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2 lámach n o(lám) (a) handling,skillwithweapons (or always in
sense (b) ?):nim laéch gan l. ¤ , TBC 3045 .bud croderg al-
lamach, CRR 30.y .ar beodacht ┐ ar l. ¤ , AU ii 362.1 .lucht
65gacha lamaigh, ZCP vi 24.y .ní chuala ar lámhach Logha/
leithéid lámhaigh Murchadha I have heard naught of the feats
of L. to compare with M.'s
, DDána 85.50 .ar thoradh luais
ná lámhaigh, Comp. Con C. 120.10 .
(b) hurling(of missiles),shooting(of firearms): luath-urcair
70lamhaigh, MR 116.16 .foircend lámhaig target, Corm. Tr.
109 (note by Mac Fir Bisigh).tarla dhamh lámhach dar
leam / do ḟeadur as é m'ḟuigheall, IGT Decl. ex. 1361
( Prolegomena 42 ).lámhach éigrinn, DDána 82.14 .trí
soighde go séan lámhaigh, 78.12 .go ro chaith i mbaoí do
75phudar . . . la lionmuire a lámhaigh, FM vi 2072.19 .lámhach
líge / lámhach gaethe, léaghamh líne(attributes of chief),
Keat. Poems 766 - 7 .ag lámhach bonnsach ┐ biorghaoitheadh,
TSh. 524. tugaidh lāmhach uaibh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 36.7 .
ag lámhach re bogha, Ps. lxxviii 9 .lucht lámhuigh`the
80shooters
', 2 Sam. xi 24 . In phrases:l. ¤ laeich: ba nert níad
┐ bá l. ¤ láich lais(of Achilles), LL 244a26 `hero's hurling',
TTr. 2036 .is gal curadh, is lamach laech lais, Aen. 754.
lúth is lámhach vigour and marksmanship:dias . . . do chind
ar luth ┐ ar lamach do chach uli`in activity and sure aim', Ann.
85Conn. 1281.4 .mná is macraidh / ag déanamh lūidh is lámuigh,
O'Gr. Cat. 508.6 .fras lámhaig volley: do sgaoilsead frais
lāmhaigh i n-aon uaim, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 15.27 .do sgaoileadh
frasanna lāmhaigh friu, 34.14 .do sgaoileadh lámhach riú,
45.7 .Cf. gabhait . . . ar beith ag comhscaoiledh lāmhoigh
re aroile(part of pyrotechnic display), Fl. Earls 188.14 .
5?amail carr a tabair (a mberar) lámhach / tria condall
fand fērach, Corm. Y 944.

lámachad xseelámugad.

lámachtad Vn.oflámaigid,act oftouching,handling :do deiscin
┐ do lamachtad in chuirp`to touch', Fél. 244.33 .tuc . . . dam
10do láim dia l. ¤ (Isaac to Esau), SR 2882 .atnaig Ísaac ic
lámachtadh a laime, Celtica iv 8.37 =oc lamachad, LB
113b59 .lamachtad in chuirp choimdetta, PH 6739 (Thomas).
nir bo bés leo . . . / lamachtad mna lamanta, SR 3032 =nir
ba bess occa lámachtadh(lamachtain, LB 114b17 )mná
15lámannta, Celtica iv 12.82 .gan aoinḟear . . . / do lámhach-
tain a n-airm ann`to use their arms', Keat. iii 4186.
Seelámugad.

lamachtain vn.oflamaid. IGT Verbs § 24 .act ofventuring,
attack :co tángador imṡlán, cen lamachtuin beime friú
20`without a blow being struck at them', ALC i 208.6 .ba hingnad
lasin caillig ind adhleiscci sin do l. ¤ `to presume', CCath. 4192.
m'aoradh do dhreim dom daltuiph / baoghal leinn a lamhach-
tuin, IGT Verbs § 24 .gan ingin righ . . . dho lamhachtain
druine(`to work embroidery')nor could any king's daughter
25think of doing needlework
(of oppression of Norsemen), Caithr.
CC 3 .fobra no l. ¤ , O'Dav. 994. Also perh.lamthain:
mogenar dún lamthana a thabarta i llaidib, Fél.² xlv.w .
Seelamad.

lamad vn.oflamaid:lé lamhadh mheardhánta ausu temerario,
30 Rial. S. F. 1588 .gan a lámhadh non audeant, 1672 .

lámad xseelamad.

lámadas xseeládus.

