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mormaer n o,m., Irish form of a Scottish word, probably of
indigenous (? Pictish) origin, the title given to the custodian
80ordefenderof theScottish coast . Acc. to a note communi-
cated by A. O. Anderson, the Scottish form seems to have
beenmorbhar (-mhar), the first syll. being =mor`sea';cf.
mod. Scotch Gaelicmorair`lord', and follg. exx.:ingen
mhorbair Moireogh`of the Earl of Moray', Rel. Celt. ii 164.13 .
85 an M[h]orbhairn is magh Muile, | ar morbhair-ne a bfer faire,
Elegy on Angus MacDonald, Lord MacDonnell and Aros
(†1680), whereMorbhairn`sea-gap' =Morvern. In Irish
lit. the first syll.mor-appears at first as short; the second
part was no doubt equated withmaer(q.v.) and later the word
was perhaps regarded as =mórmaer` great steward ' (the usual
5translation).mormoér Búchan, Goid. 108.19 .ba hé robo
mormáir ┐ robo thosec, 109.8 .bennact . . . ar cec mormar
┐ ar cec tosech, 110.12 .g s. cuitmormoir , 109.9 ; the above
exx. are from Bk. of Deer (ed. Stuart, Edinburgh 1869).acht
nad farcbath ri nā mormoer disuidibh(i.e.of the `fir Alban'),
10 AU 917. Gilla Comgan mac M. mormaer Murebe(i.e.of
Moray), 1032 .mormaer Leamna(i.e.of Leven), 1425 ( ii
98.18 ).Domnal mac Ermin, mormaer Alban, Cog. 174.15
=mórmáer i nAlbain, RC xli 328.30 .pl. trimormairAlban,
RC xvii 339.9 .OfIrish officials: deich mormair Briain`great
15stewards
', Cog. 168.7 .

mórmenma n n,m.andf. courage,high spirit: erig, . . . córu
achāch duit mormenma, TBC 3978. mormenma Cruithnech,
ZCP i 113.1 .go ro chinned . . . a mheisnech ┐ a mhórmeanma,
MR 116.2 .go merrdacht ┐ go móirmhenmain, FM vi 2118.
20In unfavourable sense:huall co mormenmain arrogance ,
Ériu vii 174.6 .

mórmenmnach adj o, ā. high-spirited,courageous:magnanimous:
fer maith mormenmnach, FB 33. oclach mórmenmhach(sic),
Acall. 8005. milid mórmenmnacha, 1700 n. fer . . . merdána
25m. ¤ (of Caesar), CCath. 348. Arrogant: in sagart . . . fergach
m. ¤ , ZCP x 52.34 . Of a place:ar Chendmaghair móirmhenm-
naigh, ZCP viii 108.25 .

mormónt(-a) n m.(Romance loan-word) wormwood: mormónt,
O'Gr. Cat. 195.17. mormont, Rosa Angl. 230.13 .g s. sugh
30 mormont , 64.5 .do duillsogaib mormoint, 300.1 .biathfa mé
iad . . . le mormónta, Jerem. ix 15. searbh amhuil murmónta,
Prov. v 4.

mórmórach adj o, ā(mór) asadv.:gomórmórach =gomórmór
especially: go mormhorach, Luc. Fid. 255.11 ; 353.22 .

35 ? mormuir n abogormoor?` mormuir' moin, `bothach' seiscenn,
For. Foc. 70 (mormuinn;mor muir;mórmhúir,v.l.); Stokes,
Met. Gl. 97 , suggests that the word is a compd. ofmórand
múircogn. with O.N.mýrr`marsh'and Lat.muria`brine'.
Cf.Eng.moor< A.S.mór.

40 mórnán n o,m., `apail, amilk-vessel' (Dinneen).beagán bainne
a m. ¤ maoidhteach, Tribes of Irel. 62.5 .m. ¤ práipín, GJ ii
271a40 .

morolus xseemorálus.

Morríganandmorrígu pn f. name of anancient Irish war-
45goddess . Acc. to Stokes RC xii 128 , De Jubainville RC xxix
195 , the first component is cognate with O.H.G.maraand
A.S.maere,cf.Eng.nightmare, Fr.cauchemar, the second
being identical withrígan`queen'; attempts have also been
made to equate theMorríganwith the fairy Morgan of the
50Arthurian saga (<mor`sea', `water'), see RC xxxiv 259. In the
Mid.Ir. period the first syll. seems to have been commonly
equated withmór`great' and the vowel is often accented.
Frequently used with the article.n s. morigain, Thes. i 2.6
( Regina 215 ).inMorrigan , TBC² 843 =inMórrigan , LU
55 5320. morrígan, LL 10b27 .inMórrigan , 168a24 , 32 .morrígu,
137a18 .mórrigu, 10a42 .inMorrigu , TBC 1490. Acall. 2496
=morrighanR ( 2496 n. ).g s. naMorrígna , RC xv 292 ( Dinds.
4 ).n p. morrignae, Corm. Y 697 =morrignaLB.The
daughter ofErnmais: tri ingena aile oc Ernmais .i. Badb ┐
60Macha ┐ Morrigu .i. Anand a hainm-side, LL 10a42 .in
Morrigan ingen Ernmusa, RC xii 100 § 137 ,cf. 108 § 166 .
Sometimes confounded withBodbandMacha (see RC xix
248 ):Machæ .i. badb. no asi an tres morrigan one of the three
Morrigans
, O'Mulc. 813. hi Ross Bodbo .i. na Morrighno,
65 ZCP iii 244 § 50 (Tochm. Emere). She appears sometimes in
the form of a bird:is í in Mórrigan són i ndeilb eúin, LU 5321
= TCB 844 ,cf. TBC 1492 ; also Táin Bó Regamna § 5 ( IT
ii2245 ), where in § 7 she is called `in Morrigan' in Eg., `in
badb' in YBL. Described as the washer at the ford:dreman
70inathor dīmar, | no-dus-nigh an Mórríoghan, Fian. 16.10 . As
an old woman:caillech lom luath . . . is i in Morrigu mong-
liath, MR 198.4 .
Also used as a generic name:morigain, gl.lamia( Isaiah
34.14 ), Thes. i 2.6 .gudemain .i. uatha ┐ morrignae, Corm. Y
75 697. glaidhomuin goa .i. na demuin goacha, na morrigna,
H. 3.18 p. 82b . In place-names:Crích na Morrigna, see Hog.
Onom. Gort na Morrignai, ZCP iii 241 § 37.
See alsofulacht.

mórseised ord.num. seventh (cf. mórfeiser):masa móirseiser
80atat ann ┐ é féin in moirseise[dh] fear, Eg. 88,fo. 53b ( O'C.
2623 ) =in sechtmad f.,ib.

mórseiser xseemórfeiser.

mortad xseemartad.

mortaigid v g. (denom. from1 mart) puts to death,kills: no[t]
85mortaigfet mana tarda dam in set sin(=morieris nisi dederis
mihi), H. 3.18 p. 382b ( O'C. 838 ).in cach midisi aimsirda i
mortaidther mor carrnda, Eg. 88,fo. 2d ( O'C. 2144 ).vn. do
mortughadhno do bhásughadh, H. 3.17c.444 ( O'Don. 578 ).