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muir n i,n.andm., later alsof.O.Ir. forms:n s. muir, Thes. ii
47.31 ( Philarg. 83 ). (with art.)aṁmuirmbrígach, Fél. Ep. 30.
inmuir , SR 287 , 3989 .a s.(with art.)issammuir , Thes. i
493.27 , 29 ( Tur. 131 ).g s. inmoro , Ml. 81a4 ,cf. 96c1 .mora,
30 Sg. 94a3 . Thes. ii 290.5 ( Sg. 112 ). AU 769. inmara , Gild.
Lor. 5. rithmara , SR 266. dochommaro , LU 5382 ( TBC²
906 ).frimorefoimrim, IT ii1182.2 ( YBL 116b47 ).a p. forsna
muire , Ml. 126a4 .tarsnamure , 122a3 . In Mid.Ir.n p. mara
(mora) is found. In later Mid.Ir.muirbecomesfem.(already
35in LB 125b15 ;cf.also SR 287 :in muirlinn aili is i inmuir , but
possibly the gender of the pron. is that ofmuirlinn); in
Mod.Ir. generallyfem.(Keat.; butg s. anmhara , TSh. 103 ,
10260 ).moir muir(m.,g s. mara), IGT Dec. § 41 ; (f.,g s. muire,
mara) § 42 . In late lit.n -forms occur in oblique cases of pl.:
40 g p. namarann , RC xxiv 371.28 (n p. mara,ib.), 378.10 (Rennes
Tenga Bithnua).d p. marannaibh, ZCP vi 59.17 .Cf. torann-
fadach namuirinn┐ na n-uiscedha` seas ', RC xxviii 312 § 8
(but seemuirenn).
Thesea in wide sense, both of sea as opposed to land and
45of particular tracts of ocean with special designations, occas.
of inland seas; freq. used without art., esp. after prep.Gl.
mare, Ml. 62c2 , Gild. Lor. 5 , Ir. Gl. 860 ;aequor, Philarg. 83
( Thes. ii 47 , 362 ).muir i.e. a nomine mare (mara MS.), Corm.
Y 913. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ m. ¤ immaind immá
50cuard, TBC 4752. Dia . . . is e doroine nem ┐ talam ┐ m. ¤ , PH
989. for m. ¤ ┐ fairrge, 2080 .turcgeba in m. ¤ mormoṅgach, SR
8105. m. ¤ mílach, Fél. June 21 .in set dogabur itir nai tonna
┐ tir . . . in set dogabur arin m. ¤ mor the high sea, Laws v
326.5 .i n-inis mara, IT i 75.4 .longa in mara, PH 7024. do
55treabaidh ais na muire`the back of the seas' (?sea), Leb.
Gab. i 36.11 .tonn fuar na muire mairbhe, Aisl. Tund. 104.8 .
metither ra Fomóir na ra fer mara, TBC 3805 (the last four
words are a gloss;merman?pirate?).i llán mara in the full
tide
, AU 769. in lān mara, Fl. Earls 20.17 . Cog. 190.20 .muc
60mara aporpoise (seemuc).do m. ¤ by(on)land: do m. ¤ is do
t[h]ír, BColm. 102.10 . CCath. 2675. ac indrudh Muman do
m. ¤ ┐ do thir, RC xviii 49.24 (Tig.).pl.in distrib. sense: mara
móra co n-ainbthinib, FA 30 =maraiLB.ru reset inna
muire ┐ inna locha, AU 821. fo lochaib ┐ lindaib ┐ muirib,
65 Laws i 72.8 .tre ilmuire, Aen. 331.
Of particular seas:tri m. ¤ robur theRed Sea , Ml. 82c8 ,cf.
96c1 . Seerobur. Also calledm. ¤ ruad, PH 2823 (seeruad).
muir Caisp theCaspian Sea , Leb. Gab. i 16.19 .m. ¤ n-Ichtt, IT
i 39.18 (=mare Vectis,theEnglish Channel ).dar m. ¤ Torrian
70 the Tyrrhene(Mediterranean)Sea , PH 570. i n-innsib Mara
Torrian, Hy. ii 11. otha m. ¤ Terren aniar conice m. ¤ mairb
from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, LB 125b14 .muir
marb, 159a19 .isna crichaib borethaib i leith re muir tēcht
the frozen (hyperborean) Sea, BB 492a13 (=tēchtmuir, Alex.
75 437 ); 487b9 .in Mhuir Técht theDead Sea , Maund. 92. risin
