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1 íar nasalisingprep.with dat. Forms: O.Ir.iar,ier; Mid.
65Ir.iar,ar:iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsnásúthaib, Thes.
i 5.33 . (after neg.ní)er, Sg. 197b10 .ier, Thes.
ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475.
Leb. Gab. 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 .iar,
Met. Dinds. iii 170.27 . FM vi 2372.17 .ar, Maund. § 11.
70 Fl. Earls 178.9 .
With article:sg. iarsintairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 .iarsin chu-
mung, 16c19 .iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor,
SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, Sc.MMD § 1.13 .íarsin muir, Im.
Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 .pl. érsnásúthaib,
75 Thes. i 5.33 .iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z .iarnaib ... bliad-
naib, 176.5 .iarsna saethraib, Arch. iii 10.14 .
With pron. suff.:s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 .s. 3 m.andn.
íarum q.v.(used onlyadverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir.
iarma, TBC² 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd
80Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 .iarmo, PH 4673.
pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.
With poss.:s. 1 arnamcrádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am
choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m.andn. iarnahiris, Wb. 5c24 .
íarna míad, Críth Gabl. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy
85 58.27 .f. iarna beím, Sc.MMD § R 18 .pl. 1 iarnarsóirad,
Wb. 14c7 . íarnarn-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íarfar toimtin-
si, Wb. 20a14 .pl. 3 iarnandichennad, LU 9018.
With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses):in sét iarsa tancatar,
PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .
Folld. by acc. instead of dat.:iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep.
5315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora,
1399 .
IOf time.
(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in
ball iarna galar`after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 .massu cut
10séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim`let her not part
from thee after believing
,' 10a29 .iar ndígbail in tinfith
`after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 .dia treise íar
fócru on the third day after notice, Críth Gabl. 84. iar com-
pert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 .mairc damsa ría
15cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán
do-bert a máthair dí, 66 .dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a
écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 .iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 .
iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin
... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus
20mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é`he found him
dead
,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh
iar caithem a shoighet é, St. Ercuil 594. an lá air na mhárach
the following day, Donlevy 486.6 .in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra
the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on
25condition that
':tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach
indraic co bas, St. Ercuil 2554.
(b) With various substantives denoting time:íar cind
aimsire léicid Cormac ...`after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht
i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Im. Brain § 32. ticfa
30már-gein íar mbethaib`after ages,' § 26 .gabsat Érinn iar
n-edaib (v.l.ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Met. Dinds. iii 170.27 .
dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll`who was afterwards
styled O'Neill
,' FM vi 2372.17 .
(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to
35formadverbs:íar sin,íar sain then,thereupon,after that,
thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich`then he comes to
his province
,' Thes. ii 240.13 .at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra
sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig
doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 .deisidh C. ina
40suidhe iar sin thereupon , Sc.MMD § R 13 .ní bu chían
íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Im. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed
do cach ní no biad iarsin`all that would be thereafter,' RC
xxiv 192.2 .íar sodain after that,then: scaraid B. friu iar
sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 .
45 lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 .íar suidiu after this,
hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu`after this came Patrick,'
Thes. ii 240.20 .lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a
n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn,
BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur,
50 LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht
┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 .lotar deisell arnauár-
ach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii
106.28 .íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda
inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth
55Gabl. 315. íar tain afterwards,then (may refer either to
past or fut. time):ciasu iartain rocet`though it was sung
afterwards
,' Ml. 2b6 .gair biuc iartain`shortly after-
wards
,' Sg. 147a7 .ro soich in rí iartain dochum na
hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 .má adcetha
60Aircthech íar tain, Im. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar
tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imga-
baind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig`um zu sehen,
ob ich ... vermeiden könnte
,' TBC 488. is and-side ro-m-
adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain`where I myself was afterwards
65laid
,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig
iar cén máir iar-tain`his daughters, the two holy virgins,
were buried long after
,' 2565 - 6 .ba dércach trócar ... ernaig-
tech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 .ro scail Ercuil
de iar d[t]ain`and then H. loosed him,' St. Ercuil 359. íar
70céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar
`it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,'
Wb. 29a30 .ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann
Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum
inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 .da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni
75cluined co hiarcen`he would not hear it till long afterwards,'
Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while,presently: is mo
chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib
carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad
ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 .
