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1 gal n a,f. n s.alsogail;d s.anda s.occas.gal.goil, IGT
Decl. § 14.17 .gal(grēine)o,m. § 73 ;g s. anghoilgréine,
20 ex. 1564 ;d s. ōnghal , ex. 1567 . Used to formvn.of compds.
offichid,e.g. irgal,dígal,etc., prob. also inecal(<*ek(s)gal),
esgal(gl. [a]estus, Ml. 96b11 ). Possibly orig. sense is seething
heat, passing into that ofmental excitementorrage. Cf.
vbs.fischid fightsandfichid boilswhich are probably akin.
25See Ped. ii 521.
(a) warlike ardour,fury,valour: gail .i. beodacht, O'Dav.
1037 .ecal .i. cen gail, O'Mulc. 354 . ?gal .i. galar ...quia
motat mentem , 614 .cruaid a gal, IT i 107.25 .am amnus
ar gail ocus gaiscced, 142.1 .addaimet ... do gail ocus do
30gaisced, FB 11 ( LU 8150 );in gal ┐ fiuchiud na ferge ... i
n-erbruinnib na láech, TTr.² 860 .cor[o] islighea a ngal,
CCath. 2493 .bái side bar gail ┐ bar fogail Ailella, TBC
2894 . TFerbe 372 .amail sóersai Daúid de gail claidib Góli,
Fél. Ep. 484 .ní dechaid coll cána ar goil ...escaped his val-
35our
, Arch. iii 304.4 .ba gaoth i ngal`he was wise in con-
flict
,' Studies 1918, 281 § 11 .ba gal craidi leis perturbation
of heart
, Cog. 194.25 ; 72.3 .fuair bás ann do ghal retha from
ardour of running
, Acall. 1617 . ?nocho rabhasa fós ... bhaili
bud gairdi rem ghal ná na mesc`where my time sped more
40quickly
,' 1585 .g s. láith gaile fer nhÉrend, IT i 100.5 .
lathus gaile Góedel uile, FB 89 ( LU 9160 ).do chom-
ramaib gaili ┐ gascid, TBC² 1862. 2046 .ar nert gaile
by dint of valour, TTr² 55 .a n-n[e]urt gaile, 996 .cona
ṡlúag lán gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 .re huair ṅgaile, Ériu v 223.54 .
45 én gaile, seeE 123.65.pl. featsofvalour(?): ar gressaib
gal, Thes. ii 293.20 .for gói gnaith sraintear gala battles are
ever gained
, MR 120.19 .nirbu Gabran cen gala | i n-aimsir
meicc Murchada, Rawl. 84b40 .indsaighfidh gala, Lism. L.
2806 .a bhferga ┐ a ngala (ngaluMS)oc dula do chath,
50 Ériu ii 130.20 .da mac samla galaib gliad, TBC 4053 .ar
galaib dagḟer, Ériu v 222.39 .miser fiana iarna ngalaib,
O'Dav. 1037. Content. xxx 35 .ō galaib ōenḟer, ZCP xi
109 § 21 .ar galaib oenḟer (—ḟir) by unaided valour(often =in
single combat
):ar galaib ōenfer roggōeta uli, TBC² 1522 .ar
55galaib oenḟir, TBC 1642 .in triar thuc Mac C ... ar galaib
óenfer, BDD 94 .comrac for galaib oen-fir, MR 70.6 .gaibid
ar gail challenges: rogab Gablach Fuiter ar gail, RC xv 323.9
( Dinds. 23 ). Of animals heat,fury: fuil aidhe rogiallathar
gail, Laws v 152.3 , withgl. in adh da ngialland a gail
60merachta, 154.11 .Cf.(among legal exemptions)slan do na
damaib in gail doniat, iii 266.16 Comm. gala mathgamna ┐
brotha leóman, BDD 92 = BDD² 893 . Of natural pheno-
mena,etc.:a gail co timm rothaisig(of a whirlpool) `he
made feeble and faint its fury
,' Met. Dinds. iv 86.79 .ó
65chaitheasdair an ghaoth a goil`when the wind had exhausted
its fury
,' ML 48.22 .mar bráinṡnec[h]ta ó ghoil gréni, Ériu iv
226 § 51 .a bhfoil beo ní buaine | ná ceo re goil ngréine, Dán Dé
viii 2 .ní bhí ag sruth ... guth ón ghal, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 .
mar chuiris an ghrian a gal`as the sun doth send its heat,'
70 Arch. Hib. i 99 .fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = FM i 544.17 .
congaibet gola(of waves), SR 7899 .Cf.further:gal a
mbraighet the heat of their throats(from thirst), CCath. 2578 .
ticc goil a ngrúaidh Núaladha a flush(lit. heat), IGT Decl.
ex. 312 . Common in chevilles, esp. ing p. feochair ngoile,
75 ITS v 40.10 .dígrais gail, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 534.1 .dorairngert
Curnán cét gal, SG 235.29 .cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 .
fichtib gal, TBC 3206 .línib gal, 3693 , Acall. 1582 .miad
n-gal, MR 146.3 ; 132.15 .
Compds. ¤ chét avalorous hundred: galchét clerech, LL
80 131a45 ( Trip. ii 536.25 ). ¤ fine=fingal murderof akinsman:
bá himeccla lá hUa nD. gail-fhine do dhénamh dhóibh for
aroile, FM v 1406.4 .
(b) steam,vapour,mist: nírbo glac im gail it was
not a hand grasping smoke
(i.e.a futile achievement),
85 Met. Dinds. iv 10.17 . (Cf. dorn im diaid, O'Dav.
1586. )bal na gaile oc a broth, Laws i 128.2 Comm.
scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile`with its curls of steam,' Aisl.
MC 35.1 .do ling (i.e.an diabhal) in a ghal bhreun ... tré
mhullach an teampoill, Eochairsg. 90.26 .fleochud, snechta
co sirgail constant vapour (?), ACC Comm. ( RC xx 256.3 ).
re gail nglūair ngil(of a river), ZCP viii 106.12 .sreabh do
mhadhmuigh goil gheimhridh, IGT Decl. ex. 479 .téid gach
5iasg ré goil an gheimhridh | troigh i dtalmhain`from the heat
of the winter
,' TD 34.36 .

