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60 múchaid v ā, (múch).
The primary meaning may be that of stifling by smoke,
etc.; hence variously covers over, presses down; suffocates;
quenches, extinguishes (fire, etc.); oppresses; suppresses, obli-
terates. pret. ru múgsat nó ro cechladatar, Wb. 5a24 ; gl.
65 altaria tua suffuderunt (= suffōderunt); the first gloss is prob.
meant for suffundere, the second for suffodere. muchais C.
a étan fri lár, LU 1536 = MU 52.33 . muchaid a agaid fri
talmain, ZCP xiii 177.27 . co ro much in tiprait choked, filled
up , AU ii 8 y . Cf. Met. Dinds. iii 456.84 cited below. co múchait
70[múrait v.l.] na sleibhti fecht ann lucht a claidhi `the mountains
sometimes stifle
(? bury) the miners', CCath. 2512. do muchadar
na fola ┐ na ḟuilt . . . iad nach samalta co ḟuighthi . . . neach
d'aithneochadh aen dib (i.e. they were so covered with blood
and hair), CF 833. Cf. also: ro mucusttair an t-aro a mheoir
75a ccnethoibh Chon cC., ZCP x 292.4 . Of smoke, etc.: súail ná
ron-much don dethaig `almost smothered us with the smoke',
RC vii 298.124 . Of crushing or stifling in a crowd: co ro
múchait sé fir déc dib ica fégad, TFerbe 81 . becc ná ro
múchda doíne . . . oc faircsin in gillai-sain, Ériu iv 96.9 . bec
80nad múchthá doíne impu, LL 250b47 ( TBFr. 272 ). Quenches,
extinguishes: cia mhúchas na soillsi útt? BNnÉ 58 y . da
ndoirti an fhairrgi ina chenn, ní muchfad hí (of Hell), RC
xxviii 320 § 37. doighfid . . . ┐ ní mhúchfuidh éinneach iad,
Isa. i 31. Cf. also: do mucfad si iat (i.e. the shadow of the
85earth would eclipse the stars), ITS xiv 84.13 . do mhúch ré is
réaltainn, Keat. Poems 690. In wider sense suppresses, over-
whelms, destroys: is gormríg ro múchtha, Fél. Prol. 233.
muchsat, marbsat . . . in slóg, Met. Dinds. iv 350. ro
múchad, ro marbad Rot, iii 192 . nim-ro-mhúchat, nim-r-
adhmillet (of vices), ZCP vi 258.7 . do muchastair ri na gloiri
5in bās fo a chosaib, YBL 152a37 . fōir mé on dairse ina
bfuilim agan rí; uair do much sind féin ┐ mo clann `has ruined',
BNnÉ 87 § 181. gur múchadh na Picti leis na Scotaibh, Keat.
ii 6180. do mhúch buinne na tuinne is na tíre suppressed the
flow of sea and stream
, Keat. Poems 691. an tan muc[h]ar in
10teas nadurdha o adbur an galuir, RC xlix 8.8 .
vn. múchad u,m. corb écen clár . . . ós a lár dia lánmúchad
a sluice was needed to dam it wholly (of a well), Met. Dinds. iii
456.84 . is dethach do muchad `a fog for smothering', RC iv 254
§ 21 . ag fursannadh caindel . . . ga múchadh extinguishing ,
15 ZCP ix 173.8 . an long d'impodh . . . ┐ a roibi innti do muchadh
[a med]ain in aigein, vi 294.20 . ro buí se secht mbliadna aga
muchadh isin maindir sin he was . . . stifled (close pent) in that
prison
, 286.8 . gebe dhiultus dá dúbhthaig (= dúthaig) | cen
égoir a triath gá múchad without being (= unless he is) crushed
20by the injustice of its rulers
(?), x 50.33 . nach deachaidh . . .
múchadh air it has not been obliterated (of Irish historical
record), Keat. i p. 80 . ní fhéaduid mórán uisgeadh an grádh
do mhuchadh, Canticles viii 7 . muchad na breithi (= suffo-
catio matricis), Rosa Angl. 154.19 .

