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imlúad n o,m.(g s. imluaidealso found, Laws v 334.20 Comm.
imlúate, RC xiv 420.2 )act ofsetting in motion (in various
35significations). In Ml. gl.agitatio.
(a)act ofstirring up,stirring,moving,setting in motion
(trans.): línanarta gela ┐ goeth oca nimluad, RC ii 394.5 .
Eas Rúaid ... | cén beit eicne 'ga imlúad as long as salmon
are stirring it
, Ériu iv 150.28 .rí rofaed inn-angel n-uag |
40ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7230. i. ¤ ┐ comtocbail in
cogaidh moir, CCath. 1169. imluadh catha eter rigaibh
`to foster battle between kings,' Aen. 1683. ainesccaidh la
neach imlúadh a lam docom in cat[h]a sin, CCath. 5589.
d'imluadh a rethedh toghla`to impel battering rams,' 655 .
45 in ni uil ac i. ¤ an muilind, Laws iii 280.16 Comm. aca i. ¤
sis ocus suas, 202.23 Comm. in duine teched sechu dobertis
essidhe i cliabh ... ┐ a imluadh tar an allt, Lism. L. 4834.
a n-inad a imluaidh o a tigh, RC xliii 54.9 .d'imluadh ┐
do choimhthreōrugadh in naemhshēpēil, Fl. Earls 124.17 .
50 ro indsidar ... gur ceannaighchi ... iat ro buí ic imluadh a
cennaighechta` hawking ,' St. Ercuil 225.
(b) act of moving,moving about(intrans.);movement,
activity,exertion: ri dorigni sreba sluag | dona hénaib fri
i. ¤ , SR 306. o rolínad ind arc huag | robái in digal
55for i. ¤ , 2510 .ind Olimp huag | cen chumscugud cen i. ¤ , 126 .
roordaig tret na n-uan ... for i. ¤ iarsin sleib, Todd Lect. iii
44.8 .ised is lethbrisid and aen duine ac imluad`one man
being in motion
,' Laws iii 260.4 Comm. madh a n-imluadh
in agaid miled`their movement against soldiers,' CCath.
60 5081. a mbátar ciana for imluad forsna tonnaib, RC x
52.2 .a reim iomramha ┐ iomluaidh, Leb. Gab. 126 n. 11 .
re fothrum a fannbratach | ic imluad ic eitealaig`the rustling
of their standards streaming and floating
,' MR 184.8 .nírbho
ail doibh in laithi do imluadh ar oman a faircsina`to move
65by day
,' Marco P. § 56. romgab in críne m'imlúad age has
taken away from me my motion
, Ériu iv 154.15 .as-ren
boin do raith inna imloth ┐ i nn-aurslucuth a indisi`für
seine Bemühung
,' Bürgschaft 25 § 70. re hi. ¤ muntiri in rig
re freastal ... na fleidi sin` activity ,' TTebe 460 .tri fodla
70for Feraib Bolg | cid a n-imlúad, ní hanord`as to their
movements there was no disorder
,' Met. Dinds. iii 170.26 .
? To this:imsgar ┐ imludh na cloinde sin Iba[i]d`the
travels and wanderings
,' Ériu viii 8.2 .
(c)act ofwielding weapons,hurling missiles: cid Ferchess
75... o ragab a arm d'imlúad, LL 27b3 .mor céite is mor
carrac cruaid | immá ndernus airm d' i. ¤ , Acall. 3434. conár
cumhaingsiot na sloigh ... a n-airm d' iomluadh no d'imirt,
FM vi 2034.1 .rogabsat ica n-i. ¤ do cec[h]tar in da leit[h]i
(of missiles), CCath. 5653.
