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mudorn n o, m., also mugdorn, a form perhaps due to association
with mug. (a) the bone of the ankle or wrist; an ankle, wrist.
mughdorn Martain ` ankle-bone ' (a saint's relic), SG 32.22 =
mudhorn Martan, BNnÉ 266 § 232. do crechtnaicceadh Aodh
5. . . ina mughdorn `ankle', FM vi 2346.12 . idir an tṡál ┐ an
mudhorn, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 114.8 . greamanna na nglún ┐ na
mudornn, O'Gr. Cat. 269.3. do dluig in claidium a laim i
lladair a mugairnd the fork of his wrist, Cog. 196.4 . ona meruib
andsa mudornuib from the fingers to the wrists, Rosa Angl.
10 322.6 . la smir mhughdhorn mhuc n-allaid, Tromd. Guaire 401
( Med. & Mod. Ir. Ser. ii ); cf. do smeruib mucc mugdornd,
Aisl. MC 122.38 (by Meyer taken as n. l., see Mugdorn; an leg.
mucc-m. ¤ of pig's trotters?).
(b) part of a sword, hilt ? ar sgoltadh ladhra a ghlac do
15mhu[gh]dhorn a chloidhimh, Ériu i 87 z . ? glacuis [sic leg.] a
chloidheamh ina mhodhoirnn , ib. n. 6 (as ā,f.; in his fist?).
(c) name of a measure? ni mes nā mider mudornaib (.i. o
dornaib mogda no o dornaib mora), Laws v 448.16 , 19 ; quoted
by O'Dav. 1260 with gl.: mogh .i. mór.

20 mudornán n o, m., (dim. of mudorn) ankle-bone, ankle: grea-
manna na [n]glun ┐ na mudhornan, Mackinnon Cat. 15.3 .
A later form is mudhurlán `ankle-bone', O'R. mugharlán,
Dinneen . go nuige na mugharláin, Ezek. xlvii 3.

mug (mog) n u and d,m. In O.Ir. a u-stem ( Ped. ii 90 , Thurn.
25Hdb. § 306 ): n a d s. mug. g s. moga, Wb. 17a13 . n p. mogæ, 3b15 ,
8c11 , d26 . moge, 29b2 . moga, 27c17 . mógi, 7d10 . g p. inna
mmoge , 29b1 . inna mogæ , Ml. 30b25 . In Mid.Ir. n s. mog
becomes usual: ? a s. mogaid, Trip. 110.24 . n p. mogaid, SR
7427 , TBC 423. a p. mogadu, Trip. 228.15 . g p. mogad, 218.15 .
30 Rhys, Celt. Inscriptions of Gaul p. 62 takes mug (-u-st.) and
mog (-d-st.) as different words; but they are identical in mean-
ing and the older declension survives beside the later; d s. dot
mhog , PH 1424 (but mogaid, 3112 , 4012 ); g s. in mogad ,
Corm. Y 886 = moga, LB. In late MSS. often written modh:
35 n s. occas. mogha or moghaidh (see mogaid). mugh mogh
(-d-st.), IGT Dec. § 21. g s. mac moghadh , ib. ex. 566.
I A male slave or servant (in wide sense); in early texts
generally of a serf or bondman , later occas. of free retainers.
Translates L. servus in Glosses. cid in coimdiu dodgné fria mug
40[cid] in m. ¤ fria choimdid, Wb. 27c14 . do mug Dæ, 30b26 . m. ¤
Solman (of Jeroboam), Ml. 106b6 . m. ¤ .i. daer, Laws i 90.23 .
