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maeith (maoith) n f. (maeth) sorrow, dejection, languor (mod.):
rom-līn maith indēccmais Érenn, Reeves Adamn. 274 , cf.
85 ZCP vii 309.24 , quoted under muichnech. do ġabh maeith a
mórmheanma, Misc. Celt. Soc. 376 x . do bhain a mhaoith
[sic MS.] do gach fior, Ériu i 98 z . maoith chroidhe . . .
tocht i dtíríbh imchiana, Measgra Dánta 132.15 . adhbhar
maoithe, 48.14 . lucht maoithe ┐ míoghaisge, Todd Lect. iv
102.15 . go madh móide a maoith ┐ a ttoirsi, FM v 1604.12 .
5See maeithe and muich.

maeithe n[iā, f.] (maeth) softness in various senses physical and
moral. nir fedad a himain re maithi na mona, Ann. Conn.
1315 § 11. Mildness, suavity: ba móeth fri moíthi, Tec. Corm.
§ 30.9 = maíthi, LU 9334. is e suilber . . . co maethi comairle
10(of Aeneas), BB 427a51 . Dejection, depression, weakness:
maithe tanic risin rig, Fél. 46.21 . meanma a míleadh fá
mhaoithe, Keat. Poems 488. fer na fionnadh a mhaoithe na
a mheirtnighe i ngurt gábhaidh, FM vi 2236.5 . Of sound,
softness, modulation: teora ranna ngotha, mét ┐ sonairte ┐
15maethe .i. ima bhuga no ima tlas no ima binnius, O'Dav.
1205. sail .i. sofillti í ar a maithi flexibility (?), Corm. Y 1190.
Moistness, looseness: maoithe na bronn (= alvi humiditates),
R.I.A. 23 K 42, 41.2 .

maeithnech adj o, ā. see muichnech.

