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lamaid vO. Ir.ro-laimethar(see Ped. ii 560 - 1 , Wortk. 179.
Celt. Verb 168 - 9 . For instances of non-use of preverb in
35early period see Thurn. Gramm. p. 351 ). The early rhyme
lámur:águrcited Wortk. from Ériu i 70 is doubtful, as the
MS. haslamurand there is already an internal rhyme in the
couplet. Later confused withlámaid(seelámaigid).Ind.
pres. 1 s. ro-laumur, Wb. 17a8 .ru-laimur, c21 .ro-lomur,
40 Ml. 21b5 .-lomur, Trip. 166.2 .-lamur, SR 1259. -lamaim,
BDD² 1500. 3 s. ro-laimethar, Wb. 5a15 , 9c3 .na (leg.r-a-)
laimeda[r] , 17c19 .-lomethar, BDD² 1207. -lamether(-laim-
ethar, LU), TBC² 1052 .pass. lamar, Laws i 96.18 Comm .
rolaimther, Met. Dinds. iii 14.168 .-laimter, BCrólige 34 .
45 1 p. -laimir sni, Wb. 15c20 (leg. laimimmir-sni? note).ro-
laimemmar, 15c19 ,-laimemmar, 17b8 .-lamam, BColm.
96.15 .2 p. rolaimid, Met. Dinds. iii 286.2 .3 p. nílibmatar
(leg. -lamatar, Ped. ii p. 560 ;-lamataror-lilmatar, Thes. ii
236 n. k ), Ml. 69b3 .Ipv. 3 p. nalaimetar , Ml. 60d6 .Impf.
50 3 s. nalaimed , LL 8875. -lamad, Fing. R. 667. 3 p. -laimtis,
Sc. M² 20 .nalaimtís , LL 8472. pass. -laimthea, LU 4213.
-lamthá, LL 22062. Subj. pres. 1 s. rollámar , Sg. 171b1 .
romlama , LL 284a17 .ni . . .lámathair , LU 3895 ( SC 40 ).
1 pl. -laimemar, Ériu ii 118 § 55. Subj. impf. 3 s. no-lamad,
55 LU 8203 ( FB 15 ).1 p. rolammis , Fél. 27. July 25 .laimmais,
TBC 1193. Perh. originally with redupl. fut. See Ped. ii
561 , who discusses the formlib matarquoted above,
-linfaithir, TBC² 706 , and forms ofcon-laimethar(q.v.).
Later withē-fut. 3 s. ro-t-lemathar, FB 33 Eg.-lémaither,
60 LU 5185. pass. -lémthar, MU² 560 ( LL 266a27 ).-lemthar,
RC vi 176.78 .Condit. pass. lemtha, ZCP i 104.19 .Pret.
andperf. 3 s. lāmair, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 19 .rolámair ,
LU 9168 ( FB 90 ). Fél. Prol. 58. ?lamair, MU² 114.
rolamar, LU 5121. Pass. rolet, O'Dav. 1196 .rolaimed ,
65 O'C. 257 ( H.3.18,149 ).-lamad, Ériu ii 180.17 .rolamad,
Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 64. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 24.
Note also:Indic. pres. 1 s. leimhuim, Párl. na mB. 3716 .
3 s. -lam, Ériu iii 145 § 23 .-laim, ZCP iii 206.9 .Condit.
1 s. laimheōbhainn, Parrth. Anma 6319. láimheóbhainn,
70 Desid. 1312 (`formed as if fromlámhaigh', O'Rahilly, Gloss.).
Pret.andperf. 3 s. rolam , Fing. R. 28 .roláim , LU 4774
(lāim, TBC² 281 ).leoimh, Oss. iv 220.15 .3 p. roslamsat ,
LL 17685.
Vn. léiten(a),lamachtain.
75 Dares,ventures . (a) With direct object. Of persons:co
narlamad hē ō Boind co Sinaind`so that he was not dared',
Ériu ii 180.17 .lāmair lergga / lāna slōig slōgidach . . .
