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ísel adj o, ā(in pl. asi).Compar. isliu, Wb. 4b25 .ísliu, Thes.
ii 22.35 (Bcr.).Superl. íslem, Ériu ii 202 § 20. Subst.
íseal íseall, IGT Decl. § 53.8 .
40 I (a) Of size or position, low, oflow stature,low-lying ;
assubst.(freq. inpl.),a low-lying place, ahollow, thedepths:
īsil .i. tīs fil, Corm. Y 775. īsel .i. īs-aill, ar nī erbarad a
n-īsil muna bē ard ocae, 738 .hua ísiulgl.ab inferno, Ml.
69b8 .donaib íslibgl.ad inferna, 27b2 .inna fortechtai
45.i. inna ísli ┐ inna cobsaidigl.depresa (camporum), 81c15 .
isin mórchuthe n-í. ¤ (i.e.Hell), Thes. ii 317.1 ( Hy. ii ).i
n-ísiulgl.in deiectu, 11.39 (Bcr.).isligl.demersa,ib. ísli
doibsom in fecht-sa innahí ruptar ardda dunnai`low to
them now
...,' 11.41 (Bcr.).sírid in rindide n-uile ó hisul
50co huasal`the whole zodiac from low to high,' 22.40 (ib.).
rí in hislib, ri in arddaib, SR 7630. ard a medón isli im a
dá n-imechtar, LU 2149. nach tan bus n-íslem cech bend-
chopur Arad Mora is and bas ardam a chongbáil-sium ┐
a bendchopur, Ériu ii 202 § 20. mo slīabh árd ós gach
55íseall, ZCP viii 221 § 44. Bri mag n-í. ¤ ... mag innā biat
slēbe ardae, acht talam cumbair í. ¤ , O'Mulc. 154. a n-īslib
┐ a n-etrigib na talman, ML² 37. ar ní is ísli ní ḟeacfa | na
trí trínsi in túaiscearta, IGT Decl. ex. 1592. fer i. ¤ tailc
tarbda, TTebe 2557 .hi nglendaib ísle na Galile, PH 4474.
60 biaidh na cnuic níosa thorthaighe iná na hísle, Corp. Astron.
206.9 .Isell Ciarain`name of a church atClonmacnoise,'
CS p. 302.5 and n.
Frequent as the second element of a compd. :mac do
Samuél chendísel`theLow-headed ,' Fél.² lxxxv 12. amhail
65theid sruth ... tar chladhaibh clachisli` low-stoned ,' CF
808. ní bu leithísel in mam`the yoke was not down on one
side
,' Thes. ii 341.2 (Hy. v).ina dumaduib smūid-lethna
smáil-ísle smūrluaithrig, ML² 1178. ar na glenn-s[h]ūilib
geil-derga gruadhlaig-ísli veryhollow-cheeked . 1589 .
70(b)Of sound,low,deep: guth i. ¤ cruaid leis, BB 496b28 .
traethait na ciulu isli na ciuil arda .i. stocairecht no cor-
nairecht, 327b33 .re séisibh ísle ... oirfidech, MR 110.z .
an osnaidh ísill, IGT Decl. ex. 399.
(c)Of colour,pale? : da mbía in fual is e isi[l] ina dat
75`remissa in colore,' Rosa Ang. 186.14 .
(d)Ofnumber: ós aniú as ísle a dtionóil`the number is
lowest
,' Content. xxii 11.
(e)As grammat. epithet, used of theshort form of pl.
of anounwhich hasmore than one pl.form : gach focal
80bhíos d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, séimh as cóir a ainm ísiol
iollraidh a ndíaigh an áirimh, mur so : trí bhile, ... ┐ lom
as cóir a ainm ard iollraidh ... mur so : trí bileadha, IGT
Introd. 8.21 .
Inadvbl.phrase,ós ísel,ós ísiol secretly,in secret: tig
85Naoise ós ísiol a ndaíl [D.], IT ii2111.42 .go ttainic fora men-
main imteacht a hErinn os íseal, BNnÉ i 207.29 .guth
oram ... ós íseal ris an ollamh, Studies 1924, 87 § 19 .claon
do dhearc uirre os íseal, TD 1 § 12. dorala iomacallamh ós
ísiol etir é ┐ drong d'esccairdibh U., FM vi 1956.y .do
chúaidh ... do chum na solluman, ní hós aird acht ... ós
5íseal, John vii 10. an ti ithiomráidheas ós íseal a chomharsa,
TSh. 7277. labhair go réig is glaodhaig go híosal, Mid.
Court 905 ( ZCP v 228 ).
II Metaph.lowly,humble,mean, oflow degree: a ngrád
as isliu oldate angilgl.Principatus, Wb. 4b25 .air dom-
10muinfide bed n-í. ¤ intí dia`for that God would have been
thought to be mean
,' Ml. 40c17 .foillsigthir as n-í. ¤ in doinacht
iar n-aicniud, 25c5 .is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i
ndiad inna n-í. ¤ , 40c20 .huand eregim hísilgl.humili con-
questione, 63d13 .i. ¤ fri art`lowly towards the high,' Thes.
15 ii 235.15 .cit móir ríg in domain | ...it uaisliu | amsáin
ísil Íssu`Jesu's lowly soldiers,' Fél. Prol. 152. cíat ísliu
fíad dainib | ... bit áird úas dind ḟlatha, 153 .[as] ndiabul
taurchrecce in gráid as ísliu t[a]urchreic in gráid as ardu,
Críth Gabl. 112. nach grad bes issle araile, is fair fortongar ;
20nach grad bes uaisle araile, is e fortoing araill, Laws v
460.16 .secht cumula do eagluis uasail, ocus let secht
cumul do eagluis ísil`an humble church,' iii 70.12 Comm.
is coitceann índsin itir iseal ocus uasal`both to plebeian
and noble
,' iv 26.2 Comm. on grad uasal cusin grad n-isil,
25amail ata ollam, ansruth ... foclac, v 26.16 Comm. re
foluibh ísli fhuinn Luighdheach`low-born families,' Studies
1919, 73 § 4 .breith íseal ni fhuiléangadh`he will be satisfied
with no mean ambition
,' Aithd.D. 20 § 3. ráinig mise ar an
miotal badh hísle, Keat. Poems 659. do rochtain ... an
30bhoicht ┐ an tsaidhbhir, an uasail ┐ an ísil, TSh. 361. Of
quality :cuibrech is isliu anas` worse ,' Laws iii 498.10
Comm.
Compds. ? ¤ shellach:issil selbt(leg. íssel-sellach`kurz-
sichtig
,' Thurn.), Thes. ii 236.13 . ¤ nemed a nemed of low
35rank: i mun (leg.mbun) craind uasal-neimid ... i mbun
craínd isil-nemidh, Laws iv 182.17 and 184.1 Comm.