m. ¤ tentide bo deis the fiery(torrid)sea (southern boundary
of inhabited earth), BB 487b12 .for imlib mara Tibir the sea
of Tiberias
, LB 118b51 .i mm. ¤ Thibriatis, PH 6716. an m. ¤
Ponteca(=mare Ponticum), Auraic. 3343.
80Transf. andfig.:m. ¤ tened, FA 25. is m. ¤ dar crichu a sea
overflowing boundaries
(of an invincible enemy), TBC 5395.
is m. ¤ dar múru, 5277 =is tond romara, TBC² 3214. bud m. ¤
conbaidfea duib-si in buden sain a sea that will drown (you),
5578 . ?iarna sáethur gair-som | it é cen aes muir-som (mair-
85sium, mairsonv.l.), Fél. Prol. 60 =it é muir-som cen aes they
are a sea without age
(cf. ler slúagdae, March 21 ), Thurneysen.
m. ¤ téachta déar d'fhuil, Ir. Monthly 1929, 596.32 .an mhuir-
se na mailíse, TSh. 2068.
Compds. Before a non-palatal consonant in the second
componentmuir-becomesmur-in Mid.Ir. and many stable
5compds. are treated separately undermur-.
A. With subst.: ¤ ág(a)e m. sea-beach,coast(?sea-dyke)? d s.
dinmuirágu , Thes. i 498.25 ( Ardm. 188b1 ), gl.de assole vel de
Asson( Acts xxvii. 13 ). A compd. ofáge`pillar, prop'? ¤ bolc
(bolg)m.`asea bag',inletof thesea (see ZCP xi 192 , xii 305 ).
10Asn.l.:in Muirbulc mar, Thes. i 280.42 (d s.).a mMurbulg,
ZCP viii 218.5 .Dal Riati in Muirbuilgg, AU 730 (g s.).ac
carraig Murbuilg, CRR 9. ¤ bran m. acormorant:gl.merges
(=mergus), Sg. 55b9 . ¤ breth f. asea-judgement; (inpl.),mari-
time law .pl. muirbretha , Laws i 182.1 .diles i muirbrethaib,
15 iii 422.1 .i murbrethaib, H. 3.17c.656 ( O'Don. 925 ).isna
Muirbrethaib(name of a legal tract?), Corm. Y 539. ¤ cengal
m.` sea-bond ';transf. of achieftainasea-compeller,sea-ruler?
Muirceangal ua Domain Nuaill (.i. Maghnus o Domhnaill),
ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ¤ coblach m. asea-fleet; anaval
20 expedition .muirchoblach, LU 9801 ( RC vi 165.22 ).tánic
Nemed . . . a murchoblach cetheora barca .xxx., LU 1277 ( Im.
Brain ii 288 ).i mbraine muircoblaig, O'Mulc. 292. i mur-
choblaigib in fleets , Trip. 206.1 .fo clú . . . an murchoblaigh
sin Golaim sea expedition, Leb. Gab. i 232.8 .murchoblach la
25Colman . . . hi Soil ┐ i nIle, FM i 204.7 . ¤ comrac m. asea-fight:
tíagait do muirchomruc forsind [ḟ]airrce, BDD 45. mur-
comrac forsin fairrgi etir Gallu ┐ Niall, RC xvii 361.15 (Tig.),
cf. FM ii 804.5 . ¤ fecht anaval expeditionorhosting: muirḟecht
secht fichet long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848 =muir-
30fheacht, FM i 476.19 . Seemuiriucht. ¤ fiach m. asea-raven:
i ndeilb muirfeich mair, Im. Brain ii 291 (Laud) =i ndeilb
segi mori .i. murrech, LU 1323. segha .i. muiriach (nó muir-
rech) mor, Im. Brain ii 291 n. 3 . ¤ gabál f. sea-faring(?coast-
ing): gach port i tigeadh Ith i nErinn iar murghabhail na ntír
35i raibhe, BB 38b3 . ¤ gabul m. aninletof thesea. n p. muir-
gobuil, Ml. 45d12 . Of a river:scailed murgabla srotha Ligir
`letting out an inlet of the river Loire', RC xv 434 ( Dinds. 43 ) =
scaíled in murgabuil múaid | cos'tathig Ligir londglúair, Met.
Dinds. iii 194.9 .iar tuaslucud in murgabaili Torinis glain i
40tírib Fraṅc, LL 159b30 . ¤ gae asea-spear,harpoon: murgha,
