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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


mo gen. of 1 s. pers. pron., used only before subst. as proclitic,
both as poss. and as obj. gen. (e.g. iar mu soirad after deliver-
ing me
, Ml. 104d2 ); often emphasized by the enclitic -sa, -su
50or (after palatal vowel or const.) -se, -sea, -siu follg. the subst.
The form mu is common in Ml.: mú bás, Ml. 80a9 ; ar mu sémi-se,
22d1 ; mu menma, SP ii § 1 ; mu lebran, ib. § 2 ; for mu mud,
§ 8 . Lenites a follg. consonant; the lenition is generally ex-
pressed in the case of c, t: mu charat, Ml. 73d1 ; tar mu chenn,
55 76d9 (but: mu cenn, 80b2 ); ar mu chnamaib-se, 58a11 ; mu
thire, 62a7 ; mu th[u]aithe-si, 34b6 ; in the case of other con-
sonants occasionally in Mid.Ir. texts (not in O.Ir.): dom
ghalar, IT i 124.8 ; mo ṡerc, ib. 10 ; mo phopa, CRR 3 ; mo
pheccaid, PH 7359 ; mo dherbrathair, ZCP xii 393.36 ; mo
60Dhúilem, 394.1 ; mo tsethracha, ib. 2 (ts = ṡ). Before lenited
f the usage varies: moisitiu (= m'ḟoísitiu), Ml. 46b12 ; m[ḟ]eulae,
47c4 ; m[ḟ]ithisi, Fél. 76.9 ; but: do ól mo flede, FB 6.
The final vowel is usually elided before an initial vowel or
lenited f, but occas. persists: m'ainim, Ml. 55a4 ; m'ernaigde-
65se, 50d7 ; m'etarcne, 103a9 ; m'íce 62c7 ; m'athir-se, Thes. ii
291.9 ; but: mo ainech-sa, Wb. 14a4 ; mo anmain-se, 32a8 ;
mo ainm, Sg. 200b10 ; TBC 1053 ; mo ærchoíltiu-sa, Ml. 132c15 ;
mo aingil, PH 1823 ; mo airchindech, 2064 ; mo uli indmas,
704 ; mo hires, 2325 ; mo á, Corm. Y 70 = mo ha, H. 3.17 c.
70 662 ( O'Don. 946 ) = Ériu xi 43.35 .
Affixed to a preceding prep., the vowel is dropped before an
initial vowel or lenited f, commonly before consonants also;
the letter m is freq. doubled, showing that it never suffered
lenition: domm anmain, Hy. vi 8 ; domm [dom v.l.] imthús,
75 vii 35 ; domm anacul, ib. 37 ; imm'aire, IT i 79.12 ; imm
drungu, ib. 16 ; imm fochraib-sea, PH 2893 ; lamm Chua,
Fél. Dec. 24 ; huam fonnaib, Ml. 78b9 ; óm céliú, SC 13 ( LU
3341 ); com iarraid (= ocom i.), ib. 44 ( LU 3937 ); but: dommo
mnaí, FB 87 ( LU 9126 ); dommo múintir-se, PH 5793 ; oc mu
80lebran, SP ii 2.
After the particle a folld. by a voc. case, mo remains un-
lenited: ammo phopa, TBC 1106 ; ammo Choimde, Ériu ii
122 § 62 , Arch. iii 293 § 1.
In late language m' is occas. lenited before an initial vowel:
85 mh'occlach . . . mh'oircinneach . . . m'umhla nó mh'urraim,
BNnÉ 266 § 234.
Mo is freq. used in combination with a proper name
(usually a hypocoristic form), esp. with names of saints, such
forms coming in time to be treated as a single word and often
replacing the orig. name of a saint in popular usage. See
5 Meyer Wortk. §§ 33 , 92 and cf. similar use of poss. pron. do.
The follg. are examples: M'Aedóc (Aed, Aedán): Maedocc,
BNnÉ 191.12 ; Maodhocc ib. 17 ; Moedocc ib. 4 ; Moeóg, 132
§ 3 . Mo Barri (Bairre), BNnÉ 11.2 . Mo Becoc (Beccan), ib.
8.9 . Mo Bí (`my living one'?), Fél. 168.40 . Mobí Indsi Cus-
10craid 170.29 = Biteus, Mart. Don. July 22. Baptismal name
of Brénainn of Clonfert, Lism.L. 3362 , BNnÉ 45 § 7. Mo
Briccu, LL 348 c . Mo Choe, Fél. 158.8 , 15 (prob. variant of
Mochuae). Mo Choemóc (Coemgin), Fél. Mar. 11. AU 869.
Mochaemóc, LL 353 marg. inf. Name of Senan, BNnÉ 87.9 ,
15 89.4 . Mo Cholmóc, Fél. July 25 = Colmán 170.33 . Mo
Chommóc (Commán), Rawl. 89a36 . Mo Chrítóc, Fél. May 11
= Critán, 130.36 . Mo Chuae (Cuae), Fél. Mar. 30 , May 4 ;
lam'Chua, Aug. 6 = Cronan, 182.31 . Mo Chumma (Colum),
see ACC 140 Comm. ( RC xx 414 ). Mo Chuta, -u, name of
20St. Carthach, BNnÉ 291. Mo Dimmóc (Dimma, Diarmait),
LL 352c1 . Mo Diuit (Simplex), Fél. 72.40 . M'Ernóc (Ernán ?),
Fél. Aug. 18 , 186.32 . Mo Eca (= Moḟeca, Fechín), Fél. 48.27 .
Mo Lais(s)e (Laisrén), Fél. 208.23 . Mo Locca .i. Locheni, Fél.
48.22 . Mo Lua, Mo Luóc (Lugaid); lam' Luóc, Fél. July 25 .
25 quies Lugdach .i. mo Lua, RC xvii 168 (Tig.). Mo Ninn, Fél.
Sep. 16. Mo Nenn, 208.20 (St. Ninian, Latinized form Nynias
or Nennius, see Plummer Bede ii 128 ). Mo Ninne (f.), Fél. July
6 = Darerca, 166.19 ; Monanna, ib. 29 . Mo Ṡilóc, Fél. 168.30 ,
170.36 . lam Ṡílóc, July 13 . Munnu, -a (= Mo ḟinnu `my white
30one') = Fintan, Fél. 226.4 . Munda .i. mo a finda .i. ainm
bāide, Corm. Y 878. See Thurneysen, ZCP xix 364.

