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galdae adj(gal)io,iā warlike: gaí géra galdai, LL.219a42
( TTr. 166 ).fúair gním ngalla (: cranda) ō ríg Chrinna`he
got valiant service from C.'s king
,' Arch. Hib. ii 70.4 ( LL
183b24 ).

galfa ind .i. fairsing, Lec. Gl. 232 .Cf. gulfa.

1 galgat n ā,f. achampion, awarrior: galgad .i. gaisgeadhach,
5 O'Cl. galgat .i. tria gail gætas .i. gonas, Corm. Y 700 .cetna
galgat rogaedadh (gl.ced gaisgedhach rogonadh), Leb. Gab.
i 62. Ó Bruad. iii 186 .pl. rob imdha ann ... galgata gonta,
CCath. 6091 .na galgata gaisccidh, 5841 .immad már galgat,
FB 29 ( LU 8432 ).for galgataib Gréc, TTr. 1985 ; 856 .do
10gleire gaithlennach ocus galgat, MR 224.10 . CCath. 5450 ,
5840 , 5944 , 5964 , 6091 .do faósad mor ngalngad ann, CS
136.2 =mór ngerat, FM i 438.10 .go ttorchair ... don anbfor-
lann galccad, FM iii 224.7 . vi 2116.19 .gaoi chorra ar
guaillibh galghud, L. Cl. A. Buidhe xxv 18 .ban ¤ afemale
15 champion: ar slicht na bangalghaite mná mic Nechtain,
AF 29.

2 galgat n ā,f. acalamity; acrime, anoutrage (confined to
poetry and cryptic style) :galgat .i. liach, O'Mulc. 689 .
galgat .i. tesbad imefuilnge golut dixitGuaire fri O. ag
20caoinedh Laignēin : ... is tind galgat nochāine, Corm. Y
726 (cf. Bruchst. i § 95 ).mara golgatha (.i. gotha mora in
guil), LL 387a17 .In gnīm dorinne Iudas | ba liach ┐ ba galgat,
Ériu i 41 § 4 .égem iar ngalgait an outcry after outrage, Tec.
Corm. § 37 (cf. ZCP xv 350 § 39 ).dorigni galgait ... Cellach
25... do guin, Rawl. 84a29 = LL 35a41 . LL 44a33 .mór ṅdirsan,
mór ngalgat, 123a20 (Nuallguba Emire).Mōr galgat ... nā
tormalt cid ōenbliadain, Rawl. 85a45 .golget .i. gol oc
nech rogāet, O'Mulc. 668.

? galgud: ind is anbal do cach duine ar tuinide tarrachtain
30galgudh ngó do lugha, O'D. 623 ( H.3.17, c.463 - 4 ).

galingan xseegailingan.

? galiud: ind is leth ṅ-glíad sain, is galiud (clariud, Lec. ; St.)
comlaind ... cách tanic and`Zuteilung ?' (Wind.), TBC
5316.

