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1 mer o, ā. adj. used chiefly of persons, apparently off one's
35head, demented, crazy , both of temporary condition due to
excitement, intoxication, anger, etc., and of permanent
quality; in heroic lit. applied to warriors (often in unfavour-
able sense foolhardy, rash ); in Laws to the insane or half-
witted. In late lit. often used in a complimentary sense
40 spirited, lively, agile ; see IGT Dec. § 65 ( mear . . . ó chéill in
mholta). (a) Of persons: m. ¤ .i. mo a ír .i. a ferg, Corm. Y 907.
? m. ¤ quasi mur .i. imat . . . ar it imda na mera, 905 . fonrālaig
mairb mesctha mir at our wit's end (?), SR 3579 (n p m. for a p.).
dia n-essib cor bo m. ¤ , Met. Dinds. ii 24. comdar mera mescda,
45 YBL 138a28 . tibir cech m. ¤ `every madcap is a laughing-stock',
Tec. Corm. § 13.15 . drūth cech mer `recklessness is foolish',
Ir. Proverbs 84.9 = Ériu ix 47 § 20 ( LL 147b39 ). cid dotgní
m. ¤ , a mic legind? what drives you mad? Aisl. MC 47.28 .
rogain mir `a madman's choice', Met. Dinds. iii 84. ni luadh
50mir (i.e. incredible statement), BR 170.4 . ra toebh leicne mer-
laīch mhir, Moling § 18. gasruidh m. ¤ active, spirited , Ir. Texts
ii 33 § 18. nert sloigh láinmhir, IGT Dec. ex. 352. comhartha
an mār-mir Macha `great warrior' (? madman), MR 226.12 .
gníomh ainnirtag ollamh mhear `a crazy poet', Content. xxvii 5.
55Of women: in m. ¤ mend (of Macha of Emain), Met. Dinds. iv
128 . don mnaí théithmir, ib. Compar. Midlúachair miriu
cech maín ` sprightlier ', Met. Dinds. iii 282. ni ḟaca laoch . . .
budh mōrrda is budh mire, LL 396.2 . fear fa mire is fa cliste
san gcomhlann nimblest, fastest , Keat. Poems 209. is miride
60cruaidh fabhairt, steel is the nimbler for tempering, Dánfhocail
12 § 60.
(b) of the mentally deficient: oinmhit .i. m. ¤ nó baeth, IT
iii 276. fear fris ro scara[d] a cond .i. duine mear, Laws v 234.
28 Comm. na mir ┐ na hecodnaig, i 86.21 . cuimrech in duine
65mir (.i. fo tabur in dluighe fulla), 300.10 , 11 . cor mire contract
of a mad woman
, 52.2 . m. ¤ gan rath (a class of `drúth'), H. 3.18
p. 423a ( O'C. 892 ).
(c) of animals: tarb maeth mer, Met. Dinds. iv 338. delb
dhoim allaid . . . mhir, LB 124b1 = Keat. iii 2039. eascaire
70. . . inn aighi mir `mad cow', Laws iii 272.12 . Mide magen na
marc mer spirited, mettlesome , Met. Dinds. ii 42. eich maithe
meara, Cog. 112.5 .
(d) common epithet of sea: cusin muir m. ¤ , LL 136a49 . Cog.
178.25 . tar tonnaib in mara mir, Lism. L. 3819. ar thonnuib
75mera in mara, Ériu ii 92.12 . fairge mhear, Keat. Poems 1462.
mire 'náit na mōrthonda (of a chieftain), ZCP viii 221 § 48.
(e) of abstracts, actions, etc. wild, rash, precipitate, etc.:
m. ¤ is nír chond ceille in col, LL 33a38 . don mortlaid malar-
tuind mir raging , 132b48 . Cath Glinne Mama is mór m. ¤ , Cog.
80 112.18 . roga romer ` eager' (? extravagant, fantastic ), Met.