mo prep. see imb.

mo- prefix, see mad- and mos-.

1 mó adj compar. of mór q.v.

35 2 mó adj(in B. na f.) good, desirable, agreeable: ma mó (.i. mad āil)
leis cuma ros (.i. cuma slán) if he desires to be well, ZCP v 489
§ 14. Cf. `dag' ocus `fo' . . . `so' is `mo' cen cob gnathach |
anmanna sin do maith mas, Met. Gl. 3 = LB 92 marg. inf.
(prob. referring to the prefix mo- = mad-).

40 3 mó adv. soon (cf. moch): ara taire mo á mō that my car may
come soon
, Corm. Y 70 = mó, Corm. p. 5 s.v. á = Ériu xi
43.36 .

móaid vb. ? pret. 1 pl. a C[h]rīnōc . . . ron-mōsam tuaidh i tir
Neil | tan dorōnsam feis reidh riam, ZCP vi 266 § 1. ? co ro
45moaid no co ro ternaid `till they perish or recover', Laws iii 6.16
Comm. (of cattle sold in unsound condition) = co ro muigit,
H. 3.17 c. 573 ( O'Don. 799 ) = mogaigit? moaither a folaidh
fris `his property is not decreased by it' (? is increased, leg.
moaigther), Laws ii 192.17 Comm.

