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85 merechduin n madness or viciousness in a horse ? tetnuis .i. m. ¤ ,
H. 3.18 p. 638b ( O'C. 1420 ), introducing a passage dealing
with injury done by a vicious horse (parallel in Laws iii 180.6 -
11 ). A compd. of 1 mer?

merenn x g s. see 2 mér.

merg n rust see meirg.

5 mergach adj o, ā. wrinkled? gl. corrugatus, Ml. 132c8 . Prob. same
word as 1 meirgech q.v.

mergánta adj io, iā. brisk, spirited: each mearagánta lom-luath,
ITS i 32.2 . long mhearrgánta `gallant ship', Isa. xxxiii 21.
In bad sense: lucht mearrganta ` headstrong ', 2 Tim. iii 4.

10 merlach n a hinge: m. ¤ na comla, gl. cardo, Ir. Gl. 944. Stokes
suggests mérlach < mér finger.

meróc n f. a species of bird: mer . . . .i. lon unde dicitur meroc a
merula .i. glasluin, H. 3.18 p. 82 ( O'C. 152 ). Cf. 2 mer.

1 mert n sorrow, trouble, despair? truag do Día don-rat i mmert,
15 SR 4053. dogní m. ¤ mo chride cró, LL 125b32 ( Ériu v 212.102 )
= Rawl. 136a36 (mo chridi chro). Cf. meart ` spying, injuring,
. . . discouraging ', O'R. and see meirten.

2 mert v 3 s. pret. see mairnid.

merthas n o, m., (< mer?) going astray, error: ní fríth [mo] buith
20i mmerthas `never have I been found astray', Met. Dinds. iv 38
(a formation like derbthas, trebthas p. 384 n. ).

mertlaig? n gaet Cul Dubh, ros-mear in meartlaig | in tṡleag da
bertaig da bois, Ériu x 82 y .

mertrech xsee meirdrech.

25 merugad n u, m., also merachad o, m. (vn. of meraigid) wander-
ing; going astray . (a) in lit. sense: Merugud Uilix (title of a
story). merugad cleirech Coluim Chille, KMMisc. 320.10 ,
cf. RC ix 14. for merogod issind ócian, LU 1643 ( RC ix 452.2 ).
for merugud o cach ailen . . . da chele, RC xxvi 160 § 47.
30 doluid for merugud o Loch A. co Tech N., BColm. 70.28 . ro
ḟas ceo . . . co ndechamar ar merugud, Ériu v 146.25 . imatt
na sliged ana mbeith duine ar merugud, Maund. § 17. nis
téig a merachad do not go astray, Aisl. MC 83.16 . gapsat
fordal ┐ merugad sechnoin na hoidche, Fl. Earls 62.18 . a
35chlaidib . . . na saíl bith for merugod `do not fear to be astray'
(i.e. ownerless), RC xx 12 § 19. With obj. gen.: for merogod
tige oíged wandering in search of a guest-house, BDD 27.
tré mhearughadh mara sea-roaming , Keat. ii 833.
(b) fig. erring; confusion, error: ar derchaíne ar mirath
40ar merugud, LL 360 marg. sin. as mór an buaidredh ┐ an
merughadh do cuir an diabul fúd, BCC § 223. peacach as
mhór mearachadh a sinner far astray, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 3.
g s. cor ṡuidigset na filid muin a medón for imgabail meraigthe
put the letter m in the middle of it to avoid confusion (i.e. juxta-
45position of a vowel and a diphthong), Corm. p. 17 (emuin). for
bailegud meraigthi, LL 167a26 = for bailiudh a mesca, RC xv
475 ( Dinds. 75 ). fíon an mhearuighthe the wine of astonishment,
Psa. lx 3. ciall mearachaidh, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 2. pl. is
mór na mesgaithi ┐ na meraighthi doberid na sluaigh ort,
50 Comp. Con C. 93.27 ( Med. & Mod.Ir. Ser. iii ).
Mearughudh randaigechta bicce ┐ randaigechta moire
(name of a mixed metre), IT iii 85.1 .

