Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


meth n o and i, n. and m.; n s. meth n-einich, TBFlidais 10 ( IT
60 ii2 208 = LL 247a40 ), TBFr. 132 , 191 , 192 ( Med. & Mod.Ir.
Ser. v = LL 249b2 , 250a11 , 12 ). g s. metha, Laws; meith,
TBC² 2607 = mith, TBC 3371. n p. trí meth , LL 147b23 . d p.
ar mithibh , ZCP x 346 § 10. meath m. ¤ , g s. n p. meith or metha,
IGT Decl. § 38.8 .
65 Decay, blight, wasting, failure , both in physical and moral
sense. a m. ¤ no a garséle (gl. cess), LU 4961 ( TBC² p. 19 n. 23 ).
is m. ¤ ┐ milliud dond ḟir, ZCP iii 3.3 ( LL 269a14 ). a m. ¤ n-uthruis
his wasting through disease, Arch. iii 234 § 11 ; meath n-uthrais,
236 § 13 . cia mbad trom leis . . . bith fo m. ¤ ┐ mélacht, LL 222b9
70( TTr. 389 ). is terc duine dhá mbiann maith | ná biann m. ¤ ar chuit
da chlainn, O'Gr. Cat. 119.20. Freq. in threats or imprecations:
a m. ¤ no a trucha mana tarda dó he shall decay or die early,
BColm. 64.28 , cf. 72.22 , 88.14 . m. ¤ ┐ moch-léithe . . . doib,
RC xv 312 ( Dinds. 18 ). meath dóibh-seom má ḟorluidhsead
75as a ngéillsine, BR 144.2 . meath for na giallu dia n-elád, RC
xxiii 404 § 12. Folld. by defining gen.: ar na raib m. ¤ n-einich
nā anma duit and, IT ii2 208 ( LL 247a40 ); cf. Fianaig.
72.31 , RC iii 346.33 . ni ar m. ¤ gascid dorochrabair-si not
from want of valour
, TFerbe 586 . cen m. ¤ ruamna cech datha,
80 LL 20b7 . gan mheath cnuais ar choll, Content. xxx 19.
míorath ┐ meath talmhan failure of crops, Keat. ii 4877. ar
meth: mór an crech | tech n-æiged Críst arna m. ¤ `that Christ's
guest-house should be neglected
', BColm. 100.17 . mac becc
bacach ar m. ¤ `in a decline', Mart. Don. 90.4 . do bí sé ar m. ¤
85conuice sin at ebb of fortune, BCC § 328. rachaidh furachus an
drochdhuine ar meath shall perish, Prov. x 28. cen meth
without fail , common in poetry, oft. a mere expletive: cen m. ¤ ,
cen ditha, SR 1015. failet ann tri mūir cen m. ¤ , 345 , 4571 .
cen terbud, cen m. ¤ , ZCP xiii 30.12 . dot-ic cen m. ¤ , TFerbe
801 . gach tenga cen m. ¤ | forsa tardadh rath, Ériu iv 238.3 .
5 do innis Maodhócc gan m. ¤ | sgela d'Fíonán, BNnÉ 277 § 261.
g s. as attrib.: nā bí bliadain meith | cen chreich no cen chath
`for a feeble year', KMMisc. 264 § 26 ( LL 148b4 ). ? ni thecat
da fuapairt | acht [mad] athig mith (: tig), TBC 3371 = nach
tanic . . . acht mad aigith meith, TBC² 2607 ; `derbe Männer',
10Wind.; feeble (spiritless) churls? the object of Fer Diad is to
belittle his opponent. The reading mith is supported by the
beginning of poem: is mithig. Cf. Mac Lesc . . . aithech
meith, Four Songs 18.1 = a. mith, LL 208a36 , where the
sense seems similar.
15 In moral sense of feebleness, degeneracy: is m. ¤ , ní maith
cotlud trom, SC 30. is ar m. ¤ ro treic . . . ní ar deirc na trocaire
through senile weakness (?) he has renounced (the Borama), LL
376a9 .
In pl. in concrete sense: trí meth ócthigirn three short-
20comings
, Ériu ix 46 § 12 = LL 147b23 . celtair Dē umam . . .
ar mithibh, ZCP x 346 § 10.
In Laws failure (to fulfil an obligation) with gen. of thing
failed in: m. ¤ sloigid `failure in furnishing men to the hosting',
i 152.2 . m. ¤ feise la rig `failure to supply the feast of a king',
25 230.22 . smacht metha uithir `fine for failure of maintaining
the sick
', 130.16 Comm.
Other applications: ní meath ormsa an chóir do rádh I will
not shrink from stating
, Content. xviii 14. gibe fhuilngeas . . .
meath a chúise dá charaid `if a man lets his friend's cause be
30defeated
' (? lets his cause be weakened by a friend i.e. pleads
feebly through partiality for an opponent; see §§ 9 - 13 ), xx 2 .
Créud an pecadh doní an té mhionnaigheas gan riachtanas?
— Meth a dhála, Luc. Fid. 100.5 . eisdim a do no a tri d'aifr-
ionnuibh má's eidir é, meath mo dhala, Parrth. Anma 370.1 .
35As quasi-vn.: do meath ┐ do mí-chumdach midlach `to cow
and dismay
', MR 230.20 . dobud maith do mheath drochlaoich
a ndenoigh what thou dost (sayest) were enough to daunt a
craven
, ZCP x 285.9 .
Compd. meas meathcraind fruit of a sickly tree, IT iii 88
40§ 105 = Bruchst. i § 33 .