35 1 Gall pn o,m. a p. Gollu,Golla, AU 1026 .gaillu, LL 184a12 .
gullu, Cog. 110 n. 2 ;gulla, Lism. L. 202 .v p. Gulla, IGT
Decl. ex. 681.
(a) Oldest meaningaGaul: Gaill .i. Frainc. Gaill dano
ainm do ... ṡaerc[h]landaib Franc .i.tribus Gallie , Corm.
40Y 683 .Labraid for a loinges hi tirib Gall, RC xv 299
( Dinds. § 9 ).dolluid Forgall Manach ... amail bítís techta
ríg Gall, RC xi 438.25 (Tochm. Em.).marggad mór na nGall
ngrécach, Met. Dinds. iii 24.307 .epscop fīna ... .i. escra
tomais fīna la ceandaighaib Gall ┐ Franc, Corm. Y 539 .
45 Ériu iii 140.173 .a tuirc óir a tírib Gall, LL 49b40 = Hail
Brigit § 11 . Inpl.used as a place-name :i ndesciurt Etale
... sed verius ... i[n] Gallaib itá, Thes. ii 311.32 .
(b)aScandinavian invader (finn-gaillbeing the Northmen ,
dub-gaillthe Danes ) :Niall Glundubh ... co torchair i cath
50Atha-cliath la Gallaibh, MacCarthy 404.22 .co Galliathaib
na nGall .i. co Ámlaib ... rig Lochlainne, CRR § 7 .Roiniudh
for Gallu Locha cuan, AU 942 ; 1026 .Brian ... ardrī Gall
ocus Gāedel, ZCP viii 120.1 .ar slanaib ... Turcaill righ
Gall, BCC § 435 ; § 373 .Ard Macha do orgain ... la Gallaibh,
55┐ ní ro hoirgedh la heachtarchenela riamh go sin, FM i
444.9 . ?dord gaill iar nderach a bárc, ib. 272.8 . Dán-
Fhocail 271 .
(c)anAnglo-Norman, anIrishmanofNorman descent, an
Englishman: Díarmait Gall, IGT Decl. ex. 641 .a Gulla
60Fáil, ex. 681 .langfiter ... .i. glas na nGall, Corm. p. 26 .
(Cf. langp[h]eitir .i.anglisinsein, Corm. Y 812. )slóiccheadh
lá hUilliam ... de Lathi ... ┐ lá gallaibh Midhe, FM iii 268.13 .
gabháltas Gall the Norman Invasion, Keat. ii 4840 .Fine
gaoidel senghoill féin`the old English themselves,' O'Gr. Cat.
65 467.11 .sduagha do gheibhthe re Goll(of a castle)arches
that used to be found with the foreigner
(i.e.built in Norman
style ?), DDána 119.16 . Applied to the Geraldines, Ériu
ix 164 § 12.
(d)aforeigner: fer doberait gaill amach, Laws v 244.18 gl.
70 o luibib gall, 84.6 Comm. gaill comlaind(among a king's
rights)foreign mercenaries for combat, iv 340.18 .cin a gall
┐ a deoraidh, O'C 290 ( H.3.18,159 ).scrisfaid siad goill ┐
allmaruidh a hErind, BCC § 127.
Compds. ¤ assa aGaulish sandal: a p. gallasu(gl.gallicas=
75caligas, Vulg.), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 178b2 ). ¤ at foreign helmet ,
IT iii 100 § 171 . ¤ bádach partialtoforeigners(?) : comairleda
... guthmilse gallbadhacha in ghlaniarla`prompted by
inherent leaning to the English
,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 26.37 .
¤ baile aforeign stead: ZCP ii 339.34 .gallbailti gan gall-
80dacht, Studies 1920, 416.z . IGT Decl. ex. 1915 . ¤ bélre
foreignspeech: sluag guillbelrai, Fen. 222.10 .can latin, acht
gall-berla, ZCP xviii 12 , note.milc ... focul gallberla, O'Dav.
1215 . ¤ biail a foreign (i.e. Scandinavian)axe: O'Dav.
532 ..iiii. sgribaill .x. is fiu in gaillbiail .i. in crostuadh lethan,
85 O'C. 241 b ( H.3.18,136 ).slicht gall-bela, O'C. 810 ( H.3.18,
374a ). See Mann. and Cust. iii 29 . ? ¤ blach, IT iii 99 § 163 .
¤ brat foreignbooty:?nímo gradh gallbraide, ib. 95.1 . ¤ bróc
foreignshoe: Guaire na ngallbrocc, ib. 101 § 179 . ¤ cerd name
given to the Scandinavian sport of tossing children on spears
,
VSH i 164 § xxxiv (v.l. gialcherd);cf. p. xxii n. 4 . ¤ cét
(lit.foreign hundred)the old Scandinavian(Teutonic ?)
long hundredthe hundradtólfráett,i.e.12 tens:o na rigaib
5anall gabar comad gall-ced (sic leg.) do beth and sin, Laws
v 78.21 .da ced bairgen .i. da gallced(sic leg.), ib. 110.21
se fichit in gach ced, O'C. 1853 ( 23 Q 6,51b43 ). ¤ cliar:an
ghaillchliar theReformed clergy , Mac Aingil² 4297 ¤ cloch
` foreign castles ,' Studies 1920, 416.2 . ¤ cochal aNorse
10 hood , KMMisc. 364.9 . ¤ cú npr m.:Gallchū, Rawl. 151b40 .
¤ cúirt foreignpalace , Studies 1924, 242.2 . ¤ dírna a foreign
dírna(i.e.weight), O'Dav. 679 . ¤ écosc Gaulish garb:
doluid Forcoll M. ... isna Gaillecuscaib, ZCP iii 246 § 57 .
¤ écoscda of foreignappearance: cloidemh mor gaillecasgda,
15 TBC 5478 (St.). ¤ espoc aforeign bishop: ag an ngaillespuc,