80(d) act of drivingtrans.: tussu gan charptiu d'imluád, TBC
4149. luidh Fionn d'iomlúadh in eich duibh gussin tráigh,
Duan. Finn i 28.26 .ni tráth imlúate echraide, RC xiv
420.2 .Ofdriving cattle: aris romor do imluad, Laws ii
126.15 .soilbech bethach la log n-imsaetha .i. la log eimh-
85luaidh dá scripul x i n-imluadh, O'Dav. 1070 (cf. Bürgschaft
45.13 ).cinmotha smacht an imluaig, O'D. 1694 (< H 5. 15,
p. 31 col. 2 ). ? Here:seoit imluaid seds as payment for
driving
?, Laws iii 320.5 , 7 , 13 .seoit imluaidhe, v 334.20 , 25 .
seoit imluaidi ... no cuitighi tobaigh, O'D. 2412 (< Rawl. B
506,fo. 52d ).fiach imluaidh, Laws v 224.23 .is e oiret
5rethis in fiach imluaid, co log tobaig fo aicned na criche i
ndentar in t- imluadh, 26 .Intrans.careering: hi cocrichaib
nad clechta err óencharpait | do imluad ar m'ési, LU 8506
(FB).
(e)act ofagitating,harassing(used esp. ofdemoniac
10influence orpossession);agitation of mind,anxiety: inn
i. ¤ gl.[mentis] agitationem, Ml. 90d15 .dunt i. ¤ gl.ad agita-
tionem [mentis], 15a17 .ni ar laiget a chumachtu ro-fhoda-
mair Ísu do diabul a i. ¤ sund, PH 4816. ro-saerad ... in
duine o'n demun boi oc a i. ¤ fri híl-bliadnu, 1988 .mar da
15badar ar an imluag sin adchondcadar chucu dream do
ridirib while they were thus perplexed, YBL 146b17 .fri
hilchaingni fri i. ¤ , SR 4542. secht mblíadna dó bochta
búan | ocus gorta cona imlúad, 6850 .ar ní bí sním na
immluad na imradud inar menmannaib, Alex. 876.
20(f)act ofbringing into action,effecting,exercising;action,
performance: cenco tic de i. ¤ a fhlaithiusa ar a arsaidecht
`exercise his dominion,' CCath. 590. do foillsighedh dosam
tre i. ¤ adharta (MS. imluag agharta)`by means of ritual' ?
Ériu viii 18.18 .erridecht ar armaib ┐ i. ¤ (MS. imluag) ar
25airdclesaib dexterity?, Ériu viii 8.2 .ic imluadh a ngnim
ngaisccidh isin cath, CCath. 5878. co na fedad i. ¤ n-im-
theachta`he was unable to effect a movement,' TTebe 3277 .
rofeatarsa nach do gnim gaisgedh ná d'imluadh echta ...
thangais, MR 284.19 .gach aidmibh ergaile ba gnath etir
30Eirennchoib d'iomluadh i ngurt gaisccidh, FM vi 2234.18 .
? Here:fer foloing einech gresa cin i. ¤ fine`without the
action of the family
,' Laws iv 350.25 . (cf. cen adhall fine,
ib. 1 Comm. .)
(g) act of putting forward(a proposition),advancing(a
35proposal
); aproposal, aproposition: cia d'echlachaib
hErenn sin do i. ¤ (tic dimluad, St.)athisc ┐ irlabra frim-sa,
TBC 1720. luid techt co n-ascadaib húad | o Iacob, cain
int imlúad, SR 3054. doriachtatar ri fessaib ┐ ri fáitib, ri
imluatib ┐ ri epistilib, TTr. 150. doronnad i. ¤ sida etarru
40┐ Manannan, RC xxiv 276 § 11. tancamar ra hi. ¤ n-athisc
dait, CRR 28.1 .cred adhbar bhar n-iomluaidhsi uaidhe,
eidir ?, ITS v 46.23 .iomluadh siodha etir na hiarladhaibh
sin ... fri Gaoidhelaibh Leithe Cuinn, FM vi 2044.15 .