méth adj o, ā. later also méith; the pl. méth-i, -e, if not g s. of
méithe, may belong to latter form treated as i-stem.
(a) plump, fat: n p m. lónaichthi .i. meíth (gl. adipati), Ml.
20a24 . mēth .i. mo a fēith, Corm. Y 925. diamad mé douéradh
45fuiriocc, robadh m. ¤ cech manuc if I provided the bill of fare,
every monk would be fat
, ZCP vii 268 § 4. mna metha, LL 215a
27 . Aedh remur (.i. Aedh meith), AU ii 456 z . ag méth, IT
i 100.11 . bó m. ¤ , O'Dav. 284. ferba brachtchi (.i. methi), FB
68. molt meth, Laws v 444.19 Comm. bás muicce méithe,
50 Triads 92. bat metha mo mucca, IT iii 244.21 . dá én lán-
méthi, Anecd. i 38.6 .
Transf. rich, succulent; luxuriant, fertile: meic indrechtain
lan-meith, Aisl. MC. 33.19 . ? fairec no tomailt meth .i. ide .i.
cainneall, O'Dav. 1208 (where possibly meth is a separate
55gloss). arbur méith, Met. Dinds. i 2. seacht ndíasa arbha ar
én-choinnlín mhéth, Gen. xli 5. créd é an fearann, an truagh
é nó an méith, Numb. xiii 20. gan ailges bídh, gan bethaid
méth, ZCP viii 231 § 2.
Compar. as tigiu .i. as methiu (gl. crassioris), Ml. 20b1 . ba
60méthiu a n-ag foracbais-[s]iu, Sc. Mucce MD. 8.2 ( Med. &
Mod.Ir. Ser. vi = IT i 100.12 ). cid as meithi saill tuircc
mesa? ZCP xiii 270.19 . lus Eigipte is meithe meacan most
succulent of root
, Keat. Poems 1265. cine is méithe máir-
néalaigh `most prolific in sea-faring men' (whose mariners are
65stoutest
? of the Dutch), Ó Bruad. iii 150.
(b) as subst. fat: tic meth ara arainn, Laws ii 238.25 Comm.
nir ith ēn-greim méith one morsel of fat, Mart. Don. Aug. 19.
(fig.) for Aingid . . . mo bennacht co meth with plenty (?),
Anecd. ii 32 § 8 (perhaps adv.). As allegor. npr.: Olar, Meith
70ocus Miscais, RC xxi 154 § 12.
Compd. muca meth-tairr fat-bellied , ZCP xi 95 § 45.

methach adj o, ā (meth) wasting, feeble: is m. ¤ a ngnim, ZCP v 23
§ 3 . As subst. o, m. a degenerate, a weakling: budh m. ¤ nach bia
a ro-cruth, BNnÉ 146.52 . a mheathaigh mhiodhlaochda!
75 Buile S. 142 § 78. ní gníomh meathaigh, Keat. iii 3839 . ní
bíadh san tigh sin acht cró meathaigh ┐ áit gan onóir, Mac
Aingil 214.8 . meathach, IGT Decl. § 11 (55.3) .

methach n ā, f., feebleness, decline? frestal uithir ina methaig (.i.
ina meth a tríur), H. 3.18 p. 208a ( O'C. 373 ).

80 methaid v ā (meth) (a) intrans. degenerates, declines, fails, is
blighted: tairnit ind rig dia ngalaib, methait na meicc, LL
149a46 . methfaid in clann . . . no atbēlait, Cáin Ad. § 27. a
coin is a ngille . . . methfait ar mo biudh-sa, Anecd. ii 31.8 .
gur mheath arbur Erenn uile, AU iii 354.23 . do mheath an
85féur, Isa. xv 6. do mhith ar meanmna da mhios our spirits
failed in contemplating it
, Rel. Celt. ii 282.18 .
(b) in Laws, fails, comes short: o ro metha inn athgabail
`when the distress fails', ii 126.19 Comm. cacha tarrgraide ro
metha a les `every journey in which he fails to be useful' (? the
profit, purpose, of which fails
), v 420.5 . cu ndiabladh n-aith-
5ginu ne[i]ch ro meatha meath mbid flatha for any shortcoming
in providing food for the chief
, ZCP xiv 368 § 29. do neoch ro |
metha anything that has come short, 386 § 51.
Fails, comes short (in performance of a duty), in impers.
constr. with FOR of duty (also of pers.): dilus do celiu i (leg. a)
10methus fair a falluib na flatha, Laws ii 274.21 (`forfeited to a
tenant is what is failing towards him
', Atk.). mani ro metha
fair forsin cele provided the tenant has not failed in any duty
to him
(the chief), 262.15 (cf. ZCP xiv 363 § 23 ). arna ro metha
fair, i 236.10 (`that it be not failed in', Atk.). in tan is ar diumund
15ro methad for in flaith where from disrespect duties have been
left unperformed towards the chief
, v 166.11 Comm.
(c) trans. blights, causes to decay, fig. enfeebles, intimidates:
doinenn mor fherthana . . . innus gur meathadh moran
d'arbhannaibh le, AU iii 316.11 . ro thiomaircc ┐ ro meath co
20ro loiscc orra Luimneach he repressed and subdued [them], Cog.
90.7 . is suail . . . nachar meathais meisnech ar morshluag,
MR 188.22 (2 s. pret). part. troilighthe, meathta , Eg. Gl. 597.
mac D. nár mheathta 'sa choimhgleic, E. O'Rahilly xv 241
(1911) . re a dteangthaibh atú meathta, Studies 1929, 79 § 6 .
25 vn. methad decaying, wasting, blight: a methadh no a
nduthaine dia n[d]earnadh, BB 233a25 .