80 ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair,
TBC 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh
an taobhochta`then let me think of Mary...,' Studies
1932, 433 § 5 .
(d) (i)íar+ vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle
85pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass.
The agent is introduced by do:hícc sochuide tre precept
iarnar sóirad`after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 .iar nemfad-
bail fire daoine`when the tests of men have not been pro-
cured
,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith`having been
born
,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún`after we had
5transgressed
,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó
asa fremaib, Sc.MMD R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid,
IT i 118.8 .ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó
iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU
9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have
10set us at loggerheads
, 8080 .in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do
bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh
san gceardchain`after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb
Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud` gilded ,' Maund. § 8.
ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded,
15 DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna`here is gathered,'
Studies 1919, 438 § 3 .in fínemhain iarna freacar`when
cultivated
,' St. Ercuil 496.
(ii)íar+ vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force
of a past participle pass.:iar marbhadh a righ`their king
20having been slain
,' St. Ercuil 738. ar caithem na mís sin
doibh`after they had passed that month,' 1038 .iar forba in
morgnima so do E.`after H. had completed,' 373 .
(iii) When the vn. isbeith,íar mbeithmeans being:
iar nembeith cethra nocho`when he has not cattle,' Laws
25 iv 264.22 .iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A.`while A. was
fleeing
,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuir-
seach I being..., Donlevy 288.9 .ar mbeith F. uasa
cinn`since Ph. was above him,' St. Ercuil 342.
IIOf place.
30(a) across,along used both of movement across and of
position along (e.g.along the edge of ...):traigh a leithead tis
iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 .airtem a leithet
a crui iar n-airthur`a fist with the thumb extended being the
breadth of its fork in front
,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 .
35 a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640.
do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib
srath, 3735 .conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri
heoin gela through the air, 2134 .oc techt īar fraīchrud
Mide síar across the heath, Sc.MMD § 20.5 .oc ascnom íar
40Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co
n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them.
TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar
iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 .conacci a dochum in fer isin charput
íarsin muir, Im. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind
45ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 .dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum
a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do
thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 .
colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC
5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair
50`along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long`along
the edges of the ships
,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar
īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 .bleogan ... do lēcad
īarsan abaind`adown the river,' ii 22.20 .a troigthi ar
n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 .d' faixin
55in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x .
166.16 .
(b) beyond,on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar
Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 .
co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu
60 iv 140.15 .i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Met. Dinds. ii 8.92 .
iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .
íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit`what part
of the way lies behind him
,' Wb. 24a17 .laech as deach fil
íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna
65chúl`behind him,' Im. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma
iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 .ind raibi athcomarc
lat iar do chúl ria tudechdhúc `didst thou ask permission
of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?
', Mon.
Tall. 135.28 .cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib
70`behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 .an droch-nós
do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl`to put aside,' TSh.
359.
IIIAbstract meanings.
according to,in respect of,by reason of: iár fír` truly ,'
75 Wb. 16a7 .amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris`according
to his faith
,' 5c24 .ar n-athir iar colinngl.secundum carnem,
2b23 .iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 .sech ba huaisliu intí forchon-
gair iar n-aicniud`though he that orders were naturally the
superior
,' Sg. 161b5 .co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad,
80 Críth Gabl. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus
duine`which necessity does not save according to God
and man
,' Laws ii 2.7 .iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil,
SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib,
TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna
85n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna
féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the
right
, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, Arch. iii 313 § 11.
do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 .
gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar
menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngene-
5lach`by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .
Of authority, source,etc.:iar n-arsidib`according to the
ancients
,' Sg. 57b1 .mad iar ceill Cirine`if after the opinion
of Jerome
,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili`according to
others
,' BColm. 56.28 .iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.
10 IV=íarum:do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirion-
nach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 .aithneas iar nár chéim crithre
`then she learned...,' 120.5 .Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.
VPrefixed to nouns and adjectives,íarnasalises and has
the meaning after ,e.g. íarconn,íarngaes,íarmblas. See
15below.
Foríarsindísee under4 í.

