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madae adj io, iā.d s. mudu, Wb. 16d4 (as instrumental), besidein-
made, 19b10 ; in Mid.Ir. the former form prevails inadvbl.
55use; in LL 156a33 ( Met. Dinds. iii 290.56 )muduandmadaare
found together as nouns.
I Vain,ineffectual,fruitless . (a) in Glosses with cop. or as
advb.:act massu made in chretem(gl.nisi frustra credidistis),
Wb. 13a34 .níba madae dam m[ḟ]oisitiu(frustrata non erit
60confessio), Ml. 46b12 .ba m. ¤ dam du frecur cheill-siu it was
vain for me to worship thee
, 106d3 .made(gl.sine causa, an
alternative tocen fochunn), 19c5 .reim nad mada, Anecd. i
72 § 202. a chorn chroes-toll tana | nirbo mada in mind, ZCP
iii 39.8 .abair ré Niall ni madha | guth Eoghain mic Anmcha-
65dha`not lucky for him will be the curse of E.' (?not ineffectual),
FM i 438.3 =le N. niamda, CS 827. As attrib. with noun:
nicon saethar m. ¤ no idle labour is it, Fél. Ep. 227 ; quoted
O'Dav. 1239 with gl.:madha no magha .i. nemglan, whence
perhaps O'Cl. :madha .i. mi-adha .i. mídhlightheach. ní hí in
70chomairle mada, LL 146b39 ( Proc. R.I.A. iii 544 ).ni cara
cāch cosg a baíse . . . bidh cosc mada, Arch. iii 295 § 17. dia
tuc in mór-grád mada d'Áed when she gave that great love in
vain
, Met. Dinds. iv 4. issed ingaire mada | cen bú vain herd-
ing
, RC xiii 385.8 .
75(b) asadv., nearly always with prep.i n-, in vain,fruitlessly,
to no purpose ; in Mid.Ir. usuallyi mmudu, lateri mmuda,
amudha,amughaand probably in time confounded with
múdugud(Strachan Vbl. Syst. pp. 71 - 2 identifies the words).
in-made .i. níbtá torbe de, Wb. 19b10 .is betha imaudu
80[immuduLU]a life wasted, TBC² 533. is maith i mmudu mo
maith-se, TBC 1043 =a múcha, St.téit i mmudu(rarely
téit mudu)islost,goestowaste,perishes: i techt mudu elimoy.
for the loss of the alms, Wb. 16d4 (an instrumental case in
apposition, Ped. ii 76 ).ferr uma cech aicde aird, | cia théit
85muga ní geib meirg`though it go astray(?)it will not take rust',
Ériu ix 48 § 26. m'anim ni dig immada may not my soul be
lost
, Hy. v 96. téid a saethar i mudhu(amugha,for dimain
v.l.), CCath. 1891. scribthar scela Cailti nach dechat a mudha,
Acall. 7758 ,cf. 5346 .nā tiaghat mu eich imugha let not my
horses come to grief
, Lism. L. 2314. errenad in met dochoid hi
5mudu let him pay as much as was lost, Ériu vii 160 § 2. cian co
beth biadh ann-som . . . ni rachadh a mudu(amugud,amuga
MSS.)it would not be spoilt, IT iii 188.1 .is ferr duit a chobuir;
is liach a dolu himugu it would be sad if he should die, RC iii
345.3 .iar tiachtain inmadha. . na hingine, x 180.7 .rachaidh
10an t-anam soin amudha as a phobal féin(=peribit), TSh.
3291 ,cf. 9595 . Goes astray: docuaidh G. amughadh ona
muindtir, ZCP vi 78.22 .ná héirigh amúgha iona casánaibh,
Prov. vii 25. beirid (cuirid) i mm. ¤ causestoperish,does away
with,loses: fingal etrom . . . ┐ nít berad immuchu it would not
15cause your death
, TBC 4300. nachat-bertais immuchu lest (the
wounds) should cause your death
, 4340 ; in the corresponding
passages TBC² 2796 , 2813 theadvb. i mm. ¤ is omitted.itbér
. . . cor-ros-laus immudo that I have lost it(a ring), ZCP iv
38.15 (TBFraích) =cor-roda-llaus immudu, LL 249b40 ( Med.
20and Mod. Ir. Ser. v 168 ),co rotallus amuga, RC xxiv 147.
ionnus nach cuirfidhe nuachair amugha uirre lest she be
baulked of a husband
, Keat. iii 2796. is mór do chuir an
t-andóchas amudha(=multos perdidit), TSh. 7389.
Hence O'Cl. :mudha .i. mudhugadh no básughadh.
25 IIRarely used assubst.:co fúair mudu is mór-mada (maga,
manav.l.)`destruction and utter frustration', Met. Dinds. iii
290 . ?robí Nuadu . . . mac hui hIeir Etarscel, | ba do Mumain
a mada | dia mairt os Leirg Labrada, ZCP viii 117 § 6 ( Rawl.
88a31 ).Cf.also:maidm a sceith .i. sciathlach a sceith do
30muga for a dornnaib`the straps of his shield to burst', Laws v
310.32 Comm.

madaigid v i, (denom. frommadae) makes vain,frustrates: rus
madaigset fesin, gl.ipsos frustrata sunt, Ml. 48a1 .Pass. pret.
pl. romadaicht[h]ea , gl.cassata sunt, 80d3 .