25 múchna xsee múcna.

muc(c)lach n o, m., (muc) a piggery: cnáma [na muice] do chur
isan m. ¤ arís, Oss. iii 122.1 . (Fig.) mo mhuclach laoch de
thréanfhuil Eoghain, D. MacCarrthaigh 25.321 .

muclaithe n(compd. of muc?) some kind of (aquatic or burrow-
30ing?) animal? fothond .i. m. ¤ iarsindi bis fo thuind amail in
cerndubhan, Corm. Y 662 (perhaps g s.). Meyer, Bruchst. i
§ 157 , suggests reading muclaige = pig-lair .

mucleithe n(g s f.?) in phrase: flaith m. ¤ (a certain grade of chief-
tain), Laws iv 322.13 (acc. to O'Curry `a man whose mother
35was the daughter of a sencleithe, and consequently of inferior
degree', 323 n. 1 ; the same explanation is given of mac
mucsaide, see mucsaid).

múcna adj io, iā. also múchna (form due to influence of múch?).
The sense in O.Ir. appears to be austere, strict, stern , passing
40into that of crossgrained, surly, hard to deal with , later gloomy,
moody . mucnae, gl. austera [severitas], Ml. 109a3 . pl. inna
mmúcnai .i. inna imneda (gl. austera neut. pl.), 95c5 . múcni
(gl. austera), Thes. i 486.35 ( Tur. 38 ). arndib múcnae . . . a
n-étach ┐ a mbiad (= austeram vitam praedicantium), 489.29
45( Tur. 71 ). múchni (leg. múcni), gl. protervi, Wb. 30c10 (= head-
strong?). muchna ainm do ghruaim gan ghean, Met. Gl. 25
§ 22 . mucna .i. gruaim, O'Cl. Muiredach muchna .i. M.
gruamdai, BB 253a20 . mucna cach mog, Tec. Corm. § 13.16
(` morose, truculent ', Meyer Gloss.). gnúsi na ndemna mucna,
50 PH 4324. Of animals: muc .i. mucna a haigned, ar ni geib a
munad o neoch stubborn, refractory (?), Corm. Y 903. borb . . .
mucna matnamail (of a hound), TBC 1011. Of places, etc.
gloomy, dismal: i nglennaib dubaib . . . muchna muichnig . . .
ichtaraig ifirn, FA 30 LB ( IT i 191.28 ). hi tégdais . . . muchna
55mallachtnach (of Hell), PH 8299. co clóthib nemi muchnai
marbthaig, 8304 . i n-aidhchi . . . marbthaigh mucna iffirn,
BNnÉ 99 § 9 , cf. Lism. L. 3642. dirae mucnai, O'Mulc. 207.
As subst. pl. ? mortlaid . . . i mbiat múcna in tṡlúaig, ZCP
xiii 381.27 .

60 múcnaid n[i,m.] (múcna) a surly or cantankerous person?
mucnaid cach borbchraideach, Arch. iii 230.140 .

mucnaige n(g s.?) some kind of landmark . bla m. ¤ `a stock mark',
Laws iv 142.10 (= mucnaide H. 3.18 p. 13 , O'C. 33 ). bla
mucnai .i. crich son íncoiscí cet bona crann no cuaille i talam
65no dibill muilind no seantraigead [leg. -droichead?] fo tuind,
ib. 26 ( H. 3.18 p. 14 ), i.e. a territory delimited by 100 tree-
trunks or stakes set in the earth or the ruins of a mill or an
old bridge (?).

múcnatu n d, m., austerity, sternness, harshness: huan múcnataid ,
70gl. austeritate, Ml. 127b13 . g s. in mucnatad , gl. truculentiae,
33d15 . mucnato i fail firindi harshness in place of justice (?),
ZCP iii 450.5 .

mucor n[o, m.] some species of berry or haw . crand mucor, gl.
cornus, Ir. Gl. 566. na scechóra ┐ na mucora, H. 3.17 c. 339
75( O'Don. 441 ). crann muchor, cr. muchoir ` dogbriar, cornel
cherry ', Hog. Luibh. Cf. mucóir (g s. -óra) `a haw, "Johnny
Magory" in Anglo-Irish', Dinneen .

? mucra n tucthar om rig m. ¤ escra cuach carpat, ZCP xii 273.2
( LL 126a55 ) = om rig mucna, YBL 139a29 . Marstrander,
80 Bidrag 41 , reads: muc ra escra, muc = vessel, can , O.N. loan-
word. Meyer, ZCP xii 439 , suggests: ōm rig mūi ra escra
from my king (1 s. pron. gen.). Thurneysen, ZCP xix 127 ,
reads mugna, which he equates with mugna (.i. muc sceine),
23 Q 6, 22 b (see mugna).

85 muc(c)rad n[o, m.] pigs (coll.): ina mbui . . . do tretaib torc
┐ mucrad, CCath. 5639.