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1 imm,imb prep.leniting follg. consonant and governing
the acc. Forms: immalaile, Wb. 27b12 . imanad, 27d19 .
im Dia, 4c24 . imhirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . imchrechtu(sic
85leg.), 144c5 . himmchenn, Sg. 54a11 . immṡalond, IT i 43 § 13.
um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 ,etc.
am, RC xviii 184.1 .ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.
112.17 . uime,umfhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a
chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 .fa, TTebe 2767 .
In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir.immsometimes governs dat.
5in pl.: immarusccuib, IT i 120.9 . imslessaib, SR 3742.
imailib, TBC 1544. uma setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im
chorpaib, PH 7022.
With art.:sg. mandf. imminbidbethid, Wb. 15c14 .
immincathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immunaírc, 83a4 . immon
10coin, Sc.MMD² § 21 j . imonimdai, BDD² 1108. amunfeis,
Sc.MMD² § 23.8 . With elision 'muncoirthi, TBC 1233.
'manam, ML² 94. 'monairdrig, TTebe 3912 .n. imma
n-: immanisin, Ml. 56b31 . immandelg, Thes. ii 248.7 .
immantech, MU² 871. pl. imnatéta, TBFr. 104.
15With pron. suff.:sg. 1 immum, Sc.MMD² § 10. imam,
ib. § 13 R .imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 .umam, 1800 .
umum, 8160 .ummumm, 6159 .sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 .
PH 5047. imut, 8184 .umat, 453 .umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 .
iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision:'mud,
20 64 § 1 .sg. 3 m.andn. immbi, Wb. 13d22 .imbi, Sc.MMD²
§ 3. immi, § 17 .imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme,
MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 .uimme, 509 .imi,
TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 .f. impe, Sc.MMD² § 5 ,
TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe,
25 8159 .uimpi, St. Ercuil 2076. impea, 1333 .pl. 1 immunn,
Wb. 15c13 .immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC 4752.
imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib,
Wb. 27b16 .imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3
impu, Ml. 62b13 .immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 .umpa,
30 Feis TC 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. Withdat.:impaib,
MU² 774. TBC 938.
With poss.:sg. 1 imumchend, PH 1871. 'mamchend,
TTebe 2928 .sg. 2 im duchenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do
tegdais, PH 4525. immuttaeb, imodthoeb, TBC 4073.
35 'matfortacht, TTebe 3757 .sg. 3 immachomalnad, Wb.
30b4 , immathír, Ml. 62b9 . immochend, BDD² 1455. ima
chend, ib. 840 . umachend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má
chossa, LU 8520 (FB).pl. 1 immoar sáorad, Mon. Tall.
127.9 .pl. 2 immóbar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 .pl. 3
40 immua n-:immelotar immuan eclis`they circumambulated
their church
,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.).ba cendaib, PH 393.
With rel. pron.:imma n-,immo n-,immua n-:nech
... immandaister(gl.mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 .imm-
uambiat, 18b4 .én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ).
45 imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision:aní má tudchatar,
LU 9011 (FB).
For Mid. Ir. formsfa,ba=immsee underfo(prep.).
IOf place. (a) around,about: immib di cach leith
`around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 .condarlicthe tech
50... immunn di nim`that a house be let down around us from
heaven
,' 15c13 .bite im chrechtu (sic leg.)`which are wont
to be about wounds
,' 144c5 .buithe im hirusalem du assaraib,
72d8 .ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 .in nél nobith
immunaírc, 83a4 .fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt`it
55is smeared all round the thorn
,' Thes. ii 248.7 .canir anisiu
... imdu chenn`this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 .(tech)
udnocht coíl imbi, Críth Gabl. 102. dodat láim immom
bragit, IT i 125.6 .da malaigh ... imma rusccuib`two
eyebrows about her eyes
,' 120.9 .Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair,
60 81.10 .ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB).
do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt
an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round,
Sc.MMD² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae)
dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda
65imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar
in dá thech cláraid, 861 .Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid
ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781
( SC 35 ).día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar,
2028 .do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo
70chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu
do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi,
TBC 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 .uathbas
bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 .gnáth mirr do
thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet
75imon cathraig im Chirinen`circa Cyrenen,' 5384 .do denum
na mur imna cethrai, 1034 .atá comrar chloche imbi and
hi talmain, Im. Brain 48.13 .cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg
ocus 'mon rīgain`till they closed about the king and queen,'
BColm. 88.23 .frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around
80which they are
, ZCP viii 315.10 .in fearann uma ndentar
in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im
ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 .cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]on-
aire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath
ar leith 'mun all, Feis TC 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam
85chend, TTebe 2928 .ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó
a fearonn, Leb. Gab. 66 n 8 .do córaigsium a marcsluagh
imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar
┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling
... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502.
Peadar umam i ngach aird`may Peter defend me,' DDána
5 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an
Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.
In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a
person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a
Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol
10`there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,'
TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid
... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y .Turcuill,
Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach
`belonging to your family,' Sc.G.St. iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn
15an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal`were I to ennumerate
all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael
,' Rel.
Celt. ii 208.27 .do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh
táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut
... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón,
20 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to
the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person:
Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd.D. 41 § 25.
ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir
leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.
25(b)Of clothes considered as encircling the body,around,
about,on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 .snáthe nobíth
himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 .co n-étaigib ... impaib,
MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla
derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB).
30 asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin
immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach
umam, 7457 .a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 .
cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad,
Matth. xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa,
35 TSh. 6958. Withgaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach
macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 .lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 .gebid
Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais
Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat,
PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 .
40 Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this:
ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not
taken it
(i.e. a ring)about me, TBFr. 335.
(c)more definitely,at,by,along: conaccatar Coinculainn
immon corthe`they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,'
45 RC iii 182.y .do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt.
ii 188.12 .mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im
Sinaind`a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,'
RC xviii 169.19 .docum na léna boi im bord na habund,
RC vi 176.61 .trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc
50mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh
Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.
(d) along with,including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige
airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth Gabl. 339. huma-
lestrai im chaire, 405 .ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐
55nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset
maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair
... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of
Ireland including the son of Aed Slane,etc.fasted
, Thes. ii
298.13 .ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic,
60 Sc.MMD² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech
Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB).Illand im[ma thūaith`with his
tribe
,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im
Michéol`together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4.
sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin`six pairs besides
65myself
,' 39 § 7 .secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair`includ-
ing C.
' (the context shows that there were sixteen others
besides C.), Leb. Gab. 12.18 .ro triall sechnóin Eireann
... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime`and his two bishops with him,'
86.25 .cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis,
70 AU i 338.18 .secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec`including
Aedh Brec
,' 58.9 .aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab
righi Mhuman uime`in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 .
is dá loch um loch nEachach` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 .
aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im
75Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .
