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midithir dep. vb. O.Ir. forms: pres. 1 s. midiur-sa, Wb. 9a2 .
50 2 s. forsa-mmitter, 6b22 . 3 s. midithir, Ml. 30c8 . ní midedar ,
Sg. 63a14 . Imp. 3 s. nachib-mided, Wb. 27a24 . 2 pl. midid,
3b5 . Subj. pres. 3 s. rel.) mestar, Ml. 127d12 . Subj. impf. 3 s.
condid-messed, Wb. 8d26 . Fut. 1 s. in mesor-sa , Sg. 179a1 .
amal num-mesur , Ml. 94b8 . 3 s. miastar, Wb. 1d9 , cf. Ml.
55 56c10 . 1 pl. messimmir, Wb. 9c10 . nos-messammar, ib. Pret.
1 s. ra mídar , 9b5 . 3 s. ru midair , Ml. 72b21 . Pass. pres. pl.
miditir, Wb. 4c9 . (rel.) midetar, Ml. 128b2 . Subj. pres. 3 s.
co mesair , 36a17 . coni-messar, 42d14 . (rel.) mestar, Wb. 9c6 .
Ml. 24a10 . Cf. meser, Corm. Y 1135 = messtar, Corm. 40.10 ;
60 misir, O'Dav. 1442 ; meiser, ib. 868 (? 2 s. subj. pres.). pl.
messatar, Ml. 70a9 . Fut. s. miastir, Wb. 9c9 . miastair, Ml.
30d25 . rel.) miastar, 57c7 . Pret. s. ron-mess-ni, Wb. 4b22 .
mesta (spurious form for messa), Laws v 394.1 . Part. messe
q.v. Gerundive messi. vn. mess; midem, -ain (late forms).
65In Mid.Ir. treated as act. vb., stem mid-: imp. 2 s. mid, PH
609. pres. 3 pl. ní midet , 6856 . Subj. pres. 1 s. (dep.) ro mider ,
3961 . 3 s. ro mide , 4149 . ro mhidea , 4166 . The older stem
mess- still persists: con-messind-se, RC xxv 22 § 4 (LL), but
falls together with mesaid q.v. Fut. 3 s. rel.) midfess, Trip.
70 258.16 . Condit. 3 s. midfed, LU 2741. Pret. 3 s. ro mid , LL
14b7 . Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 . 3 pl. midset, PH 6563 , cf. fora-
miset, Cog. 116.5 . ro midatar , Trip. p. lix 13 . Pass. pres. rel.)
miter, Laws iv 352.28 Comm. Fut. midfidir, LU 2169 ( FA 24 ).
Pret. ro mided , Cog. 116.5 . The 3 s. pret. ro midir continues
75in use, and gives rise to a spurious stem midr- occas. found
(see midraid).
Orig. weighs, measures , hence (a) judges , with acc. or FOR: in
Glosses commonly translates Lat. iudicare; diiudicare, Ml.
30c8 ; comprobare, Sg. 179a1 . is macc míastar in die iudici ,
80 Wb. 1d9 . nebmess for nech . . . condid-messed in Coimdiu
until the Lord should have judged him, 8d26 . is tria ḟír flathemon
tuatha móra midetar, LL 293b5 , cf. ZCP xi 81 § 10 a . Día már
midedar [mided ar MS.] cach ní, LU 3042 ( SG 235.38 ). i
mBeluch Mugna rat-mess thou wast proved (of a sword), RC
85 xx 11 § 12. is and sin midfed-som co fíren forsna dóenib, LU
2741 ( RC xxv 254 § 38 ). is fo gnimaib midither Dia for duine,
Laws i 48.24 . i lló brátha in tan midfess for torad a proaecepta,
Trip. 258.16 . ro midhis fort fen thou hast passed judgement on
thyself
, ZCP xiii 177.21 . ra midestar si . . . for cach n-óen
dint ṡlúag dús cia díb na thogfad i tochmarc, LL 221a8 ( TTr.
5 282 ). With cogn. acc.: is and míastair mess díriuch for cách,
Ériu ii 194 § 7 ; cf. co na ro mide . . . anforlond nā indliged for
nech (= neminem iniuste opprimere), PH 4149.
(b) adjudges, assigns ; cf. ni midedar cenel n-indib does not
decide the gender in them
, Sg. 63a14 . secht cinela aire . . . as a
10miditer dire seven kinds of satire for which `díre' is adjudged,
Laws v 228.26 . an ro midair mo Dia dam . . . ni chumaing
nech a thormach nach a digbáil, SR 3121. ro mid do chach
díb a chert, LL 14b7 . biathadh . . . do righ Muman mídhit
báird bards adjudge . . . to the king of Munster (?), BR 36.10 .
15 is fuirmed filed ro midair in[n]a hanmand sa dona airc[h]et-
luib, Corm. Y 41. in miad [leg. miach?] foramiset . . . is fai ro
mided doib, Cog. 116.5 .
