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20 mod n o,n.andm.(Lat.modus)n s. modn-án, SR 2943. m. ¤
ṅdil, 3415 . m. ¤ nglé, 2575 .ba m. ¤ n-áig, TBC 1481. a p. mudu,
TBC 3078. Late decl.: modh(ón bhés), IGT Dec. § 95 p. 127
(g s. n p. -a).
(a) manner,mode,way,fashion ; in Glosses used to translate
25Lat.modus. dā mod naturæ ┐ dā m. ¤ fortunae(gl.quattuor
modis), Sg. 138b4 .gaibid m. ¤ ṅ-argumint(gl.instar argu-
menti), Ml. 64c12 .ó cach mud(omni modo), Sg. 45a10 ;cf.
25b11 ; 203b3 .ní ho mud neirt dogairem-ni noibu it is not
from the fashion of strength that we call (men) holy
, Ml. 37b16 .
30 is coir doib . . . comrac ime, in tan nach fetait tobach dligid
o mudh aile in any other way, Laws v 302.23 Comm. o muth
fortachta by way of encouragement, Aisl. Tund. 98 § 2. o mud
na con after the manner of dogs, BColm. 82.34 .o tri modaib
ro aimsig diabul inní Ísu .i. ó chraes, o maidmige, o díumas,
35 PH 4822. taispénaid cia m. ¤ as a mbrisend se in recht in what
way he violates the law
, 2588 .ros-crochsat fo mud a tigerna
they crucified it (the image) as had been done to its lord, 126 .
tuc-som sigen na crochi . . . fo mhug na Cristaige in the Chris-
tian manner
, LB 234a55 .co mbetis aice fo mud airm ┐ diten
40 that they might serve him as arms of defence, 233b19 .fó mud
charpait cetherriata, 235a50 .batar leo . . . tengtho a mmudh
nathrach like a serpent's, Aisl. Tund. 104 § 3. ó tá an domhan
i modh cruinn of a round shape, Content. v 40. modh tagra
tabhair-se dhamh`give me fair play in argument', xxiii 2 .
45 tinnscedal in righflaithiusa Romhanta . . . ba saine modh leis
┐ lasna hardflaithiusaibh remhaind the Roman sovranty began
in a different way from those just mentioned
, CCath. 46. go
bhfuilid ceithre modha ar a bhféadaid na neithe,etc. there are
four ways in which
, TSh. 3151. In more restricted sense,way
50ofbehaviour,manner,habit,etc.: is i sin oen-ingen ro gab moda
Derdrinni fuirri . . . etir cruth ┐ chēll ┐ lamdai, RC xxiv 272
§ 3 .nach eolach . . . for a modhuibh nā for a mbescnadaib,
Marco P. 116. ni roibhi . . . ben dob ferr . . . modh ┐ múnudh,
ZCP vi 24.7 .ógh fa uaisle modha, PBocht 60 § 54 ,cf. 37
55§ 16 .ni budh maith an mogh damh . . . gan a ithe it would not
become me not to eat it
, BCC § 122.
(b) often used as rel.adv.in above senses:m. ¤ conid-tuccid
(=prout potestis intelligere), Wb. 21c11 .m. ¤ arcanai, Arch. iii
298.5 .cach modh dobeir saethar furra whatever trouble it
60gives her
, Laws iv 10.32 .trummu á peccad ar chách nach m. ¤
formberat according as they increase, Ml. 71c1 .nach m. ¤ ata-
sníaim whatever way, Fél. Oct. 26. nach m. ¤ don-bered dia
bélaib, IT i 138.15 .
(c) in Sg. used to translate Lat.modus=(grammatical)
65 mood: ciall cech muid, 190a3 .ciall inna n-ule mod, 190a1 .
(d) measure,limit (like Lat.modus):arna esgaba m. ¤ á
cuindrech that the chastisement may not exceed measure, Ml
22c8 .m. ¤ condinroirea a measure so that it may provide for us,
Wb. 29b16 .m. ¤ for talla inn [sic leg.] tri mēr the space covered by
70the tips of three fingers
, Laws ii 238.11 .ní béram-ni m. ¤ n-ordlaig
. . . bar culu we will not budge an inch, TBC 5977. modh noi
ceimenn, 3892 St.conidmidethar som a mmod ┐ a fit`regu-
lates her portion and her pittance
', Mon. Tall. § 60. ní bidh
modh ar saidhbris na Romhánach the wealth of the R. was
75beyond measure
, CCath. 240 ;cf. 5760 .na cuiridh tar modh
a [= i?] saetharsibh do not exert yourselves immoderately,
BNnÉ 68 § 107. ?Sengund o Belach in Chon | rosiacht m. ¤ co
Lumnech les the extent (of territory) allotted to S. reached from
B. in Ch. to L.
, LL 8b7 .
80(e) function,work,service: he fesin as choimsid dáu in muid
dungní he is his own master of the work, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294.3 ).