(e)After vbs. of motion,to,into,through,throughout(cf.
fo): tangamur man caillidh-so`we came to this wood,' ZCP vi
65.14 .docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 .
dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille,
80 TBC 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh`the
other fifty fled away throughout the wood
,' St. Ercuil 2350.
(f)Of impact, collision (more usuallyfri),against,on:
dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind,
IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb
85de, LU 8934 (FB).atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín
co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 .commad im
claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 .tuc béim
de immun corthe, TBC 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin
um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.
IIOf time.Of the approximate time of an occurrence,
5 at,about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid
`at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC).macc Murchada ...
do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona`on the feast of Catherine',
ZCP viii 111.7 .cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain,
RC xvii 377.21 .ní do denam dó im teirt`he has to do some
10duty at tierce
,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 .cantir salm aurnaigti ...
im espartan, 131.9 .im iarmergi indnocht`at nocturns
to-night
,' BColm. 68.14 .iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh,
Aithd.D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair
sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 .budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa,
15 TD 4 § 32.
III In abstract sense,concerning,as regards,in the
matter of,on account of,for the sake of: immin bidbethid,
Wb. 15c14 .im dethidneasaeculi , 16b11 .im cech rét
runecat les`in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 .
20 aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc`what evil we are meditating
concerning them
,' 93a5 .robói dosom imma thír`that he
had for his land
' (gl.magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 .luid
Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie
lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm).(mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata
25co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men
of Ireland would come about on account of it
, Sc.MMD² § 5.
Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 .nach
airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna`wherever they happen to
be concerned about a conflict of evidence
,' Críth Gabl. 418.
30 dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri`violating his suretyship
in regard to a matter for which he is surety
,' 306 .as í sin
maigin digona in boaire um a setaib`this is the inviolable
precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds
,' 226.13 .Aimir-
gen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 .mād
35imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin
Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna`about
attending to the needs of their lord
,' BDD² 1220. bentai
Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐
nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC²
40 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi`not
to indulge them with a change of diet
,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 .
do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha
uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh,
BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, Arch. iii
45304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar
na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain |
ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd.D. 80 § 40. is ar
tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe`He lay
buried for our sake
,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um
50theachta as-teagh`a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies
1920, 262 § 9 .do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake,
DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma
leabhraibh`plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .
With the idea of purpose,with a view to: altram Néill im
55chomga cnes`the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv
94.8 .fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad`we
pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance
,' Mon. Tall.
127.9 .ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi`as regards
the fair arrangement of the feast
,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum
60... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi`to celebrate the feast,'
Ériu v 234.36 .ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na
harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 .an t-aug-
darrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .
In rel. construction with vb.about which,on account of
65which,concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má
tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB).cia fāth marad-
goired isin pupullsa?, TBC² 2223. in fáth ima nderna
peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere`why should C.
go
,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii
70112.22 .créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 .
cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas
leat? ITS xix 96.13 .ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn,
DDána 101 § 20.
As pred. of copula:is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris,
75 Comp. Con C. 86.2 .is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509.
is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, St.
Ercuil 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so
ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.
With certain vbs. and vns.
80(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im
anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 .annongeiss cách imma chomal-
nad, 30b4 .amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima
brat, BColm. 60.7 .ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786.
ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 .ailthus
85Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 .
do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix
378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm
fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do
etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó,
Fl. Earls 222.18 .
5(ii)Of fastingfor: corothroiscset ... im húatigud na
ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes.
ii 298.16 .rotheiscset (rotroiscsitv.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon.
Tall. 157.18 .trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair`M. fasted
against him for it
,' BColm. 92.13 .rofágaib Colmán troscud
10umpi seo`C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for
it
,' 88.13 .rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurt-
acht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid
imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the
Lord to have him awakened for you
, Arch. iii 3.30 .
15(iii)Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó
bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi
109 § 17.
(iv)Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma
fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco
20sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach
... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind
imm óenní`I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 .
eitchither iat im na mnáib`the women are refused them,'
Met. Dinds. iii 324.15 .ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we
25ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance
,
Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh,
Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, St. Ercuil 1876.
(v)Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce
`the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv
30230.17 .mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC
1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, B Colm.
72.9 .is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir`it is he who
robbed thee of Lazarus
,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech
... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .
35(vi)Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu
imma nisin`thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml.
56b31 .boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir,
LU 9035 (FB).bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach
eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 .gabais cách díb im-
40marbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC).
cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-
chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai
`he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 .nach greisfider
im dénum maithiusa, 4657 .ro ghreis Cirion a muindter
45im calma do denum, St. Ercuil 1573. comraicfit im óen-
bargin, Ériu i 132.64 .ro grendaig im cath hé`he challenged
him to battle
,' RC xviii 48.7 .
(vii)Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain,
LU 8845 (FB).ac fonamat imme`making mockery of
50him
,' BColm. 92.15 .fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid
crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐
fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin
Chulainn uime sin, Comp. Con C. 110.19 .lúathgair do chor
immum-sa`to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .
55(viii)Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu
imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal
ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 .co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi,
Arch. iii 10 § 8.
(ix)Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment
60 in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi,
BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .
In distrib. sense with numbers,forequivalent oftoin the
Eng. idiomtwo to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer`two wives
to every one man
,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 .ticc días im gach
65n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach
in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco
P. § 55.
Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling,
(b) behaviour towards.
70After words expressive (i)Of desire, greed, jealousy,
envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia`strong
craving (?) he had for God
,' Ml. 62a2 .ar accubur ┐ saint
immin domun, 69a6 .ar ét im chrabud`for zeal for devo-
tion
,' 36d24 .gabais ... saint an rí impi`the king desired
75her
,' IT i 120.13 .ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 .rom-
gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, Arch.
iii 3.18 .is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH
7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir`great is the eagerness
for the champion's portion
,' RC xiii 30.35 .rogab ailges ┐
80accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D iv 2,72va8 .
is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis,
TTebe 1064 .nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um aird-
chendus na Greigi, 834 .
(ii)Of anger and its oppositetowards: fích 'mon oirbiri
85d'aithris`fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in
aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli`the great anger which a
man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 .ba lonn ... in ingen imon
sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 .cé dogénsam ainmne uime`though
we were patient about it
,' Arch. iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach
imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.
5(iii)Of affection and its oppositetowards: nípat
úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu`be not
cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies
,' LU
3493 (SC).co raibhi ic báidhe imme`till he was fondling
him
,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághachMS.)side im
10Laighniph`he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 .ar
méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime`by reason of the great love
and care he had for him
,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach
uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im
congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour,
15 O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba`they were
not at peace about their possessions
,' Leb. Gab. 112.17 .
nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 .
mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 .mise go
ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta
20Grádha² 58.3 .minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth
achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime
`be not ungracious to him,' St. Ercuil 2073.
