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85 midemain n f. late Mid.Ir. vn. of midithir. (a) judging: aingil
nime ic a forguill . . . Crist fén oc a m. ¤ (= Christus iudex), PH
5336. (b) contemplating, surveying (in order to form a judge-
ment); reconnoitring: ic midemuin na ndúl (of a druid), TBC
5490 St. oc midhemhain na nóeden, Moling § 8. gid fata
ro beth fer . . . ac mideamain na n-ingen sin, TTebe 733 . ic
5midhemain ┐ ic mordecsain for in longphort, CCath. 5429. do
midheamhain . . . an tíre ina thimchell, Hugh Roe 156.18
(fo. 42a) . do mhidheamain an tslóigh, FM iv 988.16 . (c) the
act of reflecting; meditation: ag midheamhain ar ghuaisibh an
bháis, TSh. 9849. do tharbha na midhemhna so, Parrth.
10Anma 391.3 . pl. doním midhemhana fada ar na pianaibh do
fhulaing Criosd, 426.11 .

midemnus n o, m., the faculty of judgement; the act of judging or
examining: midheamhnas .i. meas nō meadhughadh, O'Cl.
is mor a mídemhnus | ar mēt a sealbha som, IT iii 92 § 137 =
15 Bruchst. i § 54 (`gross seine Urteilskraft'). is cóir . . . do reir mo
midemnais-se, SG 402.8 . ba mertnech Moyse oc gleod chest ┐
[oc] mídemnus do na slogaib, LB 122a13 , cf. BB 242b42 , YBL
292b44 . o na portaib cro ro bidis ag in aes athgaetige ag
midenmhus [leg. midemhnus] a crecht do cach from the clots of
20blood that used to be on the wounded when their wounds were
severally examined
, Ériu viii 30.16 . ? As alleg. n.pr. m.:
Medhamnus maic Fithil, Anecd. ii 53.6 .

mideng xsee midṡeng.

midera subst. pl. Midera Morainn, Molta maic Lonain (in a
25list of literary productions), Anecd. ii 53.4 ; ` satires ' O'Curry
Mann. and Cust. ii 133 ; perhaps judgements , cf. bretha
Moraind, IT iii 187.11 ; but see midrera.

midgla? ind asbert fris ni bad ard a chongbail i talmain ┐ nu
regtáis a teora maila tairsi, m. ¤ , ǽs, toithe fola, Trip. 166.5 .

30 midid n m. (mid- `to judge') a judge: rop m. ¤ cá[i]ch iarna míad,
Tec. Corm. § 6.45 .

midimir xsee midmír.

midise (? midisiu): ind im cheth[e]óra mucca midisi, BDD 87 =
midaísi YBL (BDD2), midissi, Eg. 92. la dā muic midisen ,
35 Corm. Y 397 (? g s.) = cotammuic midligen , 1052 (s.v. páin) =
co dā muic midligen, Corm. p. 37. co ndasaid iar mbúaid
midise a samlaid én n-etarlúamain (of a horse), FB 47 =
midissi is samlaidh en etarluamuin, Eg.; Thurneysen, Sagen
aus dem alten Irland, p. 40 , translates: Bemiss es nach dem
40Flug der Vögel
, reading: iar mbúaid; midi-se (2 s. imp. of
midithir). is dord síabrai cen midisiu is bith cáich ar úair
immáredi-siu, LU 9304 = is dord siafra cin midisi (cach
midhru v.l.), Anecd. iii 52.5 (Siaburcharpat Con C.; O'Beirne
Crowe in his edition of the LU version, J. Royal Hist. & Arch.
45Assoc. 1871 p. 378 reads: cech midi-siu `of the order of demons
is every thing thou ponderest on
'). Cf. also: a Moruinn . . . co
dein cach nemed dia diles dan bid menmain midisin, Nero VII
a, fo. 145b ( O'Don. 2209 ). Cf. 2 mithis.

