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20 mod n o, n. and m. (Lat. modus) n s. mod n-án, SR 2943. m. ¤
ṅdil, 3415 . m. ¤ nglé, 2575 . ba m. ¤ n-áig, TBC 1481. a p. mudu,
TBC 3078. Late decl.: modh (ón bhés), IGT Dec. § 95 p. 127
(g s. n p. -a).
(a) manner, mode, way, fashion ; in Glosses used to translate
25Lat. modus. dā mod naturæ ┐ dā m. ¤ fortunae (gl. quattuor
modis), Sg. 138b4 . gaibid m. ¤ ṅ-argumint (gl. instar argu-
menti), Ml. 64c12 . ó cach mud (omni modo), Sg. 45a10 ; cf.
25b11 ; 203b3 . ní ho mud neirt dogairem-ni noibu it is not
from the fashion of strength that we call (men) holy
, Ml. 37b16 .
30 is coir doib . . . comrac ime, in tan nach fetait tobach dligid
o mudh aile in any other way, Laws v 302.23 Comm. o muth
fortachta by way of encouragement, Aisl. Tund. 98 § 2. o mud
na con after the manner of dogs, BColm. 82.34 . o tri modaib
ro aimsig diabul inní Ísu .i. ó chraes, o maidmige, o díumas,
35 PH 4822. taispénaid cia m. ¤ as a mbrisend se in recht in what
way he violates the law
, 2588 . ros-crochsat fo mud a tigerna
they crucified it (the image) as had been done to its lord, 126 .
tuc-som sigen na crochi . . . fo mhug na Cristaige in the Chris-
tian manner
, LB 234a55 . co mbetis aice fo mud airm ┐ diten
40 that they might serve him as arms of defence, 233b19 . fó mud
charpait cetherriata, 235a50 . batar leo . . . tengtho a mmudh
nathrach like a serpent's, Aisl. Tund. 104 § 3. ó tá an domhan
i modh cruinn of a round shape, Content. v 40. modh tagra
tabhair-se dhamh `give me fair play in argument', xxiii 2 .
45 tinnscedal in righflaithiusa Romhanta . . . ba saine modh leis
┐ lasna hardflaithiusaibh remhaind the Roman sovranty began
in a different way from those just mentioned
, CCath. 46. go
bhfuilid ceithre modha ar a bhféadaid na neithe, etc. there are
four ways in which
, TSh. 3151. In more restricted sense, way
50of behaviour, manner, habit, etc.: is i sin oen-ingen ro gab moda
Derdrinni fuirri . . . etir cruth ┐ chēll ┐ lamdai, RC xxiv 272
§ 3 . nach eolach . . . for a modhuibh nā for a mbescnadaib,
Marco P. 116. ni roibhi . . . ben dob ferr . . . modh ┐ múnudh,
ZCP vi 24.7 . ógh fa uaisle modha, PBocht 60 § 54 , cf. 37
55§ 16 . ni budh maith an mogh damh . . . gan a ithe it would not
become me not to eat it
, BCC § 122.
(b) often used as rel. adv. in above senses: m. ¤ conid-tuccid
(= prout potestis intelligere), Wb. 21c11 . m. ¤ arcanai, Arch. iii
298.5 . cach modh dobeir saethar furra whatever trouble it
60gives her
, Laws iv 10.32 . trummu á peccad ar chách nach m. ¤
formberat according as they increase, Ml. 71c1 . nach m. ¤ ata-
sníaim whatever way, Fél. Oct. 26. nach m. ¤ don-bered dia
bélaib, IT i 138.15 .
(c) in Sg. used to translate Lat. modus = (grammatical)
65 mood: ciall cech muid, 190a3 . ciall inna n-ule mod, 190a1 .
(d) measure, limit (like Lat. modus): arna esgaba m. ¤ á
cuindrech that the chastisement may not exceed measure, Ml
22c8 . m. ¤ condinroirea a measure so that it may provide for us,
Wb. 29b16 . m. ¤ for talla inn [sic leg.] tri mēr the space covered by
70the tips of three fingers
, Laws ii 238.11 . ní béram-ni m. ¤ n-ordlaig
. . . bar culu we will not budge an inch, TBC 5977. modh noi
ceimenn, 3892 St. conidmidethar som a mmod ┐ a fit `regu-
lates her portion and her pittance
', Mon. Tall. § 60. ní bidh
modh ar saidhbris na Romhánach the wealth of the R. was
75beyond measure
, CCath. 240 ; cf. 5760 . na cuiridh tar modh
a [= i?] saethar sibh do not exert yourselves immoderately,
BNnÉ 68 § 107. ? Sengund o Belach in Chon | rosiacht m. ¤ co
Lumnech les the extent (of territory) allotted to S. reached from
B. in Ch. to L.
, LL 8b7 .
80(e) function, work, service: he fesin as choimsid dáu in muid
dungní he is his own master of the work, SP ii 8 ( Thes. ii 294.3 ).
