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1 muire n m., gutt. (but d s. do muire , Ériu i 215.29 = H. 3.18
45 p. 25 a ; d p. murib, LU 3413 = SC 18 ).
A term denoting rank applied to individuals; the precise
sense is uncertain and prob. varied in different ages. As a
techn. term in legal tracts it seems to denote a specific social
grade, prob. headman of a district or `fine'. In the plan of
50the Tech Midchuarta in LL 29 the `muirig' are seated next to
the `airig forgaill' and receive the same portion (they are not
given in the plan in YBL 418 ); but in Cáin Ad. § 51 it is said
that the fine for slandering the wife of an `aire désa' was
seven half-cumals, that for the wife of a `muire' only seven
55ounces. Some of the exx. given below suggest the sense of
a military leader or officer in command of a division. Occurs
several times in AU between the years 1159 and 1200, appa-
rently to denote the head of a clan or sept (always wrongly
translated `steward'); the corresponding term in FM is in all
60cases `tigherna'. In lit. often used loosely in sense of leader,
chief . Stokes, RC xviii 76 , considers it cognate with A.S.
mre `noble, famous'.
mad giall no muiri ` muiri-chief ', Laws ii 142.28 . conici
airig desa anall . . . o sin anund go muirig, Cáin Ad. § 51.
65 trian do muire rechtgi dodaféit a tegh rí[g], Ériu i 215.29 .
? fri laim muiriuch (leg. muirech), Anecd. iii 24.20 . leth n-aill
di muiriuchaib [muirechaib v.l.] ┐ flait[h]ib, 23.1 . (g s.) a tig
a muireach fadéisin .i. . . . a tigh a mor-airech, H. 3.17 c. 476
( O'Don. 640 ); the gloss may be etymological.
70In wider signification: muire ic nā bít géill i ngill, Ériu ix
45 § 3 . fochen Labraid . . . uallchu murib, SC 18. seacht
(g)cuirn cona midh don mairigh (of the rí Forthuath), BR
206.13 = don mairidh, BB 278b25 . The follg. exx. from SR,
all representing pl., are assigned by Stokes to n s. muirech:
75 atat in muirig fo tráig | do ruirig nimi noebnáir, SR 3925 . int
slúaig, ind ruirig . . . in muirig immon n-ardríg (of the king-
dom of Israel), 5926 . co n-ilur muirech . . . co trichait ruirech
(of the Canaanites), 5263 ; cf. also 5583 , 6629 . micc na muirech,
micc na ríg, Fél. 44.20 . Aed Buidi . . . muiri hUa miadach
80Maine, Anecd. iii 47.17 . Tomaltach . . . muire Sil Muiredhaich,
AU ii 6.7 . m. ¤ hUa nDuibinnrecht, 18.6 . m. ¤ Ceniúil Fergusa,
34.3 ; 46.15 ; 64.16 .
In fig. sense: Mael Muire hUa D. . . . cenn cleirech nErenn
┐ m. ¤ dérce in domain lord of almsgiving , AU ii 96.18 (a. 1177)
85= muirigh dérce iarthair Eorpa, FM ii 1004.1 .
Cf. also: mír murra Ghuill na cnama `the bones are the
champion's portion of Goll
', Duan. Finn i 61.4 , which may
represent g s. (io-st.) of this word.
? Compd. ¤ druimnech: rī Achaid . . . ocon maigin muire-
druimnigh, IT iii 12 § 17 = Bruchst. i § 32 ; `an der hochgrati-
5gen (?) Stätte
', Meyer, i.e. high-spined, -backed , perh. an allu-
sion to a hill or ridge on which the chief's residence stood.
See also 1 muirech.

2 Muire npr. f. later form of Maire (< Lat. Maria), used in
relig. lit. Muire ingen Amraim ṡiur do Moyse, LB 118b43 =
10 Maria, Vulg. Exod. xv 20 (called Maire, SR 4041 , 4637 ). Gene-
rally of the Virgin Mary (replacing the earlier Maire). Muire
Ógh, IGT Dec. § 126. Muire Mhaighdean, ib. a Thríonnóid
is a thrí Mhuire! three Marys, Measgra Dánta 61.33 .

