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muinter n ā, f., O.Ir. also muntar, montar. A word of disputed
derivation; (a) acc. to Thurneysen, Hdb. § 905 , montar and
muinter represent respectively monater- and moniter- < Lat.
monasterium (monis-); so also Hessen, ZCP ix 11 , Pokorny,
60 ZCP x 203. (b) acc. to de Jubainville, RC xxv 2 , montar
(muntar) < *manu-tera `that which is under the hand, i.e. the
authority
'. (c) Vendryes, ZCP ix 296 suggests a native origin,
Celt. *moni cogn. with Ir. muin `protection', see 1 muin (c)
above.
65In O.Ir. the stem appears with palatal and with non-
palatal -nt-: n s. muntar, Wb. 21d1 , 26a12 , 27d12 , 31b7 . Ml.
94a6 . montar, Wb. 7c5 , 21c22 . muinter, 7b9 , 14a5 , 25a6 ,
26d14 , 31d16 . a d s. muntair, Ml. 29d7 , 46a20 , 61d7 , 71c16 ,
76c9 . muntir, 142a3 . Wb. 24b31 , 26d5 , 30a4 , etc. Sg. 30b11 .
70 muintir, Wb. 11c8 , 16c11 . g s. muntaire, Wb. 21b12 . Ml. 61c2 .
muntairai, 85a4 . muntire, Wb. 21c4 , 30b16 . muintire, 28d21 .
g p. montar, Thes. ii 254.10 . In Mid.Ir. the form muinter
(often written muinnter) prevails. muinntear, IGT Dec. § 12
(p. 62.9) .
75In general sense a community or group of persons connected
by some common bond , hence esp. (a) a family or household
(including servants), corresponding to Lat. familia: gl. familia,
Ml. 61d7 . Sg. 30b11 . di muntir Cessair (= de Caesaris domu),
Wb. 24b31 , cf. 30a4 , Ml. 76c9 , 112d7 . cona muntir (= cum
80fratribus), Wb. 14a19 . oís muntire (= domestici), 21c4 , cf. 28 d
21 . fer muintere (= famulus), 33a5 . fer muindtire, Laws i
6.16 . in fer muinteri [muintire LU] . . . .i. mo chú, TBC² 535.
betit mnaa can a muntera , LL 48a10 ( SG 373.1 ). no roinntea
in biad . . . itir in fírmuinntir no bíd ann, cen co beth ann acht
85int athair no in mathair cona cloind, LB 155b34 . do cheangail
. . . screaball ar gach teach muinntire every household, Keat.
iii 1556. 'n-a athair mhuinntire (= homini patrifamilias,
Matth. xx i ), TSh. 6339. mic mhuinntire (= sons still under
parental authority
), 5120 . muinntear .i. clann, O'Cl.
(b) in wider sense, followers, adherents, party, attendant
5 troops, etc. asberam-ni ammi muntar dait-siu, a Dae (dicemus
nos tuos esse), Ml. 94a6 . do díabul ┐ dia drochmuintir, LU
2344 ( RC iv 250.9 ). fer do múinntir Ísu .i. Petur, PH 3111.
oes gráda in rig ┐ a muntear tairisse, 384 . radis Medb fria
muntir ar co ndigsed láech dib, TBC 1567. muinntir Heseciah,
10 Prov. xxv 1. muirḟecht .uii. xx. long di muinntir righ Gall,
AU 848. Of a set of chessmen: ni gonfa-so mo moindter-sa . . .
ni ruba fer dia muinter, Ériu v 32.23 , 24 .
(c) often of the disciples of a saint collectively, a religious
community or monastery (= Lat. familia, see Plummer, VSH
15 i p. cxii ). la muntir Patraic, Trip. 240.22 . caillech dó muntir
Brigte, IT i 43.13 . for muinntir nAirdd Machae, AU 830. ar
tomailt torith na muindtiri the produce of the monastery,
Mon. Tall. § 77. fer muindtiri `one of thy monks', § 36 . a laim
muindteri Eoin Baisti the Order of St. John the Baptist, Maund.
20 35. ag muintir Eoin Baisde, FM iii 654.12 . By analogy of a
pagan community : sacart do muntir Baich a priest of Bacchus,
TTebe 64 9.
(d) of inhabitants, etc. muntar nime, Wb. 21d1 . i n-óentu
muintire nime, 9c28 (cf. PH 4357 , 6520 ). eter muntir nime et
25talman (= quae in caelis sive quae in terris sunt), 26d5 . hí
figuir noe montar nimæ (= the nine celestial hierarchies),
Thes. ii 254.10 ( Stowe Miss. 65b ). na teora muntera .i. munter
nime ┐ talman ┐ ifirn, Trip. 118.19 . Righ na tri muinnter,
RC xxviii 322 § 49. muinter na catrach, FB 82.