déni in chruth sain do m. ¤ maith, SR 1617 = dena amlaid sin do
m. ¤ ┐ do monar, MacCarthy 64.16 ( LB 112b2 ). noch[o] dein
moda acht criathra[d] mine does no work save sifting flour,
85 132.13 = IT iii 20.1 . rannaid etarra modh in tres fir they divide
between them the task of the third man
, Lism. L. p. ix 10 . co
n-epert C. congeupad moda et māmma ind fir, ZCP iii 251 § 9.
damad derb leis dul go grod | ni dingnadh egna nā modh if he
knew for certain he would die shortly, he would neither study nor
toil
, vii 301.9 . Deed, performance, achievement: d'indissin m. ¤ ┐
5morgnim gaili na Feinde, Acall. 7255. sul donéor mo mudu,
TBC 3078 = TBC² 2276. oididh Muircertaigh na modh,
MacCarthy 398.9 . modh .i. gnim, O'Dav. 2168. modh .i.
obair, Eg. Gl. 478. This or else (a) is prob. the sense in chevilles:
m. ¤ ṅglanna, SR 861. m. ¤ cen hír, 6665 . m. ¤ mass, 5021 . caom
10an modh, Lism.L. 3422.
The follg. exx. are perhaps an extension of this sense:
ro fail gnúis is grátam dó | dober m. ¤ don banchuireo (= his
beauty gives the women-folk no rest
?), TBC 264 = TBC² 62
(`Ehre giebt er den Frauen', Wind.). a ben trebar dosbeir m. ¤ |
15bith dia ceiliu cen chotlud it gives his careful wife concern that
her husband is sleepless
(?), IT i 97.14 (`seine kluge Frau
bemerkt dass
. . .' Thurn. Sagen a. d. alt. Irl. 3 , see Scéla
Mucce M. Dathó, Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. vi, glossary ).
(f) honour, dignity, consideration (due to a pers. calling,
20etc.); seems a late use arising out of the sense `function, office':
ni bi omun ar bith fair, acht mogh [sic MS.] na righi do coimét
(i.e. he keeps a bodyguard not through fear but to uphold the
royal dignity), Marco P. 69 , cf. 76 . ní tiubharthar dhó i
sgolaibh | modh ughdair ná deagh-ollaimh, Content. xvi 181.
25 ní tú dogheibh modh . . . acht na grádha 's an aibíd not your
person but your religious orders and garb receive respect
(?),
xiv 1 . doberair mogh nach dleghair d'fhoir Oiligh, Ir. Texts
ii 84 § 21. go dtugadar . . . do mhodh ┐ d'onóir dhó, TSh.
5565. re a comhairle nír chaith modh paid no heed to, PBocht
30 68 § 10.
(g) idioms. (a) is ed m. ¤ (folld. by clause): iss ed m. ¤ danas-
tarsed fiadchorr tagraim do lár a gruade a crane could hardly
have reached to pluck it
, TBC 2603 = TBC² 1940 ; is ed a modh
nach tairsed, H. 2.17 , Eg. 93 ; is contabairt go dtairsedh, St.
35 is é a modh nach tairsedh, etc., Comp. Con C. 103.3 ( Med.
& Mod.Ir. Ser. iii ). is ed m. ¤ da risad ubull díb dochum talman
hardly a single apple would have fallen, TBC 2618 = TBC²
1945. issed m. ¤ nar bo thornocht in talam fótho the ground was
(trodden) almost bare under them, TBC 5153. Perhaps an
40extension of sense (d) = it is the limit if (that). . . . Cf. iseadh
modh lais .i. as teann obair leis, O'Cl. s.v. modh. modh .i.
contabairt ut est acht modh fortalla ind trí mer .i. is inbechtain
dia dtalla inn tri mer, O'Dav. 1258 ; for citation see Laws ii
238.11 , quoted (d) above.
45(b) mod nad mod, expld. by Pokorny RC xxxiii 64 as a way
that is (really) no way, i.e. hardly, scarcely . atconnarcatar
úadib m. ¤ nad m. ¤ .i. in fat rosiacht índ radairc a roisc, LU
10056 ; cf. ZCP xvii 201 (YBL & Eg. versions); the words: .i.
in fat, in LU seem to be a gloss incorporated with the text.
50 ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire m. ¤ nad m. ¤ i ndesid inna
sudiu. Conggair nonbur aile fair, FB 84 ( LU 9094 ), where
we should perhaps read: m. ¤ nad m. ¤ a ndesid inna sudiu
conggair, etc. he had scarcely taken his seat when another nine
challenged him
(so Thurn. Sagen a. d. alt. Irl. 49 ).
55Compds. ¤ gnímrad exploits, performances (coll.); pl. fer
coimeta modgnimrada gaile ┐ gaiscid na Feindi, Acall. 6465
n. (p. 329) ; 6822 . ¤ mall of leisurely manner, tranquil: muir
modhmhall, Fél. 182.11 .

