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muinter n ā,f., O.Ir. alsomuntar,montar. A word of disputed
derivation; (a) acc. to Thurneysen, Hdb. § 905 ,montarand
muinterrepresent respectivelymonater-andmoniter-< Lat.
monasterium (monis-); so also Hessen, ZCP ix 11 , Pokorny,
60 ZCP x 203. (b) acc. to de Jubainville, RC xxv 2 ,montar
(muntar) < *manu-tera`that which is under the hand,i.e.the
authority
'. (c) Vendryes, ZCP ix 296 suggests a native origin,
Celt. *monicogn. with Ir.muin`protection', see1 muin (c)
above.
65In O.Ir. the stem appears with palatal and with non-
palatal -nt-:n s. muntar, Wb. 21d1 , 26a12 , 27d12 , 31b7 . Ml.
94a6 .montar, Wb. 7c5 , 21c22 .muinter, 7b9 , 14a5 , 25a6 ,
26d14 , 31d16 .a d s. muntair, Ml. 29d7 , 46a20 , 61d7 , 71c16 ,
76c9 .muntir, 142a3 . Wb. 24b31 , 26d5 , 30a4 ,etc. Sg. 30b11 .
70 muintir, Wb. 11c8 , 16c11 .g s. muntaire, Wb. 21b12 . Ml. 61c2 .
muntairai, 85a4 .muntire, Wb. 21c4 , 30b16 .muintire, 28d21 .
g p. montar, Thes. ii 254.10 . In Mid.Ir. the formmuinter
(often writtenmuinnter) prevails.muinntear, IGT Dec. § 12
(p. 62.9) .
75In general senseacommunityorgroupof persons connected
by some commonbond , hence esp. (a)afamilyorhousehold
(including servants), corresponding to Lat.familia:gl.familia,
Ml. 61d7 . Sg. 30b11 .di muntir Cessair(=de Caesaris domu),
Wb. 24b31 ,cf. 30a4 , Ml. 76c9 , 112d7 .cona muntir(=cum
80fratribus), Wb. 14a19 .oís muntire(=domestici), 21c4 ,cf. 28 d
21 .fer muintere (=famulus), 33a5 .fer muindtire, Laws i
6.16 .in fer muinteri [muintireLU]. . . .i. mo chú, TBC² 535.
betit mnaa can a muntera , LL 48a10 ( SG 373.1 ).no roinntea
in biad . . . itir in fírmuinntirno bíd ann, cen co beth ann acht
85int athair no in mathair cona cloind, LB 155b34 .do cheangail
. . . screaball ar gach teach muinntire every household, Keat.
iii 1556. 'n-a athair mhuinntire(=homini patrifamilias,
Matth. xx i ), TSh. 6339. mic mhuinntire(=sons still under
parental authority
), 5120 .muinntear .i. clann, O'Cl.
(b) in wider sense, followers,adherents,party,attendant
5 troops,etc. asberam-ni ammi muntar dait-siu, a Dae(dicemus
nos tuos esse), Ml. 94a6 .do díabul ┐ dia drochmuintir, LU
2344 ( RC iv 250.9 ).fer do múinntir Ísu .i. Petur, PH 3111.
oes gráda in rig ┐ a muntear tairisse, 384 .radis Medb fria
muntir ar co ndigsed láech dib, TBC 1567. muinntir Heseciah,
10 Prov. xxv 1. muirḟecht .uii. xx. long di muinntir righ Gall,
AU 848. Of asetofchessmen: ni gonfa-so mo moindter-sa . . .
ni ruba fer dia muinter, Ériu v 32.23 , 24 .
(c)often of thedisciplesof a saint collectively, areligious
communityormonastery (= Lat.familia, see Plummer, VSH
15 i p. cxii ).la muntir Patraic, Trip. 240.22 .caillech dó muntir
Brigte, IT i 43.13 .for muinntir nAirdd Machae, AU 830. ar
tomailt torith na muindtiri the produce of the monastery,
Mon. Tall. § 77. fer muindtiri`one of thy monks', § 36 .a laim
muindteri Eoin Baisti the Order of St. John the Baptist, Maund.
20 35. ag muintir Eoin Baisde, FM iii 654.12 . By analogy ofa
pagan community: sacart do muntir Baich a priest of Bacchus,
TTebe 64 9.
(d)ofinhabitants,etc. muntar nime, Wb. 21d1 .i n-óentu
muintire nime, 9c28 (cf. PH 4357 , 6520 ).eter muntir nimeet
25talman(=quae in caelis sive quae in terris sunt), 26d5 .hí
figuir noe montar nimæ(=the nine celestial hierarchies),
Thes. ii 254.10 ( Stowe Miss. 65b ).na teora muntera .i. munter
nime ┐ talman ┐ ifirn, Trip. 118.19 .Righ na tri muinnter,
RC xxviii 322 § 49. muinter na catrach, FB 82.