? 2 gal: ind Rí dosrat fo gailib gail | fo dairib fo thromdiglaib,
SR 7201 .ilar ṅdelb ṅdomblas a ṅgal (: leoman), 899 .

gala(gal ?): ind cælach feda ar faga | uair gerga ┐ gala, IT iii
1094 § 143.

1 galach adj(gal)o,ā hot, henceardent,valiant,brave,combative:
cerbdar galach i n-aicenta, CCath. 617 .fer galach mormenm-
nach, 1088 .gleo galach, KMMisc. 314 .īar ngreis galach,
Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 ( LL 182a2 ).án gach galach, O'C.
15 1765 ( 23 Q 6,36a ).dun gamandraid ... galaig, Cog.
166.3 ; ib. 178.4 .a Iriel galaig, CRR 38.10 .ó Mhoigh
chréacht-ghalaigh Chuinn, Dánta Grádha² 71.11 .pl. gaetha
galacha gera burning sharp winds, SR 8121 .tri chóicait
coica ngalach`steaming cooks' (?), Met. Dinds. i 34.77 .
20 lechtán lond-galach, iv 82.38 .in galaig guinig combative
men and slayers
, SR 8340 . Same word (?):claideb Golai
gér golach, SR 6192 .co tech ríg golaich (: chobaig) Galían,
Met. Dinds. iii 162.8 .maic Gáith golaig, 338.14 .

2 galach n(gal)m, coll. hot fighting(?): galach .i. gail no gai-
25sgeadh, O'Cl. galach da ḟenned, TBC 4323 =galach dā fēindid
TBC² 2800 .ro gniadh co garb an galach sin occo(of slaughter
of enemies), CCath. 2829 .roba garb in galach, 6010 .