Lism. L. 1640. ¤ galar m. sea-sickness: eabur re ndol ar fairrge
. . . ┐ ni dén murgalar olc dhó,R.I.A.23 K 42,325.2 . ¤ geilt m.
` a sea-lunatic';a sea-fugitiveorwanderer, term applied to the
mermaid Lí Ban .Muirgeilt .i. geilt in mara, LU 3130. murgeilt,
45 3043 .murgelt, 3022 ( SG 235.28 ). in hoc anno capta estin
Muirgelt for Tracht Ollarba . . . .i. Airiu ingen Eachach maic
Muiredha, RC xvii 147.4 (Tig.) =in muirgheilt, AU 571 =an
muirgelt .i. Liban, FM i 200.10 . ¤ geintlecht f. sea-sorcery,sea-
magic: muirgheintleacht, Keat. Poems 695. ¤ iasc m. sea-
50fish: tóla muiréisc maigrig, Met. Dinds. iii 426.9 . ¤ inis f. a
sea-island , Laws iv 6.10 . ¤ lán f. full tide: antí riasa ttraighedh
an mhuirlán, ZCP x 4.8 . ¤ linn f. sea-pool , poetic term for sea.
ri dorigni muirlinn māir | os an ḟirmimint imṡlain, | in muirlinn
aili is i in muir, SR 285 - 7 (see Gen. i 7 ).do mhuirlinn mara, Leb.
55Gab. i 128.4 .ag muirlinn mhóir Chinn Mhaghair, Duan. Finn i
32.18 .Muirtheimhne ón muirlinn, Keat. ii 1225 (poem). ¤ loch
alagoon,salt-marsh: isin muirloch, gl.in salsuginem, Thes. i 6.8
(Southamp. Psalter).os murloch, Acall. 5924 n . ¤ luachair f.
sea reeds,sedge: firluachair ┐ murl., Laws i 172.16 Comm.
60 ¤ mag n. asea-plain,salt marsh(?): im rasas do murmaige`for
the crop
(?cropping) of thy sea-march', Laws i 166.27 . ¤ mesóc
f.:ro gabsad muirmesoga mora do lar`great sea-acorns', RC
xxvi 160 § 48. ¤ míl m. asea animal,fish: g s. eithremuirmhil ,
Lism. L. 2223. lomnan magair is muirmhil, Ir. Texts ii 19 § 23.
65 plag arna muirmilaib, BB 388b36 . As collective:amhlaid bit
an muirmil hisin, Leb. Gab. i 204.20 (of mermaids). ¤ técht:
da ttí don leth thuaidhe, doghébha [m]uirtheucht cona ton-
naibh` rough sea ', ITS v 118.26 .muirtheucht, 120.9 .muir-
teachd` unnavigable seas ', O'R. Seems intended for:muir
70técht a congealed(i.e. frozen) sea(form. ¤ Téchtasn. l.see
muir).Cf. muir théacht`aviscid sea ', ITS xxiv 20.27 ;air muir
dtéachtuidh, 126.3 . ¤ torad m. sea-produce: mess ┐ claiss ┐
muirthorud, LU 10116 =murtorad ZCP iii 229 § 1. a mes
┐ a murthorad . . . inna hindsi, Ériu iv 128 § 8. ag buain na
75femnuige ┐ in murthoraidolchena, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.19) .
do tochaitheamh . . . mesa ┐ murtoraidhErenn, Leb. Gab. i
26.16 .murthoradh .i. toradh mara, O'Cl. ¤ trácht m. sea-
strand: murthracht, ZCP x 343.17 .dar muncind in múr-
tráchta, Aisl. MC 37.3 . ¤ tráig f. strand,beach: in murtraig,
80 Lism. L. 1946. Occas. also in adjs. formed from nouns:eass
. . . maigrech murbiastach` sea-monsterful ', MR 104.13 .anfadh
mara murbradanaigh, IT iii 71.6 =mulbratanaigh ib. 3 ; `des
seefischreichen Meeres
', Bruchst. i § 34 .
B.Muirenters into composition of proper names: ¤ bran
85` sea-raven ', ZCP viii 328.20 . ¤ chú` sea-dog '; name of bio-
grapher of St. Patrick, RC xxvi 366. Muirchiu(sic), AU 827.
g s. Murcon , AU 735. ¤ mid:g s. Muirmhedho , AU 797.
With adj.:Muirchertach, AU 527 , 926 (Muircertach). ¤ gel
(npr. f.?):Muirgel Manann, IT iii 34 § 9. co Muirgil,ib. Cf.
alsoMurchad(m. ¤ +cath).