(h)act oftelling,discussing,mentioning,praising;
45 praise: ni chreiti[s]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi and,
mina bedis persanda uaisli aca imluad`spreading it about,'
TTebe 62 3.na scaram frit na ret' luag | cén bes anim
coar n-i. ¤ , LL 375a39 .Fiachu Labraind, línib slúag | os
cech arm-raind co n-imluad`extolled beyond every armed
50squadron
,' Met. Dinds. iii 460.6 .oclach thainic co hAed
ruad | mad ail do neoch a i. ¤ `if any care to hear tell of him,'
iv 6.6 .nímthá sáethar re imlúag (v.l.himluadh)`I have
no trouble in telling it
,' Ériu iv 158.15 .da adhmoladh ┐
d'imluagh gacha feassa gu frichnamach, BB 31a20 .imarb-
55aidh einigh ... d' imradh ocus d'imluadh ocus d'adhmholadh,
MR 94.20 .ga háoinfhiodh bog bláthmar búan | ag ughdar-
aibh dá iomlúadh, IGT Introd. 5 § 10. nach biadh a éag
re iomluadh, Content. v § 164 .dá gcuirinn síos annso ...
go mbiadh eachtra adhbhal ré a hiomluadh orra, Keat.
60 ii 3412. an turas céadna do-chuaidh | san bhFraingc fa
fochainn iomluaidh, Aithd.D. 36 § 21.

imlúadail,imlúaidil n wandering,moving about(intrans.):
iomluaghail`wandering,' Eg. Gl. 404. do bái sí amhail
gach niomhaigh ... gan aister gan gluasacht (iomluaghail,
65 v.l.), BNnÉ 218 § 102 n. mar an éun ar iomlúaghail, Prov.
xxvi 2. is eadh as tol dá bhaothghnúis éididh ionghual-
aigh | ar gcur d'iomluaghail éigin fa gach aonchúis ain-
mhianaigh`desires to drive us by violence,' Aithd.D. 76 § 10.
Trans.:an tan bhios ag iomluaidhill a lamh no a mhuinil,
70 23 K 42,193.18 .

imlúadailech adj o, ā(imlúadail) vivacious,active: baoí
esccaidh iomluaghaillech d'aigneadh ... ina aoídidh`who
had been quick and vivacious in his mind
,' FM vi 2242.2 .

imlúaimnech adj o, ā(imlúamain) flutteringabout,hovering: ni
75loigfitis ethaidi imluaimnecha aoeir air, TTebe 3411 .Adv.
tainic cohimluaimnechopond roimpi(of a woman in great
agitation), 3591 .

imlúamain n the act offlying, aflight: dobert an athaig
cedna fo Édain condobert asan grianan foran i. ¤ forsa
80roibe ríam, TE 24.13 .

imluchtad xseeimlochtad.

1 imm,imb prep.leniting follg. consonant and governing
the acc. Forms: immalaile, Wb. 27b12 . imanad, 27d19 .
im Dia, 4c24 . imhirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . imchrechtu(sic
85leg.), 144c5 . himmchenn, Sg. 54a11 . immṡalond, IT i 43 § 13.
um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 ,etc.
am, RC xviii 184.1 .ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.
112.17 . uime,umfhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a
chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 .fa, TTebe 2767 .
In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir.immsometimes governs dat.
5in pl.: immarusccuib, IT i 120.9 . imslessaib, SR 3742.
imailib, TBC 1544. uma setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im
chorpaib, PH 7022.
With art.:sg. mandf. imminbidbethid, Wb. 15c14 .
immincathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immunaírc, 83a4 . immon
10coin, Sc.MMD² § 21 j . imonimdai, BDD² 1108. amunfeis,
Sc.MMD² § 23.8 . With elision 'muncoirthi, TBC 1233.
'manam, ML² 94. 'monairdrig, TTebe 3912 .n. imma
n-: immanisin, Ml. 56b31 . immandelg, Thes. ii 248.7 .
immantech, MU² 871. pl. imnatéta, TBFr. 104.
