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midithir dep.vb.O.Ir. forms:pres. 1 s. midiur-sa, Wb. 9a2 .
50 2 s. forsa-mmitter, 6b22 .3 s. midithir, Ml. 30c8 .nímidedar ,
Sg. 63a14 .Imp. 3 s. nachib-mided, Wb. 27a24 .2 pl. midid,
3b5 .Subj. pres. 3 s. rel.)mestar, Ml. 127d12 .Subj. impf. 3 s.
condid-messed, Wb. 8d26 .Fut. 1 s. inmesor-sa , Sg. 179a1 .
amalnum-mesur , Ml. 94b8 .3 s. miastar, Wb. 1d9 ,cf. Ml.
55 56c10 .1 pl. messimmir, Wb. 9c10 .nos-messammar,ib. Pret.
1 s. ramídar , 9b5 .3 s. rumidair , Ml. 72b21 .Pass. pres. pl.
miditir, Wb. 4c9 . (rel.)midetar, Ml. 128b2 .Subj. pres. 3 s.
comesair , 36a17 .coni-messar, 42d14 . (rel.)mestar, Wb. 9c6 .
Ml. 24a10 .Cf. meser, Corm. Y 1135 =messtar, Corm. 40.10 ;
60 misir, O'Dav. 1442 ;meiser,ib. 868 (?2 s. subj. pres.).pl.
messatar, Ml. 70a9 .Fut. s. miastir, Wb. 9c9 .miastair, Ml.
30d25 .rel.)miastar, 57c7 .Pret. s. ron-mess-ni, Wb. 4b22 .
mesta(spurious form for messa), Laws v 394.1 .Part. messe
q.v. Gerundive messi.vn. mess;midem,-ain(late forms).
65In Mid.Ir. treated as act.vb., stemmid-:imp. 2 s. mid, PH
609. pres. 3 pl. nímidet , 6856 .Subj. pres. 1 s.(dep.)romider ,
3961 .3 s. romide , 4149 .romhidea , 4166 . The older stem
mess-still persists:con-messind-se, RC xxv 22 § 4 (LL), but
falls together withmesaid q.v. Fut. 3 s. rel.)midfess, Trip.
70 258.16 .Condit. 3 s. midfed, LU 2741. Pret. 3 s. romid , LL
14b7 . Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 .3 pl. midset, PH 6563 ,cf. fora-
miset, Cog. 116.5 .romidatar , Trip. p. lix 13 .Pass. pres. rel.)
miter, Laws iv 352.28 Comm. Fut. midfidir, LU 2169 ( FA 24 ).
Pret. romided , Cog. 116.5 . The3 s. pret. romidir continues
75in use, and gives rise to a spurious stemmidr-occas. found
(seemidraid).
Orig. weighs,measures , hence (a) judges , with acc. orFOR: in
Glosses commonly translates Lat.iudicare; diiudicare, Ml.
30c8 ;comprobare, Sg. 179a1 .is macc míastarin die iudici ,
80 Wb. 1d9 .nebmess for nech . . . condid-messed in Coimdiu
until the Lord should have judged him, 8d26 .is tria ḟír flathemon
tuatha móra midetar, LL 293b5 ,cf. ZCP xi 81 § 10 a .Día már
midedar [mided arMS.] cach ní, LU 3042 ( SG 235.38 ).i
mBeluch Mugna rat-mess thou wast proved(of a sword), RC
85 xx 11 § 12. is and sin midfed-som co fíren forsna dóenib, LU
2741 ( RC xxv 254 § 38 ).is fo gnimaib midither Dia for duine,
Laws i 48.24 .i lló brátha in tan midfess for torad a proaecepta,
Trip. 258.16 .ro midhis fort fen thou hast passed judgement on
thyself
, ZCP xiii 177.21 .ra midestar si . . . for cach n-óen
dint ṡlúag dús cia díb na thogfad i tochmarc, LL 221a8 ( TTr.
5 282 ). With cogn. acc.:is and míastair mess díriuch for cách,
Ériu ii 194 § 7 ;cf. co na ro mide . . . anforlond nā indliged for
nech(=neminem iniuste opprimere), PH 4149.
(b) adjudges,assigns ;cf. ni midedar cenel n-indib does not
decide the gender in them
, Sg. 63a14 .secht cinela aire . . . as a
10miditer dire seven kinds of satire for which `díre' is adjudged,
Laws v 228.26 .an ro midair mo Dia dam . . . ni chumaing
nech a thormach nach a digbáil, SR 3121. ro mid do chach
díb a chert, LL 14b7 .biathadh . . . do righ Muman mídhit
báird bards adjudge . . . to the king of Munster(?), BR 36.10 .
15 is fuirmed filed ro midair in[n]a hanmand sa dona airc[h]et-
luib, Corm. Y 41. in miad [leg.miach?] foramiset . . . is fai ro
mided doib, Cog. 116.5 .
