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60 1 gein n n. neut., laterf. n s. gein n-im[m]arbaga, BDD 106 .
gein n-angbaigh, Anecd. i 65 § 131 .gein engraicichthe,
Sg. 198b8 .g s. in gene, Wb. 28c12 .in mórgeine, LU 4722 .
d s. geinim, Ml. 59a12 ; 85b11 .genim, Ériu ii 222.27 .n p.
nageine , Trip.² 950 .gene, Fél. Feb. 26 .Vn.ofgainithir.
65(a) In abstract sense birth (as beginning of life, distinguished
fr. `compert'conception, `breth'parturition): gein maicc
hua athair, Ml. 85b11 .a gein iar ndoinacht, 17d10 .foraith-
met gene Crist, Thes. ii 253.4 (St. Missal).amlabar ... ho
geinim dumb from birth, Ml. 59a12 .a chompert-som ┐ a gein,
70 RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ).maircc do ghein do gheineamain,
xxxvii 345.4 .o gein tuissech Etaini, IT i 131.9 .for óenlíth
... gene Tarcellorum, Fél. Feb. 26 .sollamain na gene coim-
deta, PH 6923 .mac oen-geni only-begotten , PH 2086 .a
mac prim-geni first-born , 6917 .tusmiudh aicenta geine .i.
75mac sceo ingean o mnai, Auraic. 626 .a gein ón óig cen dith
n-óige i m-breith(of Christ), Ériu ii 198.18 .Specifically of
theNativity: i n-aidchi in gene, Wb. 28c12 .iar naifreann
na geine, BNnÉ 108 § 35 .hi bliadhain na geine, RC xviii
380.14 (Tig.). With cognate verb,dun genim rongenairsom,
80 Ml. 85b11 . Fig. origin(of things or actions): gein en-
graicichthe(=origo substitutionis), Sg. 198b8 ,cf. origenistum
.i. bunadgein, 181a4 .iss ed gein n-im[m]arbaga fil la firu
Herend a source of contention, BDD 106.
(b)the act ofprocreation: in crand fa rabadur ac denum na
85gene(of Adam and Eve), D iv 2 42vb43 .
(c) In concrete sensethat which isborn, aninfant, aperson
(esp. common in poetry): ní segar baithis acht menip
dóig bes marb in gein when it is thought the infant will die,
Ériu ii 208.z .rogénair in gein, iv 138.7 .ni rubai for talmain
gein bad gáithiu, 24 § 10 .na gigne gein gabas gnimrada
cutrumma ... rut-sa, TBC 4015 .maith tra in gen ro compred
and, LU 4263 .la hAilill gein ṁbúada, Fél. Prol. 178 .in
5gein ba huallchu fo nim the being that was proudest under
heaven
, Met. Dinds. ii 36.12 .ba garg in gein ... ingen
Rotmand, iii 160.1 .do imgabāil in mōrgene | immadich
Mag Muirthemne, TBC² 240 .nach bí gein ag gabháil a
n-oighreachta dá n-éis, TSh. 4305 .ro tusmit geni torotharda
10imda isin Roim, CCath. 891 . With defining gen.:rucustar
gein meic, Acall. 544 .gein mhínaluinn ... mic, Ériu v 80.30 .
Of thefoetus: in gein fil it brú, Trip. 78.24 .adroethuig ...
in n-gein bui ina bruinn, IT i 139.29 .dá fuirghe do ghein
gan a breith, SG 18.28 .marbhad a geine, Laws i 180.12
15Comm. Transf. of apupilordisciple(?): gen[e] .i. deíscipuil,
ut estsaeru mo gene maoi, O'Dav. 1034.
(d) Gramm. (1) Used fancifully in connection with
lánamain deme(lit.a neuter couple), the latter term denoting
a pair of objects co-existing in the same whole (e.g.the eyes
20in the head), its `gein' being its accompanying or
resultant parts or properties (e.g.eyelashes and eyebrows):
Auraic. 1852 - 1855 ; 3255 - 9. (2) Used in the Auraicept of
Ogam accent signs, the three kinds `forsail,' `dinin disail'
and `arnin' being termed respectively `gein forchomélta,'
25`gein decométa' and `gein frecométa (frithchometa),'
5006 seq. See alsogeinddae.