(iv)Of fear, anxiety, sorrowfor: ba leth ndogra
immon coin, Sc.MMD² § 21j .mairg dorumalt a n-imned
25dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB).
bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12.
do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima
righuibh, Lism.L. 3207.
(v)Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662.
30 déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.
IVIn special constructions. (a)Used idiomatically
with the subst. vb.:tá ...imm is engaged in,concerned in,
in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia
`on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment
35with God
,' Wb. 4c24 .in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB).cía
thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís
remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB).cotaispentar dó
cach ní immbambí`everything about which he is engaged'
Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai).baoi seom fechtus ann im
40aine`he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 .cid
dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?,
PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .
(b)Used of person adverselyaffected byaction (=dat.
of disadvantage) more commonly expressed byar: reb-
45thair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB).do lott a aithrige impe,
Todd Lect. iii 66.3 .as mor domhillis umainn`you have
spoilt much on us
,' Ériu v 172.154 .intí romill immum in
estrecht truagh`he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling
§ 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390.
50 co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a
dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc,v.l.)
impu`he confused them,' 145 .coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐
blicht im maca Miled, D iv 2,50rb31 .ro mharbh se mac
maith umum`he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .
55(c)In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent un-
controlled action to indicate personaffected bythe action:
nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaistergl.mentis incompotem,
Ml. 50d2 .ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB).día siabairther
immi, 8810 (FB).do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa
60haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 .Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe,
St. Ercuil 353.
(d)With vbs. in pass. impers. to express personaffected
bythe action: ēgthir immum, Sc.MMD² § 10 (for other
exx. of this const. sees.v. éigidRIA Dict. Fasc.II).ro
65gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 .imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire,
DDána 102 § 27.
VUsed idiomatically with certain vbs.,buailid ... imm
meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh
iad, Ériu v 74.23 .con-gaib ... imm keeps to,perseveres in:
70 anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein
mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8. gaibid ... imm. (i) puts on
clothes , seesupra I (f). (ii) surrounds,troops around: cid
immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC 120. coro gabsat immut uli,
IT iii 498 § 10. (iii) seizes,attacks: in días do gabáil immón
75n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB).roghab in cerd in liathroit ...
táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP
iv 240.10 . ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ...
immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 .in mál maith 'ma laigdis
mná, 54.2 .luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na
80duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 .tócbaid ... imm(with or without inf.
pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain`thereupon
S. arose
,' Buile Ṡ. 114 § 57 .rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa
tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y preventsor
hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do
85Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D.
did not prevent them from that
, ZCP x 291.22 .no tair-
misccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh`he forbade
them to kill the rabble
,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc
na sligeadh coitcindi umunn`they are forbidding us the
common roads
,' 1270 .gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, St. Ercuil
5 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe`for the
truth of nature and scripture forbids her
,' Laws v 430.24 .
gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis
do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir
bréic(or another word of similar meaning)imm deceives,
10 deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 .
dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB).cerbo
mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrum-
mai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB).co tartaitis ceilc immon
slóg, TBC² 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo`the thing which
15deludes them
,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc
and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg
impe`practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor
muinbech im Fergus occum-sa`F. shall be cajoled by me,'
RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar
20... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

2 imm used as an intensiveprefix. Rare in O. Ir. Becomes
very common in Early Mod. Ir. Sometimes appears to
add little or nothing to the meaning of the word. It is
used with (a) adjectives, (b) nouns, and (c) verbs.
25(a) With adjectives: ¤ acher very keen: imscoich ┐ im-
acher a gnímrad in gillai`very cutting and very keen were
the deeds of the lad
,' Ériu iv 30.1 . ¤ adbal very huge, very
vast;very great: as mé Concopur ... for loch Eachach
iomadhbhal, TFrag. 98.4 .ar fut Hérenn imaidble, Met.
30Dinds. iv 26.14 .aitcesair eill imadhbail, KZ xxxiii 82.36 .
for esrassaib imáidble in díthrib, LB 129a47 . As a per-
sonal epithet:rop hí in chóiced ben bladmar | Etar
étrocht imadbal`Etar the splendid and stately,' Met.
Dinds. iii 112.44 .mór do algib imaidbli ┐ do trenḟeraib
35tréna`many huge heroes,' TTr. 1137. ¤ aebda very beautiful:
for arddaib imaebda na hAthaine, TTr. 1147. ¤ aesta
very aged: ar ráthuibh iomaosta Erenn, MS. Mat.
579.16 . ¤ aicbéil very dreadful: alad uroslaicthi imaicbeil
`gaping awful wound,' MR 300.3 . ¤ aimréid very rough:
40 carracbenna sliaph n-urard n-imaimreidh, CCath. 3804.
¤ airdirc very conspicuous, veryvisible: cathir imairdirc
imthend(of Tara), LL 28b16 . ¤ álainn very beautiful: Brian
mac Echach imáloinn, SG 332.23 .assai immálli, TTr.
1039. ¤ amnas veryfierce,very harsh: rechmi cath n-imrind
45n-imda n-imamnas, LU 3423 (rhetoric).dorinnsid gnim
n-imamnas, SR 3616. in beist imamnas, 1130 .hóg-
laochrad imamnus, Anecd. ii 72.18 .bir chruaid fir imam-
nuis, Anecd. ii 66.16 .batar airrechtaig imámnais a n-airrig,
Alex. 636. As subst.it he in so ceithre immamnas
50imdegla ┐ dirig ratha, Bürgschaft 25 § 68. ¤ ard very
high: slíab Lecga ... cid imard ní himdorcha, Met. Dinds.
iii 110.20 .rahimthescad andsain fidbad immard imremur,
TTr. 126. corrbrōga imarda imthechta, ZCP xiii 168.11 .
gus in aitheach nán niomard, Duan. Finn i 41.15 . As subst.
55 co himard an flaithis, De Contemptu 160 § 80 n. z . ¤ arsaid
very old: Ericto aingidh imarsaidh, CCath. 4314. in mucc
úathmar immarsaid`the loathly long-lived pig,' Met. Dinds.
iii 158.8 . ¤ athlam very dexterous, verynimble: ilar nath-
rach n-imathlam, SR 896. dorigni firt n-imathlam, 5354 .
60 atá sund Carn uí Chathbath | fors' rimred arm imathlam
`against whom a nimble weapon was wielded,' Met. Dinds.
iv 30.2 . Adv.:túargab a lam co immathlam darís, TBC
1998. tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim co himathlam`ex-
pertly
,' MR 300.22 . ¤ chaín very lovely: do luidh ... Fergus
65fó chonghraim imchain, O'C. 1307 (< H 3. 18,p. 603a ).
drumslaitt na heclisi imchaine, LB 121a2 . ¤ choimse very con-
venient?,closely fitting?: ro gabh a corrc[h]athbarr ... cona
remartinnib imcoimsib dib remartinnib imcoimsib, CCath.