Laigniu Labraid`der kriegliebende Labraid wagte sich an
Hügelseiten voller Kriegsscharen . . . an die Männer von
80Leinster
,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 19 .iat is airthech ar cech
slúag / ná rolaimther a marc-ṡlúag`none dare assail', Met.
Dinds. iii 14.168 .níslaimed turbaid ar bith (:gaibed) dared
not touch them
, 164.9 .lamair Lorcán he took in hands Lorcan,
Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 32 .lemthai gach aen ┐ ni lema aen sib
85`defy', Aen. 2453 .ro lamsat gach dine in dream, BB 51a25 .
ag laechaib ni lemthar`heroes will not defy him', RC vi
176.78 .cech saer noslēma / ar lár a t[h]īre, ZCP viii 110.29 .
an lāmh nach lamhar, O'R. Poems 1062.
With non-personal object:ni laimter arratas ar cin a
leten`that one dare not [assume] responsibility', BCrólige 34 .
5 ro mac laog Lethdergain lamair / nale lend eiredh(with
tmesis), LL 393a45 .aire níslaimed (ni lamadh,v.l.) nech
de / acht Nechtain 's a deogbaire`none of them dared to
approach it
', Met. Dinds. iii 30.49 .co ná fil tís fo gréin grinn /
rolamad cís ar Cairind who would dare lay tribute on Cairenn,
10 Ériu iv 98 § 25 .daingen nar lamhadh le neimh`never
assailed by violence
', ZCP x 34.24 .nathair neimnech nā lam
nech`whom none dares', Ériu iii 145 § 23 .na lemhtar
athcath`no second . . . conflict will be dared', CCath. 5057.
Críst cen chin / ná ro lámur (lamur, MS.) tríst a ben whose
15curse I do not risk
, Ériu i 70.4 .cia do lémadh an éigean sin,
CF² 441 .sreab leis nār lamhadh`a stream that he did not
venture (to approach
)', O'R. Poems 879 .uain sgíosa ní
lamhthair liom, Aithd. D. 51.13 .fuinn leathna ar nach
lamhair cion`unchallengeable', 16.7 .Cf. cia ro batar smachta
20mara and, no ce ro laimead .iiii. la imbed na hindile, O'C.
257 ( H.3.18,149b ). With vn. or vn. phrase:ni rabi la Ultu
fer no lamad a n-etargaire who would dare to intervene
between them
, LU 8208 ( FB 15 ).ni rabai . . . fer no lámad
(lamad MS.) a thabairt dó, TBFr. 231 =fer rolamud claidim
25dó, ZCP iv 40.22 .cipé da mbad áil a acallaim in ríg, ní
lémthar, MU² 560 .ni lamad cor de, LU 726 ( ACC 41 ).
rolaimid a lomthúr`you dare to lay bare its origin' (of name
Sinann), Met. Dinds. iii 286.2 .an tan rob-som Cernach-som
(leg.robsat cernach-su) ni lemtha techt [t]ar do ráthaigecht
30`no one would have dared to violate thy guarantee', ZCP i 104.19 .
cona laimthi de d'faicsin so that they did not dare allow smoke
to be seen
, Leb. Gab. 76.16 .nach lémadh beith i bféin
Fhinn / gilla nach tibredh uirrim, Acall. 1444 .ni lamad
nech tenid d'ḟatód, LB 26bx .ni lamhann (sic leg.) breac
35snámh ag sioc (: abhann), Rel. Celt. ii 240.4 .nī lamaim . . .
richtain chuice, ZCP vii 306.19 .nāch mō lēmad tocht na
cceand, viii 224 § 28 .ní lémha a lámhugad, SG 24.7 . With
cen:gan luighe leam nī lémha, O'R. Poems 886. Note also:
nocho laimtis ara cuirtis isin caladh they did not dare enter
40the harbour
, Anecd. i 71 § 190 . Withagaidandlám:nachar'
lam duine lamh ann so that no one dared (to put) a hand on him,
Fier. 11 .nar lamhsatt G. adhaig ar tír, St. Ercuil 1546.
nocho lamthar lám 'na sgíath (: gabthar), ZCP viii 228 § 25.
