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mug(mog) n uandd,m.In O.Ir. au-stem ( Ped. ii 90 , Thurn.
25Hdb. § 306 ):n a d s. mug.g s. moga, Wb. 17a13 .n p. mogæ, 3b15 ,
8c11 , d26 .moge, 29b2 .moga, 27c17 .mógi, 7d10 .g p. inna
mmoge , 29b1 .innamogæ , Ml. 30b25 . In Mid.Ir.n s. mog
becomes usual: ?a s. mogaid, Trip. 110.24 .n p. mogaid, SR
7427 , TBC 423. a p. mogadu, Trip. 228.15 .g p. mogad, 218.15 .
30 Rhys, Celt. Inscriptions of Gaul p. 62 takesmug(-u-st.) and
mog(-d-st.) as different words; but they are identical in mean-
ing and the older declension survives beside the later;d s. dot
mhog , PH 1424 (butmogaid, 3112 , 4012 );g s. inmogad ,
Corm. Y 886 =moga, LB. In late MSS. often writtenmodh:
35 n s.occas.moghaormoghaidh(seemogaid).mugh mogh
(-d-st.), IGT Dec. § 21. g s. macmoghadh ,ib.ex. 566.
I A maleslaveorservant (in wide sense); in early texts
generally ofaserforbondman , later occas. of free retainers.
Translates L.servusin Glosses.cid in coimdiu dodgné fria mug
40[cid] in m. ¤ fria choimdid, Wb. 27c14 .do mug Dæ, 30b26 .m. ¤
Solman(of Jeroboam), Ml. 106b6 .m. ¤ .i. daer, Laws i 90.23 .
ni cria . . . do cimid, do m. ¤ , do cumail, iii 58.7 .eiric tar ceand
mogha islui ara flaith, v 182.11 .cech fírmanach . . . gníd amal
cech mog let him work like any slave, Fél. 4.12 .ra deligetar a
45ndǽr ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer ṅhErend, TBC
423. no chlechtatis na genti særad a mogad isin sechtmad
bliadain, Lat. Lives 59. maith ar mug ni athenar valuables
are not entrusted to a serf
, IT i 97.17 (prov.) =maīn ar mog ni
aithenor, H. 3.18 ;cf. ropadh main ar modh m'anacol(i.e.my
50deliverance would be a boon thrown away), AU 742 (see ZCP
xiii 143 , andcf. maín).corcair [sic leg.] immon cumail, mugaid
imna fledaib(signs of degenerate times), Arch. iii 241.2 .
féach cia an mogh, cia an tighearna(=quis servus), TSh.
7732. clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh, Studies 1921, 75 § 11 .
55 go ndérna modh ┐ sglábh dhe, MacAingil 346.2 .do imthi-
ghidar . . . mo lucht friotholmha ┐ mo mhuidh uaim(=neces-
sarii mei), ITS xxix 223.34 (aso-stem., late text).céilí na
céise is moghaoi na ndán(i.e.minstrels and poets), Keat.
Poems 570. m. ¤ in ena servant of the water(a kenning for
60 salmon?), seemugna.berrad moga, O'Mulc. 726 (thetonsura
servilisor tonsure attributed to Simon Magus).aiste mhog
(name of a metre), LB 238db53 .
In Hib. Min. 7.210 :co ndeochatar mudhaigh [mugaH]hi
tempul lasin canoin(tr. `when the slaves came into the temple'),
65 leg. co nd. [i m]mudu[the psalms ] were lost;cf. ZCP iii 21 § 5.
Often used ofamonkorcoenobite as servant of God; in
later Mid. Ages the expressionmog Dé=ahermit (= W.
meudwy).mog gor craibdech, ZCP iii 29.14 .nech dothéi do
chélidiu co mugada Dé whoever visits Culdees (or) hermits,
70 Ériu iii 104 § 39 a .modh Dé, ZCP vi 36.32 =ditreabhach,
ib. 28 .v s. amuidhDé! 98.15 .
O'Mulc. 820 offers a curious etymology:muga mugilis
genus rubri [= a generemug.rub.] .i. bīd ag fognam iarna
petacht.
75 IIUsed frequently in combination with a gen. to form
masc. proper namesor sobriquets:Mogh Airt, Cóir An. 182.
Maistiu . . . Moga Airt, LL 49b25 .Mogh Corb, Cóir An. 191.
Mogh Lāma, Cóir An. 59 (name given toEochaid Ilchrothach).
Mogh Néid (Néit), Cóir An. 35. Aenghus cét-ainm Mogha
80Néid,ib. Mog Nuadat, Cóir An. 36 , 40 (name ofEogan Mór
m. Moga Néit).Mug Ruith(name of a celebrated druid), ZCP
viii 332.17 .Mogh Roith, x 343 § 6 . The name is expld. in
Cóir An. 287 :Mog Ruith .i. mágus rotarum, ar is a rothaib
doníth a taiscéladh druidhechta. M.R. was associated with
85 Simón druí=Simon Magus, who was credited in medieval
legend with invention of a flying machine; the titlemagus
rotarummay have been bestowed on Simon and have given
rise later to the fiction of the Irish druid, the wordMug
(Mogh) being used as the equivalent ofmaguson the analogy
of similar Irish names.Mughthigernd, AU 784.
5Compds. ¤ duine:mairg faemas a anfine | mairg móras a
mogduine woe to him who exalts his serf, LL 48a17 = SG 373.8 .
¤ latrann m.`aslave-thief ':pl. moghaid┐ moghlatraind, Acall.
3535 n .for mogadaib moglatrand`pilfering servants', Hib.
Min. 66.36 . ? ¤ menma:amail descaidh maine mughmenman
10.i. drochmenman, O'Dav. 1223 a , with gl.:mugh .i. olc;
perhapslike dregs, the treasures of a servile mind(i.e.the per-
quisites of a slave).