ALC i 242.28 . ¤ focal:dot dhíon ar ghallfhocal ghall the
pledged word of the English
(i.e.Punica fides), O'Gr. Cat.
485.8 . ¤ fothannán theherb bearsbreechorbearsfoot , RC ix
227.21 . O'Gr. Cat. 184.30 . ¤ fuil foreign blood: easbaid
20Goill ó gleo an Mullaig | ód roinn sa gleo ar an Gallfhuil, Ir.
Texts ii 60 § 24 . ¤ ga aforeign javelin, anEnglish spear ,
IGT Decl. ex. 967 . AU ii 212.22 . ¤ gabul: ?gréas gach
gall-ghabhla(from description of a building), DDána 119.33 .
¤ glas aforeign lock , Laws i 142.12 Comm. ¤ góidel one of
25 mixed race, i.e.VikingandIrish blood . For an account of
theGall-Goidilsee RC xxxix 176 - 177 (Sommerfelt); TFrag.
138 n. ; Bidrag,p. 4 seq.;Watson,Celtic Place-Names,172
seq.In the Annals the word is used of inhabitants of Ireland
only between 855 and 858 (Sommerfelt,loc. cit.). In TFrag.
30 138 (an.857) the name is applied to the Irish who had
adopted Viking ways and relapsed into paganism.Cf.also
ib.232.cocadh mor etir Gennti ┐ Maelsechnaill co n-Gall-
ghoidelaibh leis, AU i 364.x ; ib. 366.8 .loingius na nGall-
nGaoidheal (sic) .i. Scuit iad ┐ daltai do Normannoibh iad,
35 TFrag. 128.8 . FM i 490.8(an.856).gic-goc Gallgaidhel,
Anecd. ii 72.6 .inghean ríogh Gallghaedheal, Keat. ii 5540 .
Used of inhabitants of western Scotland:téit iarum Donnan
in Gallgaidelu ┐ geibid aitreb ann(where apparently the island
of Eigg is meant), Fél. 116.13 .Bláán .i. Balaan (sic) epscop
40Cinn Garad hi nGallgaidelaib (Bute), ib. 184.28 .As a place-
name connotingGalloway: Suibne mac Cinaedha, ri Gallgai-
dhel, AU i 568.z(an.1034); ii 234.1(an.1200); ii 290.17(an.
1234).Toirberd mac Gall Ghoeidhil, ALC i 242.25(an.1210)
=mac righ gallgaoidhel, FM iii 164.13 .Samaisc ┐ Artúr ┐
45Ínber tri meic rig Gallgaeidel anall, AS 4560 .Bressal mac
Eirge, mac ríg Gallgaeidel anall, ┐ taissech teglaig rig Eirenn
he, ib. 7951 . Watson seeks to explain the form Galloway,
Celtic Place-Names 174 . ¤ gruaim:ó ghall-ghruaim a nglóir, A. Ó
Dálaigh xxi 5 . ¤ gruitne Norse curds: do gallurad gall-
50gruitni, Hib. Min. § 66.32 . ¤ iall a foreignthong: pl. gaillialla
(.i. oígeich .i. lomhna connaigh), Ériu ii 4.14 . ¤ iasc apike,
Iar. Conn. 11 note y . ¤ íath foreignterritory , CRR 10.y ; 20.10 .
¤ manach, Anecd. iii 9.20 . ¤ merge a foreignstandard; rie
bar ngaillmeirgib grīanṡrōill, Bruchstücke no. 25 . ¤ mías
55 aquoit(?): in gaillmias(gl.discus), Ir. Gl. 478 . ¤ mil a foreign
soldier: pl. gaillmilid ... na Gaillia, CCath. 5369 . ¤ óclach
orig.aScottish soldierormercenary, inserviceof an Irish
chief; a `gallowglass' orheavy-armed foot-soldieropposed to
the light-armed kerns(seeHayes-McCoy,Scots Mercenary
60Forces in Ireland,pp. 15-76 ). The word is common in the
Annals of the 13th-15th centuries:tre cumachtain cinidh a
mathar idon Clainni Domnaill ┐ Gallóglach n-imda aile,
AU ii 372.17 .galloglacha uaisli 426.9 .ocus a ngallóg-
láchaibh ina n-éidedh timchioll chuirp an airdrígh, MS.
65Mat. 540.36 . FM iii 450.11 . ib. 588.1 . ¤ óclachus: leader-
shipofgallowglasses: fear ... ba mó ainm la gallócclachus,
FM iv 1140.12 . ¤ óg an English soldier, Content. xi § 14 .
¤ ogam Viking Ogham , Auraic. 6157 (called alsoOgam Loch-
lannach, 6155 ). ¤ ráith aforeign rathorfort , see O'Gr. Cat.
70 502.22 . ¤ sail a foreign (non-indigenous ?)willow: i nglotuinn
géag ngall-ṡaileach, DDána 85.45 . ¤ salann,foreignsalt ,glac
gallsalaind, IT iii 93 § 139 . ¤ sax English foreigner: eiritigidh
Gallsax, Hy Fiachr. 172.6 . ? ¤ semind, IT iii 93 § 139 (BB).
¤ sét a foreigntreasure: pl. na gall-seoit tar muir tocairter,
75 Laws v 220.22 gl. (etym. gl.ongaillite tacair). ¤ sgiam: a
ghiolla gusan ngaillsgéimh`O youth of foreign beauty', Studies
1924, 241.1 . ¤ sciath:Tuathal Mælgarb na ngall-sciath, LL
130b12 . ¤ sochraite foreignauxiliaries , Cog. 168.7 . ¤ tech
foreignpalace , Studies 1924, 241.y . ¤ Tór: Tór the Viking,
80 Caithr. CC. 138.z . ¤ trumpa atrumpet, aclarion: itir orgán ┐
gitart ┐ galltrumpa, ZCP vi 52.8 . Matt. vi 2 . ? ¤ urad:do
gallurad gallgruitni, Hib. Min. 66.32 .