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1 lúath adj o,ā.Cf. n s m. imlúaith(: Cruaich), LL 1397 (cruach:
imluath,v.l., ITS xli 234 ).
Quick,swift :fo bés srotha luaith, Wb. 32c16 .ar uscib
lūathaib, Hy. vi 16 .loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 .goetha
75luatha, FA 30 (LB).a haisdear ni luath, Magauran 1036 .
frasa . . . luatha . . . d'armuibh, Comp. Con C. 126.15 .dá
súil lúatha Loingsecháin, Buile S. 44.12 . Of animals:ech . . .
luath, LU 8659 ( FB 49 ).lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD²
1515 .da n-ag lúatha, TBC 1324 .loscind luatha, BB 240a44 .
80In more abstract applications:ber na bretha lūatha ūd do
chāch, ZCP xiii 179.7 (see below under compds.).i bhfeirg
nar luath`not fickle in anger', Magauran 124 .Cf.also:
Aifreann luath`an early Mass', O'Hara 4081 .im Shuibhne
luath ar buaireamh céille atáim mad, Hackett xix 5 .
85In adverbial use quickly, hence alsosoon,immediately,
instantly: dobert doíri forsna Laigniu / luath atchiam, LL
4900 .is toich no is luath toibgit na sofir a ferann, Laws iv
2.5 Comm .Loch Gili as luath do linged. Ir. Texts ii 13 § 24.
for l. ¤ , Fing. R. 320 (ar,co,v.l.) (see Notes).ticed co l. ¤ ,
LU 3660 ( SC 32 ).co l. ¤ , SR 5978 .tair co luath asin sruth
5 immediately, Mac Carthy 66.5 .atracht a bas co luath, Lat.
Lives 67.4 .rithidh go luath, TSh. 10331 .seal go luath ┐
seal go mall(of the pulse), 1656 .
Equative:lasar thened luathaigther (sicMS.) athach
ngáithe, RC xii 426 § 10 .luaithir bogsimhin ar lár srotha,
10 Comp. Con C. 102.18 .lūaithit[h]ir fīamain, Corm. Y 1059.
lúaithigthir fíamuin, BDD² 1340 (altered fromluaithir,
Gloss.,luaithidir,v.l. p. 64 ).lúathidir gaíth n-erraig, LU
3809 ( SC 37 ).luathither lochait iar forgarmain, Corm. 36.45 .
lúathidir rothán ṁbúaled, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ).luathidir
15ruathur funemda, Ériu iv 30.3 .
Compar.:ni ra lúathiu na nóecharptig anda in triar de
choiss, TBC 5876 .am lūaithe nā crand fri sruth, Arch. iii
233 § 6 .dothoet C. fa chēttōir co Temraigh ┐ robtar luaithi
rāngator techta Uladh sooner, ZCP xiv 223.4 .atbert
20Cruind . . . ba lúaithiu a ben, Met. Dinds. iv 126.36 .is
luaithiu gabas nech tuinidigl.aitheam=áithem, Laws iv
2.10 Comm . (see Celtica vi 221 ).indas is luathi oltás amal
dogním-sea more quickly than I do, PH 4135 .luaithe íad
go tech Temrach / ná Ó Ruairc 'sa ro-thecchlach earlier
25(they came) to
. . . , BNnÉ 289.11 .luaithe ná líonadh na
mara / maidhm an díomais ag drud ria, PBocht 8.6 .toil
a fhaghbhala nis luaighe(viz.death), ITS xxix 194.6 .
Adverbially before(in time): ní is lúaithi na rucadh Iosyas
`before I. was born', Maund. 110. Cf. gach ní tig ó ní oile, as
30luaithe bhíos an ní ó ttig ann inā é i.e. exists before it, Parrth.
Anma 1229. Of wish, intention (cf.Engl.sooner, rather):
gurab luaithi d'fuileon[g]adh bota pilēr do dhēnamh 'ná
thiocfadh go Cōigeadh Uladh san chonvae sin, Cín Lae Ó
Meall. 32.16 .is luaithe d'fhuileongainn bás ioná d'aon-
35tóchainn dhóibh I would rather suffer death, Donl. 418.5 .
achd gu madh luaithe dhiongnas saothar let him rather labour,
Ephes. iv 28. In phr.mar as lúaithe(sense ofsuperl.?)
assoonas:do eirigh an maccamh mar as luaithe adubradh
sin, BNnÉ 115.23 .mar is luaithi moitheochair na droch-
40smuaintighthi, ITS xxix 195.20 . WithDE:nosnaltatar for
feolaib maccoem mbec, ardāig comad luathite a forbairt
that she might grow the more quickly, Ériu iii 138.82 .comad
luathaide do soisdís a feich dḟeichemain toichida`that the
plaintiff might the more readily recover his debts
', Laws iii
45152.12 Comm .ionnus gurab luathaide do fhásfadh é, Keat. ii
4906 .gurab luathaide ghuidheas an eaglais ar an marbh,
TSh. 5197.
Superl.In LL adverbially and apparently in sense of
compar.:cid ellom condranic cách, luaithium conarnic
50Fergus, TBC 1035 .cid l. ¤ condránic in gilla luathiu[m?]
con arnic Cu Ch., 1421 .luathium luis Goll a láma(i.e.
more quickly than his adversary), LL 12705. The forms
lúadem, LL 572 and in:Life, luathem a linne(`swiftest his
waters
'), Met. Dinds. ii 82.43 are perh. rather1 pl.oflúaidid,
55 q.v.
Assubst.with prep.AR:luath ar exibh indse Cuind / as
gach aird d'fhis Í Dhomhnuill the poets of Ireland hasten
towards O'D.
