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1 macha (machad) n m. Declension doubtful: g s. macha,
machaid; pl. machada, machaide. Treated as neut., LL 160b
39 : machad ṁBrigte (n s.).
75 An enclosure for milking cows, a milking-yard (or field?),
often used in connexion with lias. ro ṡáidset fir hErend less
┐ machad dia n-almaib, TBC 1594 (= liasa ┐ machaid, H.
2.17 ). dober-sa cach bó . . . ca lias ┐ ca machad, 4757 . ic
tiachtain ar ammus a liss ┐ a léis ┐ a machaid, 1539 . machad,
80 Auraic. 5727 (possibly name of some agricultural implement).
o macha co macha, RIA 23 Q 6 p. 4 a ( O'C. 1601 ). pl. con-
nacatar . . . na liasa ┐ na machada , Lism. L. 1908. do denam
thíghí ┐ lias ┐ machad, 1899 . aite na mmachad (of cattle-
yards in a camp), CCath. 2998. machuide geimridh . . .
85machaide samraidh, H. 5.15 p. 2 a ( O'Don. 1557 - 8 ). selb
macha (i.e. proof that an animal claimed as stolen has been
reared in one's own homestead): issiat so na tri selba .i. seilb
m. ¤ , Eg. 88, fo. 4d ( O'C. 2166 ) = selb machaigh, H. 3.18 p. 160
( O'C. 291 ).

2 Macha npr. f. one of the three war-goddesses of the Tuatha
5D.D., daughter of Ernmas and sister of Badb and Morrígu
(sometimes identified with the former). tri ingena . . . oc
Ernmais .i. Badb ┐ M. ¤ ┐ Mórrigu, LL 10a42 . Maucha ingen
Ernmóiss, RC xii 100 § 133. Badhbh Mácha ┐ Móirríoghan a
dtrí baindée (sc. of the Tuatha D.D.), Keat. i p. 218 . g s. fri
10morbuaid Maichi (Mache LU), TBC² 1027. mian Macha, 3472
= TBC 5799. ? Cræbruad Concob[air] . . . asa tegedh macha
imach, IT iii 47 § 79 , cf. 20 § 57.
Also interpreted as a royston crow: machæ .i. badb no asi an
tres morrigan, unde mesrad Machæ .i. cendæ doine iarna
15n-airlech, O'Mulc. 813 = maiche .i. bodb . . . unde mesrad
maiche, H. 3. 18 p. 82b ( O'C. 150 ). Macha .i. badhb no fean-
nóg, O'Cl. mach (macha) `a Royston crow or rather a magpie',
P.O'C.

3 macha in n.l., strictly a g. s. (of a noun meaning field or plain?),
20but also used absolutely.
(a) = Ard Macha (so called from Macha wife of Neimed,
Dinds. 94 , Keat. i p. 176 ). Latinized Machia, L. Ardm. 15b1
( Trip. 330.22 , Thes. ii 269.22 ). céin bess M. ¤ fo thoraibh as long
as Armagh shall be under princes
, Trip. 154.8 , cf. 480.20 (see
25K. Meyer, RC xxxiii 95 ). a d s. ro bennach P. . . . in Machai ,
236.13 , cf. 174.21 , 226.5 . don Machai, 228.4 . do Mache, Hy.
ii 45 , 49 . fail and á fiacail Patraic assin Macha búadaig báin,
LL 370b25 = as Ard Macha máil, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 9. g s.
rí Macha , Keat. ii 1860 (poem).
30(b) = Emain Macha, the royal seat of king Conchobar m.
Nessa ; the name is ascribed in one legend to M. wife of Cruin-
niuc (Crunnchu, Cruinn), see Windisch, Berichte der K.
Sächs. Gesellsch. der W. 1884 p. 366 (from Harl. 5280), YBL
211b40 , ZCP xii 252 ; in another to m. ¤ Mongruad daughter of
35the High-king Aed Ruad, see LL 20a46 fg. ( MacCarthy 182
n.6), Keat. ii p. 152 ; both legends are told of Ard Macha in
Dinds. 94 ( RC xvi 45 ). rí Macha (i.e. Conchobar), CRR 22.
rí milis Macha, MacCarthy 166 § 5. Prob. also in Líath
Macha, the name of Cuchulainn's steed, TBC 4715. g. Léith
40 Mache , 514 .

machad xsee 1 macha.