1 mes(s) n u, m., (vn. of midithir) n s. in mes , Ml. 30b24 . mess,
Wb. 11b26 . g s. messa, 4c24 . messai, Mon. Tall. 6. n p. mesai,
55 Ml. 55d11 . a p. mesu, Laws ii 246.8 . messu, LL 188a52 ( RC
xxvi 36 ). meas (m., g s. n p. -a), IGT Decl. § 95 (p. 127.23) .
(a) the act of judging; a judgement, opinion: gl. censura, Ml.
24a1 , 27c13 ; aestimatio, 30b24 , 31d6 ; examinatio, 30c7 , 47a5 ;
examen, 26c12 . meas .i. breath, O'Cl. mess dimicne, Wb.
60 11b26 , cf. Ml. 24a9 . cach mes co cubus, Arch. iii 226 z . buden
dib dogēntar do mes . . . buden aile díb na dingēntar do mes
some of them will be subject to judgement, LU 2369 , 2375 ( RC
iv 250 §§ 17 , 18 ).
With obj. gen.: [is] é a mess limm this is my opinion about
65it
, Sg. 188a19 . ná bad dia mess let it not be to judge him, Wb.
6b5 . ragait aithle a mmessa dochom péné after they have been
judged
, LU 2370 ( RC xxiv 250 ). atu-sa . . . icom mes ó na dib
rigu sechtmogat I am being judged by, PH 1408. doní P.
taoiseach sluaigh do M. iar meas a chródhachta dó after
70judging of his valour
, Keat. ii 681. Folld. by FOR (AR): nebmess
for nech not judging any one, Wb. 8d26 . lēc-siu ildeth [= i
lleth] nDé mess for a menmain-som leave it to God to judge the
mind of such
, Mon. Tall. 56. doraga [Críst] do mess for bíu
┐ marbu, PH 3632 , cf. 3159 , 5011 , 7284 . ni hinann meass is
75cōir for Cesair a right opinion of C., CCath. 757. dá ndeachainn
a meas orra if I should enter into judgement on them, Content.
xviii 92. madat comluatha . . . ním-lúaidfed mes ar a ṅdath
if (the horses) are equally swift, I shall not be influenced by their
colour
, ZCP viii 217 § 2. ni hinnill rug . . . mess no brethnu-
80ghadh ar in region, Fl. Earls 40.15 . ar mbreith dō mesa ar an
ffonn after his forming an opinion on the land, Leb. Gab. i 42.
With subj. gen.: iar mes cech deg-athar dil, Met. Dinds.
iii 8. Absol., the faculty of judgement: is i in stair fa stiuir
meassa under the guidance of judgement (?), BB 17b8 . nem-
85[ḟ]agbail in measa | na feasa do thomus (sign of a degenerate
age), Arch. iii 240 § 3.
(b) the Last Judgement: nacham-tuca Demon lais . . . resiu
doneither in mes, Ériu ix 50.4 . i llathiu in messa on Doomsday ,
Hy. ii 53. nípa hécen tene bratha . . . nó hadall messai doib,
Mon. Tall. 6. i ló mheasa an mhórshluaigh, PBocht 102.25 .
5(c) appraisement, estimate, valuation , with obj. gen. mess
moga valuation of a slave, Laws v 394.5 . is e mess a loighe . . .
in scriball, ii 240.10 Comm. mess tiri: tomus forrag, iv 340.8 .
fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, ii 246.8 , with gl.: .i. cia ba fiu . . . .i. cia ba
meit (from which it appears that `mes' = estimate of value ,
10`tomus' measurement). Cf. mes .i. ó ṡúil ┐ tomus ó laim (i.e.
a `mes' is formed by viewing, a `tomus' by measuring), O'Dav.
1244. cēt muc, cēt mart arna mhes (i.e. up to the required
standard), ZCP viii 116.3 . This may be the meaning in the
phrase: fri(a) m. ¤ to be estimated = according to (its) valuation?
15 .l. mart fria meas, BB 270b40 = ria meas, BR 64.2 . dá
bairgin nár becc re mes, SG 20.27 . Cf. also: co n-érne in rí
rán fri mess | ar cach ṅdán a miad diles pays for each art its
proper honour according to due estimate
(?), Met. Dinds. iii 20.
aicci no bítis ria mess | min-ṡeóit Medba, 464 . ba muccaid
20menmnach ria mess, iv 176.1 . Lugaid ainm cach meic ria
mess, 136 . Further exx.: ag meas na gcloigeann examining
(comparing), TSh. 7712. gidh cóir Meadhbh ré Móir do mhes
to compare Meadhbh with Mór, IGT Dec. ex. 1024. g s. as
attrib.: iiii longa lānmheasa of standard value (? measure), BB
25 276a26 . — Hence: meas .i. tomhus, O'Cl.
(d) opining, deeming, supposing , with obj. gen. or subord.
clause: atáid cách . . . dá mheas gur dhearbh libh . . . every one
suspects that
, Content. xxvii 7. ní héidir a mheas go mbiadh . .
TSh. 396.
30(e) estimate , reputation , with defining gen.: meas naomh-
thachta fame of sanctity, Arch. Hib. i 87 § 19. is follus nach
fuil . . . meas stáire fírinnighe ag na seanchadhaibh ar chath
Fionntrágha that the shanachies do not regard the battle of
Ventry as true history
, Keat. i 50.5 . meas craosaigh the reputa-
35tion of a glutton
, TSh. 7093. ná tugadh éandhuine meas
dhuine gan chéill oram, 2 Cor. xi 16.
(f) absol., esteem, respect, regard: bantrocht nach bec mess
immach `not small in esteem abroad', Met. Dinds. iii 14. ní
barr measa don taoibh theas `no crown of honour to the south',
40 Content. xv 16. dot ghruaidh ttaidhleach téid a mheas `its
credit goes to thy shining cheek
' (= the gift owes its value to
the giver?), Studies 1921, 275 § 2 . With prep. ar: Maodocc
gan mes ar mhaoinibh making no account of treasures, BNnÉ
280.21 . go mbia meas agad ar dhiscréid, Prov. v 2. gleacaidhe
45. . . nár chuir meas ar chasc ná ar chartaibh who set no store
on cask or quart
, Keat. Poems 530. ní do mhés oruinn fein
acht do mhés ar Chriosd not for our sake but for sake of C.,
Luc. Fid. 228.12 .