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55 3 mid nin compds. mid-, middle, centre: used exceptionally as
absol., folld. by gen.: mac rig Muide mid samraid | fuair i fid
uaine ingin in midsummer, YBL 118a marg. inf. = Bruchst.
i § 161 . fo midh abunn, BLism. 176rb35 .
I With adj. in primary sense, or occasionally in that of
60 middling, partially , cf. mid .i. leth, O'Mulc. 821. ¤ garb: ós
brúachaib mara midgairb `of the rough mid-sea', Met. Dinds.
iv 222.2 (but cf. iii 368.38 quoted under 1 mid). ¤ lán: is
midlán inbėr Linni Luachainne half-full , CRR 11. go dtárla
an mhuir . . . 'n-a mallmagh mhíodhlán swelling (?), ML 48.1 .
65 cloch dárbo midhlán a glac, Comp. CC 121.16 ( Med. & Mod.Ir.
Ser. iii ); 120.4 . ¤ lethan: carbad mór midhleathan ` middle-
broad ', Todd Lect. iv 74 § 23. Name of Finn's drinking-cup ,
Fianaig. 56.7 . ¤ oll: mōrarggain . . . Mide mid-uill `of great
central Meath
', Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 33 = LL 184a17 (= 1 mid?).
70See also midṡeng, -thromm.
II With subst., corresponding to Engl. mid-. ¤ aís middle
age , generally of adolescence, period between childhood and
manhood: méidither cenn mic midhaísi, TBC p. 369 n. 14 .
tricha mac midaísi, IT iii 246.91 (LL), cf. ZCP viii 541.22 . co
75snāifitis maic midaísi foraibh, ZCP xi 62 § 5. ML 4.10 . ITS
v 180.2 . níor mhó ná mac miodhaoise, Duan. Finn i 47.10 .
Of the period of life between youth and old age: genus i
n-óide, creisine i mmidais, ettla fri hæs, LB 71 marg. inf.
ním creisineach miodhaoise, Studies 1931, 437 § 10 . ¤ bine:
80 ni m. ¤ insin no venial crime (?), LL 122b28 . ¤ bolg o, m. ` middle
bag', belly: midhbolg aice cosmhuil re bolg sidhe, Lism.L.
2223. delbh duine . . . co m. ¤ umai, BB 487a34 . g s. in place-
name: Magh Midhbuilcc (Míbuilg v.l.), BNnÉ 284.14 . As ā,f.
stem: mac midbuilce mela `son of honey-bag', Aisl. MC 33.13
85= milbuilci, 123.36 . ¤ cuairt, see below. ¤ glenn n. a central
glen or valley, a depression: tar maige, tar midglinni, FB 47.
sétid maige midglinne, 50 . ¤ guala f. space between the shoulders:
ro gabastar . . . a chathbarr . . . dar a midguallib sechtair,
TBC 2535. ¤ lá n. midday: iar medón midlaí, LU 6338 , TBC
2474. ¤ lisse, see -ṡliss. ¤ medón m., strengthened form of
5 medón middle, centre: i midmedon in laei at the height of noon,
CCath. 3516. i midhmedón laoi, FM v 1778. go midhmhedón
erraigh, Hugh Roe 76.2 (fo. 20a) . ¤ nocht midnight: midnoct
nocturn , Thes. i 3.36 . iar midnocht, Aisl. MC 7.14 . hi míd-
nocht na cásc, PH 5009. teit di m. ¤ to midnight mass (on
10Easter Eve), Rule of Céli Dé § 13. do leigthi dochom an
mhiodnochta midnight mass, Rule of Tall. § 54. (Fig.) Colum
C. coinneal tōidhius teóra reachta . . . doréd midhnocht
maighne Erca, ZCP viii 197 § 11. ¤ ṡliss mid-side, mid-beam ;
in older lit. in pl. mid(ṡ)lisse, apparently of rafters or timbers
15in upper part of a room: nos-cuir i n-arda, co ranic midlisi in
tigi, FB 64. flesc . . . adcomced midlisse in tige, 55 . flesc
airgit . . . rosaiged midlissiu in taige, LL 248b42 = TBFr. 82
( Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. v ). Of seat running along one side of a
room: ro erb fair suidhe . . . for miodhslios na bruighne, Hugh
20Roe 230.31 (61b) .

1 midach n o, m., (a) a male horse, a stallion: m. ¤ .i. mo d'echaib e
no maith-ech, Corm. Y 930. Mídach (name of a horse), Acall.
271. (as adj.) each midhach merdana, CCath. 4733. g p. for
heocurbelaibh na n-ech . . . ┐ na midach mórmongach, 4959 .
25 TBC 5622 St. (b) met. a champion, strong man, warrior:
midech .i. láidir nó calma, IT iii 276. midhach .i. calma,
O'Dav. 1206. m. ¤ na mocháirgi champion of the early herd (of
a bull), IT iii 246.93 (LL). m. ¤ Maige Fíne, LL 45a40 ( RC xxxvi
262 § 7 ). m. ¤ mear-maidmech, MR 224.18 . mac H. . . . midhach
30gan esbadh, AU ii 468.24 . pl. friscichset midaig morfhlathe,
RC xxvi 36 § 178 (glossed: móra no miadacha, LL 188a59 ).
ger mear bhar mioghaidh [= miodhaigh] 'n-a dháil, Duan.
Finn i 4.16 . ? As adj. g s f.: do thig na mná mídige `valiant',
Met. Dinds. iii 56.30 (perh. = Midech `belonging to Meath',
35see note).