déni in chruth sain do m. ¤ maith, SR 1617 =dena amlaid sin do
m. ¤ ┐ do monar, MacCarthy 64.16 ( LB 112b2 ).noch[o] dein
moda acht criathra[d] mine does no work save sifting flour,
85 132.13 = IT iii 20.1 .rannaid etarra modh in tres fir they divide
between them the task of the third man
, Lism. L. p. ix 10 .co
n-epert C. congeupad modaetmāmma ind fir, ZCP iii 251 § 9.
damad derb leis dul go grod | ni dingnadh egna nā modh if he
knew for certain he would die shortly, he would neither study nor
toil
, vii 301.9 . Deed,performance,achievement: d'indissin m. ¤ ┐
5morgnim gaili na Feinde, Acall. 7255. sul donéor mo mudu,
TBC 3078 = TBC² 2276. oididh Muircertaigh na modh,
MacCarthy 398.9 .modh .i. gnim, O'Dav. 2168. modh .i.
obair, Eg. Gl. 478. This or else (a) is prob. the sense in chevilles:
m. ¤ ṅglanna, SR 861. m. ¤ cen hír, 6665 .m. ¤ mass, 5021 .caom
10an modh, Lism.L. 3422.
The follg. exx. are perhaps an extension of this sense:
ro fail gnúis is grátam dó | dober m. ¤ don banchuireo(=his
beauty gives the women-folk no rest
?), TBC 264 = TBC² 62
(`Ehre giebt er den Frauen', Wind.).a ben trebar dosbeir m. ¤ |
15bith dia ceiliu cen chotlud it gives his careful wife concern that
her husband is sleepless
(?), IT i 97.14 (`seine kluge Frau
bemerkt dass
. . .' Thurn. Sagen a. d. alt. Irl. 3 , see Scéla
Mucce M. Dathó, Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. vi,glossary ).
(f) honour,dignity,consideration(due to a pers. calling,
20etc.);seems a late use arising out of the sense `function, office':
ni bi omun ar bith fair, acht mogh [sic MS.] na righi do coimét
(i.e.he keeps a bodyguard not through fear but to uphold the
royal dignity), Marco P. 69 ,cf. 76 .ní tiubharthar dhó i
sgolaibh | modh ughdair ná deagh-ollaimh, Content. xvi 181.
25 ní tú dogheibh modh . . . acht na grádha 's an aibíd not your
person but your religious orders and garb receive respect
(?),
xiv 1 .doberair mogh nach dleghair d'fhoir Oiligh, Ir. Texts
ii 84 § 21. go dtugadar . . . do mhodh ┐ d'onóir dhó, TSh.
5565. re a comhairle nír chaith modh paid no heed to, PBocht
30 68 § 10.
(g) idioms. (a)is ed m. ¤ (folld. by clause):iss ed m. ¤ danas-
tarsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade a crane could hardly
have reached to pluck it
, TBC 2603 = TBC² 1940 ;is ed a modh
nach tairsed, H. 2.17 , Eg. 93 ;is contabairt go dtairsedh, St.
35 is é a modh nach tairsedh,etc., Comp. Con C. 103.3 ( Med.
& Mod.Ir. Ser. iii ).is ed m. ¤ da risad ubull díb dochum talman
hardly a single apple would have fallen, TBC 2618 = TBC²
1945. issed m. ¤ nar bo thornocht in talam fótho the ground was
(trodden) almost bare under them, TBC 5153. Perhaps an
40extension of sense (d) = it is the limit if(that). . . . Cf. iseadh
modh lais .i. as teann obair leis, O'Cl. s.v. modh.modh .i.
contabairtut estacht modh fortalla ind trí mer .i. is inbechtain
dia dtalla inn tri mer, O'Dav. 1258 ; for citation see Laws ii
238.11 , quoted (d) above.
45(b)mod nad mod, expld. by Pokorny RC xxxiii 64 asaway
that is(really)no way,i.e. hardly,scarcely .atconnarcatar
úadib m. ¤ nad m. ¤ .i. in fat rosiacht índ radairc a roisc, LU
10056 ;cf. ZCP xvii 201 (YBL & Eg. versions); the words:.i.
in fat, in LU seem to be a gloss incorporated with the text.
50 ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire m. ¤ nad m. ¤ i ndesid inna
sudiu. Conggair nonbur aile fair, FB 84 ( LU 9094 ), where
we should perhaps read:m. ¤ nad m. ¤ a ndesid inna sudiu
conggair,etc. he had scarcely taken his seat when another nine
challenged him
(so Thurn. Sagen a. d. alt. Irl. 49 ).
55Compds. ¤ gnímrad exploits,performances(coll.); pl. fer
coimetamodgnimradagaile ┐ gaiscid na Feindi, Acall. 6465
n. (p. 329) ; 6822 . ¤ mall ofleisurely manner,tranquil: muir
modhmhall, Fél. 182.11 .