4696. cuarsciath cona sciathrach imcoimsi, 5313 . ¤ chrúaid
70 very hard,difficult: madh áil daibh eolus imchruaidh, Misc.
Celt. Soc. 66.13 . ¤ dána very bold,intrepid: caeca brat, is
breath chána | do righ Ailigh imdhána, BR 124.8 . ¤ dánach
very gifted?: la sluag n-imdanach angel`with a gifted(?)
host of angels,' ACC 172.14 . ¤ dlúith veryclose, verycompact,
75 very firm: ro gab dá asan imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667.
lúrech imdlúith umaide, TTr. 1855. (liburni) cosna seol-
chrannaib imdlúithi imremra anfólli uasaib, 1410 . ¤ doilig,
¤ duilig very difficult;placedin a very difficult position:
cid hí ind ascid imduilig`though that is the hard request,'
80 Met. Dinds. iii 340.48 . Adv.atusa co hiomdoiligh uime sin,
TBC p. 163 n. 8 . ¤ domain very deep: ra gabastar a ḟuath-
bróic n-imdangin n-imdomain n-iarnaide, TBC 3729. co
ndernai ocian imdomain ... don conair for a n-imthigthis
na catha, CCath. 2639. an cholann do chor i n-uaimh
85iomdhomhain, TSh. 1108. As subst. utmost depth:
atconncadur na tri fiaich a fudomain (himdhomain
v.l.) in mara, Acall. 7058 v.l. fo indtamail [na] curach
gnáthaigther ... imdoimnibh srotha Níl, CCath.
2381. ar aillib ┐ ar im-doimnib an aigēin, ML²
701. ó 'dchonncadar an ród réidh | tre iomdhomhain an
5aigéin, DDána 74 § 3. rosuiged ┐ rosluiged a rosc ...
in n-imdomain a cind, TTebe 201 .i n-iomdhomhain ifrinn,
TSh. 928. ¤ dochar. As subst.avery rough place: rocor-
aiged ar forbaib ┐ ar ferannaib iat ... ar imdocraib imfuara
┐ ar cairgib cenngarba, Ériu viii 8.11 . ¤ dorcha very dark:
10 rosgab gráin ... frisin tech n-óbéla n-oslacthi n-imdorcha,
Aisl. MC 15.6 .tír ... ainmin accarb imdorcha, CCath. 3803.
inn uam[h]annaip imdorcaibh ṡlebhe Peil, 5632 .retlanda
... inna haidchi imdorcha, TTebe 26 7. ? To this:nī rubai
Cuchulaind nech itir na Sailiu Imdoirchi (imdorthi,v.l.
15LU)i crich Conailli, TBC² 858. As subst.adark
place: do chuadar lena gcreachaib a ndiamraibh
ocus a nimmdhorchaib dá nimchumdach, ALC ii
244.4 . ¤ dub very dark,entirely black: costecht ...
slúagad n-ímdub, TBC 202. ar biastaib ilardaib | im-
20dubaib imthennaib | ticed domm imdegail, LU 1173.
Metaph.very malignant: iodhna beoil, gan aoir niomdhuibh
| iodhna fhoghlama gan ghes, MS. Mat. 576.11 . ¤ ecal
greatly afraid,very fearful: imm[e]calgl.pauidus, Ml.
58b7 .ba himecail (himecal,v.l.LU)imorro int ara colléic,
25 TBC² 635. gerva himegoil lais na tairnge as mo ro-vamnaigh
tvitim isin loch, Aisl. Tund. 100 § 2. bátir immecal-som
(imeaglaigh-sium, imeclai-sium,v.ll.) oc aicsin ind ní-sin,
RC ix 480.6 .rop imecul in trét, PH 6723. ba himeccal
laissiumh aittreabh ettorra, BNnÉ 87.6 .ba himecul leo a
30mbiad fen do thinad uadib, LB 157a27 . ¤ eclach
(a) very fearful, verytimorous: na bid uamnaig imeclaig,
SR 4830. a beith meta ocus a beit[h] immecclac[h]
`cowardly and timorous,' CCath. 4447. con[a] puplaibh
imeclach[a]`to the terrified peoples,' 365 .batar imeclaigh
35iar n-aicsin an neich adcondcatar, RC i 466.13 .go bhfuilid
na fir chogaidh imeaglach, Jer. li 32. guth imeclach ec-
cruaidh`a frightened feeble voice,' St. Ercuil 383. Adv.ro
imthigh roime co himeclach, ib. 1915 .roerig Ethiocles
co haduathmar aindsclech imeclach, TTebe 640 . (b) causing
40 fear,terrible: tárfás fís imeclach, uathfásach dó,
CCath. 1453. Adv.atreachtatar íarum lucht na cathrach
co húathmar ┐ co himeclach, TTr.² 1871. ¤ éscaid very
quick, veryalert: rucatar sidhi arnaid athlum imēsgaid,
Fianaig. 88.12 . Adv.luidh go hathlamh imésccaidh, FM
45 v 1314. 15 . ¤ eslán very unwell: do bói ... imeslán a haithle
na scethrach, Acall. 7175. ¤ étromm very light(lit. and
metaph.): gebid in rí a ḟiallgud n-imétrom n-imthechta
immi, TBC 966. rogab sciamh-luirig nimetruim, CCath.
4680. roráidhis, a Eorann oll | aithesg álainn iméttrom,
50 Buile Ṡ. § 32 . Adv.ro lenait e ... co imetrum, Cog. 190.4 .
¤ ḟann very weak: ní léim nimḟann, Fél. Dec. 31. As
subst.a very weak person: is e noshoerad na bochtu
┐ na hamhfhanna o cumhachtaibh an tsaeguil, Lism.L.
4890. ¤ ḟartail very mighty?: tucsad cend Dornmáir
55dhaltaidh | is Innasclaind imḟartail`they brought the head
... of imperious Indascland
,' Met. Dinds. iv 300.x . ¤ (ḟ)ocus,
¤ acus very near, veryclose,neighbouring: nipu immaccus
in taidrius`not very near was the return,' Wb. 18d5 .is
imḟocus etruinn cen[i] iman-aci duind, IT ii2190.2 .fidbuid
60āluinn imfoccus impe do cach leith, Ériu i 39 § 3. it im-
maicsi na fuli dobertatar ḟort, TBC 4349. immaicse (iom-
ḟoigse,v.l.) taithlig`ever ready for an excuse,' Tec. Corm.
§ 16.24 . ?cletha im[m]aicsi cen sēna, ZCP viii 195 § 9.
