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1 les n u,m. a pl. lessu, Wb. 27a28 .leas m., IGT § 95 (127.14) .
(a) The earliest meaning, exemplified particularly in the
Laws, seems to be relief,redress,remedy .les(a) airechta
redress obtainable through court proceedings. Hence also
5 cause,case;affair,matter :is dithre o lesaib airechta is
excluded from redress in the assembly
, Laws i 84.12 .is luga
ro sailter leas airechta an aide do denam di iar n-aís diailtre
(a reason why fosterage fee is higher for a girl than for a
boy), O'C. 281 ( H. 3.18,151 ).athgabāil arindī atgaib
10cāch a less treithe, Corm. Y 50 .no ainfaind-se al an dalai
n-ai, acht is andsa dondni do-boing; is he a l. ¤ anas it is
his relief that is delayed
, Laws i 250.22 .im saige lesa
suing for redress(after a killing), O'D. 563 ( H. 3.17,440 ).
ní gaibiut athgabháil ima lesa, O'D. 183 ( H. 3.17 150 ).secht n-athgabala
15. . . nacon toibget lesa which do not exact redress, Laws v
254.2 .fris tobug cach a l. ¤ .i. resi toibgenn nech in ni dligius,
i 256. 6 , 10 Comm .na deoradha ┐ na murchuirthe . . .
nocha n-indlighthech nemurfaemad a toicheda . . . cid ima
l. ¤ uodein, cid im l. ¤ neich eile whether it be for their own relief
20or for the relief of another
, 86.23 Comm .cach duine um a l. ¤
fadeisin, v 284.5 .less coitchenn la F. insin do cāch, a less
fesin immurgu dognī F., ZCP vii 300. 26 - 27 = Ériu xiii 46.22 .
arda-lesaib labrait(h)er cirt coir`die für ihre Sache reden',
ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306.4 ).asbér fris do lesu amuil
25bid leam fén in ceist I will plead your case, O'D. 945 ( H. 3.17,
662 ).tacrait-si far less! ol olldam state your case, Anecd.
iii 27.17 .cealla . . . o nach acrait airchindig a leasa`do not
sue for their claims
', Laws v 118.10 .tacra im leas mna nad
eta urlabra, tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht
30 who does not plead his own case, 252.10 - 11 .atat .iii. [meth]
fesa do rig, a fuirired, a faigthe, a dligid . . . a dliged adsuidet
lesa . . . co nach mbi ┐c. his due which claims establish(?),
O'C. 805 ( H. 3.18,373a ).ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do
lessaib túaithe i.e.when he is engaged on the affairs of the
35`túath', Críth Gabl. 598 (opp. tofria thaiscidi`for his private
affairs
').gell slógad, gell rechtge, gell cairddi; ar it l(i)essa
túaithe huli insin, 507 .dá ḟer deac dano dám epscuip do
les[s]ib ecalsa ┐ túaithe, 600 .breithem tuaithe fri l. ¤ tuaithe,
┐ breithemh fri l. ¤ eclaisi, O'D. 535 ( H. 3.17,432 ).cisne
40lesa donaibh sen tascnat treise? Sloged, cis . . . fuba ┐ ruba,
meth feise la rig . . . rot, ramat . . . matter, affair(?), Laws
i 230.21 .ni daim enecland anadh cach l. ¤ bes dir aurfognum
┐ imchongnum, 228.17 .ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim
na ingine, sech ba hé less nod ṁbert, TBFr. 156 .o rogleset
45in l. ¤ frisa tancatar when they had settled the matter for which
they came
, Lism. L. 2030. Cf. leas .i. cúis no caingean . . .
gléodh gacha leasa .i. criochnughadh, no glanadh gach
cúise, O'Cl.