20 1 mael adj(moel, maíl) o,ā. perhaps orig. subst. In Glosses occurs
only in compd. npr. (Mail- Ml., Maél- Sg., Móel- Stowe Miss.).
Frequently precedes noun, forming a compd.
(a) crop-headed, shorn, and by extension bald . Totmáel, gl.
totum calvum (name of Patrick's charioteer), Trip. 322.26
25( Ardm. 13b2 ). in m. ¤ Melchisediach tonsured (i.e. a priest), SR
2256. ulcha . . . for in fer m. ¤ (of St. Paul, said to have intro-
duced the religious practice of shaving the entire head), Ériu
iii 194 § 3. fer maeldub with black cropped hair, BDD 38. scailp
ingini maeili duibhi, Acall. 1901. triar scoloc maelruad
30(= with cropped red hair), 6147 . co mbui in-a lobur moel
bald , PH 376. an duine a ttuiteann a ghruagh d'á cheann, bí
sé maol, Levit. xiii 40. As sobriquet: Lucet m. ¤ (name of a
druid), Ardm. 4a1 ( Thes. ii 259.37 ). Lucat Mæl, Trip. 32.28 .
(b) in follg. exx. applied to persons mael seems to imply
35 youth (possibly with the reference to the custom of cutting
a boy's hair at the age of seven, s. ZCP xi 162 n. 9 ): leanb óc,
Ériu ii 182.8 = lenam maol, Rawl. loisgedh thrí chéad
inghen maol `shorn maidens', i 26.161 (oppd. to: thrí chéad
caillech, 157 ). Aoibhioll mhaol, Amhráin D. Mic Carrthaigh
40 3.10 . Cf. Laws iii 354.7 : eiric giunta co lomad a ciabaib na
crosan ┐ na scoloc ┐ na n-ingen mael `the shorn girls' (?), pos-
sibly a disparaging term.
(c) of cattle, hornless: i richt samaisce muile (maíle LU),
TBC² 1722 ; 1625 . hi rricht bó deirgi maíle, Ériu iii 141.2 .
45 bae móelæ, BColm. 84.16 . conaccatar . . . daumu móra máela,
LU 1750 = RC ix 482. secht cēt molt nach m. ¤ , BB 270b47 .
Hence as name of a cow: an Maol Flidaise, Celt. Rev. iv 106.
26 . ar cenn na Maile, ib. 20 .
(d) of things blunt, headless or pointless (of a torso, stump,
50etc., also of weapons): co tall a ceand de gur fagaib ina thamun
mæl, BB 443b37 . gursat maela a méidhe, Acall. 1034. ina
meidhibh moílderga (i.e. headless and bleeding), Fian. 94.16 ,
cf. CCath. 6084 , Todd Lect. iv 94.15 , Buile S. 122.25 , FM. v
1758.15 . lorga maela `headless handles' (of hurling-sticks or
55clubs), Ériu v 28.17 . a dreolláin cusin eirr maíl, LB 274b25 =
SG 57.9 . fíacla máela, IGT Dec. ex. 408. cloidhmhe maela,
CCath. 481. má bhíonn an t-iarann máol, Eccles. x 10.
dearna an deilg mhaoil the hand pierced by the blunt nail, A. Ó
Dalaigh v 9 .
60(e) of places, etc., bare: indsi maela, RC ix 460. tá . . . an
túr maol (i.e. dismantled ), Keat. Poems 1515. Cf. maelráith
below. Exposed, defenceless: maol guala gan bhráthair bare is
the shoulder without a brother
(= a man is weak without kins-
men), O'Rahilly Ir. Prov. § 61 , cf. FM v 1804.3 , KMMisc.
65 354.25 .
(f) fig. blunt, dull, obtuse: cen medra m. ¤ , SR 2975 (without
pointless talk, circumlocution
?). roschaullach ingine moíle
`a brainless tartar of a girl', Triads 114 (but cf. (b) above). do
c[h]lannaibh Cuinn nár maol ferg, ZCP viii 224.5 . trét'
70aighnios maol, Content. xxi 21. i nduain mhaoil, xx 7.
maelinntinnech (= hebes sensūs), O'Gr. Cat. 238.33. lá co
leith, ni maoilriaghail `no false rule', FM ii 572.10 .
(g) cruithnecht m. ¤ `beardless wheat' (some kind of inferior
grain?): arbur can frichgnum .i. . . . cruithnecht maol, Laws
75 v 222.23 Comm. cruithneacht mhaol, ITS xvii 244. ruadhan
. . . .i. mael-cruithnecht buckwheat (?), O'Dav. 1369. Cf. 2
mael (e)
and maelán III.
Compds. 1 With adj. formed from noun: mugh maílmérach
blunt-fingered, clumsy , IGT Dec. ex. 789. tairrnge maelren-
80nach blunt-pointed , Fl. Earls 196.3 .
2 With subst.: ¤ achad m.: cathir is cul maelachaid ṁbil,
LL 149b20 . ¤ árus ( ¤ áires): na máelairise cen togail .i. Ráith
Airthir, Sendomnach ` consecrated residences ' (?), Trip. 250.5 .
¤ assa m. a blunt or broad-toed shoe or sandal (esp. one of
85metal): mælassai chredumai, LL 245b22 = TBC p. liii . da
moelasa fhindruine impi, RC xiv 46 § 54. da mælasa find-
druine, IT iii 193 § 25 , cf. RC xxiv 200.2 , Arch. iii 5.24 , Ériu
iii 152.20 . do theiged ina mælossaib, RC viii 150 § 1. ¤ chend
n.: nírba timm ar ná ba maelc[h]end `lest I should have my
hair cropt off
', Tec. Corm. § 7.17 = melcend, LL. in a mhaoil-
5chionn bald head , Levit. xiii 43. ¤ chircul m.: m. ¤ -c. óir co
clucinib fo bragit cech eich, TFerbe 14 (eine abgerundete
Scheibe
, Wind.). Cf. maelland. ¤ chloch f.: móelchloch ` bare
stone' (blunt or flat?), Im. Brain. i 48.10 . ¤ chnoc m. a flat-
topped hill: Maolchnoc Gréine, Keat. Poems 440. ¤ chruith-
10necht f. see (g) above. ¤ dorn m. (a) a clenched fist: meitither
muldorn míled, TBC 2597 = re mǽldhorn, H. 2.17 , Eg. Of
the fist with closed thumb used as a measure, about four
inches , Laws ii 240.4 Comm. (oppd. to `airdem', the fist with
thumb extended). Transf. a blow with the fist, a cuff: toirbiris
15moeldorna mora tar a gnúis, TBC 3903 St. (b) a (blunt-
pointed?) sword: m. finn-argit fa choim, LL 267b33 = MU
38.14 . m. findargait, TBC 5211 = mael ṅdorn, TBC² 3173.
maoldorn fionnairgid .i. cloidheamh, óir as na dhornaibh
máola toimsithear an chloidheamh .i. an ordóg leagtha aga
20thomas, O'Cl. (prob. a wrong explanation; see Macalister,
Archaeol. of Irel. 153 ). ¤ gae f. a (blunt-headed?) spear or
javelin: moelgae hi llaim gach fir, IT iii 239.141 . dā maelgai
. . . co semmannaib argait, TFerbe 5 . ¤ mír n. a large mouth-
ful or lump (of food)? eistecht grech a glasbraiget fri med ina
25maelmireann, YBL 177a23 = na mælmirenn, BB 257b17 .
¤ ráith f. a dismantled or outworn earthen fort: maolrátha gan
mhórtharbha, Content. v 105. maolrátha glasa ┐ doireadha
neannta `unroofed green raths', Atlantis iv 144.32 . ¤ scolb m.
a blunt splinter: as contemptuous epithet, IT iii 102 § 189 =
30 Bruchst. i § 86 . ¤ taman m. stump of a tree: as alleg. npr. m.:
mac Maoltamain, Anecd. ii 55.
3 With vb.: ¤ tamnaigid truncates: ro maeltamnaigit
mēidi, Celt. Rev. x 112.30 .