Tond Tuaige Tond Rudraighe | nídat imfoiccsi a n-airde,
65 Anecd. ii 24 § 16. oc na righuibh imfhoicsi`at the neighbour-
ing kings
,' Marco P. § 178. ro athchuirset da urchur im-
fhoiccsi fhir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.16 .Compar. da roiset
ann anmcharait | bat imḟoicsi do Dia, Acall. 2616. As
subst.nearness,neighbourhood: in fuil uisci a n-imfogus
70duin, Acall. 1547. is annsin atconncadur férbrug gabala
ind imoccus dóib, 4179 .luidh co teach bai i nim-
fogus na cathrach, Ériu v 122.53 .ro bo cinti crīch i mbeth-
aid i n-imḟogus dóib, Fianaig. 92 § 38. ¤ gairit very short:
delan ... ┐ ráe imgairit as`a very short rope(?)out of it,'
75 CCath. 4100. ¤ gann very confined, veryspare: i nIffurn
huathmar imgann, SR 934 .i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann,
2006 .bai in bangleo nar' imgann, 3078 .Galión fir
na n-orb n-imgand, LL 7a51 .cath Gabra ... ollgus imgand,
mebaid ria Fergus`a rare achievement,' Arch. Hib. ii 60
80§ 18 ( LL 182b41 ).int húath imgann`the lean spectre,'
Ériu iv 102.1 . Adv.lá d'Ossín ... inna chumriuch
co himgand`in rigid bondage,' Met. Dinds. iii 248.82 .
As subst.nírb é in t-imgand ar ernmass`he was no
shirker in the mêlée
,' Met. Dinds. iii 244.34 . ¤ garb very
85 rough: slabraidh imgarba iarnaidhe, CCath. 2658. As subst.
druimní suithe ... atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh
┐ anaichnídh, is é so in timgharbh(of metres), IT
iii 96.2 . ¤ garg very fierce: rochrochad ... do lāmaib
Eigius imgairg, Ériu iii 194 § 4. mac Eris uallaich imgairg,
BB 229b51 . ¤ gel very white, veryfair: cach conair dolluid
5in ben | moslúi in t-usce úar imgel`the cold white water
followed
,' Met. Dinds. iii 30.70 .genair o Echtaig imgil,
LL 28b50 .mac sin Cainche imghile, Duan. Finn i 92.z .
¤ gér verysharp,very keen: (scíath) cona bil áithgéir ailtnidi
imgéir, LU 6431. manaois mhór ... uilleannach imghéar,
10 CRR² § 26. ¤ gerr very short: Aodh imgerr, BNnÉ 254
§ 212 .at-condarc-sa triar ... co pudrallaib imgerra urardda,
MU² 773. doríne tri hoirdne imgerra dhe, Acall. 1920 v.l.
¤ glan very pure, verybright: tri ingena imglana, SR 6520.
Étar étrocht imghlan`bright radiant Etar,' Met. Dinds.
15 iv 264.17 .a clerig ... mac ... meic lemnachtai immglain
`son of pure new milk,' Aisl. MC 33.19 . ¤ glicc very clever,
verycunning: ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc, LL 28b3 .
batar amais ana imglicca, Alex. 3. ¤ glinne(seeglinne)
very secure: grecha a bretha ... brigach n-imglindi a chert
20(of a judge), ZCP xii 364.22 .is foc[h]en breth breithemun
brighach nimglinde, O'Don. 2212 (< Nero A vii,fo. 146b ).
Feargus fergen imglinne, BB 278a2 . ¤ grinn (a) very pleasant:
bennacht ... ar ingin Elcmair imgrind, Acall. 7241. iar
feiss ri Meill n-imgil n-imgrind, MS. Mat. 489.12 ( LL 45b19 ).
25 Dál nAruidhe uasal imghrinn, Keat. iii 1808. (b)verystrong,
very fierce: ro marb Argatmár imgrind, Todd Lect.
iii 180.2 .ropa ghníomh écóir imghrinn, SG 367.38 .
¤ inóclach very fitformating?: dona mnaibh im-
inóglacha fuair se ar talamh, ZCP ii 292.6 . ¤ ísel very
30 lowly: int āes umal imísel, Ériu iii 30 § 6. do rugais é ...
a mainnser imíseal inn aendaim ┐ an esail, Ét. Celt. i 83.21 .
Adv. secretly: rothógaibh ... uimi ... co hétrom imísiol
` stealthily ,' Buile Ṡ. § 57 . ¤ lebar (a) very long, verytall:
imleborgl.capillo intonso, Sg. 159a6 .cóica gilla n-óc
35n-aigḟind n-imlebur, LL 253a24 .úathud fri eit n-imlebair
(.i. for Táin Bó Cúalṅgi), LU 10358. cóirtus hinair imlibáir
`an arrangement of a very long tunic,' Goid. 65.6 .ulcha
immlebur fair, PH 1491. ro coraigit aigi troisdi imlebra
adbulmora, CCath. 2624. earball imleabhar, FM iv 1080.12 .
40(b) mobile,supple?: rosc imlebur ina chind, Corm.
38.5 . ¤ léimnech restive: nib ocheall nib imleimneach
(of a horse), RC xlviii 331.12 (= O'C. 1863 ). ¤ lethan very
broad: Aeneas ... fer imlethan aideadh-dherg, BB 427a50 .
Uenerius ... imlethain imaird, TTr. 1180. ar an bhfhairge
45imleithin, Atlantis iv 168.10 .cathbharr ... cona sronlainn
imlet[h]ain iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263. ¤ lobar veryweak,
very sick: cumachtach, ciarbo himlobhar, Rawl. B 512,
fo. 70d3 (< Plummer, MS. notes).As subst.a sick person:
ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.25 .
50 ¤ lomm very bare,bleak: do mes ilarda imlum`with abundant
mast without husk
,' Serglige 515 ( LU 3705 ).fri gáith n-im-
luim n-errchaide`a bare Spring wind,' Aisl. MC 63.9 .mur
tsighi gaithi gere ... adhuaire imluime earraithe, ZCP x
298.16 .As subst.bareness,scarcity: tessbaidh etha (.i.
55gorta) di Maig Cuind, sé bliadna imluim (.i. tercai), ZCP xii
236 § 56. ¤ lúath, ¤ lúaith very swift: in trenḟer amnas im-
lúaith (: cruaich) (imluath,v.l.), Leb. Gab.² iv 234 § 24 .
atractatar luathghoetha adhuarae imluatha, CCath. 4361.
na haquili imluat[h]a ilbreca, 4927 . Adv.ag argain a
60chéile go hathlamh iomluath, TSh. 6641. ¤ nár, ¤ náir
(a)(in good sense)very bashful,modest;noble: Ioseph
alainn imnar, SR 3314. dond aithiusc airdairc imnair,
SR 4792. inmain óclách ard imnair, IT i 79.2 .doirb annir
imnair (.i. in tan fegthar in doirb is i n-ichtur ind usci thed),
65 LU 10255 (rhetoric).a óclaig uallaig imnair, FDG 368.
(b)(in bad sense)shameful: dacūaidh ... do marbudh
Eōin gerb imnar`though it was shameful,' Ériu iv 180 § 40.
ar med is imnair tuismíud clann fri coibhdhelcho, BB
278a15 .ba haimlesc ┐ ba himnár leis na braithribh ...