5 ? múir(?múr) n f.(< Lat.mus, mūris)amouse: ata Pardas
cen biasta, . . . cen scoirp, cen muir, cen rain, Trip. p. xxix
(= BLism. fo. 97b1 ).

muirbech xseemurbach.

muirbell n m.(a late form ofmerball?) giddiness,excitement,
10 mental aberration: ba móidi a m. ¤ ┐ a merugad, MR 236.3 (=a
merball, LL 410b4 ).re m. ¤ ┐ re meraidecht, 234.17 (=ri
merbhall, LL 410a23 ). See alsomairbill.

muirbellach adj o, ā(muirbell) confusedin mind,giddy,dismayed:
am mall meta muirbillach, Acall. 4584 , 4586 . Seemerbal-
15lach
.

muirchrech n f.(muir+crech?) a word of doubtful meaning;
in follg. exx. seems used to denotea certaindistance(on the
sea).doronsat maic Miled immarbáig imrama . . . corruc díb
Ír . . . murchrech do cach luing, LL 12b23 =muirrdrecht,
20 BB 39b2 =co rug Ír . . . muirchreach (tonn) da ceach luing
`advanced a wave before every ship', Leb. Gab. i 248.26 .;cf. co
rucustar Ir . . . murcet do gach luing; mur imat ┐ cet .i. tonn,
H. 3.18 p. 75 ( O'C. 125 ).regait ind óic diar n-inchaib-ne
murcreich, Anecd. i 5.6 .oc cloistin fuama in churaig frisin
25tir . . . seitigh [= séitidh] huad cona anail co ndeachaid
murchreich for muir, IT ii1181.197 ; `so dass eine Welle über
das Meer ging
', Wind., but the subj. is perhaps `in curach'.
[a] cor i nnoí oin[ṡ]luaisti for murchreth [murcrecv.l.] hi
fairrge, Cáin Ad. § 45 (punishment inflicted on a woman
30guilty of certain crimes); `[she is ] to be put into a boat . . . as a
sea-waif
(?)upon the sea', Meyer;at the distance of a`muirchrech'
out at sea? See Ériu xi 98 where the passage is quoted with
a gloss which seems to mean that a `muirchreth' was the dis-
tance from land at which a white shield on the shore was still
35visible.muirchreach .i. tonn, O'Cl. Cf.the expression:noí
tonna`nine waves' to denote a distance from the shore.

muirchreth xseemuirchrech.

muirdrecht(-drécht?)? n gu ruig Ir mac Miled muirrdrecht
do gach luing, BB 39b2 =murchrech, LL 12b23 . Prob. a
40compd. ofdrécht`part, portion' =astretchofsea ;cf. ra
drechta fata for long spaces (distances), LL 264a6 ( MU 14.31 ).

