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20 1 mael adj(moel, maíl) o,ā. perhaps orig. subst. In Glosses occurs
only in compd. npr. (Mail- Ml., Maél- Sg., Móel- Stowe Miss.).
Frequently precedes noun, forming a compd.
(a) crop-headed, shorn, and by extension bald . Totmáel, gl.
totum calvum (name of Patrick's charioteer), Trip. 322.26
25( Ardm. 13b2 ). in m. ¤ Melchisediach tonsured (i.e. a priest), SR
2256. ulcha . . . for in fer m. ¤ (of St. Paul, said to have intro-
duced the religious practice of shaving the entire head), Ériu
iii 194 § 3. fer maeldub with black cropped hair, BDD 38. scailp
ingini maeili duibhi, Acall. 1901. triar scoloc maelruad
30(= with cropped red hair), 6147 . co mbui in-a lobur moel
bald , PH 376. an duine a ttuiteann a ghruagh d'á cheann, bí
sé maol, Levit. xiii 40. As sobriquet: Lucet m. ¤ (name of a
druid), Ardm. 4a1 ( Thes. ii 259.37 ). Lucat Mæl, Trip. 32.28 .
(b) in follg. exx. applied to persons mael seems to imply
35 youth (possibly with the reference to the custom of cutting
a boy's hair at the age of seven, s. ZCP xi 162 n. 9 ): leanb óc,
Ériu ii 182.8 = lenam maol, Rawl. loisgedh thrí chéad
inghen maol `shorn maidens', i 26.161 (oppd. to: thrí chéad
caillech, 157 ). Aoibhioll mhaol, Amhráin D. Mic Carrthaigh
40 3.10 . Cf. Laws iii 354.7 : eiric giunta co lomad a ciabaib na
crosan ┐ na scoloc ┐ na n-ingen mael `the shorn girls' (?), pos-
sibly a disparaging term.
(c) of cattle, hornless: i richt samaisce muile (maíle LU),
TBC² 1722 ; 1625 . hi rricht bó deirgi maíle, Ériu iii 141.2 .
45 bae móelæ, BColm. 84.16 . conaccatar . . . daumu móra máela,
LU 1750 = RC ix 482. secht cēt molt nach m. ¤ , BB 270b47 .
Hence as name of a cow: an Maol Flidaise, Celt. Rev. iv 106.
26 . ar cenn na Maile, ib. 20 .
(d) of things blunt, headless or pointless (of a torso, stump,
50etc., also of weapons): co tall a ceand de gur fagaib ina thamun
mæl, BB 443b37 . gursat maela a méidhe, Acall. 1034. ina
meidhibh moílderga (i.e. headless and bleeding), Fian. 94.16 ,
cf. CCath. 6084 , Todd Lect. iv 94.15 , Buile S. 122.25 , FM. v
1758.15 . lorga maela `headless handles' (of hurling-sticks or
55clubs), Ériu v 28.17 . a dreolláin cusin eirr maíl, LB 274b25 =
SG 57.9 . fíacla máela, IGT Dec. ex. 408. cloidhmhe maela,
CCath. 481. má bhíonn an t-iarann máol, Eccles. x 10.
dearna an deilg mhaoil the hand pierced by the blunt nail, A. Ó
Dalaigh v 9 .
60(e) of places, etc., bare: indsi maela, RC ix 460. tá . . . an
túr maol (i.e. dismantled ), Keat. Poems 1515. Cf. maelráith
below. Exposed, defenceless: maol guala gan bhráthair bare is
the shoulder without a brother
(= a man is weak without kins-
men), O'Rahilly Ir. Prov. § 61 , cf. FM v 1804.3 , KMMisc.
65 354.25 .
(f) fig. blunt, dull, obtuse: cen medra m. ¤ , SR 2975 (without
pointless talk, circumlocution
?). roschaullach ingine moíle
`a brainless tartar of a girl', Triads 114 (but cf. (b) above). do
c[h]lannaibh Cuinn nár maol ferg, ZCP viii 224.5 . trét'
70aighnios maol, Content. xxi 21. i nduain mhaoil, xx 7.
maelinntinnech (= hebes sensūs), O'Gr. Cat. 238.33. lá co
leith, ni maoilriaghail `no false rule', FM ii 572.10 .