70im[ḟ]orrán catha atarru féin, CCath. 2294. imnár lais a
corp tretholl ... d'faicsin do neoch, Lism.L. 2962. glár
budh iomnáir d'aithris, Content. xx 12. ¤ nárach (a) noble:
aen mhac Ailpin imnarach` valorous ,' BR 226.10 . (b)or
bet (beit,v.l.) imnaraig ar oman etarscartha etarra
75 abashed? Anecd. ii 55.4 . ¤ níabthach(níabad, vn. of
níabaid) very provocative: ní hord aicnid imnīabthaig
`es ist nicht eine Ordnung von aufreizender Natur,' Thurn.
Zu Ir. Hdschr. 76 § 10. ¤ omnach, ¤ úamnach (a)veryafraid,
very timid: na herbind immomnachagl.timidi, Sg. 62a2a .
80 imuamnach cach cintach, Tec. Corm. § 15.18 n. rois cobair
Brighitt buadach | 'arsin nir bo himuaimhnach, BNnÉ
86 § 177. Adv.nī folāir do na huilip go ro oirichlit go hairecht
imomhnach imchoimhētach in slige sin watchfully , Fl. Earls
158.2 . (b) very fearful,fear-inspiring: ragat-sa ... a n-oili-
85thri n-imúamnaigh, ZCP xii 392.4 . ¤ réid very level .As subst.
level country,plain: atait ... conara cumcca ettrat ocus
inn imreidh, CCath. 4764. ¤ réil very famous: imréil ...
cach romag cach rodindgna`illustrious ... is every famous
plain
,' Met. Dinds. iii 110.3 .tri mic Agnomain imréil,
ZCP xiii 158.4 . ¤ remar verystout,very thick: suisti im-
5reamar iarnaighi, CF 680. co n-urnasc imremar iarnaidi
air, MR 200.1 .fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. cosna
seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra, 1410 .frisna xii bair-
gin[e] imremra némdescdai, LB 146a57 . ¤ rigin
(a) very tough, verystiff(lit. and fig.): is imrighin in tuath,
10 Trip.² 2446. corrán d'iarann imrighim ina láimh, ITS
i 72.8 .róindís ... na haithesca ímrighne, ZCP xx 181.11 .
(b) very slow: óna fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettar-
bhacha`slow unprofitable promises,' FM vi 2140.22 . Adv.
ag asccnámh co hionmall imrighin, Hugh Roe 302.14 .
15 ¤ ṡlán(imṡlánandimlánbecame confused in Mid. Ir., as
their meanings are rather similar it is not always easy to
distinguish between them). (a)as an epithetquite healthy,
quitewhole, quiteperfect: heirg isinn ethar n-imṡlan very
safe , SR 2482. inn Affraic n-uasail n-imslain, SR 2658.
20 usce eochargorm imṡlán, Acall. 3607. tricha bo findfergga
| bat imlána óiderrga, LL 299a17 .cid mor cid bec no-
chaithind bat imlana iat san beos, PH 514. Applied to
persons:Hestra, Osse, Ohel án | ocus Abdias imlán, SR
7454. ordned Iacoib imslain, Gorm. Dec. 27. Englec
25... lendán Oengussa imláin`the darling of perfect Oengus,'
Met. Dinds. iii 40.18 .a hingen ālaind imslān, ZCP viii
268 § 39. do chum [bheith] nar nduine iomṡlan, Eph. iv 13.
Compar. gilla iss ó ┐ iss imláne and-so andae, TBC 5994.
(b) quite whole,safe,unscathed: a teacht fen imslan da
30cric, TBC p. 653 n. 5 .docuatar imṡlán día taig, Trip.² 166.
is áil léo a ḟocra dáibsi imthecht imslán, Acall. 6108. gur
leicc im[ṡ]lan uadh é`he let him away unhurt,' CCath. 6055.
mar do fhuair a chalann crád | a anam narab imlán, Ériu
iv 112 § 5. fāna fagháil slán iomlān damh féin arís, Feis TC
35 718. (c)In Law `completely exempt,secure ' (Plummer MS
notes):fis edaingne ac fir in tseoit ... i[s] slan dia mbe
fo naidm is imslan do in aithne, O'C. 1252 (< H 3. 18,p.
504 ). See alsoimlán. ¤ ṡlemain very smooth: aill ard
imslemain, St. Ercuil 233. ¤ ṡolus very bright: gním cech
40cuiri fo chuimsi | condat uili imṡuilsi`so that all are illumi-
nated
,' Met. Dinds. iii 110.8 . ¤ thais (a) very weak, very
feeble: ros fúach is ras fuc fria aiss | gided ni hengnam
imthaiss, TBC 736. nírb engnam imthaiss`'twas no
weakling's feat
,' Met. Dinds. iv 78.22 . (b) very smooth?
45 very moist?: lodar ... co brugh maic in Og imtais,
BB 396b15 . ¤ thana (a)verythin,very slender: in
néll úathmar imthana`the fearful thin cloud,' IT ii²
133.288 .rí ... na n-arm n-edrom n-imtana, BB 280b34 .
(b) very shallow: ba hí a slige ... secht thuind Uair-
50beóil imthana`along shallow Tond Uairbeoil,' Met. Dinds.
iii 116.86 , and Corr., ib. v 133 . ¤ theimen very dark (see
teimen):duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach eóin imthemin
`the cowl of each dusky bird,' Met. Dinds. iii 256.20 . ¤ thenn
verystrong,very firm: cathir imairdirc imthend, LL 28b16 .
55 ar biastaib ... imdubaib imthennaib, LU 1173 (ACC).
atraig Brían don tiprait thall | ic a raba in t-uath imthend,
Ériu iv 102.1 n. doi reir na n-udar n-imtheand`according
to sound authors
,' Met. Dinds. v 119.2 . Adv.rosícc Sinchell
slán co himthend`S. cured her whole, soundly,' Met. Dinds.
60 iii 156.18 .atát 'san reilic bic go himtheann, SG 33.19 .
¤ therc veryscanty,very short: is imtherc cos ind abcain
`very short is the dwarfling's leg,' ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274.15 ).
dēna ingeilt ois | narbat timtheirc (v.l.imterc) tais, KMMisc.
262.1 . ¤ thláith very soft: ind iall en imthlaith, SR 4066.
