 . Mailruain, Fél. 8.29 . Maela Ruain, 220.11 . The meaning
of the second component is obscure; possibly adj. or npr.
¤ rubai (ruba `smiting, slaughter'), Fél. Apr. 21. Mailrubai,
AU 670 , 672 . g s. Maeli rubae, Rawl. 145b23 . Maelrubae, ib.
30 27 . ¤ samna (samain `end of summer'), AU 970. Rawl. 159b
19 . ¤ snechtai, AU 1085. g s. Mae[l]snechtai , Rawl. 143b24 .
Maele sneachta, Gorm. May 1 n .5 . ¤ teglaig (fem.), ZCP xiii
356.14 . g s. Maili Teaglaig, ib. 15 . ¤ tolai: g s. Maele toli, AU
822. Maeli tolæ, Rawl. 126a16 . ¤ topair: g s. Maele topair,
35 Rawl. 122b34 . Maeltopair, ib. 41 . ¤ tuili, Thes. ii 286.15
(Clonmacnois inscr.). ¤ tuile, AU 816. g s. Maele tuile, 671 .
Maele toili, 737 . Maile tuile, Rawl. 129b10 . Maeltuile, 160a55 .
¤ umai: Maelhuma, Rawl. 122b41 . g s. Maelhumai , 129b52 .
Maele umai, AU 681.
40(c) Mael Barrḟind, AU 915. ¤ Brenainn, AU 1074 (g.s.)
¤ Bresail, AU 626. g s. Maele Bresail, 844 , 851 . ¤ Brigte,
Thes. ii 287.41 (Clonmacnois inscr.). Máel Bri[g]tae, Sg. 202 a
( Thes. ii p. xxi ). ¤ Brighti, AU 830. g s. Maele Brighti, 853 .
Maelbrighti, 855 . Name of Marianus Scotus author of the
45Tripartite Chron., MacCarthy p. 4. ¤ Chiarāin, Thes. ii 287.
42 . AU 866. g s. Mael Chiarain, 893 . ¤ Coemghin, AU 1086 ,
cf. Rawl. 125a43 . ¤ Coluim, AU 956. Trip. 526.10 . g s.
Maelcoluim , AU 966. ¤ Eoin, AU 930. Gorm. Oct. 20.
¤ Ioin, AU 917. ¤ Fiachrach, AU 951 (g.s.). ¤ Finnia,
50 Thes. ii 288.2 . AU 902. ¤ Findia, 901 . ¤ Finnen, AU 968.
¤ Finnian, 992 . ¤ Finneain, Rawl. 143b23 . ¤ Fothartaig:
¤ Fathardaich, Rawl. 150b9 . g s. Maele Fothartaigh, AU
668 , 669 , 672 . ¤ Īsu, AU 966. Gorm. Jan. 16. Maoiliosa,
Mart. Don. Jan. 16. ¤ Moedhoc (Maedóc), AU 916. Maol
55mAodhócc (baptismal name of St. Malachy), Gorm. Nov. 2 ,
Mart. Don. Nov. 3. ¤ Maire, Thes. ii 288.3 (d.s.). Mail Maire,
ib. 4 (d.s.). Malmori (gl. calvus Mariae), Goid. 108.9 . g s. Mael-
muire, AU 902. Mael Maire Ua Gormáin (author of the
Martyrology, commonly called Marianus), Gorm. Pref. p. 4 .
60 Mart. Don. p. 186 n . Mael Maire (identified with Marianus
Scotus the chronicler), ib. Dec. 24. As npr. f., AU 912 , 965
( ¤ muire). ¤ Michil, Rawl. 130a23 . g s. Mael Micheil, ib. 25 .
¤ Odrān, Thes. ii 287.30 . AU 650. g s. Maelodrain , ib. Rawl.
122a53 . ¤ Pátraic, Thes. ii 288.5 . ¤ Patraicc, AU 877. g s.
65 Maelpatraic , 846 . ¤ Petair, AU 894.991 . ¤ Póil, AU 921.
¤ Sechnaill, later by metathesis ¤ Sechlainn: m. ¤ Sech-
naill mac Maelruanaidh, AU 838 , 844 , 857 = m. ¤ Sechlainn,
842 , 857 . m. ¤ Sechnaill m. Domnaill, 947 , 979 , 982 = m. ¤
Sechlainn, 984 and follg. Maolechlainn (equated with
70 Malachias), Ir. Gl. 346. g s. Mailsechnaill , Thes. ii 289.12
(inscr.). Maelsechnaill , ¤ sechlainn, AU pass. Máeil Echlainn,
IGT Dec. ex. 621. Ua Mailechlaind, BNnÉ 315 § 9. ¤ Sem-
puil (= Sen-Phuil `devotee of St. Paul the first hermit'), AU
921 (g s.). ¤ Sinchill, Rawl. 123a33 . AU 880.
75Under this head may be added Maelmanach (g s. Maele
manach, AU 775 ).