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mug (mog) n u and d,m. In O.Ir. a u-stem ( Ped. ii 90 , Thurn.
25Hdb. § 306 ): n a d s. mug. g s. moga, Wb. 17a13 . n p. mogæ, 3b15 ,
8c11 , d26 . moge, 29b2 . moga, 27c17 . mógi, 7d10 . g p. inna
mmoge , 29b1 . inna mogæ , Ml. 30b25 . In Mid.Ir. n s. mog
becomes usual: ? a s. mogaid, Trip. 110.24 . n p. mogaid, SR
7427 , TBC 423. a p. mogadu, Trip. 228.15 . g p. mogad, 218.15 .
30 Rhys, Celt. Inscriptions of Gaul p. 62 takes mug (-u-st.) and
mog (-d-st.) as different words; but they are identical in mean-
ing and the older declension survives beside the later; d s. dot
mhog , PH 1424 (but mogaid, 3112 , 4012 ); g s. in mogad ,
Corm. Y 886 = moga, LB. In late MSS. often written modh:
35 n s. occas. mogha or moghaidh (see mogaid). mugh mogh
(-d-st.), IGT Dec. § 21. g s. mac moghadh , ib. ex. 566.
I A male slave or servant (in wide sense); in early texts
generally of a serf or bondman , later occas. of free retainers.
Translates L. servus in Glosses. cid in coimdiu dodgné fria mug
40[cid] in m. ¤ fria choimdid, Wb. 27c14 . do mug Dæ, 30b26 . m. ¤
Solman (of Jeroboam), Ml. 106b6 . m. ¤ .i. daer, Laws i 90.23 .
ni cria . . . do cimid, do m. ¤ , do cumail, iii 58.7 . eiric tar ceand
mogha islui ara flaith, v 182.11 . cech fírmanach . . . gníd amal
cech mog let him work like any slave, Fél. 4.12 . ra deligetar a
45ndǽr ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer ṅhErend, TBC
423. no chlechtatis na genti særad a mogad isin sechtmad
bliadain, Lat. Lives 59. maith ar mug ni athenar valuables
are not entrusted to a serf
, IT i 97.17 (prov.) = maīn ar mog ni
aithenor, H. 3.18 ; cf. ropadh main ar modh m'anacol (i.e. my
50deliverance would be a boon thrown away), AU 742 (see ZCP
xiii 143 , and cf. maín). corcair [sic leg.] immon cumail, mugaid
imna fledaib (signs of degenerate times), Arch. iii 241.2 .
féach cia an mogh, cia an tighearna (= quis servus), TSh.
7732. clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh, Studies 1921, 75 § 11 .
55 go ndérna modh ┐ sglábh dhe, MacAingil 346.2 . do imthi-
ghidar . . . mo lucht friotholmha ┐ mo mhuidh uaim (= neces-
sarii mei), ITS xxix 223.34 (as o-stem., late text). céilí na
céise is moghaoi na ndán (i.e. minstrels and poets), Keat.
Poems 570. m. ¤ in ena servant of the water (a kenning for
60 salmon?), see mugna. berrad moga, O'Mulc. 726 (the tonsura
servilis or tonsure attributed to Simon Magus). aiste mhog
(name of a metre), LB 238db53 .
In Hib. Min. 7.210 : co ndeochatar mudhaigh [muga H] hi
tempul lasin canoin (tr. `when the slaves came into the temple'),
65 leg. co nd. [i m]mudu [the psalms ] were lost; cf. ZCP iii 21 § 5.
Often used of a monk or coenobite as servant of God; in
later Mid. Ages the expression mog Dé = a hermit (= W.
meudwy). mog gor craibdech, ZCP iii 29.14 . nech dothéi do
chélidiu co mugada Dé whoever visits Culdees (or) hermits,
70 Ériu iii 104 § 39 a . modh Dé, ZCP vi 36.32 = ditreabhach,
ib. 28 . v s. a muidh Dé! 98.15 .
O'Mulc. 820 offers a curious etymology: mug a mugilis
genus rubri [= a genere mug. rub.] .i. bīd ag fognam iarna
petacht.
75 II Used frequently in combination with a gen. to form
masc. proper names or sobriquets: Mogh Airt, Cóir An. 182.
Maistiu . . . Moga Airt, LL 49b25 . Mogh Corb, Cóir An. 191.
Mogh Lāma, Cóir An. 59 (name given to Eochaid Ilchrothach).
Mogh Néid (Néit), Cóir An. 35. Aenghus cét-ainm Mogha
80Néid, ib. Mog Nuadat, Cóir An. 36 , 40 (name of Eogan Mór
m. Moga Néit). Mug Ruith (name of a celebrated druid), ZCP
viii 332.17 . Mogh Roith, x 343 § 6 . The name is expld. in
Cóir An. 287 : Mog Ruith .i. mágus rotarum, ar is a rothaib
doníth a taiscéladh druidhechta. M.R. was associated with
85 Simón druí = Simon Magus, who was credited in medieval
legend with invention of a flying machine; the title magus
rotarum may have been bestowed on Simon and have given
rise later to the fiction of the Irish druid, the word Mug
(Mogh) being used as the equivalent of magus on the analogy
of similar Irish names. Mughthigernd, AU 784.
5Compds. ¤ duine: mairg faemas a anfine | mairg móras a
mogduine woe to him who exalts his serf, LL 48a17 = SG 373.8 .
¤ latrann m. `a slave-thief ': pl. moghaid ┐ moghlatraind, Acall.
3535 n . for mogadaib moglatrand `pilfering servants', Hib.
Min. 66.36 . ? ¤ menma: amail descaidh maine mughmenman
10.i. drochmenman, O'Dav. 1223 a , with gl.: mugh .i. olc;
perhaps like dregs, the treasures of a servile mind (i.e. the per-
quisites of a slave).