, Ir. Texts ii 90 § 30 .luath ar an gcioth mheasdar
mall the shower is early which is expected late(?), DDána 73.7 .
60Asn.pr.:S. mac Luaith, AU i 222.10 .Lurgu mac Lúaith
lasar-deirg, Met. Dinds. iv 122.10 .
Very frequent in composition. In the follg. lists com-
pounds where l. ¤ is used mainly for alliteration and / or
rhyme have not been fully listed.
65(a) With nouns. ? ¤ áirem:each da bo . . . luathairem ar
aird eamain, Laws v 66.19 . ¤ breith:gan luaithbhreith
without rash judgement, Content. xiv 32 .na beir luaith-
bhreith ar leithscél, Acall. 1414 . ¤ cháin:mac dia tibrat
laeich lūathchāin ready tribute, BColm. 6.21 . ¤ chles:luath-
70chleas seannuig, Párl. na mB. 2367 (assonating withcuach).
Cf. lúthcompds. ¤ chor:foceird . . . lūathchor dá sūil isin
tigh a rapid glance, ZCP v 501.26 . ¤ chride:luathchridegl.
cardiacus, Thes. ii 231.10 . ¤ chúaird:ro lá mo súilse lúath-
chuaird I glanced rapidly around it, LU 7071 ( BDD 73 ).
75 ¤ éc:mortlaid . . . .i. luath-écai . . . .i. mortluath . . . luath
.i. bás, Hy. v 12 gl. 24 . ¤ ḟoibirtseefópairt (c). ¤ gol:mná
uaisle ag luathghol ar shráidibh weeping copiously, Keat.
Poems 479 . ¤ grinde:in luathgrinde áigh ┐ irgaile`swift
phalanx
' (Gloss.), Acall. 2819 . 4417 . ¤ guin:nert a luath-
80guinib, Acall. 4740 . ¤ immáin:luath-ímana so sis, ┐ imana
indligtheacha, Laws v 138.9 Comm . (introducing a list of
punishable `drivings'). ¤ lasair:luadfit lergga luathlasra
fiercely flaming, SR 8207. ? ¤ mag:cia ghébus Laigniu a
lluathmaig / tacair [cruai]d tria báig, SG 382.24 . ? ¤ rann:
85 Mag Li luatraind, Mag Lathraind, Leb. Gab. 62.8 .luath-
rainn .i. luaittear a rannaibh, O'Cl. ¤ réim:ina luaithréim
`on his rapid progress', FM v 1820.2 . ¤ tinól:forfuair do A.
in luathtinol sa do dénum, Alex. 77.
Rarely with noun formingadjectivalcompd. ¤ enech:
gripp lepp luathaineach / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56.
5 Cf.also LU 3382 - 3 printedLabraid Lúathlám ar claideb,
SC 17 `Swift-Hand-on-Sword', Sc. G. Stud. vii 54 (cf. BDD²
269 citeds.v. luïd.).
(b) With adjj. In dvandva-compds. (the available exx.
all show alliteration). ¤ adbal:ina lasrachaibh . . . luath-
10aidhbhle, ML 84.12 . ¤ athlam:muineadha loma luath-ath-
lomha, 84.23 . ¤ bras:ín gres luighthi co luath-bras, Acall.
818 `rashly and perfunctorily', SG ii 121 . ¤ lom:eclach
siden luathlom lísta lurgan-breac, BB 257b7 . ¤ mer:ina
laemannaib . . . luath-mera, MR 222.23 .
15With adjj. formed from nouns: ¤ aicentach:claochlódh
corrach . . . luath-aigeantach, TSh. 1662 . ¤ basachsee
lúthbasach. ¤ béimennach:Laegaire Lúathbémandach,
Fianaig. 70.7 . ¤ fasaigseelúthbasach. ¤ gonach:an laech
. . . luath-ghonach, MR 278.24 .lúathghuineach, Duan.
20Finn ii 44 § 48 . ¤ léimnech:ech . . . lúathlemnech, LU 6489
( TBC² 1975 ). ¤ ṡíntech:in lann . . . luath-shintech`quick-
striking
', MR 300.8 . ¤ ṡúilech quick-eyed: na bí gaireachtach
na luath-shúileach indti=non oculos circumferas(i.e. at
prayer), ITS xxix 198.9 .
25(c) With verbs. ¤ báidid:romarb,roloisc,roluabhaídh,
MacCarthy 412.8 . ¤ brisid:roluathbrisedur a longa, Ériu
viii 18.z . ¤ éirgid:roluatheirghidar na tonda`swiftly uprose',
Ériu iii 156 § 9 . ¤ gaibid:and rolúath-gab cen lumma / draic
úathmar fili sunna, Met. Dinds. iii 224.19 . ¤ lonnaigid:do
30luath-lonnaigh im Conall trias[n]a haithesgu sin C. flew into a
passion
. ZCP xiv 258.17 . ¤ marbaid:ro luathmarbad . . . na
tri cét fer, Acall. 7868 . ¤ medraid:ro luath-meadrad in
saermiled, MR 230.25 .
With vnn. ¤ ḟácbáil:Luimnech do luathfhacbail to leave
35L. quickly
, Caithr. CC 8 . ¤ gorad:dia fúair L. luathgorud,
LL 4162 ( RC xxiii 316.2 ). ¤ letrad:robo imda laoch 'na
ligu iarna luathledradh, LL 408a52 (= TTr. 2230 ). ¤ répad:
ac loscad ┐ ac luathrébad críchi Cuailgne, Comp. Con C. 82.19 .