ni cria . . . do cimid, do m. ¤ , do cumail, iii 58.7 . eiric tar ceand
mogha islui ara flaith, v 182.11 . cech fírmanach . . . gníd amal
cech mog let him work like any slave, Fél. 4.12 . ra deligetar a
45ndǽr ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer ṅhErend, TBC
423. no chlechtatis na genti særad a mogad isin sechtmad
bliadain, Lat. Lives 59. maith ar mug ni athenar valuables
are not entrusted to a serf
, IT i 97.17 (prov.) = maīn ar mog ni
aithenor, H. 3.18 ; cf. ropadh main ar modh m'anacol (i.e. my
50deliverance would be a boon thrown away), AU 742 (see ZCP
xiii 143 , and cf. maín). corcair [sic leg.] immon cumail, mugaid
imna fledaib (signs of degenerate times), Arch. iii 241.2 .
féach cia an mogh, cia an tighearna (= quis servus), TSh.
7732. clanna ar saor, meic ar moghadh, Studies 1921, 75 § 11 .
55 go ndérna modh ┐ sglábh dhe, MacAingil 346.2 . do imthi-
ghidar . . . mo lucht friotholmha ┐ mo mhuidh uaim (= neces-
sarii mei), ITS xxix 223.34 (as o-stem., late text). céilí na
céise is moghaoi na ndán (i.e. minstrels and poets), Keat.
Poems 570. m. ¤ in ena servant of the water (a kenning for
60 salmon?), see mugna. berrad moga, O'Mulc. 726 (the tonsura
servilis or tonsure attributed to Simon Magus). aiste mhog
(name of a metre), LB 238db53 .
In Hib. Min. 7.210 : co ndeochatar mudhaigh [muga H] hi
tempul lasin canoin (tr. `when the slaves came into the temple'),
65 leg. co nd. [i m]mudu [the psalms ] were lost; cf. ZCP iii 21 § 5.
Often used of a monk or coenobite as servant of God; in
later Mid. Ages the expression mog Dé = a hermit (= W.
meudwy). mog gor craibdech, ZCP iii 29.14 . nech dothéi do
chélidiu co mugada Dé whoever visits Culdees (or) hermits,
70 Ériu iii 104 § 39 a . modh Dé, ZCP vi 36.32 = ditreabhach,
ib. 28 . v s. a muidh Dé! 98.15 .
O'Mulc. 820 offers a curious etymology: mug a mugilis
genus rubri [= a genere mug. rub.] .i. bīd ag fognam iarna
petacht.
75 II Used frequently in combination with a gen. to form
masc. proper names or sobriquets: Mogh Airt, Cóir An. 182.
Maistiu . . . Moga Airt, LL 49b25 . Mogh Corb, Cóir An. 191.
Mogh Lāma, Cóir An. 59 (name given to Eochaid Ilchrothach).
Mogh Néid (Néit), Cóir An. 35. Aenghus cét-ainm Mogha
80Néid, ib. Mog Nuadat, Cóir An. 36 , 40 (name of Eogan Mór
m. Moga Néit). Mug Ruith (name of a celebrated druid), ZCP
viii 332.17 . Mogh Roith, x 343 § 6 . The name is expld. in
Cóir An. 287 : Mog Ruith .i. mágus rotarum, ar is a rothaib
doníth a taiscéladh druidhechta. M.R. was associated with
85 Simón druí = Simon Magus, who was credited in medieval
legend with invention of a flying machine; the title magus
rotarum may have been bestowed on Simon and have given
rise later to the fiction of the Irish druid, the word Mug
(Mogh) being used as the equivalent of magus on the analogy
of similar Irish names. Mughthigernd, AU 784.
5Compds. ¤ duine: mairg faemas a anfine | mairg móras a
mogduine woe to him who exalts his serf, LL 48a17 = SG 373.8 .
¤ latrann m. `a slave-thief ': pl. moghaid ┐ moghlatraind, Acall.
3535 n . for mogadaib moglatrand `pilfering servants', Hib.
Min. 66.36 . ? ¤ menma: amail descaidh maine mughmenman
10.i. drochmenman, O'Dav. 1223 a , with gl.: mugh .i. olc;
perhaps like dregs, the treasures of a servile mind (i.e. the per-
quisites of a slave).