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íat pron. 3 pl.all genders.Nom.andacc.Replaces O.Ir.
é,q.v.(see Thurn. Gramm. § 408 ). First ex. follg. shows O.Ir.
85and Mid.Ir. forms side by side. Wheníatwas pred. of
cop., sg. or pl. forms of cop. could be used:is iat na naídin
... it é sin in lucht ..., LU 2207 - 8 .it íat a dá malaig chóiri
..., BDD² 852. ros-gab míad ┐ imtholtu íad, 20.4 dorat
dia fíadnaib fein íat gave them to his own witnesses, LU 8550.
coich thussu ol iat, 3328 .at íat so ríg bátar isin dail, 3444 .
5 is íat dorat sund i fat, 3836 .atcessa iatsom fon cruth sin,
8770 .mas iat benas in fid, TBC 1398. batar iat indsi ás
lochaib ..., 5059 .┐ iat-som i n-a lige for lár, PH 1010.
nidat dee iat-sén, 2353 .ná tug dot óidh iad, DDána 8 § 4.
is iad caointear ceann i gceann | gion go saoiltear gan iad
10ann, 79 § 20. For usage see1 é, RIA Dict. Fasc. II.

1 íath nOrig.u,n. n s. iathnAnann, O'C. 1409 (< H 3. 18,
p. 635 ).g s. iatha, Laws i 254. 19 Comm. n p. araile
iath , O'C. 416b (< H 3. 18,p. 229a ). Later aso,m.:g s.
cláir-iaith Chuirc , Keat. Poems 1467. g p. nan-íath , LU
15 3558 ; and asā,f.:g s. gachiaithe , O'Gr. Cat. 663.13.
d s. saniaithengaig, 518.9 .ariaith , Keat. ii 5728.
land,country;territory,estate: quia est`iath' ferann
┐ `iath' mind, RC xx 156 § 5 (ACC).i rrigiath .i. hí ferann
ind ríg nemda`in the royal land' (gl.i rrichid), Thes. ii
20349.39 ( Hy. v Comm. ).ala n-i. ¤ ... .i. ala ferann, O'C.
416b (< H 3. 18,p. 229a ).is `í. ¤ ' sean-ainm gach feruinn,
Met. Gl. 14 § 28. `iath' ferann, `iath' cloth cin coll,
`iat[h]' cloc ocus `iath' cochall, 3.8 .cotluid ... do nimiath
iarna croich .i. is amlaid doluidseom co i. ¤ nime iarna chessad,
25 RC xx 270 § 92 (ACC).ranic i. ¤ nad adaig aiccesdar`he
has reached the country (where) night is not seen
', § 34. oll
.i. mor,ut estdar i. ¤ olla imrulla .i. ro eimerluaidhestar tar
feranna mora, O'Dav. 1314. bit araile i. ¤ ar deitin fri saegal
naenfir .i. bit araile ferainn ┐ bithar ina naititin re ré saegail
30aenfir estate, O'C. 416b (< H 3. 18,p. 229a ).māl adrūalaid
īatha marb`ein Fürst ist in die Gefilde der Toten dahin-
gegangen
,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 6 § 1. rostriall ... | i n-iathaib
aidbli aniuil, SR 3526. in sudigud bias i n-i. ¤ (glossed:
.i. hi tír) Sion, LU 578. no sirfed Herind na n-í. ¤ | d'íc meic
35Connaid, 3558 .ech ... athechtai í. ¤ n-etarmaige eter mothru
┐ amréthi, 8632 .trebfait iathu Emna, LL 122b36 .rop
ḟerrde int apstal ōnd i. ¤ (v.l.ond fhiadh)`from the place,'
Ériu ix 45 § 7. re techt a n-i. ¤ n-ecomlainn`lorsqu'il s'avance
sur le champ de bataille
,' RC xliii 26.24 .gurbo sgarthain
40c[h]rīche re cinedhuib ┐ gurbo delugad iatha re h-aicmedh-
aibh ..., ML² 1114. ladronn leointe gach iaithe`robber
despoiling every land
,' O'Gr. Cat. 663.13. ar na clannaib
ba shia cennas san iaith engaig Fhódla so, 518.9 .is tréigthe
ar iathaibh as fhearr | sléibhte iathair na hÉireann, DDána
45 74 § 43. ro cruinnighsiot na hiatha ┐ na haicmedha roptar
coimhnes dóibh rempa ┐ na ndedhaidh`the [inhabitants
of the] lands and the tribes in their vicinity collected behind
and before them
,' FM vi 2316.3 .