? machaid v quells, destroys? pret. pass. (in tmesis) ro ór mas
machad [machaid v.l.] .i. ro múchad int ór maisech .i. Eochaid,
O'Dav. 1230. Cf. machit Macha, LL 120b10 (rhet.). See
45 machtaid.

machaire n io, m., Later also f. acc. to IGT Dec. § 1 (n p.
machaire, -da). árnéis monaidh no machrach , Eg. Gl. 1 may
represent a g s. form.
A large field or plain, sometimes used as equivalent of
50`mag', but generally of a restricted area; of level or of cleared
land . Gl. Tempe, Ir. Gl. 866 ; campester, 1060 (g.s. used as
attrib.?). óen na primṡliab is mó bís for mórmachairi, TBC
1815. ra sidi répgaithi . . . dar muni machairi, 3382 . bid
toirthech do . . . m. ¤ ┐ caill, PH 4285. ro boí as cach dubt[h]air
55diaroile . . . ┐ ni tuc a haghaidh for m. ¤ never approached level
(cleared or cultivated) land
, Dinds. 87 ( RC xvi 37 ). ro fassaigh
m. ¤ na Muman, RC xviii 50.14 (Tig.). munu fuil machuire a
fearann a athar (a boy is not to learn riding) unless there is a
level field in his father's land
, Laws ii 158.8 Comm. isin
60nocht-m. ¤ . . . isin leth-m. ¤ (cleared and half-cleared land), iv
72.17 Comm. fo diamraib in macairi moir minscothaigh, Cog.
76.11 = in maigi, ib. 12 . bláth an machaire (= flos agri, Psa.
cii 15 ), TSh. 3799. gach uile ainmhidhe an mhachaire, Gen.
iii 14. machairidh na caithreach the fields of the city, Josh. xxi
6512 . machairigh ┐ fíneamhna, 1 Sam. xxii 7. g s. as attrib. :
crích machairi champaign country, MU 14.29 = LL 264a3 .
crosain [leg. crosán] m. ¤ a strolling rhymester (buffoon), IT iii 85
§ 83 , see Bruchst. i § 88 . In late lang. sometimes = battle-
field, battle: toran na troda amhuil is gnath san uile mhachuire,
70 Rel. Celt. ii 186.37 . gan machuire do thabhairt, 182.9 .
do chuireadur . . . techta uatha d'iarraidh m. ¤ , Cín Láe Ó M.
42.29 . iarlacht mhachaire an earldom won by battle, O'Bruad.
iii 222.
Common in n.l. folld. by gen., see Hog. Onom. Machari,
75 Trip. 108.19 = m. ¤ Connacht (name sometimes given to Mag
Aí)? tréanfhlaith Mh. ¤ Caisil, Keat. Poems 1467 : cf. Maceria,
Latinized name of Cashel , g s. Maceriae, Trip. 336.20 = L
Ardm. 16b1 (late entry).

machdad xsee 1 machtad.

80 machdatae adj io, iā. (O.Ir. machdad) wonderful, surprising: d s f.
machdatai, gl. mirâ, Ml. 77b9 . rola ár inna méte machthata
destruction of wonderful greatness, AU ii 94.12 .

machdual n o, m., a sponge . dorat fín serb a m. ¤ (= spongiam
implevit aceto), PH 3353. in m. ¤ asa tucad in deoch don
85choimdid, LB 158a23 .

1 macht n destruction? dibad ┐ bath . . . ┐ m. ¤ ┐ ort ┐ temede
nomina mortis , Met. Gl. 3 n. 2 (= H. 3.18, p. 611b , O'C.
1338 ): prob. an abstraction from machtaid, q.v.