50 ? moaigech adj o, ā great, mighty: gl. mochta, Laws v 440.1 ;
perhaps coined by glossator, but cf. móaigid.

móaigid v g, makes greater, increases, magnifies . The O.Ir. form
was prob. mogaid, part. mogthae q.v. and some of the exx.
given below may go back to it; the form móaigid is perhaps
55due to influence of compar. . moaighid (.i. . . . dobeir sé
moughud for nech), Anecd. v 24.8 . dia moigit main (.i. dobeir
mougud maine), 23.8 . 3 s. imp. (with 1 s. pron. suff.) moigh-
tiumh Dia dānaibh saoraibh may god endow me with, ZCP vi
258.10 . fut. moaigfid (moigfith, mooifid, moaighfi v.l.), xi 91
60§ 3 . moaichfid docenel tria grada ecalsa `plebeians shall be
exalted
', Laws iii 30.1 (intrans. or impers. ?). secht mugu
moigfite morgnimu mugsaine, Bodl. Corm. s.v. mann =
mogaigthi, Corm. p. 29. pret. ma ra mouigh meiser cach aon
iarn-arille, Nero A vii p. 150b ( O'Don. 2221 ). Pass. pres.
65 mochen mata moaigther , Ériu vii 6.32 (a pig that is fattened?).
moaightear, Laws iv 20.5 . fonenmuin moigethar mac fria
athair `the son is enriched in the same ratio as the father', 286.6 .
moigther, 266.24 . vn. móugud, Anecd. v 23 n. 20 . Laws iv
290.15 . mogud, iii 34.27 . mógad cacha tuaithe, ZCP xi 88
70§ 55 . g s. trí fúammann móaigthe `sounds of increase', Triads
146. man moaigthe [mogaigthe v.l.] dagdaine (.i. matan
métaigthe na ndagdaine), Amra Sen. § 3 ( ZCP iii 223.5 ). d p.
admestar as a moaigthib mblicht increases , ZCP xi 94 § 36.
See mogaigid.

75 móam adj superl. of mór q.v.

mobhal n= Engl. mole (an animal not found in Ireland): g p.
chum na mobhladh , Isa. ii 20.