30(e) in later Irish sometimes of an indefinite number of
persons temporarily grouped for convenience: an mhuinntear
théid don tsaoghal sul doghníd lóirghníomh those who die,
TSh. 6272. ar an muinntir chuirios fios chugad to them that
send
, Prov. xxii 21. déunaidh urnaighthe ar son na muinntire
35bhuaidhreas sibh, Matth. v 44.
(f) of a single individual, one belonging to a `muinter' (family,
community, kindred, etc.), a servant, adherent, partisan, etc.;
cf. analogous use of cétmuinter. fersait faelti móir fri muintir
Mongán (i.e. M.'s messenger), LU 11021 ( Im. Brain i 52 ). ni
40bat munter dam thou shalt not be servant of mine, RC xiv
412.3 . mo Chrítóc cáin m. ¤ servant (of God), Fél. May 11. ba
múinnter do Christ a friend (of Nicodemus), PH 3677. furtacht
carat ┐ fírmuintire, Acall. 7262. digde ind caich ro cradis
manip muindter `if he be not one of thy monks', Mon. Tall. § 36.
45 muinnter d'Eiremhon caem Cobha C. was of the kindred of E.,
Ériu x 81 § 48. pl. mairfet-sa far muintera your folk, Met.
Dinds. iv 64.96 . dobéra a muintera | doc[h]um an mesraigthi
(of Christ), ZCP viii 211.1 (perhaps families, communities).
ríoghan as mhó muintera (of V. Mary), Ir. Monthly 1930,
50662.32 . not-berum tairrsi cot uile mhuinnteraib we will take
thee across (the sea) with all thy followers
, Lism. L. 1817.

muinterach adj o, ā. (a) belonging to the `muinter', hence intimate,
friendly, kind: m'athair mór muinnterach, ZCP viii 199.5 (of
God, perh. = of families). do macne mín muinterach, BColm.
55 98.18 . ro fer si failti michar muinnterach re R., ZCP vi 103.24 .
(b) having a (large) `muinter' (community, following):
m'Aedog muintirach, Acall. 2617 = Maodhócc muinterach,
BNnÉ 193.5 ; ib. 9 , 15 .

muinteras n o, m., in late MSS. occas. muin(n)terd(h)as through
60influence of muinterda.
(a) membership of a `muinter' (household, connexion, com-
munity, etc.), often almost equivalent to `muinter'. hereti-
corum . . . bite im muntaras in my communion, Wb. 16a30 . ro
diult Petur . . . nad rabe 'na muinteras denied that he was one
65of his (Christ's) followers
, SR 7748. ro thog [Ísu] ina muinterus
dā dhescipul sechtmogat, PH 5482. aurfoemaid in Coimdiu
chuci ina múinterus na cáinduthrachtaig, FA 1 LB ( IT i 170.7 ).
dotháod som i mmuindterus nDé (= becomes a monk), Mon.
Tall. § 21. ro edhbair e budein do Chaoimhgin ina muinterus,
70 BNnÉ 126.8 . conad ragaib [rí Alban] ina munteras took them
into his service
, IT i 74.5 . do neoch dodraega ┐ ro lái ina m. ¤ i
n-iffernd of those whom [the Devil ] has chosen and placed in
his community
, RC xxi 382.11 .
(b) association, friendship, alliance: ni bē mundteras dó fri
75banscala, Mon. Tall. § 61. boi som . . . a munterus hUathchae
`the mate of U.', RC xi 448.83 , cf. ZCP iii 252.13 . ōir ollmhaighe
an muinnterus an tarcuisne familiarity breeds contempt, Ériu v
136.91 . in fhuil gáel no munterus duit risin tii . . ., PH 7543.
bud maith ar ngnim muinteru[i]s ┐ ar ngnim catha ┐ comlaind
80duid our conduct in alliance and in war, Aen. 1581. dorigni
side munterus fri Cairpre made terms (friendship) with, Ériu ii
26 § 9 . do denam ar cuir ┐ ar muinterais riut-sa, Acall. 5458.
Aen. 653. FM vi 2010.28 . ná déan muinnteardhas re duine
feargach, Prov. xxii 24. ro laiset fora muinterus cast them-
85selves on his favour
(of a patron saint), Lism. L. 2072. nir scar
sen fri munterus Cesair never lost C.'s favour, CCath. 3363.