mod adj masculine see moth.

60 modamail n io,iā (mod) well-mannered, gracious: a réaltain
mhódhamail! Oss. iv 240.24 . modhamhail, Dinneen .

modán n m. (dim. of mod) a small measure: gl. modulus, Ml.
136b6 .

modarda adj io, iā. dark, murky: mailgi mora modardha osa
65dercuibh, ZCP vi 279.33 . Surly, moody: gur ba modurdha
mesgaigthi . . . dia serc, 25.30 . ech modarda mísciamach
` sulky ', SG 260.14 . an cenn mor modarrdha ` grim ', Ériu v
182.355 . Cathaeir modartha `C. the morose', AU iii 618.4 =
FM v 1442.8 = modarda `the swarthy ' (?), ALC ii 310.29 .
70 Conn modurra `the morose ', AU iii 580.18 . do dainibh modura
(= tristibus), Rosa Angl. 146.17 .

modardacht n ā, f., moodiness, depression: in trath bis easbaid
chollaid orro no m. ¤ (of sick persons), R.I.A. 23 P 10 ³, 15a3 .
modurracht, Rosa Angl. 56.16 ; 70.6 (= tristitia).

75 modcernae? ind is crú fechta (.i. badb) m. ¤ , FB 68 = LU 8904
(ret.).

modeat (? modeta) ? ind g s. ruide im rochorp carcrastar. cen
chais (.i. cen carthain) modeat (.i. a maethadbair), Amra
Senáin § 5 ( ZCP iii 223 ) = modeta, LB 241a37 ; i.e. he morti-
80fied his body without regard for his flesh
?

modebroth xsee debroth.

modmar adj o, ā. (mod) in old texts of uncertain meaning, perh.
efficient, effective; in late texts generally stately, fine, modish ,
occas. with depreciatory sense ostentatious. In mod. texts
85often phonetically spelt mómhar. la Moise m. ¤ cen meth, SR
4571. noco m. ¤ cach n-oenbro, TBC 2352 , i.e. a single comba-
tant is ineffective; `nicht wirksam (?) jeder einzelne Mühlstein',
Wind. áth m. ¤ Moadmaill, LL 194b10 . anmann na mac m. ¤
mor, BB 365a9 . a braoithe módhmhair her stately eyebrows,
Oss. vi 80.2 . is tú . . . is glaise modhmhaire fil[l]eadh súl
5 bluest of eye and stateliest of glance, 94.10 . na bidh modhmar
a saidhbhris, Ériu v 128 § 22. léigfead díom bheith maoidh-
teach módhmhar (mómur MS.), Hackett xx vi 12 . ar ablach-
aibh . . . na marbh bhíos mhómhur ré linn a mbeathadh, TSh.
938. See mómairecht.