Dinds. i 6. togla, tána, . . . áera, rúne romera `keen riddles'
(? rash purposes or designs), iii 20 . Eochaidh mac R. an rūin
mhir, LL 394.16 . ropo m. ¤ a nnert, 33a41 . treb Beniamín co
mbrig mir, LB 124b9 = Keat. iii 2047. uabhar mer, IGT
85 Dec. ex. 880. ní rád m. ¤ no wild (incredible) statement, LU
3035 , cf. ní m. ¤ , ZCP viii 113 § 1. criss arcait, ni haicde m. ¤
`no paltry (? hastily finished, scamped) work', Fianaig. 14.2 .
imchosnam in míre mir `the contest for the coveted portion',
Met. Dinds. iv 180 (epithet prob. transferred from imchosnam
= the mad contest for the portion). matin mir, O'Mulc. 268
5(`on a bright morning' < Lat. merus, Stokes; perh. wild, gusty ).
Compds. (a) with adj. forming a dwanda compd. or in
adverbial relation: ¤ amnas, ZCP viii 264 § 21. ¤ borb,
CCath. 5791. ¤ calma 1928 . ¤ dána 347 . ¤ glé: gen
mergle a scion bold and bright (?), LL 134b7 = Todd Nenn.
10 246. ¤ trén, CCath. 1928. ¤ uallach, SR 6686. With adj.
formed from subst.: oclach . . . meardālach brisk in encounter,
Cog. 170.19 . meardhuaiseach swift (impulsive) in bounty ,
Keat. Poems 738. mermenmnach, ZCP vi 32.12 . xiii 217.12 .
(b) with subst.: ¤ ág ` furious battle ', Gorm. July 10.
15 ¤ aicme: mac Mugroin mir-aicme, LL 394.45 . ¤ aichne: trí
comartha tirdachta .i. immargal ┐ immarbág ┐ m. `mistaking
one person for another
(?)' (? muddle-headedness), Triads 229.
Samhradh na meraithne . . . ni aithned neach caem nō cara
ann `Summer of the Aberration', AU iii 130.6 , cf. FM iv 896.
20 Finghin . . . do mharbhadh lá a bhráithribh tre mhearaithne
by mistake , FM ii 1104.5 . ¤ bhuinne Muaidhe swift stream,
torrent , Ériu viii 135.28 . ¤ cenn ` mad-head', epithet of sea:
tar muir meircenn, Trip. 34.5 ; 448.21 (meircend). Lism. L.
302. meirceann .i. mear, O'Cl. ¤ clann: tar merchlainn
25Ghaoidel, O'Gr. Cat. 456.13. ¤ dánacht recklessness , Fianaig.
70.2 . merdhánacht (oppd. to críndacht), Luc. Fid. 143.14 .
¤ dántas, id. O'Hussey TC 225. meardhortadh, TSh. 6636.
¤ ghasradh, FM v 1652.9 . ¤ gním a rash deed , Gorm. Apr.
14. ¤ grád infatuation: (with obj. gen.) éd tre mer-grádh a
30mná, ZCP viii 108 z . mear-ghrádh na meirdreach, TSh. 5514.
¤ gus: co m. garg, LL 137b16 . go m. dían, ZCP x 24.28 .
co mēd meargosa, MR 136.24 . ¤ laithe: i mmerlaithib
errchaidib blustering days, Hib. Min. 66.36 . ¤ lasad: a ṡúile
ar merlasadh wildly flashing, Ériu v 180.300 . ZCP vi 278.27 .
35 ¤ línad: dochóidh gus an mbairille púdair . . . do merlíonadh
a mhiosúr ` quickly (? rashly) replenish ', FM vi 2072. ¤ ṡáile
`brackish water', FM v 1626.7 . ¤ scál: cland in merscáil móir
(of Mile), ZCP xiii 364.2 , cf. Leb. Gab. i 176.11 . ¤ tonn, RC
xxix 142.2 . ¤ tretell: in mertretill ┐ in rind agha (of Asca-
40nius), Aen. 2364.
(c) rarely with vb.: do merlabhair an muir talked wildly,
raved , CF 736. ro merlasadur a shuili, ZCP vi 58.21 (see
merlasad above).

2 mer n a blackbird? mear .i. iarsinní bís a aenur isin allt a mbí .i.