15With pron. suff.:sg. 1 immum, Sc.MMD² § 10. imam,
ib. § 13 R .imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 .umam, 1800 .
umum, 8160 .ummumm, 6159 .sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 .
PH 5047. imut, 8184 .umat, 453 .umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 .
iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision:'mud,
20 64 § 1 .sg. 3 m.andn. immbi, Wb. 13d22 .imbi, Sc.MMD²
§ 3. immi, § 17 .imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme,
MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 .uimme, 509 .imi,
TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 .f. impe, Sc.MMD² § 5 ,
TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe,
25 8159 .uimpi, St. Ercuil 2076. impea, 1333 .pl. 1 immunn,
Wb. 15c13 .immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC 4752.
imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib,
Wb. 27b16 .imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3
impu, Ml. 62b13 .immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 .umpa,
30 Feis TC 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. Withdat.:impaib,
MU² 774. TBC 938.
With poss.:sg. 1 imumchend, PH 1871. 'mamchend,
TTebe 2928 .sg. 2 im duchenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do
tegdais, PH 4525. immuttaeb, imodthoeb, TBC 4073.
35 'matfortacht, TTebe 3757 .sg. 3 immachomalnad, Wb.
30b4 , immathír, Ml. 62b9 . immochend, BDD² 1455. ima
chend, ib. 840 . umachend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má
chossa, LU 8520 (FB).pl. 1 immoar sáorad, Mon. Tall.
127.9 .pl. 2 immóbar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 .pl. 3
40 immua n-:immelotar immuan eclis`they circumambulated
their church
,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.).ba cendaib, PH 393.
With rel. pron.:imma n-,immo n-,immua n-:nech
... immandaister(gl.mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 .imm-
uambiat, 18b4 .én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ).
45 imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision:aní má tudchatar,
LU 9011 (FB).
For Mid. Ir. formsfa,ba=immsee underfo(prep.).
IOf place. (a) around,about: immib di cach leith
`around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 .condarlicthe tech
50... immunn di nim`that a house be let down around us from
heaven
,' 15c13 .bite im chrechtu (sic leg.)`which are wont
to be about wounds
,' 144c5 .buithe im hirusalem du assaraib,
72d8 .ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 .in nél nobith
immunaírc, 83a4 .fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt`it
55is smeared all round the thorn
,' Thes. ii 248.7 .canir anisiu
... imdu chenn`this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 .(tech)
udnocht coíl imbi, Críth Gabl. 102. dodat láim immom
bragit, IT i 125.6 .da malaigh ... imma rusccuib`two
eyebrows about her eyes
,' 120.9 .Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair,
60 81.10 .ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB).
do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt
an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round,
Sc.MMD² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae)
dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda
65imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar
in dá thech cláraid, 861 .Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid
ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781
( SC 35 ).día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar,
2028 .do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo
70chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu
do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi,
TBC 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 .uathbas
bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 .gnáth mirr do
thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet
75imon cathraig im Chirinen`circa Cyrenen,' 5384 .do denum
na mur imna cethrai, 1034 .atá comrar chloche imbi and
hi talmain, Im. Brain 48.13 .cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg
ocus 'mon rīgain`till they closed about the king and queen,'
BColm. 88.23 .frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around
80which they are
, ZCP viii 315.10 .in fearann uma ndentar
in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im
ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 .cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]on-
aire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath
ar leith 'mun all, Feis TC 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam
85chend, TTebe 2928 .ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó
a fearonn, Leb. Gab. 66 n 8 .do córaigsium a marcsluagh
imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar
┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling
... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502.
Peadar umam i ngach aird`may Peter defend me,' DDána
5 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an
Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.
In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a
person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a
Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol
10`there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,'
TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid
... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y .Turcuill,
Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach
`belonging to your family,' Sc.G.St. iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn
15an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal`were I to ennumerate
all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael
,' Rel.
Celt. ii 208.27 .do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh
táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut
... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón,
20 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to
the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person:
Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd.D. 41 § 25.
ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir
leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.
25(b)Of clothes considered as encircling the body,around,
about,on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 .snáthe nobíth
himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 .co n-étaigib ... impaib,
MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla
derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB).
30 asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin
immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach
umam, 7457 .a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 .
cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad,
Matth. xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa,
35 TSh. 6958. Withgaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach
macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 .lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 .gebid
Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais
Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat,
PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 .
40 Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this:
ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not
taken it
(i.e. a ring)about me, TBFr. 335.
(c)more definitely,at,by,along: conaccatar Coinculainn
immon corthe`they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,'
45 RC iii 182.y .do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt.
ii 188.12 .mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im
Sinaind`a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,'
RC xviii 169.19 .docum na léna boi im bord na habund,
RC vi 176.61 .trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc
50mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh
Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.
(d) along with,including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige
airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth Gabl. 339. huma-
lestrai im chaire, 405 .ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐
55nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset
maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair
... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of
Ireland including the son of Aed Slane,etc.fasted
, Thes. ii
298.13 .ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic,
60 Sc.MMD² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech
Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB).Illand im[ma thūaith`with his
tribe
,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im
Michéol`together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4.
sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin`six pairs besides
65myself
,' 39 § 7 .secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair`includ-
ing C.
' (the context shows that there were sixteen others
besides C.), Leb. Gab. 12.18 .ro triall sechnóin Eireann
... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime`and his two bishops with him,'
86.25 .cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis,
70 AU i 338.18 .secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec`including
Aedh Brec
,' 58.9 .aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab
righi Mhuman uime`in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 .
is dá loch um loch nEachach` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 .
aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im
75Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .
(e)After vbs. of motion,to,into,through,throughout(cf.
fo): tangamur man caillidh-so`we came to this wood,' ZCP vi
65.14 .docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 .
dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille,
80 TBC 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh`the
other fifty fled away throughout the wood
,' St. Ercuil 2350.
(f)Of impact, collision (more usuallyfri),against,on:
dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind,
IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb
85de, LU 8934 (FB).atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín
co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 .commad im
claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 .tuc béim
de immun corthe, TBC 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin
um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.
IIOf time.Of the approximate time of an occurrence,
5 at,about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid
`at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC).macc Murchada ...
do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona`on the feast of Catherine',
ZCP viii 111.7 .cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain,
RC xvii 377.21 .ní do denam dó im teirt`he has to do some
10duty at tierce
,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 .cantir salm aurnaigti ...
im espartan, 131.9 .im iarmergi indnocht`at nocturns
to-night
,' BColm. 68.14 .iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh,
Aithd.D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair
sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 .budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa,
15 TD 4 § 32.
III In abstract sense,concerning,as regards,in the
matter of,on account of,for the sake of: immin bidbethid,
Wb. 15c14 .im dethidneasaeculi , 16b11 .im cech rét
runecat les`in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 .
20 aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc`what evil we are meditating
concerning them
,' 93a5 .robói dosom imma thír`that he
had for his land
' (gl.magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 .luid
Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie
lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm).(mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata
25co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men
of Ireland would come about on account of it
, Sc.MMD² § 5.
Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 .nach
airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna`wherever they happen to
be concerned about a conflict of evidence
,' Críth Gabl. 418.
30 dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri`violating his suretyship
in regard to a matter for which he is surety
,' 306 .as í sin
maigin digona in boaire um a setaib`this is the inviolable
precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds
,' 226.13 .Aimir-
gen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 .mād
35imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin
Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna`about
attending to the needs of their lord
,' BDD² 1220. bentai
Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐
nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC²
40 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi`not
to indulge them with a change of diet
,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 .
do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha
uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh,
BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, Arch. iii
45304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar
na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain |
ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd.D. 80 § 40. is ar
tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe`He lay
buried for our sake
,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um
50theachta as-teagh`a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies
1920, 262 § 9 .do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake,
DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma
leabhraibh`plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .
With the idea of purpose,with a view to: altram Néill im
55chomga cnes`the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv
94.8 .fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad`we
pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance
,' Mon. Tall.
127.9 .ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi`as regards
the fair arrangement of the feast
,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum
60... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi`to celebrate the feast,'
Ériu v 234.36 .ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na
harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 .an t-aug-
darrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .
In rel. construction with vb.about which,on account of
65which,concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má
tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB).cia fāth marad-
goired isin pupullsa?, TBC² 2223. in fáth ima nderna
peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere`why should C.
go
,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii
70112.22 .créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 .
cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas
leat? ITS xix 96.13 .ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn,
DDána 101 § 20.
As pred. of copula:is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris,
75 Comp. Con C. 86.2 .is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509.
is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, St.
Ercuil 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so
ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.
With certain vbs. and vns.
80(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im
anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 .annongeiss cách imma chomal-
nad, 30b4 .amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima
brat, BColm. 60.7 .ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786.
ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 .ailthus
85Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 .
do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix
378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm
fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do
etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó,
Fl. Earls 222.18 .
5(ii)Of fastingfor: corothroiscset ... im húatigud na
ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes.
ii 298.16 .rotheiscset (rotroiscsitv.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon.
Tall. 157.18 .trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair`M. fasted
against him for it
,' BColm. 92.13 .rofágaib Colmán troscud
10umpi seo`C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for
it
,' 88.13 .rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurt-
acht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid
imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the
Lord to have him awakened for you
, Arch. iii 3.30 .
15(iii)Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó
bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi
109 § 17.
(iv)Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma
fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco
20sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach
... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind
imm óenní`I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 .
eitchither iat im na mnáib`the women are refused them,'
Met. Dinds. iii 324.15 .ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we
25ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance
,
Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh,
Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, St. Ercuil 1876.
(v)Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce
`the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv
30230.17 .mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC
1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, B Colm.
72.9 .is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir`it is he who
robbed thee of Lazarus
,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech
... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .
35(vi)Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu
imma nisin`thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml.
56b31 .boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir,
LU 9035 (FB).bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach
eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 .gabais cách díb im-
40marbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC).
cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-
chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai
`he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 .nach greisfider
im dénum maithiusa, 4657 .ro ghreis Cirion a muindter
45im calma do denum, St. Ercuil 1573. comraicfit im óen-
bargin, Ériu i 132.64 .ro grendaig im cath hé`he challenged
him to battle
,' RC xviii 48.7 .
(vii)Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain,
LU 8845 (FB).ac fonamat imme`making mockery of
50him
,' BColm. 92.15 .fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid
crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐
fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin
Chulainn uime sin, Comp. Con C. 110.19 .lúathgair do chor
immum-sa`to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .
55(viii)Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu
imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal
ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 .co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi,
Arch. iii 10 § 8.
(ix)Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment
60 in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi,
BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .
In distrib. sense with numbers,forequivalent oftoin the
Eng. idiomtwo to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer`two wives
to every one man
,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 .ticc días im gach
65n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach
in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco
P. § 55.
Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling,
(b) behaviour towards.
70After words expressive (i)Of desire, greed, jealousy,
envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia`strong
craving (?) he had for God
,' Ml. 62a2 .ar accubur ┐ saint
immin domun, 69a6 .ar ét im chrabud`for zeal for devo-
tion
,' 36d24 .gabais ... saint an rí impi`the king desired
75her
,' IT i 120.13 .ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 .rom-
gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, Arch.
iii 3.18 .is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH
7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir`great is the eagerness
for the champion's portion
,' RC xiii 30.35 .rogab ailges ┐
80accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D iv 2,72va8 .
is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis,
TTebe 1064 .nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um aird-
chendus na Greigi, 834 .
(ii)Of anger and its oppositetowards: fích 'mon oirbiri
85d'aithris`fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in
aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli`the great anger which a
man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 .ba lonn ... in ingen imon
sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 .cé dogénsam ainmne uime`though
we were patient about it
,' Arch. iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach
imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.