mugad xseemudaigid.

mugart? n[ā,f.?]m. ¤ mucc mēth dī dobreth(of Brigit), Hy. v 59 ,
15glossed.i. mucc ard no mucc meth. Hence prob.mugart
`ahog ', O'R. The gloss goes on to state that a pig was given
yearly to Brigit as an offering by the king of Fothart Tíre;
perhaps muccmēth=g p.andmugartmay bea term for
some kind ofendowmentormaintenance; cf. dofet macslabra
20mugairt .i. as remtechtai lium in slabra doberar don mac .i.
na seoit gairidechta do tabairt ar dūs anās ord mugsaine nā
gaire do denam dō,R.I.A.23 P 3 fo. 21a ( O'C. 1874 - 5 ), & see
muguirt.

1 mugdorn n. l.,generally inpl. Mugdornai,-a, name of a
25 tribeinLeth Cuinn: provincia Maugdornorum(Adamnán),
Thes. ii 276.30 .Mogdornae, AU 610. Mugdorne, 803 ,cf. 758 .
Moghdairne, 749 .Mugdorna, 868 , 954 .sliab Moduirn i
mMugdornaib, LL 204a8 .ríge Mugdorn Maigen, Triads 44.
See Hog. Onom. s.v. mugdornai.

30 2 mugdorn n ankle-bone , seemudorn.

? mugh x .i. olc O'Dav. 1223a , seemug(compds.).

mugna n a salmon(?boar): mughna .i. bradanut estni blaisi
mugna mana fir foltaig .f. .i. ni tuga blas mogha in ena in uisci
do in bratan, O'Dav. 1266 =ni blaisi mugna (.i. muc sceine)
35muna fir folta feisear,R.I.A.23 Q 6 fo. 22b ( O'C. 1889 ), with gl.:
.i. ni ro blaisi uadh in ní bis a mugh in eana in uisci in bratan.
Thurneysen, ZCP xix 127 , takesmuc sceineas =boar.
moghna .i. bradán, O'Cl. moghra [sic] .i. bradán, Eg. Gl. 474.
Asnpr. m.:fer soma . . . M. ¤ a ainm, Ériu xi 44.22 . Prob. the
40follg. exx. refer to the same story:dá deil os muca Mughna,
Nero A vii fo. 141b ( O'Don. 2204 ).aicce imae a muc la
Mughna,ib.

mugnechad n m. act ofdestroying,slaughtering: aga marbadh
┐ acca muccnechad, BNnÉ 211.9 (muchad v.l.); seems avn.
45from *mugnaigid, analogous form ofmugaigid=mudaigid
(cf. macht-aigid,-naigid, & see Thurn. Hdb. § 517 ).

mugraide? n mugraidhe .i. nech gabur do muirut estfine
mugraide[mugrai, inugraideMSS.] cis ar selbach somaine .i.
in fine gabur don muir innsaighter [a císaF]don ti ar a mbiat
50ferann, O'Dav. 1216 ;i.e.sea-captives or persons landing in
strange territory pay tax to its possessor? by Stokes con-
jectured to beg s.ofmugrad, coll. frommug.mughraidhe .i.
doircheinél no dáoirchenél; ro moradh mughraidhe .i. do
médaigheadh daoircheinél slaves,bondmen , O'Cl. mughraidhe
55` slaves;slavery ', O'R.