midithir dep. vb. O.Ir. forms: pres. 1 s. midiur-sa, Wb. 9a2 .
50 2 s. forsa-mmitter, 6b22 . 3 s. midithir, Ml. 30c8 . ní midedar ,
Sg. 63a14 . Imp. 3 s. nachib-mided, Wb. 27a24 . 2 pl. midid,
3b5 . Subj. pres. 3 s. rel.) mestar, Ml. 127d12 . Subj. impf. 3 s.
condid-messed, Wb. 8d26 . Fut. 1 s. in mesor-sa , Sg. 179a1 .
amal num-mesur , Ml. 94b8 . 3 s. miastar, Wb. 1d9 , cf. Ml.
55 56c10 . 1 pl. messimmir, Wb. 9c10 . nos-messammar, ib. Pret.
1 s. ra mídar , 9b5 . 3 s. ru midair , Ml. 72b21 . Pass. pres. pl.
miditir, Wb. 4c9 . (rel.) midetar, Ml. 128b2 . Subj. pres. 3 s.
co mesair , 36a17 . coni-messar, 42d14 . (rel.) mestar, Wb. 9c6 .
Ml. 24a10 . Cf. meser, Corm. Y 1135 = messtar, Corm. 40.10 ;
60 misir, O'Dav. 1442 ; meiser, ib. 868 (? 2 s. subj. pres.). pl.
messatar, Ml. 70a9 . Fut. s. miastir, Wb. 9c9 . miastair, Ml.
30d25 . rel.) miastar, 57c7 . Pret. s. ron-mess-ni, Wb. 4b22 .
mesta (spurious form for messa), Laws v 394.1 . Part. messe
q.v. Gerundive messi. vn. mess; midem, -ain (late forms).
65In Mid.Ir. treated as act. vb., stem mid-: imp. 2 s. mid, PH
609. pres. 3 pl. ní midet , 6856 . Subj. pres. 1 s. (dep.) ro mider ,
3961 . 3 s. ro mide , 4149 . ro mhidea , 4166 . The older stem
mess- still persists: con-messind-se, RC xxv 22 § 4 (LL), but
falls together with mesaid q.v. Fut. 3 s. rel.) midfess, Trip.
70 258.16 . Condit. 3 s. midfed, LU 2741. Pret. 3 s. ro mid , LL
14b7 . Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 . 3 pl. midset, PH 6563 , cf. fora-
miset, Cog. 116.5 . ro midatar , Trip. p. lix 13 . Pass. pres. rel.)
miter, Laws iv 352.28 Comm. Fut. midfidir, LU 2169 ( FA 24 ).
Pret. ro mided , Cog. 116.5 . The 3 s. pret. ro midir continues
75in use, and gives rise to a spurious stem midr- occas. found
(see midraid).
Orig. weighs, measures , hence (a) judges , with acc. or FOR: in
Glosses commonly translates Lat. iudicare; diiudicare, Ml.
30c8 ; comprobare, Sg. 179a1 . is macc míastar in die iudici ,
80 Wb. 1d9 . nebmess for nech . . . condid-messed in Coimdiu
until the Lord should have judged him, 8d26 . is tria ḟír flathemon
tuatha móra midetar, LL 293b5 , cf. ZCP xi 81 § 10 a . Día már
midedar [mided ar MS.] cach ní, LU 3042 ( SG 235.38 ). i
mBeluch Mugna rat-mess thou wast proved (of a sword), RC
85 xx 11 § 12. is and sin midfed-som co fíren forsna dóenib, LU
2741 ( RC xxv 254 § 38 ). is fo gnimaib midither Dia for duine,
Laws i 48.24 . i lló brátha in tan midfess for torad a proaecepta,
Trip. 258.16 . ro midhis fort fen thou hast passed judgement on
thyself
, ZCP xiii 177.21 . ra midestar si . . . for cach n-óen
dint ṡlúag dús cia díb na thogfad i tochmarc, LL 221a8 ( TTr.
5 282 ). With cogn. acc.: is and míastair mess díriuch for cách,
Ériu ii 194 § 7 ; cf. co na ro mide . . . anforlond nā indliged for
nech (= neminem iniuste opprimere), PH 4149.
(b) adjudges, assigns ; cf. ni midedar cenel n-indib does not
decide the gender in them
, Sg. 63a14 . secht cinela aire . . . as a
10miditer dire seven kinds of satire for which `díre' is adjudged,
Laws v 228.26 . an ro midair mo Dia dam . . . ni chumaing
nech a thormach nach a digbáil, SR 3121. ro mid do chach
díb a chert, LL 14b7 . biathadh . . . do righ Muman mídhit
báird bards adjudge . . . to the king of Munster (?), BR 36.10 .
15 is fuirmed filed ro midair in[n]a hanmand sa dona airc[h]et-
luib, Corm. Y 41. in miad [leg. miach?] foramiset . . . is fai ro
mided doib, Cog. 116.5 .
(c) measures: appraises, estimates: gl. aestimare, Wb. 4c9 ,
Ml. 24a10 , 42d14 , 128b2 . In SR 6663 : ros-mathig . . . cathir
20coir fa gabulrind, Stokes, Academy no. 584 , reads ros-mathir
= -midair `he measured out a city justly', cf. 7955 . fat lethet
tige Tephi . . . midit súthi, Met. Dinds. i 8. meiser ailt (.i.
teach) iarna ait thou shouldst appraise a house by its situation,
O'Dav. 868. miastar cach iarna thochus let him assess each
25one according to his fortune
(?), Tec. Corm. § 6.43 . fo lin maine
midhidear `the property is judged among the whole group',
Studies in E. Ir. Law 140 , cf. Laws iv 38.12 . mesta Mugdorn
. . . fri cumail n-uinge M. was estimated at a `cumal' worth an
ounce
, v 394.1 . cid óen a siball namá | mesa fri secht laíc[h]esa
30`has been priced at seven lay-women', Fian. 14 z . With compl.
of pred., esteems, counts (as): gia ra maess menmnach Fer-
báeth though F. was held courageous, TBC 3515 ; cf. Ml. 36a17 :
co mesair, gl. digna honore ducatur.
(d) deems, thinks, supposes: gl. putare, Wb. 9a2 , existimare
35 3b5 . ro mídir Patraic nad baí baili bád cuidbiu . . . indás hi
Maig Breg, Trip. 40.12 . midset conid for dásacht boí, PH
6563.
(e) meditates (an act, plan, etc.), intends: ro midair in rí a
trécud, LU 4236 ( SG 83 ). cor-ro midair marbad in cleirich,
40 Anecd. iii 34.17 . ro midatar orccoin Pátraic, Trip. lix 14.
mairgc ro mídhair bid fa t[h]núth `woe to him who has resolved
to be under wrath
', BColm. 100.5 . Hence plans, devises: ro mid
'n-a menmain mírún, Met. Dinds. iv 88.2 . mórgním do mnaí
brath a fir, | dóig is friss rodas-midir it was against him that
45she devised it
, iii 254.4 (leg. roda-midir, see v 135 ). ro mid . . .
comairle duaibsech, MR 198.14 . maircc menma ro miodhair
. . . an chomhairle, FM vi 2358.13 . an mi-scel ro midsebair,
Leb. Gab. i 28.22 .