In phrases with vbb.do-gní l. ¤ x actsin theinterestsof x,
50 looks afterx: ach be nach aile dorona a lesa .i. . . . ni fagbuit
neach eile dfechiumnus a caingin i n-aisce, Laws ii 86.y .
dognim less na n-anm[ann]a I look after, SR 1196 .ingen
Echdach oc báig mo marbtha frim . . . uair nach dēnaim
a ll. ¤ frit-so, Fing. R. 50 .rap áil do Choin Chulaind less
55Ulad do denam, LL 9942 ( TBC 2881 ).indis scēla dūinne, ar
siat, ┐ dodēnum do l. ¤ in cach conuir ambeir, RC x 180.18 .
tri fichit rigan . . . / bátar acum i n-aoinḟecht / do[gh]nínn
a leasa uili, Acall. 504. Cf. ar nī dēin a l. ¤ intī saltras in lā
dognī he who walks (thereon) does not prosper the day he does it,
60 Arch. iii 225.31 .gé go ttainic mé as / ní dearnadh mo leas
san lá, Duan. Finn ii 368 § 26 .
Alsodo-gní do x:Corr Derce . . . / do Ḟothud dogní
ard-less, Met. Dinds. iv 122.14 .do rinne leas nó díoth
dhúinn`for our weal or woe it was', PBocht 27.11 .
65 ro-icc l. ¤ sees.v. ro-icc. Add: In RSClára the phr. is usually
ro-icc do l. ¤ Also once in Carsw.:gach uair dá rigfe sé do
leas é whenever he shall need it, 156 .na halmsana . . . do
roinn . . . ar an druing ricces do l. ¤ (unto those who have need),
RSClára fo. 110a .an tan regar do l. ¤ leis na Sethruibh a
70ṡamhail so do ṡáothar do dhénamh, fo. 116a .innach rigend
an bhanab náid na Sethracha bráithre túata do l. ¤ (where
the Abbesse and the Sisters have no need of lay Brothers
), fo.
90a .Cf.alsoro-s-furic a less in coimdiu(Dominus his opus
habet), PH 4373.
75 Cf. ríachtanas a l. ¤ :gidh sochaidhi ita ina riachtanas a
leas, Laws iv 162 n .in duine bís it riachtanus do lesa
who needs you, O'D. 676 ( H. 3.17,495 ).ro-riachtanus a
leas an bídh, O'D. 521 ( H. 3.17 423 ). See alsos.v. ríachtanas.
fri l. ¤ x engagedupon x'saffairs :gad ar techtaire .i. re l. ¤
80fir bunaid rucait on the business of the owner(?), Laws v
492.4 - 5 Comm .ceit[h]re trīr, trī cet[h]ruir, / cuibde re
gach l. ¤ no matter what activity they are engaged on(?), Ériu i
39 § 6 (`fit for every need').Ualer lem rom lessaib, Gorm.
June 14 .mad cumma ech ┐ ech, / . . . / madat comlūatha
85frim l. ¤ , ZCP viii 217 § 2 .ní lim-sa nach carthair, / uair it
ráe rem léas (: a ndeas), RC vi 177.100 .inmain triar . . . /
ragus lemsa ar chenn in bhuair / inmain triar . . . / do
ragat lemsa rom (leg.rem) l. ¤ , SG 382.9 .a nglacadh go
lompuisneach re na l. ¤ , (to take the bare use of them), RSClára
fo. 147a . ?inniss dam gach dal ret leass, / co nderntar lim
5do leges, IT i 123.13 ( TE 9 Eg.).
(b) advantage,good,benefit,profit,interest :ni ar less ro
bói andgl.quod erat contrarium nobis, Wb. 27a18 .ni táirci
lessu utmille`restlessness causes not benefits', 28 .is oc bar
less ataat`they are benefiting you', 25c16 .ni aurdallat dāna
10sona na maíne mára na lessa for lubra léim, ZCP xi 94 § 31
(Audacht Morainn).nī fess coich less coich amless, 84 § 32 (do.).