mugsaine(mog-) n iā,f., (mug) bondage,slavery;serviceof a
slave. d s. assamugsini , Ml. 123b2 .mugsaine, Corm. Y 886.
mughsaine, gl.famulatio, Ir. Gl. 882. othrus mugsuine
fodailter fo miadh (.i. in ti dia tabair monur lai, fodhuilter
60suire in fir sin fo miadh)`sick-attendance to workmen', Laws ii
36.7 , 9 .m. ¤ ┐ daeropair, TBC 1759. vii. mogu fri morgnima
mogsaine, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mand.mogsani ┐ dairsini . . . do
denum, Cog. 142.17 .condam-fil i moghsaine ar serc nDe
(said by a monk), BNnÉ 303.2 ,cf. dognith mogsine Dé ic
65fognam do Dia, ZCP iii 223 § 5. is é [sc.Pátraic] forúaslaicc
moxaine na nGoídel do Demon, Trip. 32.5 .moghsaine
Gaedheal fá Lochlonnaibh, Keat. iii 2752. fá mhóghsaine na
bhFomhórach in servitude to the F., i 184.68 . (as quasi-vn.)
co mboí Crist fen ocmogsainedo Muire ┐ do Iosep`was
70obedient to
', PH 7397.

mugsanaigid(mog-) v g. (mugsaine) reducestobondage,en-
slaves: ro daer ┐ ro moghsanaigh a maeir, Cog. 138.5 .pass.
pret. pl. is leis ro doerait ┐ romugsanaigit , 116.8 .ro mogh-
sanaigitt, 42.14 .

75 mugud xseemudaigid.

muguirt(-ort?) n mughuirt.i. marbad duine,ut esttrian do
fiachaib mughuirt .i. trian dona fiachaib doberar i mmarbad
in duine. . . . Nomughuirt.i. mor oirgni, O'Dav. 1251. Stokes
takes asg s.and suggests a compd. ofmugh .i. olc, ib. 1223a
80andort .i. orgain, 1324 . The gloss seems a mere guess; perh.
name of afineoramercement ,cf. mugart.

muí (a)g s.of1pers.pron.(disjunct form), see.

muich(múich,muích) n[f.] gloom,dejection,sadness . Gener-
ally by edd. taken asmúich, a secondary form ofmúch
85`smoke', but perh. a distinct word. In Mid.Ir. texts nearly
always writtenmuichwithout accent, in LB occas.múich(but
the LB scribe is prone to superfluous accents and, moreover,
-úi-oft. stands for-uí-). Prob. the word had a dual development:
muich> (1)múichthrough influence ofmúch, (2)muích
through association withmaeth= O.Ir.moíth;cf. maeíth
5which may represent this word. The transition of-ui-to-úi-or
-uí-is not unknown elsewhere (cf.the occas. confusion between
muinandmaín).muich .i. toirse, O'Cl. ba muich mór (.i. ba
tuirsi mor), Leb. Gab. i 20.19 .muich` sadness,dullness ',
O'Brien ; O'R. , who also givesmúch` grief,affliction '.múig f.
10` gloom,darkness, . . .melancholy ', Coneys .múch` smoke. . .
grief,heaviness ', Dinneen. In IGT Dec. ex. 1836 múich
(apparently this word):dlúith. a grain, a m. ¤ (of Hell), Ériu iii
30 § 14 .a m. ¤ ┐ a ndorchaib ifirn, LB 256b7 .ro thoit socht ┐
m. ¤ mor forru, 223b4 .do guba muiche, LL 119b11 .ocá
15ndentar égem ar mét a mmuiche, LU 501 ( ACC § 3 Comm. ).
do lín tuirse ┐ maeích menman e, BCC § 278. fo m. ¤ ┐ fo
t[h]odernam, Corm. Y 885. fo múich mi-lessaigt[h]i`vapours
of bad feeding
', Aisl. MC 93.20 .fo m. ¤ meanman ┐ doghailsi,
Hugh Roe 232.6 (fo. 62a) .ni tabair rún meblai hi m. ¤ , Arch. iii
20306 § 9 . (as pred.)mar múich attú-sa anocht I am in great
grief
, Buile S. 118 § 61. go m. ¤ ┐ go ttoirsi, Fl. Earls 146.6 .
tucsat . . . cétfadh ar mhuígh, O'Gr. Cat. 472.17. Seemaeith
andmuichnech.