45ina meracht ┐ ina aenur téit. quasi merulus .i. lon . . . quod
volat solus ┐ ni bí én aile cid dia cheniul féin ina coemthecht,
Corm. p. 31 = mér, Corm. Y 890. mer .i. merulus .i. lon,
H. 3.18 p. 82 ( O'C. 152 ).
The gl. in Corm. may be explanatory of 1 mer a crazy
50(therefore solitary) person , and that of H. 3.18 an inference
from it.

1 mér n o, m., n d. in da mér , Thes. ii 249.11 (Sg. Incant.). d p.
meraib, 245.37 (Cambr. Hom). mér o, m., IGT Dec. § 61 , g s.
meóir, d s. meór, n a p. na méra (but: trí méra is meóir énlámha,
55 ex. 1472 ), g p. mér.
A digit, finger ; m. ¤ coise a toe. mer laime, gl. digitus, Ir. Gl.
465. mer coisi, gl. articulus, 466 . na mera, gl. digitos, Lor.
Gild. 167. dona .x. meraib, ib. 169 . remithir dóit láma neich
aile cach mér día méraib, FB 91. ar barr gach meoir da
60meraibh, CF 213. cona méur (= digito), Lat. Lives 29.
domrimart . . . co n-óenmeór isin richis, LU 9453. in gai ro
bai for a meor, Aen. 2131. secht meóir cechtar a dá choss.
secht meóir cechtar a dá lám, LU 6550 = TBC² 2034 , TBC
2723. ro in[ṡ]orchaigset a chúic meúir in mag, Trip. 126.11 =
65 a chuicc mer, Lat. Lives 17. a tri mēir in Dūileamain . . . atāt
ōs mo mullach, ZCP xiii 179.12 . is bec naro chomraicset
mera a choss (of two opposing hosts), TFerbe 329 . cumad
mera na cos amuil mera na lam, Laws iii 350.14 . forácaib
folliucht a mer forsan ailig, PH 6353. ata slícht a meor indti,
70 BCC § 122. Used as measure: tri duirnn ┐ da mer a fada, RC
xviii 32.30 , cf. FM ii 996.10 . tri meir a tiget, Laws ii 238.16 .
cia tiget na saille? Tri meoir, LB 260b19 . Cf. O'Dav. 807.
gurab écen m. ¤ dot mūnad ind-airecd may a finger be needed to
point thee out in the assembly
(= mayst thou be an object of
75scorn
), Fél. 96.15 (cf. Lat. monstrare digito). gurab eiccin meur
fair . . . inn aireacht dia mūnadh, BNnÉ 305 § 19. múinidh
sé le n-a mhéuruibh (of a graceless person), Prov. vi 13. cuir
do mher id bheul, Luc. Fid. 388.3 (a sign of discomfiture, cf.
colloquial Eng. `put your finger in your eye').
80 ingen ar méraib `the nail on the fingers', legal term denoting
the lowest division of `fine' or family-group , Laws iv 282.19 ;
286.1 . ranntair óthá athair . . . for cúlo ┐ frithrusc a frithisi
coruici ingen-ar-méraibh, Ériu i 215.17 . co hua ┐ iarmu . . .
co ingin ar meraib, vii 166.14 .
85Compds. With adj. follg., with — fingers, — fingered:
¤ chrom(m) crooked-fingered ; as sobriquet: Eogan Mérchrom
a quo Cenél Mérchroim, ZCP viii 328.31 , cf. LL 347c44 .
¤ ḟota long-fingered (-toed): cuilen merfota, IT iii 72 § 29.
¤ gel: on mnaoi mérghil, ZCP viii 109 § 8. ¤ ṡeng slender-
fingered , freq. epithet of noble persons: Mercuur merseng,
5 BB 412a14 . in méirṡeang mín, ZCP viii 229.14 . ingen Máine
mérṡeing, Met. Dinds. iv 4. don mhnai mhéirshing, SG 68.41 .
días méirseng, Ériu ii 164.7 .
In Mod.Ir. such compds. are occas. formed with meór-,
meóir-: meoradhbhaill, O'Bruad. iii 48 § 10 v.l. meoirliosta
10` hand-sluggish ', 92.7 .