ni fes cuich l. ¤ cúich amles, LU 10822 .aithne eich techtaire
fri himrim a leasa`for his[sc.the owner's] benefit', Laws v
190.18 .cech airchindech fritái in[na] (sic leg. ?) lessa who
15opposes (the granting of) these benefits
(ref. to the cleaning
of oratory and graveyard and the supplying of altar vessels),
Ériu i 219 § 7 .is í dias as dech fail i nHerind im less
a tigernae, LU 7692 ( BDD² 1220 ).na tiagat ceím forddail
acht ammar as dess ┐ as less, LL 189b41 .na légid bar leas
20do lot`your interests', Cog. 122.28 .cen chessacht lessa
begrudging (another's) good fortune(?), Ériu iii 96 § 5 (`wailing
after prosperity
').ar daig lessa sochaide, PH 7991 .robé
l. ¤ Dē ┐ a choimnesa isna cosaib-sea, Arch. iii 232.x .mās
é a leas a luadh go grod if it is to her advantage(?), Celtica
25 iv 120 § 39 .eochoir leasa`the key of profit', Studies 1918,
98 § 2 .ar tí mo leasa intending my good, Dán Dé xix 2 .
madh é a aimhleas, madh é a leas, TD 4.40 .l. ¤ ┐ líth advantage
andprosperity :ic tairdeilb do lessa-su ┐ do lítha, TBC 216.
o thanic mo ṡiur aness / nocon ḟétaim less na líth, LL 208b26 .
30 as cómhairle ar l. ¤ ┐ ar lith Uladh an chomhairle sin, ITS v
8.20 .dia forroghena rīghdha ēcnairc / hi lantt leasaibh
(? =hi lesaibh lann on behalf of churches), ZCP viii 198 § 23.
?ní léir leo leas a fighe / aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ne, Content.
xxii 17n .
35 ar l. ¤ x for thebenefitof x:leasaighthear libh ar leas cháich /
sguird gheal an ghréasa neamhghnáith, Aithd. D. 3.2 .ar a
leas nó i n-aghaidh Airt, DDána 100.26 .bheith dé Luain
ar mo leas-sa`to defend me on Doomsday', Dán Dé iv 6 .
na biodhbhaidh nach bia ar mo leassa`the band set to ruin me',
40 PBocht 24.5 .go ngabhann fearg . . . an liaigh ris, ar a leas,
an tan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do
ghlacadh, TSh. 8250. Alsoar l. ¤ do x; [is] ar leas doib icar
tar a ceand`for their good', Laws v 184.1 Comm .
In moral sense:tol Meic Dé cech a ndena / iss e do less
45rochuala, LL 19086 .do inchoisc a lessai dóib, Mon. Tall.
§ 23 (135.15) .a n-imtheacht do badh hé ar leas / na seacht
róid-se. . . (of ways leading Heavenward), Dán Dé vi 12 .
nach creidfeadh briathra Dé ná teagasg a leasa, TSh. 1653.
Especiallyl. ¤ anma:ní l. ¤ anma ar sui ardon condíath .i.
50ni fil ocund nech lessaiges . . . ar n-anmain, LU 583 ( ACC
12 ).bad less do anmae dogné, ná bad less do chuirp, Ériu
iii 106 § 48 .ar ghrádh Dé . . . ┐ ar l. ¤ a hanma(for the health
of her soule
), RSClára fo. 67a .Cf. Sentainne ┐ Senbachlach /
rop seis srofais a crínḟess / acht nocon adrat Mac Dé / nocon
55ḟagbat a primless, LL 22273.
Attrib.gen. rop soraid in sét-sa, / rop sét lessa im lámaib
profitable, Ériu vi 112 § 1 .lucht lesa supporters,advocates :
gémadh maith mo lucht leasa / t'ucht deassa ní mhaith
meise, PBocht 21.15 .lucht leasa don bhanḟáidh`favorers',
60 TD 21.23 (votaries?).mo lucht leasa, DDána 30.9 . For
lóg lessaseelóg.