mugad xsee mudaigid.

mugart? n[ā,f.?] m. ¤ mucc mēth dī dobreth (of Brigit), Hy. v 59 ,
15glossed .i. mucc ard no mucc meth. Hence prob. mugart
`a hog ', O'R. The gloss goes on to state that a pig was given
yearly to Brigit as an offering by the king of Fothart Tíre;
perhaps mucc mēth = g p. and mugart may be a term for
some kind of endowment or maintenance; cf. dofet macslabra
20mugairt .i. as remtechtai lium in slabra doberar don mac .i.
na seoit gairidechta do tabairt ar dūs anās ord mugsaine nā
gaire do denam dō, R.I.A. 23 P 3 fo. 21a ( O'C. 1874 - 5 ), & see
muguirt.

1 mugdorn n. l., generally in pl. Mugdornai, -a, name of a
25 tribe in Leth Cuinn: provincia Maugdornorum (Adamnán),
Thes. ii 276.30 . Mogdornae, AU 610. Mugdorne, 803 , cf. 758 .
Moghdairne, 749 . Mugdorna, 868 , 954 . sliab Moduirn i
mMugdornaib, LL 204a8 . ríge Mugdorn Maigen, Triads 44.
See Hog. Onom. s.v. mugdornai.

30 2 mugdorn n ankle-bone , see mudorn.

? mugh x .i. olc O'Dav. 1223a , see mug (compds.).

mugna n a salmon (? boar): mughna .i. bradan ut est ni blaisi
mugna mana fir foltaig .f. .i. ni tuga blas mogha in ena in uisci
do in bratan, O'Dav. 1266 = ni blaisi mugna (.i. muc sceine)
35muna fir folta feisear, R.I.A. 23 Q 6 fo. 22b ( O'C. 1889 ), with gl.:
.i. ni ro blaisi uadh in ní bis a mugh in eana in uisci in bratan.
Thurneysen, ZCP xix 127 , takes muc sceine as = boar.
moghna .i. bradán, O'Cl. moghra [sic] .i. bradán, Eg. Gl. 474.
As npr. m.: fer soma . . . M. ¤ a ainm, Ériu xi 44.22 . Prob. the
40follg. exx. refer to the same story: dá deil os muca Mughna,
Nero A vii fo. 141b ( O'Don. 2204 ). aicce imae a muc la
Mughna, ib.

mugnechad n m. act of destroying, slaughtering: aga marbadh
┐ acca muccnechad, BNnÉ 211.9 (muchad v.l.); seems a vn.
45from *mugnaigid, analogous form of mugaigid = mudaigid
(cf. macht-aigid, -naigid, & see Thurn. Hdb. § 517 ).

mugraide? n mugraidhe .i. nech gabur do muir ut est fine
mugraide [mugrai, inugraide MSS.] cis ar selbach somaine .i.
in fine gabur don muir innsaighter [a císa F] don ti ar a mbiat
50ferann, O'Dav. 1216 ; i.e. sea-captives or persons landing in
strange territory pay tax to its possessor? by Stokes con-
jectured to be g s. of mugrad, coll. from mug. mughraidhe .i.
doircheinél no dáoirchenél; ro moradh mughraidhe .i. do
médaigheadh daoircheinél slaves, bondmen , O'Cl. mughraidhe
55` slaves; slavery ', O'R.