65 rí roraid ... athesc n-inclithi n-imtlaith, 5678 .Enoc án
imthláith, 7362 . ¤ thnúthach very eager, veryjealous, or
fierce: a shlógh iomthnúthach Oiligh, DDána 75 § 2. rí ain-
gidhí imthnúthach, St. Ercuil 1646. ¤ thrén very strong:
iarsin rongab galar gér | fri sním calad nirb' imthrén, SR
70 6230. a Ferguis na n-arm n-imthrén, TBC 3203. cóic eich
áilli imthréna, BR 130.12 . Adv.imtrén trómthuinset, LU
8712 (FB).triur dorosern in slúag co imthrén 'coa n-im-
nertad, SR 5032. ¤ thromm (a) very heavy: áráit ... im-
tromm, FB § 37 Eg.ro gab dá asan imthroma imdluithi
75iarainn, CCath. 4667. confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma,
4953 .acc diubraccadh ... an ordanais iomthruim adhbail
moir, FM vi 2028.7 .amhail easglanna iomthroma, TSh.
1092. (b)verytroublesome,very oppressive: for greis in
aesa imthruimm`under the protection of the Troublesome
80People
' (i.e.the pagan gods), BColm. 90.5 .Of theatmos-
phereof a place: his tégdais ... il-brein aduair imthruim,
PH 8297. munter Edlicon imthruim, Met. Dinds. iii 276.10 .
As subst.:dochuatar a n-ētromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-im-
thromaib a n-arm`into their ponderous armature,' Fianaig.
85 78.3 . ¤ thrúag very wretched: do fuc Eua in n-ubull
n-úag | dond abaill, ba scél n-imthrúag, SR 1286. ¤ thuir-
sech very sorrowful: luid Laeg ... co cendtromm n-im-
thursech n-anfálid, TBC 2170. ¤ úachtarach uppermost,
topmost: do imthigh roimpe go baoth ... go hionadh
iomuachtarach a h-anta`to the uppermost regions of its
5residence
' (of the wind), ML 48.23 . ¤ úallach very proud:
ba hóglaochrad imamnus imullach imfaobrach, Anecd.
ii 72.18 .ingen Echach imuallaig, LU 3064. abair ... risin
ingin n-iomuallaigh, ITS v 82.12 .mád do Láegaire
Búadach | tísad ág bád imuallach, LU 3557. ¤ úamnach,
10see ¤ omnach supra. ¤ úar very cold: i naidhchi ... iochtair
imuair adheitig iffirn`of the lower freezing hideous hell,'
BNnÉ 99.7 .do ghéubhsa ionadh imfhúar, Duan. Finn i
19.37 .ar imdocraib imfuara, Ériu viii 8.11 .
(b) With nouns: ¤ accobar intense desire: imacubur
15denma uilcgl.esuriem, Ml. 34b10 . ¤ aicbéile great
terribleness: itir im-aighbhéli na h-uardachta, MR 112.18 .
¤ áille great beauty: an déad ag dul i mbáine | 's an
aghaidh gan iomáille, DDána 27 § 5. fáistine adbert
riu Dáiri | ri mac con co n-imáilli`regarding Mac Con,
20the comely
,' Misc. Celt. Soc. 76.2 .Fer Becrach co n-imāle
(: immarāide), Ériu ii 26.26 . ¤ aire great respect: nī scoirtīs
cen i. ¤ | rīg nā rīgdomna aca`kings and royal princes would
not part from him without great respect
,' RC xiii 392.23 .
¤ aithrechas great repentance: co n-imaithrechus nach fóg-
25nand di, PH 8201. ¤ attach earnest prayer,entreaty: i. ¤
Maic ind Rig, Arch. iii 317 § 51. ¤ chalma, ¤ cholma great
bravery: ras-nert imchalma do denam, TTr. 1639. do
greis a mic ... imcalma do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.15 .
dorochair i cath Odba | la Argatmár imcholma, Todd
30Lect. iii 178 § 3. ¤ chreachadh the act ofdevastating
widely: trés an i. ¤ do-níthí leó ar na daoinibh budh
lugha ioná iad féin, TSh. 9537. ¤ déine great swiftness:
imthecht dóib co n-i. ¤ (: féine)`to be gone with all speed,'
Met. Dinds. iii 452.40 . ¤ demnigud the act ofconfirming:
35 du imdemnigud á epert són`to confirm his sayings,' Ml.
89d7 . ¤ druine great skill?: ri richid con-i. ¤ ri febda firian
fossud, | rí rigḟial 'na rigsossud, SR 566. ¤ ecla great
fear: cen uamun, cen i. ¤ , IT i 185.3 (FA).nosgeib i. ¤ móir
┐ ómon, RC x 56.8 .is coir dó i. ¤ ┐ faitchius ┐ ra-imchomet,
40 PH 4114. nī ro lēic imegla in pāpa don priōir ... gan a
aithne do choimhlínadh, Fl. Earls 142.22 .an oiread soin
d'uamhan ┐ d'imeagla air ré fiabhras, TSh. 7967. fer ...
for nár lá nách aon imeccla ittir, FM vi 2296.y . ¤ eclugud
the act ofterrifying: do fhuasnad ┐ d'i. ¤ na coimétaigi, PH
45 3380. ¤ esbaid greatdeficiency: cen érchra cen imhesbaid,
SR 988. cen forcraid cen imhesbaid, 4966 . ¤ etla great
affliction?: dobeir tra timmorlai ┐ immetlai menman di
araile an ircraidi ┐ in gairdi bide i n-ainius isin bith frec-
nairc, IT ii2107.23 . ¤ étrumme great lightness, greatnimble-
50ness: nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor ar áthi ┐ imétrummi
im-tháncatar so swiftly and lightly did they travel, MU² 566.
raléic cach arachéile frassa tiuga tromaidbli d'immétrom-
maib a n-arm ┐ d'ilchenélaib a n-imtheilcthi, TTr. 1710.