(c) usual hospitality provided for guests (as opp. e.g. to
`fled' for special guests):boi leor l. ¤ oiged .i. robo leor no
lesaiged aegedu, LU 928 ( ACC 79 ).boi l. ¤ lán .i. boe-seom co
65tabrad a lánl. ¤ do cach, LU 926 - 7 ( ACC 78 ).ceathrur do dus . . . / is
triur fri fleada filed, / dias for coe, . . . / is fria leass a aenuran,
Auraic. 2246 .dias for fleadhaibh, . . . / oen coe, oen leas
roghnathach, 2250 .cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli
conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchi-sin . . . Gnáthl. ¤
70im̄. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ní dlig acht leth-
biathad, LL 187a48 .cia lin dam na firfhiled / . . . / for
gnathlessaib, for fledaib, Auraic. 2222. See alsos.v. gnáth.
(d) care(?);manure(?)(see Dinneen,s.v. leas):an treabhadh
ar nech téid leas / ní hé trá as taosga gheineas, DDána 121.3
75(`the uncared field', Ir. Monthly 1923, 586 § 3 ).
The follg. exx. are obscure:ar cid a lles issa llūam nott-
lūathar air, ZCP viii 104.2 .nam iarrair cosin nalaide
cúlaid di maith (.i. dirorben) lessa ar fechtaib, LU 5500
( TBC² 1020 rhet.).ré bliadna nir luaid l. ¤ / cruaid lé ┐
80tiamda a torrches good fortune did not move it(?) (of a delayed
birth), LL 7110 (line one syllable short).timpān ri cotlud!
ar cách, / l. ¤ cecha samna, gním gnáth the special advantage(?),
Fianaig. 46 § 6 (`the practice at each Hallowe'en').lesdruim
.i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi
85muine, Auraic. 988 .sona go ttigit leasa`all is well till claims
arise
'(?), Duan. Finn ii 134 § 40.
Compds. These seem to suggest the meaning substitute,
notproperly belonging(?) (usually with pejorative sense):
¤ ainm nickname,sobriquet :gach frithainme .i. l. a n-aighi
a cheile, O'C. 1763 ( 23 Q 6,36a ).mifocul mna dia raile
5.i. in drochfocul do beir in ben ar a cheili im a l., Laws i
148.6 Comm .im on lesanma, 236.28 .tubu n-ainme no
l., ii 156.19 Comm .l. lenus(one of the seven kinds of satire
for which `díre' was exacted), v 228.26 .mac na mbachlach
cusna lesanmannaib, LL 13153 ( Sc. M. 12 ).ní l. dait . . .
10Cú Chulaind inappropriate name, LU 8146 ( FB 11 ).ó
tócbhail a nGulban gairb / lenaidh don laech an l. / Conull . . .
Gulban, Ir. Texts ii 6 § 4 . ¤ anmad vn.formation from
preced.:in glaim dicenn, .i. in tuba n-ainme, no in l., Laws
i 240.21 Comm . ¤ athair:lesathair ┐ lesmāthair, Corm. Y
15 798 . ¤ chlann stepchildren: raba miscais léside a leschland,
LL 218a26 ( TTr. 86 ).idir fhiorchlainn ┐ leaschlainn na
heagluisi, Luc. Fid.² 2815 . ¤ macc stepson: lesmacgl.priui-
gnus, Thes. ii 231.13 .l. .i. prius genitusgl.priuignus,
Sg. 38b6 .lesmac, Corm. Y 798 .robo lesmac di é, LU 319
20( ACC Introd. ).lesmac ecalse an undutiful son, Arch. iii
313 § 13 .feochoir mo luan rem lesmac, 310 vii § 1 (B. na f.).
Tiberius.i. l. ¤ Augusti , Rawl. B 503,fo. 7a (Plummer MS.
notes). ¤ máthair stepmother: lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 .l. ¤
gl.nouerca, Ir. Gl. 48 .huairi cotusaisi a les-mathair on
25nogatad si cach ni isin thig do cheilib Dé(of Brigit), Ir.
Texts i 5.9 .breth lettrom lesmathar, LL 4531. Fig. leas-
mháthair na subháilceadh an conách(noverca), TSh. 8337.