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íarn n o,m.Earliern.: iarnnderg, Anecd. ii 58.13 . Orig.ïarn,
70lateríarn, monosyllabic, andíarann.n s. īarnn, Corm. Y
739. g s. híairn, Thes. ii 249.6 .iairn, TBC 4245. BDD²
532. IGT Decl. ex. 373. iarn, AU i 492.20 . Rawl. 117c49 .
eirnd, O'Mulc. 420. d s. asindiurn , LB 236b48 .oiurn ,
PH 1276. óiarnd , PH 2024. a p. erna, Laws v 390.23 .
75 friherna , Críth Gabl. 191. iarna, LL 15a26 .naíarnda
(v.l. iarnu), Trip.² 2594. g p. arn-íarnd , 2592 . Also
n s. int-iaronn , Laws i 140.22 Comm. a s. lehíarannnderg,
Maund. § 158. g s. iarind, LU 8655 (FB).d s. d'iarund,
Laws v 16.z Comm. doiarand , Acall. 1718 n .g p. iaronn,
80 Lat. Lives 57.6 . See IGT Decl. 54.9 :íarann iearnn(v.ll.
iarnn ioarn). See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 119 ff .
I iron: i. ¤ nderg n-ernbasach, Anecd. ii 58.13 .huma
no iarann, Laws v 384.3 .seichida ocus iarann ocus saland,
iii 426.23 Comm. īarnn .i.iarth i[n] nortmanica ling[u]a ,
85 Corm. Y 739. ara se[c]dacht amal iarunn`on account of
its hardness like iron
,' Auraic. 1314. co sústaib iarind, LU
8655. co feithnib iairn with bands of iron, BDD² 532. cēin
mbis iarnd i tinid, O'Mulc. 475. a ḟuathbróic ... do iurn
athlegtha, TBC 3729. as bhar ngeimlechaib ... glas-iaraind,
MR 178.4 .méin iairn iron ore, ZCP xi 85 § 39b .na saer-
5geimlech sen-iaraind`noble fetters of old iron,' MR 178.1 .
amal bid iarnn derg candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 .com-
rair luadi chumdachtu o iurn, PH 1276. ni ro-helned ó
iarnd`was unstained by iron,' 2024 .a mbeirt fhúar-
fhoirfe iairn`in a chilly suit of complete steel,' Studies 1921,
10418 § 8 .ar Sléib an Iairn, IGT Decl. ex. 424.
II (a)aweaponorimplementofiron: nis gaibtís acht
iarna nemide, LL 15a26 .ar fuilib híairn`against bleedings
caused by iron
,' Thes. ii 249.6 .iurnn imfaebair .i. ... in
t-iarunn ara mbi in dá faebhar, O'Dav. 1135. áilgius im-
15berta a n-iaraind`the craving to wield their weapons,' CCath.
621. aithigud ar n-iaronn`ferramenta acuere,' Lat. Lives
57.6 .dod laim na do iarund with a weapon, Aen. 1268.
bla iarand airlech .i. slan don ti berius in tiarunn d'airlech
na marti`the exemption as regards iron in slaughtering,'
20 Laws iii 286.5 - 6 .bendachais Pátraic na íarnda comdar
soimmbertu de, Trip.² 2594. i. ¤ cach gníma, Críth Gabl. 405.
erna arathair ocus erna trebtha, Laws v 390.23 .benaid
an t-iarand asan crand`take the coulter out of the beam,'
BCC 62.32 .ní bentar an t-iarann air | don chrann re
25headh an earraigh, L.Cl.A.Buidhe,106.145 .iarann bhar
n-each, DDána 68 § 20. níor barradh faoi ar iarnaibh each
`steeds have not been shod,' TD 17 § 64. do bhádhas cean-
gailte, ní lé hiarann comhaightheach`ligatus sum non
ferro alieno
,' TSh. 7538. the iron blade of a weapon: cnarr .i.
30ga ... da dornn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ ... a hurlann, O'Dav.
495. i. ¤ na scene`the blade of the knife,' Laws i 132.23
Comm. (b) armour: Gaill ... etir i. ¤ ┐ cen i. ¤ , AU ii 230.17 .
Compds. ¤ bás deathcaused by aweaponofiron: ar cech
nernbās (.i. ar cech niarnbas)`against every iron-death,'
35 Thes. ii 352.4 . Seeernbasandernbasach. ¤ blaith of
smooth iron: ro imreadar ... na cloidme iarannblaithi,
CF 628. ro nochtadar ... a cloidhme altgorma iarannblaithi,
880 . ¤ bodb npr. m. loscothIarnnboidbhmic Gartnaith,
AU i 106.6 . ¤ chrúaid iron-hard: la Heochaid n-iūil,
40n-iarann-chrūaidh, Leb. Gab.² iv 2044 . ¤ gait robberywith
violence?: luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait (v.l.hiarnaidh, hiarr-
aidh)`Odras came to despoil her by arms,' Met. Dinds. iv
198.37 . ¤ gléo npr. m.: IarunngléoFáthach, Cóir Anm. § 95.
Iaraindgleo du gabail rige, Todd Lect. iii 300.28 . ¤ lestar
45 aniron vessel: tucad chucu a n-ena ┐ a ndabcha ┐ a n-iarn-
lestair, TBC 64. sleagh ┐ cloidem ┐ iarnleastar, Acall.
3543.