lamaid vO. Ir.ro-laimethar(see Ped. ii 560 - 1 , Wortk. 179.
Celt. Verb 168 - 9 . For instances of non-use of preverb in
35early period see Thurn. Gramm. p. 351 ). The early rhyme
lámur:águrcited Wortk. from Ériu i 70 is doubtful, as the
MS. haslamurand there is already an internal rhyme in the
couplet. Later confused withlámaid(seelámaigid).Ind.
pres. 1 s. ro-laumur, Wb. 17a8 .ru-laimur, c21 .ro-lomur,
40 Ml. 21b5 .-lomur, Trip. 166.2 .-lamur, SR 1259. -lamaim,
BDD² 1500. 3 s. ro-laimethar, Wb. 5a15 , 9c3 .na (leg.r-a-)
laimeda[r] , 17c19 .-lomethar, BDD² 1207. -lamether(-laim-
ethar, LU), TBC² 1052 .pass. lamar, Laws i 96.18 Comm .
rolaimther, Met. Dinds. iii 14.168 .-laimter, BCrólige 34 .
45 1 p. -laimir sni, Wb. 15c20 (leg. laimimmir-sni? note).ro-
laimemmar, 15c19 ,-laimemmar, 17b8 .-lamam, BColm.
96.15 .2 p. rolaimid, Met. Dinds. iii 286.2 .3 p. nílibmatar
(leg. -lamatar, Ped. ii p. 560 ;-lamataror-lilmatar, Thes. ii
236 n. k ), Ml. 69b3 .Ipv. 3 p. nalaimetar , Ml. 60d6 .Impf.
50 3 s. nalaimed , LL 8875. -lamad, Fing. R. 667. 3 p. -laimtis,
Sc. M² 20 .nalaimtís , LL 8472. pass. -laimthea, LU 4213.
-lamthá, LL 22062. Subj. pres. 1 s. rollámar , Sg. 171b1 .
romlama , LL 284a17 .ni . . .lámathair , LU 3895 ( SC 40 ).
1 pl. -laimemar, Ériu ii 118 § 55. Subj. impf. 3 s. no-lamad,
55 LU 8203 ( FB 15 ).1 p. rolammis , Fél. 27. July 25 .laimmais,
TBC 1193. Perh. originally with redupl. fut. See Ped. ii
561 , who discusses the formlib matarquoted above,
-linfaithir, TBC² 706 , and forms ofcon-laimethar(q.v.).
Later withē-fut. 3 s. ro-t-lemathar, FB 33 Eg.-lémaither,
60 LU 5185. pass. -lémthar, MU² 560 ( LL 266a27 ).-lemthar,
RC vi 176.78 .Condit. pass. lemtha, ZCP i 104.19 .Pret.
andperf. 3 s. lāmair, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 19 .rolámair ,
LU 9168 ( FB 90 ). Fél. Prol. 58. ?lamair, MU² 114.
rolamar, LU 5121. Pass. rolet, O'Dav. 1196 .rolaimed ,
65 O'C. 257 ( H.3.18,149 ).-lamad, Ériu ii 180.17 .rolamad,
Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 64. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 24.
Note also:Indic. pres. 1 s. leimhuim, Párl. na mB. 3716 .
3 s. -lam, Ériu iii 145 § 23 .-laim, ZCP iii 206.9 .Condit.
1 s. laimheōbhainn, Parrth. Anma 6319. láimheóbhainn,
70 Desid. 1312 (`formed as if fromlámhaigh', O'Rahilly, Gloss.).
Pret.andperf. 3 s. rolam , Fing. R. 28 .roláim , LU 4774
(lāim, TBC² 281 ).leoimh, Oss. iv 220.15 .3 p. roslamsat ,
LL 17685.
Vn. léiten(a),lamachtain.
75 Dares,ventures . (a) With direct object. Of persons:co
narlamad hē ō Boind co Sinaind`so that he was not dared',
Ériu ii 180.17 .lāmair lergga / lāna slōig slōgidach . . .
Laigniu Labraid`der kriegliebende Labraid wagte sich an
Hügelseiten voller Kriegsscharen . . . an die Männer von
80Leinster
,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 19 .iat is airthech ar cech
slúag / ná rolaimther a marc-ṡlúag`none dare assail', Met.
Dinds. iii 14.168 .níslaimed turbaid ar bith (:gaibed) dared
not touch them
, 164.9 .lamair Lorcán he took in hands Lorcan,
Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 32 .lemthai gach aen ┐ ni lema aen sib
85`defy', Aen. 2453 .ro lamsat gach dine in dream, BB 51a25 .
ag laechaib ni lemthar`heroes will not defy him', RC vi
176.78 .cech saer noslēma / ar lár a t[h]īre, ZCP viii 110.29 .
an lāmh nach lamhar, O'R. Poems 1062.
With non-personal object:ni laimter arratas ar cin a