moch adj o, ā. early . I As adj., with cop. or subst.: mór maitne
ba m. ¤ th'eirge, TBC 4004. ro-moch duit-siu sain, a meic bic
80(= you are too young for that), 878 . ba ro-moch lind co
ngabais armu we thought it too soon for thee to take arms, 1139 .
as m. ¤ | fód na huaidhe dot fholoch, Ir. Texts ii 74 § 13.
dothæt E. . . . matain moch, SC 36. atragat . . . matain muich,
FB 64. ra huair na maitne muche, TBC 3176. a gcrepscul na
85maitne muiche, Fl. Earls 192.26 . Acall. 5181. do Róim ro-
milis ro-muich ancient , Sitzb. Pr. Akad. xxv 439 § 3 = LL
369 marg. inf. fíngal m. ¤ nís denta de (i.e. he was killed in
ripe age?), MacCarthy 414 § 1 ( BB 50a27 ). As subst.: a moch
laoi d'eirgheadur, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 12.11 ( An. Hib. 3 ). o m. ¤
na maidni co medhon lae, ZCP vi 68.6 . II As adv. early,
5 betimes: gl. mane, Ml. 21c6 , cf. 3 . m. ¤ .i. . . . cito latine , O'Mulc.
812. ní m. ¤ doroich let . . . ícc mic Dechtere, SC 29. dolotar
co mm. ¤ don tiprait, Lat. Lives 25. tánac-sa lá co mochmoch
very early, Met. Dinds. iii 226.5 . an drong iarrus mé go m. ¤ ,
Prov. viii 17. Compar. is muchu atbath M. . . . oldas A., BB
10 26b35 . mucha no thoirichnigeann innā in athair (the mother)
relieves sooner than the father, Laws ii 346.17 Comm.
Compds. (a) with subst. early; prompt, speedy, occas. pre-
mature . ¤ airge: midach na mocháirgi (of the Dond Cuailnge),
IT iii 246.9 = na mochairge, p. 276 ; der Früh-Herde (early
15herd
), Wind. ¤ bró: esdad mochbhro itir muilli, IT iii 101
§ 181 . ¤ dedóil f. early dawn: m. na maidne muiche, CCath.
2303 , cf. 4436 . a mochdeghoil na maitne, Fl. Earls 32.3 . i
muichdeadhoil na maidne, FM iii 410.16 . vi 1964.20 (moich-).
¤ dingbál: ar a mochdingbail do thuaith speedy expulsion ,
20 Laws i 78.16 . ¤ éc: innisid a mnai do m., LL 296a2 . ¤ éirge
f. early rising: fri mocherge na grene, TBC p. 77 n. 8 (St.).
gan crú muc, gan mochéirghe (joys of Heaven), ZCP viii
201.17 . Brian na mochéirghi, AU iii 556. ag mochéirghe,
Jerem. xxv 3. mochóirghi moichérghi, IGT Dec. § 3.30 (the
25form mochóirghe is still in use in S. and W. Ireland). ¤ erchra
early (premature) declineor extinction: bá hómun leó m. do
bith do Choin Ch., LU 10165. ro badh liach . . . muicherchra
an tí testa annsin, FM vi 2296.20 . ¤ imgabál: minscainnre
mellta mochimgabala speedy in retreat (?), MR 302.3 . ¤ im-
30thecht: menma ar mhuichimthecht, Buile S. 92.15 . ¤ léithe f.
premature greyness: maíle is meth is m., Met. Dinds. iii 24.314 .
¤ letrad: milidh ar na mochledrad prematurely slaughtered,
Acall. 433. ¤ lige an untimely grave , IT i 81.14 . ¤ longad eat-
ing early (in the day), Buile S. § 74 . mian mochlongthi, Aisl. MC
35 93.26 ; 85.24 . ¤ marbad `to slay suddenly', Met. Dinds. ii 74.60 .
¤ maten: isin mochmatain, PH 3459. ¤ néll: moc[h]neoill na
maittne, CCath. 4386. a moichnéll na maidne, FM vi 2702.9 .
¤ scél: ecol leo mochscelie den oclaich (euphemism for pre-
mature death), RC xii 88.9 . ¤ soillse: mochsoillsi na maidni,
40 CCath. 2744. Fl. Earls 28.18 . ¤ tráth early hour or time of
day, generally as adv. , freq. corrupted to mochrád and later
mochrach : ro érig C. mochtrath ar na barach, CRR 14.
adracht F. m. do ló, Acall. 6983. bíd mo corp-sa sunn co m.
till dawn, Lism. L. 2493. mochthráth sin . . . re ceileabhradh
45 it is an early hour for celebration, Buile S. 136 § 75. mochthrád,
TBC 636. mochrád, 6168 . cathir . . . cos'tictis maithḟir
mochrad, Met. Dinds. iv 342.42 . dorbbolus na maitni muchi
mochrád, LL 239a24 (TTr.). mochrach at dawn , ITS xiv 98.19 .
mocrac no tratnona in the morning or evening, 150.6 . See also
50 mochtrátae (b) below and mothrach.
(b) with adj., gen. one formed from subst., or else with
advbl. force: ¤ díscir: mochdhisgir impetuous , Ériu v 166.45 .
¤ érgech early-rising , TBC 3296. ¤ loingthech fond of eating
early , Aisl. MC 87.7 . ¤ maitnech matutinal: as npr. m. pl.
55 Mochmatnig, BDD 126. ¤ mall: riacht réim . . . dar muing
maith mora mochmaill `he fared . . . over the goodly mane of the
sea early and late
', Met. Dinds. ii 26.10 . niptar mochmaill dia
lánréir `they were not their own masters early or late', 46.18 . moch-
maill .i. go moch ┐ go mall, O'Cl. ¤ saeglach: gumadh moch-
60ṡaeghlach . . . intí ro míllfead in cadach sin short-lived , BB
234b9 . ¤ solus: maidin mochṡolus, IT ii2 127.137 . CF 336.
¤ trátae matutinal: mochtratae gl. matutinus, Ml. 21c8 . Later
mochtraide (as adv.), TBC 5800 = mochtrad, TBC² 3472.
(c) rarely with vb.: manicabat .i. mane veniebat .i. no
65mocháirgiged used to rise early, Flower Cat. 433 from Harl.
1023 (a denom. from mochéirge?). Bætan . . . is Eochaid . . .
ros mochbí . . . clothrí Ciannachta slew them betimes (? before
their time
), LL 132b24 (ben-). mochthánic came early, SR
2867 (do-icc-).