mugsaine (mog-) n iā, f., (mug) bondage, slavery; service of a
slave. d s. assa mugsini , Ml. 123b2 . mugsaine, Corm. Y 886.
mughsaine, gl. famulatio, Ir. Gl. 882. othrus mugsuine
fodailter fo miadh (.i. in ti dia tabair monur lai, fodhuilter
60suire in fir sin fo miadh) `sick-attendance to workmen', Laws ii
36.7 , 9 . m. ¤ ┐ daeropair, TBC 1759. vii. mogu fri morgnima
mogsaine, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mand. mogsani ┐ dairsini . . . do
denum, Cog. 142.17 . condam-fil i moghsaine ar serc nDe
(said by a monk), BNnÉ 303.2 , cf. dognith mogsine Dé ic
65fognam do Dia, ZCP iii 223 § 5. is é [sc. Pátraic] forúaslaicc
moxaine na nGoídel do Demon, Trip. 32.5 . moghsaine
Gaedheal fá Lochlonnaibh, Keat. iii 2752. fá mhóghsaine na
bhFomhórach in servitude to the F., i 184.68 . (as quasi-vn.)
co mboí Crist fen oc mogsaine do Muire ┐ do Iosep `was
70obedient to
', PH 7397.

mugsanaigid (mog-) v g. (mugsaine) reduces to bondage, en-
slaves: ro daer ┐ ro moghsanaigh a maeir, Cog. 138.5 . pass.
pret. pl. is leis ro doerait ┐ ro mugsanaigit , 116.8 . ro mogh-
sanaigitt, 42.14 .

75 mugud xsee mudaigid.

muguirt (-ort?) n mughuirt .i. marbad duine, ut est trian do
fiachaib mughuirt .i. trian dona fiachaib doberar i mmarbad
in duine. . . . No mughuirt .i. mor oirgni, O'Dav. 1251. Stokes
takes as g s. and suggests a compd. of mugh .i. olc, ib. 1223a
80and ort .i. orgain, 1324 . The gloss seems a mere guess; perh.
name of a fine or amercement , cf. mugart.

muí (a) g s. of 1 pers. pron. (disjunct form), see .

muich (múich, muích) n[f.] gloom, dejection, sadness . Gener-
ally by edd. taken as múich, a secondary form of múch
85`smoke', but perh. a distinct word. In Mid.Ir. texts nearly
always written muich without accent, in LB occas. múich (but
the LB scribe is prone to superfluous accents and, moreover,
-úi- oft. stands for -uí-). Prob. the word had a dual development:
muich> (1) múich through influence of múch, (2) muích
through association with maeth = O.Ir. moíth; cf. maeíth
5which may represent this word. The transition of -ui- to -úi- or
-uí- is not unknown elsewhere (cf. the occas. confusion between
muin and maín). muich .i. toirse, O'Cl. ba muich mór (.i. ba
tuirsi mor), Leb. Gab. i 20.19 . muich ` sadness, dullness ',
O'Brien ; O'R. , who also gives múch ` grief, affliction '. múig f.
10` gloom, darkness, . . . melancholy ', Coneys . múch ` smoke . . .
grief, heaviness ', Dinneen. In IGT Dec. ex. 1836 múich
(apparently this word): dlúith. a grain, a m. ¤ (of Hell), Ériu iii
30 § 14 . a m. ¤ ┐ a ndorchaib ifirn, LB 256b7 . ro thoit socht ┐
m. ¤ mor forru, 223b4 . do guba muiche, LL 119b11 . ocá
15ndentar égem ar mét a mmuiche, LU 501 ( ACC § 3 Comm. ).
do lín tuirse ┐ maeích menman e, BCC § 278. fo m. ¤ ┐ fo
t[h]odernam, Corm. Y 885. fo múich mi-lessaigt[h]i `vapours
of bad feeding
', Aisl. MC 93.20 . fo m. ¤ meanman ┐ doghailsi,
Hugh Roe 232.6 (fo. 62a) . ni tabair rún meblai hi m. ¤ , Arch. iii
20306 § 9 . (as pred.) mar múich attú-sa anocht I am in great
grief
, Buile S. 118 § 61. go m. ¤ ┐ go ttoirsi, Fl. Earls 146.6 .
tucsat . . . cétfadh ar mhuígh, O'Gr. Cat. 472.17. See maeith
and muichnech.