leten`that one dare not [assume] responsibility', BCrólige 34 .
5 ro mac laog Lethdergain lamair / nale lend eiredh(with
tmesis), LL 393a45 .aire níslaimed (ni lamadh,v.l.) nech
de / acht Nechtain 's a deogbaire`none of them dared to
approach it
', Met. Dinds. iii 30.49 .co ná fil tís fo gréin grinn /
rolamad cís ar Cairind who would dare lay tribute on Cairenn,
10 Ériu iv 98 § 25 .daingen nar lamhadh le neimh`never
assailed by violence
', ZCP x 34.24 .nathair neimnech nā lam
nech`whom none dares', Ériu iii 145 § 23 .na lemhtar
athcath`no second . . . conflict will be dared', CCath. 5057.
Críst cen chin / ná ro lámur (lamur, MS.) tríst a ben whose
15curse I do not risk
, Ériu i 70.4 .cia do lémadh an éigean sin,
CF² 441 .sreab leis nār lamhadh`a stream that he did not
venture (to approach
)', O'R. Poems 879 .uain sgíosa ní
lamhthair liom, Aithd. D. 51.13 .fuinn leathna ar nach
lamhair cion`unchallengeable', 16.7 .Cf. cia ro batar smachta
20mara and, no ce ro laimead .iiii. la imbed na hindile, O'C.
257 ( H.3.18,149b ). With vn. or vn. phrase:ni rabi la Ultu
fer no lamad a n-etargaire who would dare to intervene
between them
, LU 8208 ( FB 15 ).ni rabai . . . fer no lámad
(lamad MS.) a thabairt dó, TBFr. 231 =fer rolamud claidim
25dó, ZCP iv 40.22 .cipé da mbad áil a acallaim in ríg, ní
lémthar, MU² 560 .ni lamad cor de, LU 726 ( ACC 41 ).
rolaimid a lomthúr`you dare to lay bare its origin' (of name
Sinann), Met. Dinds. iii 286.2 .an tan rob-som Cernach-som
(leg.robsat cernach-su) ni lemtha techt [t]ar do ráthaigecht
30`no one would have dared to violate thy guarantee', ZCP i 104.19 .
cona laimthi de d'faicsin so that they did not dare allow smoke
to be seen
, Leb. Gab. 76.16 .nach lémadh beith i bféin
Fhinn / gilla nach tibredh uirrim, Acall. 1444 .ni lamad
nech tenid d'ḟatód, LB 26bx .ni lamhann (sic leg.) breac
35snámh ag sioc (: abhann), Rel. Celt. ii 240.4 .nī lamaim . . .
richtain chuice, ZCP vii 306.19 .nāch mō lēmad tocht na
cceand, viii 224 § 28 .ní lémha a lámhugad, SG 24.7 . With
cen:gan luighe leam nī lémha, O'R. Poems 886. Note also:
nocho laimtis ara cuirtis isin caladh they did not dare enter
40the harbour
, Anecd. i 71 § 190 . Withagaidandlám:nachar'
lam duine lamh ann so that no one dared (to put) a hand on him,
Fier. 11 .nar lamhsatt G. adhaig ar tír, St. Ercuil 1546.
nocho lamthar lám 'na sgíath (: gabthar), ZCP viii 228 § 25.
(b) Folld. by prep.AR(FOR):laech forsnālamt[h]er a
45formidable warrior
, ZCP iii 46.18 . ?gach dé ar a léamhthaoi
`which could be attempted', Aithd. D. 50.4 . With other prepp.:
seanchaidi . . . frisin lámmais(lammais, YBL,lemais, LL)
ailgi choimgni`to whom we could entrust', Ériu iv 144.5 .
?ni lim lámathair, LU 3895 ( SC 40 ).
50Used absolutely:ma ro lóidib lammis(with tmesis) `if we
dare in lays
', Fél. Feb. 27 , glossedlamais nomen poeta[e],
Fél.² xlv.x , whencelamais .i. fili, O'Cl.cech slúagh nach
saigthech bíd secc / laimther is ní laimet`men dare, they dare
not
', Met. Dinds. iii 24.320 .derb leis rolamsadur / in lucht
55ba lia the numerous host defied, Lec. 171a14 =rolamhusan,
ZCP viii 206.19 .acht nat laimemar`save that we dare not',
Ériu ii 118 § 55. Cf. let .i. lingeut estro let letenaib nithu
ar maignib eccne .i. ro linged uirre co lamtinach tre nith gur
himre[d] eccin uirre a maigin, O'Dav. 1196.
60Somet. with long -á- (cf. lám,lámaigid):ni ro lámda[i]s
a marbad, Rawl. 73b32 .coin ┐ cuanarta nach lámhthar do
lámhúghadh, ML 136.19 .