mod adj masculine seemoth.

60 modamail n io,iā (mod) well-mannered,gracious: a réaltain
mhódhamail! Oss. iv 240.24 .modhamhail, Dinneen .

modán n m.(dim. ofmod)asmall measure:gl.modulus, Ml.
136b6 .

modarda adj io, iā. dark,murky: mailgi mora modardha osa
65dercuibh, ZCP vi 279.33 . Surly,moody: gur ba modurdha
mesgaigthi . . . dia serc, 25.30 .ech modarda mísciamach
` sulky ', SG 260.14 .an cenn mor modarrdha` grim ', Ériu v
182.355 .Cathaeir modartha`C. the morose', AU iii 618.4 =
FM v 1442.8 =modarda`theswarthy ' (?), ALC ii 310.29 .
70 Conn modurra`themorose ', AU iii 580.18 .do dainibh modura
(=tristibus), Rosa Angl. 146.17 .

modardacht n ā,f., moodiness,depression: in trath bis easbaid
chollaid orro no m. ¤ (of sick persons),R.I.A.23 P 10 ³,15a3 .
modurracht, Rosa Angl. 56.16 ; 70.6 (=tristitia).

75 modcernae? ind is crú fechta (.i. badb) m. ¤ , FB 68 = LU 8904
(ret.).

modeat(?modeta) ? ind g s. ruide im rochorp carcrastar. cen
chais (.i. cen carthain)modeat(.i. a maethadbair), Amra
Senáin § 5 ( ZCP iii 223 ) =modeta, LB 241a37 ;i.e. he morti-
80fied his body without regard for his flesh
?

modebroth xseedebroth.

modmar adj o, ā. (mod) in old texts of uncertain meaning, perh.
efficient,effective; in late texts generallystately,fine,modish ,
occas. with depreciatory senseostentatious. In mod. texts
85often phonetically speltmómhar.la Moise m. ¤ cen meth, SR
4571. noco m. ¤ cach n-oenbro, TBC 2352 ,i.e.a single comba-
tant is ineffective; `nicht wirksam (?) jeder einzelne Mühlstein',
Wind.áth m. ¤ Moadmaill, LL 194b10 .anmann na mac m. ¤
mor, BB 365a9 .a braoithe módhmhair her stately eyebrows,
Oss. vi 80.2 .is tú . . . is glaise modhmhaire fil[l]eadh súl
5 bluest of eye and stateliest of glance, 94.10 .na bidh modhmar
a saidhbhris, Ériu v 128 § 22. léigfead díom bheith maoidh-
teach módhmhar (mómur MS.), Hackett xx vi 12 .ar ablach-
aibh . . . na marbh bhíos mhómhur ré linn a mbeathadh, TSh.
938. Seemómairecht.