(g) cruithnecht m. ¤ `beardless wheat' (some kind of inferior
grain?): arbur can frichgnum .i. . . . cruithnecht maol, Laws
75 v 222.23 Comm. cruithneacht mhaol, ITS xvii 244. ruadhan
. . . .i. mael-cruithnecht buckwheat (?), O'Dav. 1369. Cf. 2
mael (e)
and maelán III.
Compds. 1 With adj. formed from noun: mugh maílmérach
blunt-fingered, clumsy , IGT Dec. ex. 789. tairrnge maelren-
80nach blunt-pointed , Fl. Earls 196.3 .
2 With subst.: ¤ achad m.: cathir is cul maelachaid ṁbil,
LL 149b20 . ¤ árus ( ¤ áires): na máelairise cen togail .i. Ráith
Airthir, Sendomnach ` consecrated residences ' (?), Trip. 250.5 .
¤ assa m. a blunt or broad-toed shoe or sandal (esp. one of
85metal): mælassai chredumai, LL 245b22 = TBC p. liii . da
moelasa fhindruine impi, RC xiv 46 § 54. da mælasa find-
druine, IT iii 193 § 25 , cf. RC xxiv 200.2 , Arch. iii 5.24 , Ériu
iii 152.20 . do theiged ina mælossaib, RC viii 150 § 1. ¤ chend
n.: nírba timm ar ná ba maelc[h]end `lest I should have my
hair cropt off
', Tec. Corm. § 7.17 = melcend, LL. in a mhaoil-
5chionn bald head , Levit. xiii 43. ¤ chircul m.: m. ¤ -c. óir co
clucinib fo bragit cech eich, TFerbe 14 (eine abgerundete
Scheibe
, Wind.). Cf. maelland. ¤ chloch f.: móelchloch ` bare
stone' (blunt or flat?), Im. Brain. i 48.10 . ¤ chnoc m. a flat-
topped hill: Maolchnoc Gréine, Keat. Poems 440. ¤ chruith-
10necht f. see (g) above. ¤ dorn m. (a) a clenched fist: meitither
muldorn míled, TBC 2597 = re mǽldhorn, H. 2.17 , Eg. Of
the fist with closed thumb used as a measure, about four
inches , Laws ii 240.4 Comm. (oppd. to `airdem', the fist with
thumb extended). Transf. a blow with the fist, a cuff: toirbiris
15moeldorna mora tar a gnúis, TBC 3903 St. (b) a (blunt-
pointed?) sword: m. finn-argit fa choim, LL 267b33 = MU
38.14 . m. findargait, TBC 5211 = mael ṅdorn, TBC² 3173.
maoldorn fionnairgid .i. cloidheamh, óir as na dhornaibh
máola toimsithear an chloidheamh .i. an ordóg leagtha aga
20thomas, O'Cl. (prob. a wrong explanation; see Macalister,
Archaeol. of Irel. 153 ). ¤ gae f. a (blunt-headed?) spear or
javelin: moelgae hi llaim gach fir, IT iii 239.141 . dā maelgai
. . . co semmannaib argait, TFerbe 5 . ¤ mír n. a large mouth-
ful or lump (of food)? eistecht grech a glasbraiget fri med ina
25maelmireann, YBL 177a23 = na mælmirenn, BB 257b17 .
¤ ráith f. a dismantled or outworn earthen fort: maolrátha gan
mhórtharbha, Content. v 105. maolrátha glasa ┐ doireadha
neannta `unroofed green raths', Atlantis iv 144.32 . ¤ scolb m.
a blunt splinter: as contemptuous epithet, IT iii 102 § 189 =
30 Bruchst. i § 86 . ¤ taman m. stump of a tree: as alleg. npr. m.:
mac Maoltamain, Anecd. ii 55.
3 With vb.: ¤ tamnaigid truncates: ro maeltamnaigit
mēidi, Celt. Rev. x 112.30 .

2 mael n ā, f., (same word as 1 mael).
35(a) a cropped head, close-cut hair; by extension crown of head,
poll . ro suíg a folt inna chend cor bo suas maeldub demischas
[leg. mael demis chas] chirdub ba forcsi fair, FB 27 ; cf. mael
demis chirdub for cechtar de, LL 252b16 . mæl dub demsidi
fair, FB 37. m. ¤ gárb fo[r]suidiu `rough cropt hair', BDD 38.