35 madg n(B. na f.) sea: ni teit gaoth puint tar gach madhg (.i.
muir), ZCP v 487.3 .

madmaid v ā, andmaidmid i, denom. (maidm).
(a)isrouted,put to flight: is riam remi ro madmastar he has
hitherto fled before him
, TBC 1963. In impers. constr. withAR
40of person:gur maidm ar in Iarla the Earl was defeated, AU ii
424.10 (a. 1315).madhmus an cath ar Bhelsebub, Gadelica
i 37.7 (Pairl. Chl. Tom.). Trans. in pass.:ro madmaid in meic
im theora nonbaraib leo, RC xvi 149.
(b) bursts forth: in tobur usci ro maidm a tir Israheil, ZCP
45 v 25 § 11.

madmaigid v i, denom. (maidm) routs,putstoflight , trans. or
withAR:do madmaigh se a muinntir, RC xix 370 § 237. ro
mhaidhmidhset Albanaigh they routed the Scots, Duan. Finn i
68.14 .ro madhmaighedh a muinntir, ALC i 238.30 .do
50mhadhmuigh orra go Sidon, Joshua xi 8 .madhmuigh orra
`press, fall on, chase', Eg. Gl. 448. Fig.of astream: cáit a
bhfoil re feadh samhruidh | sreabh do mhadhmuigh goil
gheimridh that poured forth, IGT Dec. ex. 479. vn. Mag R.
co n-a mhuinntir domadhmhachudhann, AU ii 562. 18 .ré
55faigsin . . . na heagailse ar n-a madhmughadh utterly defeated,
TSh. 6053. Brian do breith forra . . . ┐ madmucchadh forra,
FM v 1342.1 .

madmannach adj o, ā. (maidm) fleeing headlong,in retreat: fa
murbruchtaib . . . madmannacha min-éisc, MR 248.12 .

60 madra n theplant madder: Hog. Luibh. g s. fréamhmadra ,
R.I.A.23 K 42,415.5 .

madrad(matrad) n o,m., (latermadra IGT Dec. § 30 )adog: in
comfhat bís in m. ¤ i n-a chuilén, PH 7415. animm in madraid,
7418 .v s. a charr-matraid! Aisl. MC 101.14 .madra mór, Im.
65Brain i 67.30 .madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900. itir . . .
chat ┐ mhadra, ZCP ii 62.6 .in matra, cía beith do gairbe a
gotha, ZCP iii 34.18 .iar marbad . . . a matra,ib. 28 .ar an
madradh . . . darab ainm Cerberus, TSh. 1030. ó neart an
mhadraidh, Psa. xxii 20. pl. madraid, Aisl. Tund. 99 § 3. re
70madraibh, PH 7415. mar mhadradha(=ut canes), TSh. 6553.
m. ¤ allaid a wild dog,i.e. a wolf: croicinn madra allaid, Ir.
Gl. 275. madruigh allta, Acts xx 29 .do mharbhadar na
madraoi laogh, ZCP ii 562.13 =maic tíre,ib. 19 .

madramail adj i, (madrad) dog-like;canine: matramail, TBC 1011
75St. =matnamail, LL.do na daoinibh madramhla, Eochairsg.
101.37 .roimhe na laethibh madramhla dog-days ,R.I.A.23
K 42,42.16 .dā bhfhiaclaib madramla, Rosa Angl. 2.7 .

madrogair xseemandrogair.

madrogen n name of a plant,agrimony? madroghen(gl.acri-
80monia = agrimonia?), Arch. i 335 § 59. Cf. marbhdhraighean
(murdhroighen,murghraithin) agrimony,water-hemp , Hog.
Luibh. Seemurdraigen.

maeith(maoith) n f.(maeth) sorrow,dejection,languor(mod.):
rom-līn maith indēccmais Érenn, Reeves Adamn. 274 ,cf.
85 ZCP vii 309.24 , quoted undermuichnech.do ġabh maeith a
mórmheanma, Misc. Celt. Soc. 376 x .do bhain a mhaoith
[sic MS.] do gach fior, Ériu i 98 z .maoith chroidhe . . .
tocht i dtíríbh imchiana, Measgra Dánta 132.15 .adhbhar
maoithe, 48.14 .lucht maoithe ┐ míoghaisge, Todd Lect. iv
102.15 .go madh móide a maoith ┐ a ttoirsi, FM v 1604.12 .
5Seemaeitheandmuich.