? 2 gein n awound(?): Magh Fea ... as uadh ced gein .i. ced
guin i Laighnib, uair is ann rugad (gl..i. rogonadh), Leb.
Gab. 54.13 . (Of Fea, who, according to Keating i 160 , was
30the first of Partholón's followers to die.) .Cf. `gein .i. guin
awound,scar,cutorgash ,' P. O'C.

geind n awedge , seegenn.

geinddae adj(gein)io,iāgl.genitalis, Sg. 64a16 . Also used in
composition in the sense —genitus:óengeinne, Hy. vi 25 .
35 plag na primgeinne huili, SR 3937 =plag bolgaige broithce
dia n-epletar prímgeni Egipti uili, LB 118a46 = YBL 289b23 .
Cf. a s. guidh lemsa do primgeine pray with me to thy First-
born
, Ériu i 122.17 .

? geine n g s.(?):cia díre doberar ... i n-áir cen cinta ? ... secht
40n-aingel geine ... hi nglaim diginn(ref. is prob. to the coin
called an angel), O'D. 947 ( H.3.17, c.663 ).

geinemain xseegenemain.

geinid xseegainithir.

? geiniti: ind forgo(writtenfor go)grian genelaigh .i. is leor
45d'imdenam an ferainn do nech cidh bé dona geiniti so sis
eillgitar aige, O'C. 2460 ( Eg. 88,f. 37 (38)c ).

geinn n awedge , seegenn.

geinntech n o,m. awedge: geinnteach IGT Decl. § 22.9 .
geinnteach do chur fo na peileruibh, ITS xix 114.24 .g s. ag
50bualadh an geinntigh, 116.4 .

geinsiu xseegainithir.

1 geint n budding,sprouting , P. O'C.

2 geint xseegent.

geinte adj io, iā sprouted: is imdha and grán geinte, IGT Decl.
55ex. 1280 .cruithneacht chaoch nó gheinte, TSh. 4653.

Geintene io,npr m. Ardm. 18b2 ( Thes. ii 364.2 ).

geinti xseegenti.

1 geir n d,f. IGT Decl. § 191 . animal fat,tallow,suet,lard: usqa
(`lard') ... .i. geir suis .i. na muici, Corm. Y 1286 .ge[i]r
60 quasicéra carne , 719 .tumud na cainnell a geir ocus uscca
in carna, Laws ii 252.2 .a mul imme nō gereth, Cáin Ad.
§ 2 .diamad mé douéradh fuiriocc | ... | nobetis déra
geiredh | dar eneach gach caratt, ZCP vii 268 § 4 .curchān
gered gerthige, Aisl. MC 35.23 ; 85.20 ; 122.2 .frissin
65cómlaid n-geriud, 87.24 .do pic ┐ do geir[id] ┐ do céir,
CCath. 2143 .doníat bals[am]um...dia fheoil ┐ dia gheir
(of the ox), Marco P. § 171 .geir go mblas seirbhdhighe(of
rancid butter), TD 37.2 .an gheir fholchas na hinnighe,
Lev. iii 14 .do chuir ar uachtar na geire...iad, viii 26 .coinle
70ceire agus geire, Luc. Fid. 211.9 .

? 2 geir: n geir(gearr, grennv.l.) grainne(one of the `ce-
néle dáileman'), Triads 231 . Perhaps to1 geir: `fat of
grain
' (?).

1 géire x(gér) seegére.

75 2 géire n sea-calf,seal(?): Is menn mairci mur géire(gl. .i.
serrach eich fo rōn maro), Arch. iii 310 § 3 ( ZCP xii 360.22 ).

? geirfiath: ind cuan ngonfiach ngeirfiath (v.ll.: —fiach,—iath),
Anecd. ii 74.z .

? geirig: ind g. ¤ .i. sema, Stowe Gl. 413.

80 geirnéal xseegairnél.