2 íar n end,hinder part: íar cach ndéidhinach, Cóir Anm. § 45.
anair ... aon a hīar .i. i n-āentarmfortcend a forcend, Corm.
Y 41. iar a phearsan le maide go róintear, Ó Bruad. i 82.10 .
20Forms many compounds,e.g. íarcomarc,íarcuibdius,
íarsheng,íarshlis,íarthuaiscertach(see below). The initial
of the second element may originally have been lenited
but, perhaps due to confusion with words whose first element
was1 íar, eclipsis seems to have been more general. In
25compounds its meaning is end,back,west (this last because
the Irish faced east when naming the points of the com-
pass,cf. dess,tuaid).
?=íar-nóin the end of the day?evening?: do ghéabhtha
i ngothaibh na n-éan | moladh gach éan-lá [agus] iar, A.
30Ó Dálaigh xx 8. [im] iar nocha ghabhaim guais`in my
eventide I feel no fear
,' PBocht 7 § 9. bíom féin gut eidhir
re n-iar`let thy Son receive me before evening,' Aithd.D.
84 § 9.

? 3 íar adj black,dark?but see Joynt, Ériu x 133 f .:iar .i.
35dub, Lec. Gl. 547. St. Gl. 435. Eg. Gl. 394. O'Cl.
Lugaid Iardonn .i. dúbh donn robhói, Cóir Anm. § 23.
Amhargein Iarghiúnnach .i. A. Dubh,namiarn (v.l.iar)
duibedicitur. íarn [leg.íar] .i. dubh, Cóir Anm. § 253. is
uime ghairthear Lughaidh Iardhonn dhe, ionann iardhonn
40is dubhdhonn, gonadh tré fholt dubhdhonn do bheith air,
Keat. ii 2227. ralā tonn ... dar cech inber īarlethan`across
each dark broad rivermouth
' (? orbroad at the back), Otia
ii 83 § 9.
? To this (usedsubstantivally): a sloe?: cráeb co
45n-iaraib (: diamair) aice`a branch laden with berries,' Met.
Dinds. iii 60.83 (described ascráeb droigin fo dub-airnib,
62.96 ).
? Here also (butcf. 2 or):Féidhlimid Fer urghlass no
íarghlás .i. folt ghlas bái fair ... íar .i. folt, Cóir Anm. § 196.

50 ? íara: ind iara .i. iar-ḟoi .i. fo hīarthor bīs .i. fo herball, Corm.
Y 777.

íaráidh?: ind mō is loscad sin a n-iaráidh (: Ciarāin) (v.ll.
iarág, íarad), CCellaig. 377 .

iaraindig xseeairaindeoch.

55 íarálind adj i beautiful at the back: batar coirdírgi íaráildi na dá
ṡáil, BDD² 31.

íaram xseeíarum.

íarann xsee1 íarn.

íarannta adj io, iā, (?íaru) swiftas aweaselorsquirrel: adv.
60 intan ro ghabh C. co hathlum ┐ co hiarannta, RC xliii
92 § 93.

íarar,íarair n f. n s. íarar(: íaram), Fél. Ep. 302. ?an-iarair ,
Laws i 64.5 .a s. frian-iarair , SR 680. d s. aciarair , Comp.
Con C. 83.3 .d'iarrair, Met. Dinds. iv 60.46 .g s. innaiarra,
65 LU 5156.
asearch; act ofseeking,demanding,searching: ón chalaind
co araili | ro fersam ar n-íarair (v.l.ar n-iarraid) we have
made our search
, Fél. Ep. 2. in rígraid | forsa raba íarar
`for whom there has been search,' 302 (:íaram).roboi for
70iarair na hingene ┐ nis fuair, Thes. ii 323.18 ( Hy. iv Pref. ).
co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37.10 .etha
a n-iarair went in pursuit of them, Laws i 64.5 .re fria iarair
`the time for prosecuting it,' 188.24 Comm. ic iarair comraic
... forru, TBC 1575. atáit re secht mbliadnaib ac iarair
75in domain searching the world, Comp. Con C. 83.3 .luid
d'iarrair ethair imláin`went to seek a well-built skiff,' Met.
Dinds. iv 60.46 .aní atái d'iarrair`what thou art seeking,'
Mer. Uil. 23. aní co atái iarair (an ní atai d'iarradh, Stowe),
TBC 1236. gatar aire co fesaid a iarair leis-seom`that you
80may know how he searches for it
,' Ériu v 30.10 .cach icá
iarrair, LU 3731.
In concrete sense, a search party?: dia di a ceile co
níarair techta`with the lawful following,' Laws iv 106.12
Comm.

85 íaratas xseeíarratas.

íarbaib n d p. agrove: in i. ¤ gl. (idulorum ... quæ colebant) in
lucís, Ml. 99d3 . Plummer MS. notes: `?vn.ofíarmi-
benim, a clearing in a wood .'