isionna xseeussin.

ísle n iā,f.(ísel) I (a)Of places or objects,lowness: isind ísli
gl.in illa terrae (diuexitate), Thes. ii 11.39 (Bcr.).in t-aeal
40... cin ro airde gin ro ísli, O'C. 2269 (< Eg. 88,fo. 20a ).
a fot, a lethet ... | eter i. ¤ ocus ardde, SR 2460. ras-cuir
imma sech i n-urairdi ┐ i n-ísli` downwards ,' MU² 544.
do íarr ar Día a cur a n-isli ┐ a delb do buain de`besought
God to minish his stature
,' BCC 362.12 . (b)Of sounds,
45 lowness: bo i ro airde ngotha no isli ngotha, O'C. 228
(< H 3. 18,p. 123 ).
IIMetaph. (a) lowliness,humility,meanness: bói
sund dúib i nísli | bochtán frismbad dénti`here you would
have in lowliness a poor wretch to whom it
(i.e. charity)should
50be shown
,' Fél. Ep. 391. i númla ┐ i ní. ¤ fri Dia, LB 108a75 .
is adhnair leisan ḟein isli h'inaid-si isin comlann sin, CF
638. nírb í. ¤ dia roblaid`it was no lowering of her fame,'
Met. Dinds. iii 300.48 .ó ghleó an trír-se ní thiocfa | beo
acht le hi. ¤ aigionta, DDána 5 § 3. (b) depression,low
55spirits: sé i gcriaidh dom chur i n-í. ¤ , 116 § 7. (c)Of people,
commoners: uaisle ┐ í. ¤ na ríoghbhruighne sin, Maguires
of F. § 27.

ísleán n[o,m.]alow place, ahollow: ionnus go ndéanaidis
... í. ¤ de'n árdán, ITS i 42.17 .

60 ísligidir v(ísel) (a) lowers,brings low,humbles; of emotions,
abates,diminishes: nomisligur`I abase myself,' Wb. 17d22 .
romm-isligedgl.humiliatus sum, Ml. 50a12 .acht mad aes
braith ísligthe (MS.íslidte), SR 3482. a olc no nísligenn
`his wickedness lowers him,' Laws i 54.20 Comm. ro íslightis
65sliav Olimp co n-artraightis na neoill uasa(of the Thessalian
witches), CCath. 3930. is beag ro hísligheadh a glór nó
a aicneadh ic fulung in morgabaidh sin, 3357 .dus inn
isligfedh a naigned nó i[n] tairnfed a fearg, 2765 .lá sodhain
ro ísligh a ferg, 2498 .co ndeach a ferg for cúla ┐ cor[o]
70islighea a ngal, 2493 .nochar īsligh Bēbinn blāith | fāidh
a guil gnāith risin ngēicc, ZCP vi 269 § 6. nír ísligh aithesc
an druadh, SG 26.17 .nochon īsligfinn mo smacht`I would
not abate my authority
,' Ériu ix 45 § 1. múich gach fileadh
íslighidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1836. íslig ... | grísnimh anfuid
75th' intinne`abate the glowing virulence of thy mind's tempest,'
O'Gr. Cat. 457.13. crú gacha Éirennaig ísleig`vilify the
blood of every Irishman
,' 392.21 .ísligh do mheanma, a
Mhaoilir`subdue thine arrogant spirit,' TD 21 § 1. íslighim
mé féin go léir faoi do smachd` submit myself ,' Donlevy
80 406.6 .ann thfeirg ísligh na daóine, a Dhé, Psalms lvi 7.
(b)Intrans.descends,goes down,diminishes: gan charaid
ag congnamh linn | ceadh nach ísleoghadh mh'inntinn,
Dán Dé xiii 4. as annsin ... facus an grian a mullach na
fairgi ┐ islides si deis a celi san aird teas don doman, Ir.
85Astr. Tr. 56.8 .is ed is digbail ann an tan isligid na droch-
aicidi co follus, RC xlix 9.4 .Vn. ísliugud.