30(e)in later Irish sometimes of anindefinite numberof
persons temporarily grouped for convenience: an mhuinntear
théid don tsaoghal sul doghníd lóirghníomh those who die,
TSh. 6272. ar an muinntir chuirios fios chugad to them that
send
, Prov. xxii 21. déunaidh urnaighthe ar son na muinntire
35bhuaidhreas sibh, Matth. v 44.
(f)of a single individual, onebelonging toa `muinter' (family,
community,kindred,etc.), aservant,adherent,partisan,etc.;
cf.analogous use ofcétmuinter.fersait faelti móir fri muintir
Mongán(i.e.M.'s messenger), LU 11021 ( Im. Brain i 52 ).ni
40bat munter dam thou shalt not be servant of mine, RC xiv
412.3 .mo Chrítóc cáin m. ¤ servant (of God), Fél. May 11. ba
múinnter do Christ a friend(of Nicodemus), PH 3677. furtacht
carat ┐ fírmuintire, Acall. 7262. digde ind caich ro cradis
manip muindter`if he be not one of thy monks', Mon. Tall. § 36.
45 muinnter d'Eiremhon caem Cobha C. was of the kindred of E.,
Ériu x 81 § 48. pl. mairfet-sa farmuintera your folk, Met.
Dinds. iv 64.96 .dobéra a muintera | doc[h]um an mesraigthi
(of Christ), ZCP viii 211.1 (perhapsfamilies, communities).
ríoghan as mhó muintera(of V. Mary), Ir. Monthly 1930,
50662.32 .not-berum tairrsi cot uile mhuinnteraib we will take
thee across (the sea) with all thy followers
, Lism. L. 1817.

muinterach adj o, ā. (a) belonging tothe `muinter', henceintimate,
friendly,kind: m'athair mór muinnterach, ZCP viii 199.5 (of
God, perh. =of families).do macne mín muinterach, BColm.
55 98.18 .ro fer si failti michar muinnterach re R., ZCP vi 103.24 .
(b) havinga (large) `muinter' (community,following):
m'Aedog muintirach, Acall. 2617 =Maodhócc muinterach,
BNnÉ 193.5 ; ib. 9 , 15 .

muinteras n o,m., in late MSS. occas.muin(n)terd(h)asthrough
60influence ofmuinterda.
(a) membershipof a `muinter'(household,connexion,com-
munity,etc.), often almost equivalent to `muinter'. hereti-
corum. . . bite im muntaras in my communion, Wb. 16a30 .ro
diult Petur . . . nad rabe 'na muinteras denied that he was one
65of his (Christ's) followers
, SR 7748. ro thog [Ísu] ina muinterus
dā dhescipul sechtmogat, PH 5482. aurfoemaid in Coimdiu
chuci ina múinterus na cáinduthrachtaig, FA 1 LB ( IT i 170.7 ).
dotháod som i mmuindterus nDé(= becomes a monk), Mon.
Tall. § 21. ro edhbair e budein do Chaoimhgin ina muinterus,
70 BNnÉ 126.8 .conad ragaib [rí Alban] ina munteras took them
into his service
, IT i 74.5 .do neoch dodraega ┐ ro lái ina m. ¤ i
n-iffernd of those whom [the Devil ] has chosen and placed in
his community
, RC xxi 382.11 .
(b) association,friendship,alliance: ni bē mundteras dó fri
75banscala, Mon. Tall. § 61. boi som . . . a munterus hUathchae
`the mate of U.', RC xi 448.83 ,cf. ZCP iii 252.13 .ōir ollmhaighe
an muinnterus an tarcuisne familiarity breeds contempt, Ériu v
136.91 .in fhuil gáel no munterus duit risin tii . . ., PH 7543.
bud maith ar ngnim muinteru[i]s ┐ ar ngnim catha ┐ comlaind
80duid our conduct in alliance and in war, Aen. 1581. dorigni
side munterus fri Cairpre made terms (friendship) with, Ériu ii
26 § 9 .do denam ar cuir ┐ ar muinterais riut-sa, Acall. 5458.
Aen. 653. FM vi 2010.28 .ná déan muinnteardhas re duine
feargach, Prov. xxii 24. ro laiset fora muinterus cast them-
85selves on his favour
(of a patron saint), Lism. L. 2072. nir scar
sen fri munterus Cesair never lost C.'s favour, CCath. 3363.