40 teóra máela foraib, 117 . días máel . . . im fer co folt, 87
(expld.: it é a dá glún imma chend, 88 ; `two bare hills' Stokes;
rather two cropped heads). mǽl gle find fair mar bō ataslilad,
TBC 1377. ic sliachtad a maíle, 1380 . nos-berr in gilla mail
fair cosin claideb crops off his hair, Ériu i 118 § 10. a mbui fo
45mail (i.e. when he was a boy; allusion to custom of cutting a
boy's hair at age of seven), Anecd. i 51 § 9 , cf. note, ZCP xi
162 . (fig.) do chuir Éire trí monga ┐ trí maola dhi (i.e. three
alternate growths and clearings of forest), Keat. i p. 96 ; cf.
mael .i. machaire ut est . . . teora maela ┐ teora monga .i.
50caille, H. 3.18, p. 626 ( O'C. 1371 ). In wider sense of head, poll:
snúadh óir . . . ar a mhaíl, IGT Dec. ex. 953. tarla an loirg-
fersad . . . a mullach na maeili do C., Celt. Rev. iii 212.7 .
ó chluasaibh a maoile, E. O'Rahilly xx 8. Meton. a crop-
headed person: augra in dá túathmaíl `of the two tribal slaves',
55 BDD § 168 App. ( LU 8022 ) = a. do dā moghud § 16 .
(b) dishorned head of an animal (used for food)? In the
Tech Midchuarta at Tara a `mael' was assigned as portion to
the dáilem, tannaire and rechtaire respectively, see Petrie
Ant. of Hill of Tara 203.13 , 204.4 , 206.20 , 23 ; LL 29, diagram .
60 rannaire . . . arrospetti mæl, 29b46 = ardospeti moel, YBL
419b39 . maíl na cethra dóib uile i tig ind ríg, Met. Dinds.
i 24. See also (d).
(c) of a convex or rounded surface resembling the crown of
a head: a flat-topped hillock (common in place-names): na tri
65Mæla Mide, TBC 6026. na tri maola Midhe, Anecd. ii 52.14 ;
see also formael. do ling do mhaoil an talman, ZCP x 295.14
= do maoilind talman, TBC 3890 (St.). for maíl maige maith,
ZCP xi 109 § 17. sruthair na Maile Chind Tire the Mull of
Cantire
, CRR 10. de'n mhaoil mhongach (of Howth Hill),
70 Hard. ii 224.1 . Possibly also AU ii 30.2 : maidm Maile dergi.
The name Mael was sometimes given to a large flattish stone:
LL 30b35 , cf. RC xv 282 § 21. Maelblatha (name of a stone in
the refectory at Iona which seems to have been used as a
table or buffet), BColm. 58.20 . Of buttocks: ó mhaolaibh a
75más (= usque ad nates, 2 Sam. x 4 ), Eochairsg. 87.29 (cf.
similar use of mell).
(d) some part of the shoulder (shoulder-blade or scapula?): co
torchair C. . . . co ndechaid a mǽl as a gualaind, TBC 1184.
comard fri fid máel a dá gúaland, Ériu iv 138 § 14. a
80máolaib a ngúalann, Maund. 173. súist . . . ós maoil a ghua-
lann, Gadelica i 43 ( Pairl. Chl. T. 269 ). Cf. ulcha . . . fair go
roichionn tar a maoil-īochdair sios, ZCP x 279.14 . In follg.
ex. used of some part of a thigh-bone or femur (the lower
end-surface?): ro tallad ōl cet i mæl a chnama, BB 372b38
85(Dinds. of Port Láirge) = a mael a chnamha, RC xv 433 =
for m. ¤ cech cnama, LL 169a17 .
(e) name of a weed: mail molchi . . . .i. genus zizaniae, Thes.
ii 48.26 (gl. infelix lolium et steriles avenae, Ecl. v 37 ) = maili
muilchi, 361 ; leg. maílán, edd. Thes. See 1 mael (g), maelán
(III)
, and muilche.
5(f) m. ¤ domnaig name of a cattle-disease: bō-dhīth ar fut
Erenn .i. Maeldomnaigh, AU ii 438.11 .
(g) m. ¤ tened a bonfire, conflagration? (fig.) dorat mael teined
tar hilltuathaib Aissia, Alex. 337. Cf. maelán IV.
(h) in Mod.Ir. the sense of convex surface or top = climax
10in certain idiomatic expressions: thug lán na hadhairce fa
mhaoil he gave the horn brimming full, GJ iii 37b (Stair E. Uí
Cléirigh). [a] cur maoil air chártaí filling quarts to overflowing,
ITS xvii 247.1 .