íarnabárach xseebárach.

1 íarnach n o,m.(íarn)íarnach earnach, IGT Decl. 109.8 .
50 (a) Collect. fetters: ic dénum arm ┐ íarnaig, TTr.² 601.
ní dleaghar i. ¤ orra`they are not to be ironed,' TD 9 § 25.
do tuit a i. ¤ de`his chains fell from him,' BCC 368.24 .an
tamall ata a n-i. ¤ , Irish Texts ii 90 § 29 .sliocht bhar n-iar-
naigh ar fhóir mBreagh | do iarnaigh ghlóir na nGaoidheal
55 the mark of thy chain ... has fettered, DDána 63 § 3.
(b) a ploughshare: gan í. ¤ do char do chronn | a ngar
ḟíaghrach fa Émann, IGT Decl. ex. 2100. Cf. crann leabhur
is earnach air | ag treabhadh Teamhrach Túathuil, ex.
1433 .Cf. ernach, RIA Dict. Fasc. II.

60 ? 2 íarnach adj o, ā(íarn) made of iron: aitheac mor co
ccruitn-íarnaigh , Duan. Finn ii 380 § 35.

íarnachad [n u,m.]vn.ofíarnaigid. captivity, the state of being
fettered: dá mbeith nach biadh do dhochar | do chách uile
it iarnochadh even if your captivity were not a sorrow to all,
65 DDána 63 § 27. g s. glaisiarnoidhthean eóin do nimh,
L.Cl.A.Buidhe,164.67 .

íarnaid v ā(íarn) fetters,imprisons: pret. pass. s. perf. ar áoi
gurhíarnadhna tshás`yet since it is imprisoned in its
cage
,' Ériu ix 6.63 .

70 íarnaide adj io, iā, (íarn) I iron,made ofiron:iarnaighegl.
ferreus, Ir. Gl. 608. clóthi ... rindaithi i. ¤ , IT i 191.15 .
rotha íarnaidi in carpait, LU 6500. co flescaib iarnaidib
...d'esorcain na pecthach, 2085 .id iarnaidi na thimchiull,
TBC 1229. caeca slabhradh iarnaidhe eisti, CF 681. co
75n-adharcuibh iarnuidhe, ML² 53. grāta iernaidhe, Fl.
Earls 204.19 .crithnaighídh na slabradu ... solus-iarnaidhe
steel-bright? MR 178.3 .
In a metaphorical sense:dubc[h]otludh iarnaidhe inn
ecca, CCath. 6071. lém thoil iarnaidhe féin`mea ferrea
80voluntate
,' TSh. 7539. ge no beth .c. gin agumsa ... ┐ guth
iarnaidhi, Aen. 1409. do shlógh iarnuidhe Ioffoirn, Aithd. D.
53 § 9.
IIAssubst. (a)aniron implementorfitting,weapon,
fetter: rochuirset iarnaidhi a n-arathar i n-armaib catha
85`they turned the iron of their ploughs into arms...,' Aen.
1764. ralegaid acus raluathchumaid a n-iarrnaigi athcnaiti
arathair, a corrana acus a rastail ... comdais airm aithgera,
TTebe 1277 .an sagart do léigen as na gér-iarnaighibh
ina raibhe from the sharp fetters, Ériu v 92.14 .do ghrádh
th'aon-mhic do céasadh le hiarnaighe i gcrann, Keat. Poems
5 401.
(b) armour,mail: ni geibdís acht iarnaighi umpu,
BB 43a50 .