In many poetical names ofIreland: Iath nAnann .i.
50Eiriu .i. Anu mater deorum, O'C. 1409 ( H 3. 18,p. 635 ).
cuicir druad ... | is ferr taraill i. ¤ fuinid, Acall. 2541. fa
éanchnoc d'I. ¤ Úghoine, TD 4 § 16. ar n-ionnarbadh ó i. ¤ Ír,
DDána 46 § 5. tréanfhlaith Mhachaire Caisil is cláir-iaith
Chuirc, Keat. Poems 1467.
55COMPDS. ¤ aicenta(?aicenta natural) whose landisuncul-
tivated: otha Osghleann iath-aicenta Umhaill` well-known ,'
MR 104.5 . ¤ bla(bla land,place): ōen-ocht mblīadan do
Āed Ollán macc Domnaill ōs īathbla`over the meadowy
land
,' Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 7. ¤ bech wild bee?: Ceand Esgrach
60na n-aballgort | adbha dona hiathbeachaib, BB 292b14 .
¤ bog:ó chrích iathbhuig Almhan`of Almha's fertile
meadow
,' TD 16 § 28. ¤ garb:neach do chosain an eang
iathgharbh`the rugged district,' FM vi 2240.7 . ¤ glan having,
orsurrounded by,fair lands: eass ardmor, iathglan,
65imreasnach, MR 104.12 .'mon ccaomh-fód iath-ghlan
fairsing, BNnÉ 251.4 .isin purt iathglan gorm gle, BB
23a47 .cenn cosnamha ocus cabhartha innsi iath-gloine
Erenn, MR 96.3 . ¤ gorm:ag díon Eirenn iathguirme`in
defence of green-soiled Ireland
,' O'Gr. Cat. 465.20. a bfiadh
70Eirionn iathghuirme`in the land of Erin of green meadows,'
Studies 1919, 438 § 2 . ¤ mag level land,plain :co toracht
íath-mag n-Érend, Met. Dinds. ii 30.52 .fo īat[h]maige
mórglana, Ériu iv 162.10 .fonenaig Hérenn íathmaige
`he purified Ireland's meadow-lands,' Thes. ii 322.8 ( Hy. iii ).
75 i n-óen na n-íath-mag n-aníuil, Met. Dinds. iv 66.108 .
brōnaig eōin cach īathmaige`of every meadow-field,'
Ériu vii 2.y . ¤ maigrech:Ere iathmaighrech`salmon-
bearing Ireland
,' Ériu viii 10.27 . ¤ mass expanse
ofterritory: ri c[ria]thras usce n-an, n-úar | for iathmass
80na n-al n-ollmuad, SR 42. for cach n-iathmass, 7938 .
¤ phort landing place?: corogab íath-port nÉrenn`till it
found a level shore of Erin
,' Met. Dinds. iii 192.38 . ¤ shliab
mountain territory: dáeine for bru m'iathsleibe, Anecd.
ii 20 § 5.

85 2 íath n a bell?: i. ¤ ainm do chlug cona ḟáeid`Iath is a
name for a bell with its voice
,' Thr. Ir. Gl. 6.21 .i. ¤ ainm do
chluc is a faidh, O'C. 1335 (< H 3. 18,p. 611a ).`iat[h]'
cloc ocus `iath' cochall, Met. Gl. 3.8 .
a halidom?;insignia?: etag ┐ i. ¤ anmann fethal la
gentiu,ut dicitur: [do tong] dar an i. ¤ -sae ┐ an etag, O'Mulc.
5 469. `ettech' ┐ `iat' anmann fethal la gentiu,unde
diciturdotong darsna hiata-sa I swear by these reliquaries,
O'C. 144 (< H 3. 18,p. 81 ).í. ¤ mind ┐ í. ¤ ferand, LU 529
(ACC). Seemindandfethal. Butcf. `áoth' minn, ocus `í. ¤ '
ferann, Met. Gl. 9 § 4 , andaoth`a bell,'aoth`a crown,' O'R.