? geirteach, ind IGT Decl. § 104.1 .

geis n f. g s. geisi, Trip. 42 , 10.10 . ?gessi, SR 3635 .n p. gessi,
LL 220b32 .geisi, Laws v 352.2 .a p. gesse, SR 26 .geisse
Rawl. 84a43 .geis, IGT Decl. § 14.16 ; § 115 . In early Mod.
85Lit.pl. geasa. Connected withguidid`prays.'Cf. geis .i.
guide, O'C. 2016 ( H.4.22,36a );ailges a prayer or request,
the refusal of which brings reproach or ill-luck
. See Thurn.
Heldensage,p. 80 , andcf. Corm. Y 62 .Cf.alsooll-geisi
`great demands,' Laws v 352.2 , which glossesailgeasa. In
older literature generally:
(a)atabu, aprohibition , the infraction (`coll' `milliud')
of which involved disastrous consequences. Sometimes
5these `gessi' were fortuitous, originating in the fact
that a certain course of action had produced disastrous
results in the past, sometimes they were rules of honour or
prudent abstention, often they rested on deep-seated primi-
tive beliefs and ideas. Such tabus might be attached to a
10rank or office,e.g.the tabus laid on the king of Tara and on
some of the provincial kings, BR 2 - 24 (where they are also
calledurgartha`things forbidden,' and opposed tobuada
=ada`lucky things' or `things prescribed').Cf.for opposition
ofbuadaandgeasa, Hy Many 13.21 , and ofadaandgeis,
15 CCath. 1166 . See also Macalister, Temair Breg; Baudiš,
Ériu viii 104 seq. Frazer,Golden Bough,ch. xxvii § 1
(abbr. ed.). They might bind a whole community, TBC
1190 ; RC viii 56.12 . More often they were restrictions
on an individual, either owing to the predictions of druids
20or soothsayers that certain actions would bring ill-luck, or
imposed on him by another who had power to punish their
violation, or who trusted to his sense of honour or his fear.
For a list of Cú Chulainn'sgessisee RC xiv 398.
Oen do gessib Ulad labrad ria n-a ríg ┐ óen do gessib in ríg
25labrad riana druidib, LL 263b17 ( MU 12 ).Cf. TBC 4724 .
rochoillsiut ... geissi Conuiri, IT i 130.18 . Commonly as
pred. with copula (expressed or understood) andDO(in later
texts sometimesFOR) of person:is gess damsa ... dám
óenmná do airitin iar fuiniud grene, LU 6986 ( BDD 63 ).geiss
30dó cárna a chomanma do ithi, RC iii 176.17 .fa geis do
Fhothud Cananne ol corma cin chinnu marbu ina fhiadnaise,
RC xiv 242.20 . CRR § 23 .Ogam ... ba ges do dul sech gan
a legad, Auraic. 5943 .is geas damhsa gabháil tré dhorus
éuluighthe, Oss. iii 58.5 . Foll. byCENto express the idea of
35a positive injunction:is geis dond ríg cen an ro raid B. do
dénam do, LU 10480 .ba do gessib C. cen adall fulachta dia
chathim, RC iii 176.17 .geis fair ... cen chomrac n-oenḟir
do ḟuacra, TBC 1231 .ba geis dissi cen a fothrucud, LL
125a6 . Sometimesgessiwere attached to particular places
40or objects:tosōisom iarum clār clē a charpait fri hEmain,
┐ ba geis dī annīsin, TBC² 716 . MR 70.12 , Aisl. MC 15.11 - 14 .
trí geassa robadar for in sléig sin, Cóir An. § 41 ( IT iii 306.6 ).
Cf. Keat. ii 4388 ; TD 19.9 ; Met. Dinds. iii 230.56 . Used
elliptically (of persons):gabais cach a suide ... eter gess ┐
45nemgess those who were tabu and those who were not, BDD
§ 59 = BDD² 525.
(b)a positiveinjunctionordemand: ní fil nech ... béras
sein ... cora ícthar a gesse .i. enchennach Mercúir ... ┐ claideb