5(iii)Of affection and its oppositetowards: nípat
úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu`be not
cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies
,' LU
3493 (SC).co raibhi ic báidhe imme`till he was fondling
him
,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághachMS.)side im
10Laighniph`he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 .ar
méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime`by reason of the great love
and care he had for him
,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach
uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im
congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour,
15 O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba`they were
not at peace about their possessions
,' Leb. Gab. 112.17 .
nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 .
mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 .mise go
ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta
20Grádha² 58.3 .minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth
achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime
`be not ungracious to him,' St. Ercuil 2073.
(iv)Of fear, anxiety, sorrowfor: ba leth ndogra
immon coin, Sc.MMD² § 21j .mairg dorumalt a n-imned
25dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB).
bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12.
do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima
righuibh, Lism.L. 3207.
(v)Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662.
30 déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.
IVIn special constructions. (a)Used idiomatically
with the subst. vb.:tá ...imm is engaged in,concerned in,
in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia
`on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment
35with God
,' Wb. 4c24 .in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB).cía
thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís
remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB).cotaispentar dó
cach ní immbambí`everything about which he is engaged'
Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai).baoi seom fechtus ann im
40aine`he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 .cid
dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?,
PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .
(b)Used of person adverselyaffected byaction (=dat.
of disadvantage) more commonly expressed byar: reb-
45thair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB).do lott a aithrige impe,
Todd Lect. iii 66.3 .as mor domhillis umainn`you have
spoilt much on us
,' Ériu v 172.154 .intí romill immum in
estrecht truagh`he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling
§ 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390.
50 co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a
dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc,v.l.)
impu`he confused them,' 145 .coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐
blicht im maca Miled, D iv 2,50rb31 .ro mharbh se mac
maith umum`he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .
55(c)In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent un-
controlled action to indicate personaffected bythe action:
nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaistergl.mentis incompotem,
Ml. 50d2 .ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB).día siabairther
immi, 8810 (FB).do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa
60haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 .Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe,
St. Ercuil 353.
(d)With vbs. in pass. impers. to express personaffected
bythe action: ēgthir immum, Sc.MMD² § 10 (for other
exx. of this const. sees.v. éigidRIA Dict. Fasc.II).ro
65gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 .imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire,
DDána 102 § 27.
VUsed idiomatically with certain vbs.,buailid ... imm
meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh
iad, Ériu v 74.23 .con-gaib ... imm keeps to,perseveres in:
70 anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein
mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8. gaibid ... imm. (i) puts on
clothes , seesupra I (f). (ii) surrounds,troops around: cid
immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC 120. coro gabsat immut uli,
IT iii 498 § 10. (iii) seizes,attacks: in días do gabáil immón
75n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB).roghab in cerd in liathroit ...
táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP
iv 240.10 . ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ...
immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 .in mál maith 'ma laigdis
mná, 54.2 .luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na
80duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 .tócbaid ... imm(with or without inf.
pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain`thereupon
S. arose
,' Buile Ṡ. 114 § 57 .rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa
tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y preventsor
hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do
85Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D.
did not prevent them from that
, ZCP x 291.22 .no tair-
misccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh`he forbade
them to kill the rabble
,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc
na sligeadh coitcindi umunn`they are forbidding us the
common roads
,' 1270 .gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, St. Ercuil
5 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe`for the
truth of nature and scripture forbids her
,' Laws v 430.24 .
gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis
do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir
bréic(or another word of similar meaning)imm deceives,
10 deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 .
dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB).cerbo
mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrum-
mai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB).co tartaitis ceilc immon
slóg, TBC² 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo`the thing which
15deludes them
,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc
and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg
impe`practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor
muinbech im Fergus occum-sa`F. shall be cajoled by me,'
RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar
20... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.