¤ étrommugud the act ofmaking lighter,easing,relieving:
55 barróisc Cuchulaind in claidiub assa intiuch ... d'imscothad
na n-arm ┐ d'immetrommugud in scéith fair, TBC
2956. ¤ ḟochraicc great reward: a cethair cethrachat ...
do immfocraiccib, Todd Lect. iii 42.13 . ¤ ḟorlond over-
whelming strength,great oppression: in timorlonn namat,
60is fiach a fátha forru, O'D. 1595 (< H 5.15,p. 9b ).
in timarlonn namad, ib. 1596 .choidhche ni barricfa-
si | anmforlunn(? read:ammforlunn)'na dhiaidh,
Lism.L. 4822. ¤ ḟormat great jealousy: ro linustair idu
eóid ocus imformmuit Ailill, IT i 121.15 .rommiscnigsetar
65fo smacht | a brathir tria imformat, SR 3128. ra gab ét
... ┐ immḟarmat Dubthach Dael Ulad imma mnái, TBC
2749. ro-bhoí éd ocus imformad occ macaibh Moingfinde
fri Niall iomon ríghe, ZCP xiv 214.5 .na denaidh adrad
idal na edach na imformod, YBL 68b51 (= 294a22 ).ionn-
70saighis áth an chomhraig | Fear Diadh go ndlús iomfhor-
maid, DDána 104 § 22. ¤ gábud great danger, greatfright?
iarsain asraracht Adom | assa ṡuan cen imgabud, SR 1066.
fota ataid in-imgábud, 3630 .Ulaidh i n-imgabadh gan
nech aga n-imgainiudh, TBC p. 250 n. 3 .atágur a imgábud
75| il-ló brátha búain`I dread great danger from it,' Ériu
iii 14 § 1. ré mét in imgábaid a raibi, Fianaig. 82.23 .fa
mór a hegla ┐ a himghābud arna slúagaib`great was the
fear and fright (caused by the boar) upon the hosts
,' 64.34 .
dethach a cind iar crabudh | dorad demhna a n-imgabudh,
80 BCC 356.32 . ¤ gére great sharpness: co tescfad finna i
naigid srotha ar āthi ┐ ailtnidecht ┐ imgēri, TBC² 1919. ¤ ísle
greatlowness,poor position: gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui sé
isin comlunn, St. Ercuil 1134. ¤ lainne great keenness: mét
inná i. ¤ robói dosom im dia(gl.sitivit anima)`the strong crav-
85ing that he had after God
,' Ml. 62a2 . ¤ lén great sorrow: Eua
féssin cen imlén, SR 2138. dolluid Saul iar sét sen | sé cet
míli, cen imlén, 5570 . ¤ lot great destruction: co tuccad in
diach ┐ inn imlot bad laind le fein fortha, CCath. 4017. ¤ lúas
great swiftness: ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i
leo, CCath. 5659. ¤ náire great shamefacedness, greatbash-
5fulness: rogab tra imnári essium co rofhemid in salm
ranic dó do gabail`bashfulness seized him,' Three Hom.
102.16 .ni bí nach n-imnáire dóib cid lomnochta beti, RC
xxv 244 § 18. doberat a coibsena cen imnāire dia sacartaibh,
Anecd. iii 8.7 .o thucsatt a llama chuccu do'n méis ar
10imnari, PH 5136. rogab athrechus ┐ imnare imma iarraid
eter, BB 237a32 .re h-imnaire an chairighthi thuc Cormac
fair, RC xliii 80 § 82. ica imcainedh féin comor ar imnaire
na hainicne, D iv 2,73ra16 . ¤ omon ¤ úamon great fear,dread:
ara n-imomon imchissin húath, BDD² 1264. rus-gab ecla
15┐ iomomon mor iad risna dainib ingantacha, RC xxvi 160
§ 46 .ar iomomhon feirgi a hathar, TFrag. 30.9 .āl cach
n-imoman`every terror is fearful,' ZCP xvii 65 § 51. tainic
soc[h]t ocus imuamon aiccenta ┐ cumsccughadh menman
do, CCath. 5471. do chur uathbhais ┐ iomomhain ar lucht
20an bhaile, FM v 1486.13 . reverence,godly fear: comadas
lobreeti. ¤ forsin mug céin ṁbíis oc fognam dia choimdid,
Wb. 8b1 .as firén foirbhthe in fer forsa mbi ecla ┐ imuamon
an Coimded, Lism.L. 3306. ¤ rígne great stiffness,slowness,
hesitation: nusincrech-som fora emilte leis ┐ fora imrígne
25leis bói icon ḟuigell, PH 4132. ¤ ṡláine great perfection?:
a samhuil d'oige is d'áillnne | do gniomh d'eagna is d'iom-
ṡláine, 23 F 16,p. 129.19 . ¤ ṡláinte complete health: meni
thíset uli i n-imṡlánti, TBC 197. boi sailechtu aice sium
imslanti d'ḟadbail dia ndernta a leges, LB 143a21 .ised
30rainic in imslanti leis co tir, BB 445b52 . ¤ sláintius perfect
health: nodas-forbiledh ar as ┐ ar aitidh ┐ imlaintius,
ZCP xix 118 z . ¤ ṡlánud the act ofmakingquitehealthy:
nicon cotluim for colcaid | gē bethear com imslānud`though
one were at making me healthy
,' K. and H. § 2. ¤ ṡlóg great
35 host:?g s.used adjectively:ro bui comdhail imsloigh
for ur in cuain sin`there was a very numerous gathering at
that harbour
,' St. Ercuil 379. ¤ thesbaid great defect, great
error: cen forcraid cen imthesbaid, SR 4424. aisneided
Arón fo leith | do Moisi cen imthesbaid, 4610 . ¤ thréine
40 great strength,firm grasp: as amhlaidh do bhádar agas gach
fear dhíobh a gcrioslach a sgiath agas a n-imthréine a
n-arm`in the grasp of their arms,' ML 124.20 . ¤ thrumma
great heaviness: dochúatar a n-etromuib a n-étach ┐ a
n-imthromaib a n-arm`they advanced in their light dresses
45and in their ponderous armature
,' Fianaig. 78.3 .a n-aimsir
a himtruma`in the time of her pregnancy,' Lism.L. 2511.
¤ úabar great pride: iné imuabor immarordus, LL 120a3 .
¤ úachtar the very top: atá an cairthe sin ... is í tollta 'na
hiomuachtar, Keat. ii 6297. ¤ úathad loneliness: luidset
50laithe for Lúachair | ciarbo thaithbe imúathaid`though
it was an infringement of utter seclusion
,' Met. Dinds. iii
246.74 .
(c) With verbs derived from the corresponding noun or
adj.: ¤ eclaigid fears greatly,becomesgreatlyafraid: ro
55imeclaigset a n-epiltin manid chuired Patraic hé i nn-
iffernn, Trip.² 1017. ro imeclaigsitar na genti do sein, 486 .
duine imeclaiges bás, PH 3821. no-imeclaiged Solam co
mor in coimdid, 4129 .do bidg ┐ do imeclaig an macamh
go mór les sin, BCC 48.29 .imeagluidh-si an Tighearna
60`fear the Lord,' Prov. xxiv 21. ¤ glanaid purifies,clears?:
fiac nad imglanad .i. fri foglaithe, O'C. 507 (< H 3. 18,
p. 258 ). ? to this:cach dia eol imglan rota .i. docom ar
neoil fen duin it imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin
it imglan na rota, 623 ( H 3. 18,p. 301 ). ¤ omnaigid becomes
65 greatly afraid: bidhgais ┐ imomhnaighis ┐ ru-s-lēic a ráon
madhma, Fl. Earls 232.2 .