(c) measures: appraises, estimates: gl. aestimare, Wb. 4c9 ,
Ml. 24a10 , 42d14 , 128b2 . In SR 6663 : ros-mathig . . . cathir
20coir fa gabulrind, Stokes, Academy no. 584 , reads ros-mathir
= -midair `he measured out a city justly', cf. 7955 . fat lethet
tige Tephi . . . midit súthi, Met. Dinds. i 8. meiser ailt (.i.
teach) iarna ait thou shouldst appraise a house by its situation,
O'Dav. 868. miastar cach iarna thochus let him assess each
25one according to his fortune
(?), Tec. Corm. § 6.43 . fo lin maine
midhidear `the property is judged among the whole group',
Studies in E. Ir. Law 140 , cf. Laws iv 38.12 . mesta Mugdorn
. . . fri cumail n-uinge M. was estimated at a `cumal' worth an
ounce
, v 394.1 . cid óen a siball namá | mesa fri secht laíc[h]esa
30`has been priced at seven lay-women', Fian. 14 z . With compl.
of pred., esteems, counts (as): gia ra maess menmnach Fer-
báeth though F. was held courageous, TBC 3515 ; cf. Ml. 36a17 :
co mesair, gl. digna honore ducatur.
(d) deems, thinks, supposes: gl. putare, Wb. 9a2 , existimare
35 3b5 . ro mídir Patraic nad baí baili bád cuidbiu . . . indás hi
Maig Breg, Trip. 40.12 . midset conid for dásacht boí, PH
6563.
(e) meditates (an act, plan, etc.), intends: ro midair in rí a
trécud, LU 4236 ( SG 83 ). cor-ro midair marbad in cleirich,
40 Anecd. iii 34.17 . ro midatar orccoin Pátraic, Trip. lix 14.
mairgc ro mídhair bid fa t[h]núth `woe to him who has resolved
to be under wrath
', BColm. 100.5 . Hence plans, devises: ro mid
'n-a menmain mírún, Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 . mórgním do mnaí
brath a fir, | dóig is friss rodas-midir it was against him that
45she devised it
, iii 254.4 (leg. roda-midir, see v 135 ). ro mid . . .
comairle duaibsech, MR 198.14 . maircc menma ro miodhair
. . . an chomhairle, FM vi 2358.13 . an mi-scel ro midsebair,
Leb. Gab. i 28.22 .

midiu n a name for the vine and the Ogham letter m? muin .i. m. ¤ ,
50 Auraic. 5521. m. ¤ , gius, gilsach 5926 .

midlach (-laech) n ā, f., and o, m. v s. midlach, FB 67 ( LU 8878 ).
g s. midlaige; midlaig, LU 6157 = TBC² 1672. The form
midlaech (due to association with laech) appears to be always
treated as o, m. stem. The orig. sense may be one incapable of
55 bearing arms, below the status of a warrior, perhaps a weak-
witted person. In Laws iv 344.6 . the term midhlach is applied
to a definite class of persons at the lower end of the social
scale, placed after oínmit, and is defined: fer nara gaib sealb
na horba na treba na trebthair do, 352.30 . Cf. also Ériu iv
60124 § 1 : ni théiged rí cen rígain . . . ná midlach cen drúithsig.
It seems sometimes to be equated with `drúth': Find . . . is dó
ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 (orc treith) =
Lomna druth (.i. mídlach), Corm. p. 34. mol Midend midlaige,
ZCP viii 308.1 , cf. Midend druth Eochath maic m. ¤ , 307.32 .
65The general sense in lit. appears to be a coward, weakling: m. ¤
.i. medón-lax .i. leth-lax, Corm. Y 946. nim m. ¤ -sa re teacht
a comhruc, Aen. 2916. darat bruth ┐ bríg in cach midlaig díb,
LL 243a18 ( TTr. 1956 ). ni gnim cubaid . . . serc do thabairt do
midlaich (: imdaid), ZCP xiii 202.13 . nir bo thutim midlaige,
70 LL 121b44 . ni hatach mbille .i. ni hatach bocht no midlaige,
Three Ir. Gl. 133 ( Fél. July 3 ) = ni hatach boicht no mídlaig,
Fél.² cxiii . ní ba haisdear midhlaighe, Dúan. Finn i 41.36 .
Cf. mathmuine midlaige `soft-hearted coward', Met. Dinds. iv
320.26 ( LL 181b57 ). midlaech cech díchoisc, Tec. Corm. § 15.35 .
75 marb-sa gach midlaech 's gach mugh, ZCP vii 302.12 . coisc-
siu gach midhlaech, gach mer, xii 390.30 . ní bás míodhlaoich
a bhás, ML 142.17 . pl. scarais Murchad fri midlaig | mrogais
trénu `M. parted from cowards', RC xxiv 54 § 14 (perhaps
sing.). ro crithnaigit menmandæ muadhlaech ┐ midlac[h]
80┐ daesccursloig, CCath. 3887. do marbad múadhlaech ┐
midhlaech, Fian. 90.14 . ar curaid . . . is mór do midlachaib
a llóg, FB 56 (`great to timid folk is their value', Henderson ITS
ii ; ? they are worth many cowards). de mnaíb . . . midlaigib
┐ meraigib ḟer ṅHerend, TBC 3826.
85As adj. compar.: nir mesa ┐ nir midlachu meisnech . . .
maicne D. more cowardly, MR 244.17 .