1 muirech n o, m., (muire) muireach, IGT Dec. § 104. A leader,
15 commander, chief ? muireach `a lord ', O'R. cach drong imma
ríg, cach réim imma m. ¤ ┐ cach buiden imma tuisech, TBC 459.
Bane . . . ainm mna muireig [= muirig] mor-Themra, LL
375a23 . See also exx. from SR and Fél. 44.20 given under
muire, which perhaps represent this word.
20 Transf. of a leader in wider sense: a m. ¤ `their master' (of
cattle and their herdsman), Met. Dinds. iv 144 z . in dam ba m. ¤
mór-búair leader of a great herd, 192.18 . ? cenn clérech nEreann
┐ muirigh dérce iarthair Eorpa, FM ii 1004.1 = muire, AU ii
96.18 .

25 2 muirech adj o, ā. lordly, pre-eminent? bas in māil muruig maid-
migh, BB 47a20 = MacCarthy 180 n. 5 .
Of things: a dabach dond dairech | ba mairech a llān it was
of noble proportions
, ZCP iii 39.3 . ? meircci muirecha mert-
necha, ZCP vi 258.15 .
30 Cf. murrach.

3 muirech adj o, ā (muir) belonging to the sea, marine . Muileach is
Íleach araon | tíreach muirech an macaomh at home both on
land and sea
, IGT Dec. ex. 1169.
? a hinsib Mod muirech `from the sea-girt isles of Mod', Met.
35Dinds. iii 408.5 ; in the notes and glossary m. ¤ is explained as
g s. of muire; but if Mod be orig. a g p. as there suggested,
muirech may be an adj. in agreement. muireach `a sailor,
mariner ', O'R. Cf. also n p. mairig, LL 29 (plan of Tech Mid-
chuarta) and the v.l. in the citation from Ériu ix 49.8 given
40under muiride.

muiredach n o, m., (cf. muire) n s. muiredaig, Hib. Min. 66.4 .
ZCP xiii 24.17 (but muredach, ib. 27 ). A lord, master, pro-
prietor ; acc. to Thurneysen, Bürgschaft 61 , 62 nearly synony-
mous with muire. righ no muiredhach no airech no aircinnech,
45 H. 3.17 c. 503 ( O'Don. 686 ). m. ¤ cecha mennata (.i. tigerna for
cech feronn .i. ni tibri nech tigernus diaraili), ZCP ix 169.27
(a lord over every stead, sign of lawless times). muireadhach
gach meannatta .i. tighearna ar gach ionadh, O'Cl. m. ¤ cáich
[leg. cách] a mennutad [leg. mennuta], ZCP ix 169 n. 8 , cf.
50 Hib. Min. 66.4 . g p. ar belaibh ri ┐ tuath ┐ ardmuiredhach na
tuaithi, Eg. 88, fo. 49d ( O'C. 2586 ).
Common as n.pr. m. Moridac mac Morcunn, Goid. 109.7
(from Bk. of Deer). AU 757 et pass. Muredach, LL 128a40 .
Muridach, ib. 41 . Murethach, ib. 39 ( MacCarthy 174 § 6 ). g s.
55 aue Muiredaich , Thes. ii 295.10 ( SP v 5 ). Muiredaigh, AU 751.

muirén n o, m., (muir+én) a sea-bird . muirén, IGT Dec. § 35.15 .
doratad in muireoin do nim doib dia sasad, RC xii 432 § 34
(of quails, cf. ventus . . . arreptas trans mare coturnices
detulit, Numb. xi 31 ; wrongly glossed .i. in manda). meireóin
60a ngleanntaibh na Goill | re seabhcaibh Cheineóil Chonaill,
IGT Dec. ex. 1497 = meiréin, 937 .