(b) Folld. by prep.AR(FOR):laech forsnālamt[h]er a
45formidable warrior
, ZCP iii 46.18 . ?gach dé ar a léamhthaoi
`which could be attempted', Aithd. D. 50.4 . With other prepp.:
seanchaidi . . . frisin lámmais(lammais, YBL,lemais, LL)
ailgi choimgni`to whom we could entrust', Ériu iv 144.5 .
?ni lim lámathair, LU 3895 ( SC 40 ).
50Used absolutely:ma ro lóidib lammis(with tmesis) `if we
dare in lays
', Fél. Feb. 27 , glossedlamais nomen poeta[e],
Fél.² xlv.x , whencelamais .i. fili, O'Cl.cech slúagh nach
saigthech bíd secc / laimther is ní laimet`men dare, they dare
not
', Met. Dinds. iii 24.320 .derb leis rolamsadur / in lucht
55ba lia the numerous host defied, Lec. 171a14 =rolamhusan,
ZCP viii 206.19 .acht nat laimemar`save that we dare not',
Ériu ii 118 § 55. Cf. let .i. lingeut estro let letenaib nithu
ar maignib eccne .i. ro linged uirre co lamtinach tre nith gur
himre[d] eccin uirre a maigin, O'Dav. 1196.
60Somet. with long -á- (cf. lám,lámaigid):ni ro lámda[i]s
a marbad, Rawl. 73b32 .coin ┐ cuanarta nach lámhthar do
lámhúghadh, ML 136.19 .

1 lámaid xseelámaigid.

2 lámaid n i,m.(lám). Perh. inL. in l. ¤ `thrower', Met. Dinds.
65 iv 10.18 and Lug in lāmhaigh, Ériu x 84 § 75 , both of which,
however, may containg s.of2 lámach.Cf. oenchossid
oenlámaid one-handed, LL 14247.

lámaigid v(lám) also occas.lámaid. touches,handles :mairg
nosgrádaig, nos lámaig`caresses' (of women), Tec. Corm.
70 54.122n .tainic chugumsa / neach romlámhaigh-si, Buile S.
94.6 .creach dh'iath Luighdheach do lámhoigh he had in
his hand
, O'Hara 2009 (`a creach raided L's Land').caidhe
an cion náchar lámhuigh / mar chion Bhaile an Bhruth-
mháluigh the spoils which he did not handle, L. Branach
75 1663 (?leg. lamhaigh:Bhruthmhalaigh).as maith an truma
atá san maothail-si ┐ ni laimheóchatt féin go maidin í I will
not touch it
, RC xxix 220.5 (`I will not venture').sguir diom,
a duibhdiabail / . . . na lean me, na lamhaigh, ZCP i 133.w .
tig trú dhuaibhsech . . . ┐ lámhuighidh go heasaontach na
80deóraidh handles roughly, TSh. 3743 .bean do lámhaigeadh
Leith Cuinn who controlled, Gleanings 29.1 .ro lámhaigheadh
Sémus las an Ridire impisidhe (i.e.an uaimh) go ro gabhadh
lais é was roughly handled with respect to it, FM vi 2262.2
(`this [cave] he seized on J.').
85Also attempts,undertakes (influenced bylamaid):fāth far
lāmhoigh . . . beith re daonnacht, Sitzb. 1919 v 92 § 5 .
fleid Belcon rolamad / cetguine Cet maicc Magach, RC xxiii
308 § 19 (taken asrolāmad:Māgach, Wortk. 179 ).ní
lámhóchaid Teach M. dó fhágbháil attempt, Atlantis iv
184.34 .a rú co crích nír cuired / clú líth arar' lámuiged
5`her purpose was not brought to completion wherein fame for
feasts was sought
', Met. Dinds. iii 56.40 . Seelamaid.
Vn. lámugad,lámachtad.