? muirdris n some kind ofsea-monster: conacca in m. ¤ ann, peist
uiscide, Laws i 72.16 =in muirgris, 68.16 .

1 muire n m.,gutt.(butd s. domuire , Ériu i 215.29 = H. 3.18
45 p. 25 a ;d p. murib, LU 3413 = SC 18 ).
A term denoting rank applied to individuals; the precise
sense is uncertain and prob. varied in different ages. As a
techn. term in legal tracts it seems to denoteaspecific social
grade, prob.headmanof a district or `fine'. In the plan of
50theTech Midchuartain LL 29 the `muirig' are seated next to
the `airig forgaill' and receive the same portion (they are not
given in the plan in YBL 418 ); but in Cáin Ad. § 51 it is said
that the fine for slandering the wife of an `aire désa' was
seven half-cumals, that for the wife of a `muire' only seven
55ounces. Some of the exx. given below suggest the sense of
amilitary leaderorofficerin command of a division. Occurs
several times in AU between the years 1159 and 1200, appa-
rently to denotetheheadof aclanorsept (always wrongly
translated `steward'); the corresponding term in FM is in all
60cases `tigherna'. In lit. often used loosely in sense of leader,
chief . Stokes, RC xviii 76 , considers it cognate with A.S.
mre`noble, famous'.
mad giall no muiri` muiri-chief ', Laws ii 142.28 .conici
airig desa anall . . . o sin anund go muirig, Cáin Ad. § 51.
65 trian do muire rechtgi dodaféit a tegh rí[g], Ériu i 215.29 .
?fri laim muiriuch (leg.muirech), Anecd. iii 24.20 .leth n-aill
di muiriuchaib [muirechaibv.l.] ┐ flait[h]ib, 23.1 . (g s.)a tig
amuireachfadéisin .i. . . . a tigh a mor-airech, H. 3.17c.476
( O'Don. 640 ); the gloss may be etymological.
70In wider signification:muire ic nā bít géill i ngill, Ériu ix
45 § 3 .fochen Labraid . . . uallchu murib, SC 18. seacht
(g)cuirn cona midh don mairigh(of therí Forthuath), BR
206.13 =don mairidh, BB 278b25 . The follg. exx. from SR,
all representing pl., are assigned by Stokes ton s. muirech:
75 atat in muirig fo tráig | do ruirig nimi noebnáir, SR 3925 .int
slúaig, ind ruirig . . . in muirig immon n-ardríg(of the king-
dom of Israel), 5926 .co n-ilur muirech . . . co trichait ruirech
(of the Canaanites), 5263 ;cf.also 5583 , 6629 .micc na muirech,
micc na ríg, Fél. 44.20 .Aed Buidi . . . muiri hUa miadach
80Maine, Anecd. iii 47.17 .Tomaltach . . . muire Sil Muiredhaich,
AU ii 6.7 .m. ¤ hUa nDuibinnrecht, 18.6 .m. ¤ Ceniúil Fergusa,
34.3 ; 46.15 ; 64.16 .
Infig.sense:Mael Muire hUa D. . . . cenn cleirech nErenn
┐ m. ¤ dérce in domain lordofalmsgiving , AU ii 96.18(a.1177)
85=muirigh dérce iarthair Eorpa, FM ii 1004.1 .
Cf.also:mírmurraGhuill na cnama`the bones are the
champion's portion of Goll
', Duan. Finn i 61.4 , which may
representg s.(io-st.) of this word.
? Compd. ¤ druimnech:rī Achaid . . . ocon maigin muire-
druimnigh, IT iii 12 § 17 = Bruchst. i § 32 ; `an der hochgrati-
5gen (?) Stätte
', Meyer,i.e. high-spined,-backed , perh. an allu-
sion to a hill or ridge on which the chief's residence stood.
See also1 muirech.