Ulcáin, LL 220b26 ( TTr. 257 ).budh ghes do scéith Ch.
50géimedh le foréigin an tí air a mbeidh C.'s shield was bound
to cry out
, Trans. G. S. i iv 96.4 .ba geis di í féin d'fhothragadh
san tobar ... gacha maidne, Keat. ii 3288 . (Cf.for different
construction LL 125a6 supra.)An dara geis gan a ainm
do thabhairt ... d'aonlaoch, Keat. ii 3386 . Gen.a solemn
55adjuration, command or prohibition
from one person to
another with imprecations or threats of misfortune in case
of refusal (the ordinary sense in romantic lit.):do bertsat ...
gesa agus airmberta for Coincculainn, da ttísadh úadh gan
aidmilliudh furre, TBC 2295 .Cf. ITS v 112.22 . Buile Ṡ.
60 102.19 .is olc na geasa do chuiris orm, Oss. iii 54.z .cuirim
ort de gheasaibh i n-ainm Íosa a innsin, Eochairsg. 90.12 .
geis Ruadháin,R's inderdiction(i.e.against Tara), TD 28.42 .
Hence of the imprecations or ill-luck which follow the dis-
regard of the `geis':geis fort ... da caithe tú biadh, Ériu
65 iii 162.16 .g. ¤ dó ... muna imre fi[th]chill rum-sa, ib. 12 .
cuirim fa gheasaibh atha ┐ aidhmhillte thu ... muna m-beirir
me fein lat, Oss. iii 54.20 .Mór tarla ar an ngeis ngnáthaigh
`the wonted trouble,' TD 10.19 .
(c)somethingunlawfulorforbidden; awrong: gen gnim
70ṅgessi, SR 3635 .gach duine ghabhas geis eagcóir`an
injustice
,' Dán Dé xxxi § 20 .gach neach dhíbh dá ndéanann
geis, § 21 .óicfher les nach geabtha geis, Ir. Texts ii 32.9 .
?Ocus cath Ocha ... is mó gessib, Arch. Hib. ii 58 § 3 . In
common phrase `cen geis' in poetry gen. as cheville =
75 without wrong,flaw,fault(?): méraid cen galar, cen geiss, Met.
Dinds. iii 230.58 .blad cen gess, MacCarthy 168.1 .gníomh
gan gheis, ML 56.24 .Eoin dalta Crīst cen gheis, Ériu iii
194 § 6. Lism. L. 1286 . A. Ó Dálaigh lv 16. pl. rosderb
cen gesse coemruin without restrictions(?), SR 26 . Rawl.
80 84a43 .
(d)aspell, anincantation: cosna gessi (sic) gráda
with love spells, Met. Dinds. iii 216.2 .fair ... atát búada
is búan-gesse, 230.56 .ērlama ar gurt co ṅgeiss`a strange
ripeness across the field
,' Ériu vii 223.32 .is uaidibh(i.e.
85from the Picts)gach geiss ┐ gach sén ... ┐ gach mana,
Todd Nenn. 124.11 .domsoerad ... ar escaine ar aeir | ar ges
duine ar gliaid, KMMisc. 255 § 17 .rachuaid im munigin a
druidechta ... a gessi ┐ a gentliuchta, LL 222a20 ( TTr. 362 ).
faídhis in inghenradh gesa bhar Ch., RC xv 68.1 (v.l.
draoigheacht).bhfuil leigheas do gheas le fághail?(refers
to Finn's metamorphosis), Oss. vi 16.16 .geasa cruadha
d'bhar g-cur ar feoghadh hard spells causing you to wither,
5 iii 248.16 .ag deánamh conjuration no ag cur na ndeamhan
fá gheasaibh, Keat. ii 5443 .do bhuail a cheann ar chloich
mar gheasaibh ag tuar sonais dó, iii 795 .Nós na mban
bhíos fa gheasaibh`under enchantments,' TD 1.18 . Acts
xix 13 .nach gabhaid geasa ná gnáithiarmharta greim dhe,
10 TSh. 5956 .a chaor bheo nach beag geasa`of mighty power,'
A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 3.
(e) Exact meaning doubtful:nir'ḟég geiss nó gliaid nó
glond`point of honour,' Ériu vii 223.30 .d'ḟiss gessi na
ṅgním`to prove the good-faith of the deeds,' Ériu vii 222 § 25 .
15 d'ḟis mo genais as cach geis`beyond doubt,' 229 § 74 .nī
dolith (.i. geis) dorōine an Coimdhe gach dūil, ZCP viii
107.12 .