muirenn n[f.] a spear (cf. muirnech). muirend .i. dēde fordan-
gair: ainm cétimus do mnae .i. mōr-find; ainm dano do gae .i.
mi-rind .i. drochrinn fodera bas, Corm. Y 882 = mairenn,
65Bodl. (For the npr. Muirend or Muirenn see AU 747 , 830 ,
917 , 978 . g s. aue Muirne , Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a); cf. Muireann
.i. bean, O'Cl. ). muirenn .i. slegh ut est tuile mar muirne
(mára muirnni v.l.), O'Dav. 1235. muireann .i. ga no sleagh,
O'Cl. The quotation in O'Dav. 1235 is from the `Dúil Rosca-
70dach' and is given in Corm. Y 1224 : ni tulach fri tuirigin
tuigethar tuile mār muirne (`not a hill for a king who perceives
great floods of spears
', Stokes, Corm. Trans. p. 158 ) = ni
tulaid fri tuirigen tuigedar tuli mára muride which great sea-
floods cover
, Corm. p. 42 ; possibly `muirne' in Corm. Y is g s.
75of a fem. word *muirenn (-inn) = sea, flood , cf. torannfadach
na muirinn ┐ na n-uiscedha, RC xxviii 312 § 8 ; the same word
may be represented in the etymol. gl. given of the name
Sinann: sí in moirenn, Met. Dinds. iii 296.7 (an mhoireann;
sinn moir̄ so morann v.l.). ? muirne .i. mi-rinni no mi-ruine,
80 BB 326a39 (given as ex. of `iarmbélra') = Auraic. 1306 , is
given by Calder as g s. of muirenn spear.

muirer n o, m., n s. mairer, LL 111a25 ( RC xiv 424.24 ). g s.
mairir, LL 258b43 ( TFerbe 784 ). muirear moirear, IGT Dec.
§ 11.33 .
85(a) a burden, charge, always of the care (of providing for) or
maintenance of a number of individuals (family, household,
company, troop, etc.), often with obj. gen. mét far ṅdolaid
┐ far murir dam, CRR 11. forra ro léc a m. ¤ iar sin .i. a biadh
┐ a édach, H. 3.17 c. 331 ( O'Don. 431 ). ba leor do Chondach-
taib beith fo ar m. ¤ the men of Connacht would have enough to do
5maintaining us
, Anecd. i 9.19 . ni ro gab acht oentech do
denam imme . . . ┐ bith fo muiriur o ṡamain co belltaine to be
maintained
, ib. 13 . níor mhuirear leis sluagh na bhFiann
(Finn) thought it no burden to maintain the host of the F., Oss.
iv 126.11 . rí mór leis naċh muirear | cuireadh slógh `not loth
10to invite the hosts
', PBocht 59 § 45. gur ghabh Mochuda
cúram ┐ muirear na lobhar, ITS xvi 132.21 . do dhíbirt na
bhfileadh . . . ara méid do mhuirear `because of their being so
great a burden
', Keat. iii 1222. In concrete sense of main-
tenance given, tribute, etc.: fichi cornn, fichi claidheamh, |
15fichi mílchon, is muirear (of a tribute), BR 158.20 (`it is a good
number
', O'Don., perh. = b).
(b) hence a number of individuals forming collectively a
charge to be maintained; a family, household, company, retinue .
gan mac, gan m. ¤ , BNnÉ 242.19 . mac Nesa miad mairir,
20 TFerbe 784 . mairer na mban `the company of the women',
Met. Dinds. iii 134.21 (= bantrocht, ib. lines 1 , 24 ). Mag nA.,
co muriur mag a populous plain, 330.1 . robdur imda a sluaigh.
. . . robdur mora a muirir, Ériu vii 242.16 . do bhí Cormac ar
na ríoghaibh . . . do ba mhó muirear ┐ muinntear `who kept
25the largest number of attendants and followers
', Keat. ii 4740.
brugh na muirear [murar MSS.], Hackett xxxix 226. Mac
Suibni . . . bud maith tech n-aighedh ┐ bud mór muirer `who
kept a good guest-house and a large retinue
', AU iii 554.19 =
ba mó m. ¤ ┐ merghasradh, FM v 1372.25 . fer muirer móir,
30 AU iii 566.23 . ar mhéid a mhuirir ┐ a mhuinntire (of Saladin),
TSh. 2816.
(c) rarely in physical sense, a burden, load: mar thug leis
muirear cuingreach don úir, TSh. 444 (= onus duorum bur-
donum de terra, 2 Kings v 17 ). do mhéid an mhuirir do bhí san
35bpeacadh dorinne Éabha, táinig a cromadh síos E. was bowed
down by the weight of the sin she had committed
, TSh. 2978 ;
cf. 228 .
Compds. in late poetic style in sense (c): manaois mhór . . .
mhuiriorthrom heavy to bear, Todd Lect. iv 78.17 . a ḟinne-
40bhean . . . na muirearfholt of heavy locks, Keat. Poems 973.