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moned (monad) n a mountain (Pictish loan-word, only in
Pictish place-names, Stokes Ling. Val. 105 ; cf. W. mynydd).
bellum Mónid Chroibh inter Pictores , AU 727. bellum
Monith Carno, 728 . rex Pictorum citra Monoth , 781 . Sliab
5Monaid i nAlbain, Acall. 4675.

mong n ā, f., mong f. g s. muinge, moinge, IGT Dec. § 158. (a)
orig. a lock or tuft of hair: gl. cirrus, Sg. 159a7 . do berrad a
mor-muṅgga (of Samson), SR 5362 (n p.). Later hair (coll.),
a head of hair, always of long and abundant, never close-
10cropped hair; in pl. of more than one person. Gl. coma,
O'Mulc. 201. moṅg órbuide furri, TBC 4315. monc fionn-
buidhi fair, 5453 (St.). m. ¤ findruine fair co mbid for dib
slesaib ind eich, IT ii1 177 . buinne óir immá moing, RC ix
490.3 . dochuiredar a moiṅg im gesca ro bui isin crund (of
15Absalom), ZCP xiii 178.24 . Conán gan ṁoing hairless , Oss.
iv 18.17 . Labraid lebarmong with long locks, SC 33. dá uball
óir for dī gabal a muingi, R.I.A. Ir. MSS. Series i 176.24 . pl.
moṅga findbuide . . . forru, TBC 181. TBC² 12. mongae
findbudi foraib, BDD 84. mórfesser cornaire . . . co moṅgaib
20órdaib, TBFr. 37 ( Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. v ). Of animals: tar or
moingi inn eich mane, Laws i 138.38 Comm. iv 276.11 Comm.
ca tulmaing tuind (.i. co moing a srona), IT i 162.6 = LL 208a
14 (of a boar = the bristles of his snout?). Of eyelashes (poet.):
abra dubmall nach dáor m. ¤ , IGT Dec. ex. 521. filleadh mong
25n-abhra, Gofraidh Fionn v 30 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). (fig.) do
chuir Éire tri monga ┐ trí maola dhi (i.e. was thrice wooded
and thrice bare), Keat. i p. 96 . teora maela ┐ teora monga .i.
na caille, H. 3.18 p. 626 ( O'C. 1371 ). See (c).
(b) trans. of sea-foam, surf: airet marus m. ¤ for muír, IT iii
3016 § 41 = Bruchst. i § 16 . Common in expression: m. ¤ mara,
which comes to mean simply surface or expanse of sea: tar
moing mara, Acall. 4678 , 4697 . dar mara moing, Laws iii
318.5 . ós muing mara hIcht, Met. Dinds. ii 36.8 . nogu rainig
an moing mara mírathmair sin, Ériu iii 166 § 21. dar monga
35mara medhraig, ZCP x 339.8 . gur báitheadh Pharao fá mhuing
na Mara Ruaidhe, TSh. 3134.
(c) of foliage, trees, bushes, etc. dar moing Muadain (.i.
anis), Fél. 110.35 (: Guaire) = dar Luaine (.i. darsin fid .i.
Luaine ainm an ḟeada), Ériu i 46.13 , see RC xxvi 374. monainn
40mhaetha 'n-a mongaibh, Acall. 342. dristin mongu `manes of
briars
', K. and H. § 22. i gcóir chodhnaigh muinge Mis `the
woodlands of M.
', O'Bruad. iii 52.
(d) various uses. Of nap of cloth: cen co tarla m. ¤ fria (of a
cloak), Met. Dinds. iv 332.23 . docuiredar mongai tened dara
45gnuis, Ériu ii 126.8 (of star-cluster, scintillations?). m. ¤ int
slindéin hair of the shoulder-blade? (gl. honplata, perh. =
ὠμοπλάτη), Ir. Gl. 148. m. ¤ mher hemlock: ros na moíngi mire,
Mackinnon Cat. 20.18 (see mongach).
Compds. With adj. of colour, chiefly in primary sense:
50 mong-buide ( ¤ donn, ¤ dub, etc.) = yellow-haired. ¤ bog: tresan
monaidh mong-bhuig (= covered with soft heath), BNnÉ 208
§ 60 . ¤ glas: dar noí tonna moṅg[g]lassa, LL 13a41 . ¤ lebar:
folt . . . m., BB 427a46 . ZCP x 279.12 . ? ¤ lectha: monglectha
fochassa forordha fair ` hair-braids ', IT iii 186.3 = monglecta
55BB; an leg. mong léctha fochass hair let down, loose or flowing
(part. of léicid)? cf. moṅg legta [lectha v.l.] fochas, Ériu iv
138 § 14 . ¤ mas: treathan mara mongmais, Lism. L. 3580.
¤ réid: ós Mide m. of level and grassy surface , Arch. Hib. ii 82
§ 6 ( LL 184b30 ). ¤ ruad: Macha mon[g]ruad, MacCarthy 300.
6021 , cf. Keat. ii 2364 , FM i 74.2 . le clannuib Míled mongrúaid,
Anecd. i 32. Of sea foaming, turbulent: os diamar mara mong-
ruaid, Rawl. 76a33 , cf. ZCP x 411.5 , BNnÉ 97 § 5 , Lism. L.
3589. fa murbruchtaib mongruada min-éisc mór-mara, MR
248.11 . Of mountains (prob. alluding to heather): Sliabh
65mongruadh Mis, CF 269. le hoir in maighi mongruaidh, ZCP
viii 563 § 28. ¤ súilech: laoch . . . mongṡuileach with heavy
eyelashes (? eyebrows), ZCP x 278.13 . ¤ teintech fiery-maned:
retlu mongteindtech (i.e. a comet ), LB 139a15 . toidlenacha
mongthenntecha, 138b20 ( Todd Lect. vi ). i n-aite . . . mhoing-
70teinntighi ichtair ifrinn, Lism. L. 3642. Cf. further: a mhairbh-
thene mongthighi minchuile, IT iii 102 § 186 (` thick-maned',
-haired , compd. of mong+tige<tiug?).

1 mongach adj o, ā. (mong) adj. used in various senses of mong.
Long-haired; hairy: Samsón moṅgach, LL 226b23 . LB 127a20 ,
75 cf. Ériu v 154.152 . don mnaí mongaig, Met. Dinds. iii 58.53 .
As n.pr. m.: féil Fachtnai maicc Mongaig, Fél. Aug. 14. rosc m. ¤
long-lashed , ZCP viii 562 § 9. a hesaibh na marc mor-mongach
with big manes, TBC 5626 St. (as subst.) m. ¤ maic thire a
shaggy wolf
, BDD 162. tri .l. c. moltrad moṅgach thick-
80fleeced , LL 296a21 . retlu moṅgach a comet , LL 26a16 = Trip.
524.6 . Of sea: marcach in mara mongaig crested , SC § 45.22 .
cechaing . . . maghain mongaigh rónaigh, ZCP viii 197.12 . Of
places, covered with vegetation (thicket, scrub, etc.): isin Tem-
raig moṅgaich ` grassy ', MacCarthy 194 § 3. ós inbir mungaich
85Masáin, IT ii2 128 = Measgra Dánta 44.20 . benn mh. ¤ , O'Gr.
Cat. 524.19 = Measgra D. 41.12 . As subst., name of a plant:
m. ¤ measca, gl. simprionica, Arch. i 336.10 . m. ¤ mhear hemlock ,
Hog. Luibh. , see mong (d).