2 midach n o, m., (< Lat. medicus) a physician: m. ¤ . . . ab eo quod
est medicus .i. liaigh, Corm. Y 889. m. ¤ techta (sic leg.) . . . m. ¤
etechta a qualified (unqualified) physician, Laws iii 320.25
Comm. fuil midaig techta (.i. fuil ferus in liadh dligthech),
40 v 142.7 , 146.13 , cf. O'Dav. 179 (midhigh), 286 (medhaigh).
mēr midaig the third finger (digitus medicinalis), Laws iii 350.29 .
miodach ice leech of healing (kenning for `getal', the broom or
letter ng ), Auraic. 4289 ; also called: etiud midach, 5584 ; cf.
Anecd. iii 43.19 ; 44.19 .
45 Cf. deoch midaig (chev.), Ann. Conn. 1368 § 2.

midachda adj io, iā (1 midach) like or befitting a champion: i n-aith-
fegad innill ┐ écoisc . . . merrdha midachdha na miled, MR
216.13 .

? midáid n part of the body of an animal: o médi co midáid from
50neck to
rump (? of a bull), IT iii 246.92 (LL).

midaige n m. name of a medicinal plant: morella .i. midaighe, C.
IV 2, 30ra 4 . sugh mighaidhi (= Fr. suc de ment[h]e; pepper-
mint ?), O'Gr. Cat. 215.34. sugh midhuidhi, Rosa Angl. 290 y
(`belladonna' vocab.). salutrom [leg. solatrum] .i. midhoighi,
55 Arch. i 328.98 . caoru an midhoighi, ib. 99 .

midal n m. flattery: miodal, O'R. Coneys . miodal ` dissembling ',
Eg. Gl. 90.

midba(e) n io, n. (3 mid + vn. of ben- `cuts, strikes') lit. middle
cut , hence (acc. to Plummer, MS. notes) an average , cf. Germ.
60 Durchschnitt. cach mes cach tomus olcena is a midbu miter
.i. is ondi tara mbi int eibe meodanach .i. in grainne a mesem-
naigther e; eipe .i. grainne mas fir damsa, O'Dav. 1244 ; every
estimate and every measurement, it is according to the average
that it is measured
, i.e. from the point across which the middle
65cut goes
; i.e. the grain by which it is measured (must be of this
average size
); so that `eipe' means grain, if I am not mistaken
(Plummer). mid .i. leth .i. midbae .i. graine; midbae dino .i.
leth-ben no leth-uagh, fo bith in toraind bis iter indala ben de
┐ in mben n-aile `midbae' then a half-end [benn] or a half-whole,
70because of the mark (division) which there is between it and the
other end
(Plummer), H. 3.18 p. 72 ( O'C. 113 ); the same gl. is
given ib. p. 636 ( O'C. 1412 ) and O'Mulc. 822 , 823 (which should
go together). The glossators' explanation as `grain' seems to
be an error. Cf. also: midba bretha, Laws i 26.3 (title of a
75law-tract; the `juste milieu' of judgement, Plummer notes), and
see midbach and midbad.

midbac n o, m., (3 mid + bac `bend, angle') part of the body, the
small of the back: dobert . . . beim . . . dait hi midbach do
droma, TBC² 2499. g s. benfat sgis cos ┐ lám ┐ midbac droma
80uaibh, RC xiv 36.5 .

midbach n o, m., name of a kind of barley ? m. ¤ .i. eorna na n-ēn . . .
nó maeth-eorna na n-innsi ut est: grainne midbaigh do aire
ard, O'Dav. 1213. Cf. midba.

midbad (-ba, -baid, -botha) n a legal term occurring in the
85term fer m. ¤ given to a member of a low class of freeman,
appar. a young man not yet possessed of hereditary land , his
father being alive (Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 343 , 361 , cf. MacNeill,
Law of Status 277 n. 1 ; MacNeill, ib. 283 n. 1 , explains as fer
midboth `a between-house man', `a man of mid-cottages',
from both `booth, cabin'). is e bēs foloing fer midbad, Laws
5 ii 258.18 . saeiri fir m. ¤ , v 106.18 . cadeat grad tuaithi? Fer
midba, bo-aire, etc., iv 298.12 (Crith Gabl.) = fer midbotha,
ib. 17 . fer midhbadh (grade of the Féne corresponding to
fochlach in grades of poets), 354.21 . ōtā fer miudbu co righ,
ii 146.10 Comm. (extremes of rank). cema he righ Ereann ┐
10in fear mbidhbaid, H. 3.18 p. 218ab ( O'C. 388 ), cf. Laws v
42.23 . ōna teora fearuibh midbuidh `the three lowest grades',
Laws ii 152.12 Comm. na tri fir midba, a tri n-eineclann,
H. 3.18 p. 177b ( O'C. 322 ); the three classes of fer m. ¤ , acc. to
this passage, were aged respectively 14, 20, and 30, cf. Laws
15 iv 300. Possibly (as suggested by Plummer) identical or con-
nected with midba; fer m. ¤ `an average man ', from whom the
grades were reckoned upwards.
Cf. further: immat buar. terc ass. midhbuidh tromm in
gach tír (signs of degenerate times) `dependants burdensome',
20 SG 80.9 = mi[d]bhaid, Lism. L. p. xxvi (= B. of Lism. 29a2 ),
where Stokes quotes P. O'C. : miodhbhaidh .i. eineachlann
`a mulct or fine'; cf. miodbhaidh .i. eineaclann honour-price ,
O'Cl. , a gloss perh. due to misunderstanding of a passage like
that from H. 3.18, 177b quoted above. The meaning above
25may be men of low standing or juniors .