(c) measures:appraises,estimates:gl.aestimare, Wb. 4c9 ,
Ml. 24a10 , 42d14 , 128b2 . In SR 6663 :ros-mathig . . . cathir
20coir fa gabulrind, Stokes, Academy no. 584 , readsros-mathir
=-midair`he measured out a city justly',cf. 7955 .fat lethet
tige Tephi . . . midit súthi, Met. Dinds. i 8. meiser ailt (.i.
teach) iarna ait thou shouldst appraise a house by its situation,
O'Dav. 868. miastar cach iarna thochus let him assess each
25one according to his fortune
(?), Tec. Corm. § 6.43 .fo lin maine
midhidear`the property is judged among the whole group',
Studies in E. Ir. Law 140 ,cf. Laws iv 38.12 .mesta Mugdorn
. . . fri cumail n-uinge M. was estimated at a`cumal'worth an
ounce
, v 394.1 .cid óen a siball namá | mesa fri secht laíc[h]esa
30`has been priced at seven lay-women', Fian. 14 z . With compl.
of pred., esteems,counts(as): gia ra maess menmnach Fer-
báeth though F. was held courageous, TBC 3515 ;cf. Ml. 36a17 :
co mesair, gl.digna honore ducatur.
(d) deems,thinks,supposes:gl.putare, Wb. 9a2 ,existimare
35 3b5 .ro mídir Patraic nad baí baili bád cuidbiu . . . indás hi
Maig Breg, Trip. 40.12 .midset conid for dásacht boí, PH
6563.
(e) meditates(an act, plan,etc.),intends: ro midair in rí a
trécud, LU 4236 ( SG 83 ).cor-ro midair marbad in cleirich,
40 Anecd. iii 34.17 .ro midatar orccoin Pátraic, Trip. lix 14.
mairgc ro mídhair bid fa t[h]núth`woe to him who has resolved
to be under wrath
', BColm. 100.5 .Henceplans,devises: ro mid
'n-a menmain mírún, Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 .mórgním do mnaí
brath a fir, | dóig is friss rodas-midir it was against him that
45she devised it
, iii 254.4 (leg. roda-midir, see v 135 ).ro mid . . .
comairle duaibsech, MR 198.14 .maircc menma ro miodhair
. . . an chomhairle, FM vi 2358.13 .an mi-scel ro midsebair,
Leb. Gab. i 28.22 .

midiu n anamefor thevineand theOgham letter m? muin .i. m. ¤ ,
50 Auraic. 5521. m. ¤ , gius, gilsach 5926 .

midlach(-laech) n ā,f., ando,m. v s. midlach, FB 67 ( LU 8878 ).
g s. midlaige;midlaig, LU 6157 = TBC² 1672. The form
midlaech(due to association withlaech) appears to be always
treated aso,m.stem. The orig. sense may beoneincapable of
55 bearing arms,belowthestatusof awarrior, perhaps aweak-
wittedperson. In Laws iv 344.6 . the termmidhlachis applied
to a definite class of persons at the lower end of the social
scale, placed afteroínmit, and is defined:fer nara gaib sealb
na horba na treba na trebthair do, 352.30 .Cf.also Ériu iv
60124 § 1 :ni théiged rí cen rígain . . . ná midlach cen drúithsig.
It seems sometimes to be equated with `drúth':Find . . . is dó
ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 (orc treith) =
Lomna druth (.i. mídlach), Corm. p. 34. mol Midend midlaige,
ZCP viii 308.1 ,cf. Midend druth Eochath maic m. ¤ , 307.32 .
65The general sense in lit. appears to beacoward,weakling: m. ¤
.i. medón-lax .i. leth-lax, Corm. Y 946. nim m. ¤ -sa re teacht
a comhruc, Aen. 2916. darat bruth ┐ bríg in cach midlaig díb,
LL 243a18 ( TTr. 1956 ).ni gnim cubaid . . . serc do thabairt do
midlaich (: imdaid), ZCP xiii 202.13 .nir bo thutim midlaige,
70 LL 121b44 .ni hatach mbille .i. ni hatach bocht no midlaige,
Three Ir. Gl. 133 ( Fél. July 3 ) =ni hatach boicht no mídlaig,
Fél.² cxiii .ní ba haisdear midhlaighe, Dúan. Finn i 41.36 .
Cf. mathmuine midlaige`soft-hearted coward', Met. Dinds. iv
320.26 ( LL 181b57 ).midlaech cech díchoisc, Tec. Corm. § 15.35 .
75 marb-sa gach midlaech 's gach mugh, ZCP vii 302.12 .coisc-
siu gach midhlaech, gach mer, xii 390.30 .ní bás míodhlaoich
a bhás, ML 142.17 .pl. scarais Murchad frimidlaig| mrogais
trénu`M. parted from cowards', RC xxiv 54 § 14 (perhaps
sing.).ro crithnaigit menmandæ muadhlaech ┐ midlac[h]
80┐ daesccursloig, CCath. 3887. do marbad múadhlaech ┐
midhlaech, Fian. 90.14 .ar curaid . . . is mór do midlachaib
a llóg, FB 56 (`great to timid folk is their value',HendersonITS
ii ; ?they are worth many cowards).de mnaíb . . . midlaigib
┐ meraigib ḟer ṅHerend, TBC 3826.
85Asadj. compar.:nir mesa ┐ nir midlachu meisnech . . .
maicne D. more cowardly, MR 244.17 .