? galacobur: ind anflaith gach galacobur gonus a deis .i. ...
drochflaith in cach leis i na cobair gail gonus ... in ceile tre
30imad inndligidh, O'C. 454 ( H.3.18,242a ). See O'Cl. s.v.
gallchobhar.

Galád pn n. l. Gilead:g s. sluag Galad (: rád), SR 5554.

? galad pn aration, asupply(ofmilk) (?): rotfersat cid teora airgi
dib dia mbreith i ngalad, Anecd. i 11.16 ; `es werden dir
35schon drei Herden davon genügen um sie zu (verpflegen
?),'
ZRP xliii 399.6 .issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi iṅgalad
d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht (v.ll.dobered fir
Erenn as an galar; as a n-galadh), TBC 404 ( LL 56b47 ).
da tora lib, beraid as a n-galad fir Erenn gacha sechtmad
40oidchi, Celt. Rev. ii 110.5 (TBFlidais) =benfadh a ngal íota
┐ ocarais d'feraibh E., B iv 1,132b10 .

galaigidir v(gal) steams,boils :fo c[h]osmuiless ngaluigedar
coire mbīs for tein, Corm. Y 323.

Galail pn n. l. Galilee: amal dorigne i nGalail | fīn don uiscci,
45 RC xxxvii 346 § 20.

galais n(gal?)d s f. contest,victory (?):gabais in sluag raind
ind ḟaidb | gluair iarna ṅgalais glégairb, SR 6462 .ar gais
galais (: anais) no gart ṅgle, 6035 .

Galáit pn n. l. Galatia: Rawl. 78a28 (:āit).

50 1 galam n some kind ofperishable fence, identified with the
`loch-aile' `lake-fence,'for which see Laws v 270.15 , 25 :na
himeda urcradacha ... .i. garad ┐ galam ┐ log ... galam .i. inni
goltar as a eim .i. in lochaili, O'D. 1569 ( H. 5.15,4b ). In
O'D. 2263 ( Rawl. B 506,f. 22a ) the gloss is:gal do eim [.i.]
55in lochaile.

2 Galam (Golam)o,npr m. a name ofMílidfrom whom the
Milesiansderived their name:Milid, Galam a ainm díles,
LL 12a52 .Galamh da ngairthí Mílidh Easpáinne, Keat.
ii 628 .Golam, Leb. Gab. 220 .Golamh, 222 .g s. ocht mic
60Ghalaimh, Keat. ii 738 . Leb. Gab. 226 passim.

galann n(gal?)g s.org p. n-stem?n s.not found.d s. galaind,
Ériu iv 102 § 40 . Meaning uncertain. (a) valour,warlike
deeds(?): galann .i. gaisgeadh, O'Cl. g. ¤ .i. nāmha,ib.galann
gach námha, Met. Gl. 13.9 .do rind ret galaind, Ériu iv 102
65§ 40 .an [n]gnīmh ngalann gann`the harsh, deadly deed,'
Fianaig. 44 § 9 .lith ngaland a satisfaction of enemies(?),
LU 7454 = BDD² 1056 .Fergal ... | grib glond galann,
RC xxiv 64.4 . Most commonly used in phrase `guin galann,'
applied to a mortal wound given in warfare:doriṅgned
70guin galand de-sium andsin ┐ ro díchend F. hé, TFerbe 676 .
doronsat guin g. ¤ de, co ttorcair leó, TBC,p. 635 n. 8 .
RC xxiv 186.7 ; xvi 53 ( Dinds. § 101 ). CRR 26 .ērge-si
uili chugi ┐ dénaid guin g. ¤ de, ZCP xiii 212.8 . xiv 266.12 .
ba menca lim anadh ann | dar éis cáich a guin galann I
75oftener remained there (i.e. on the battlefield) after leaving
everyone utterly slaughtered
(?), MR 310.2 . ML 142.4 .fuaim
iar [n]guin galann go, O'C. 345 ( H.3.18,191ba ).coisg díom
do chinedh ... sul rabhar mo ghuin ghalann`ere my mortal
wounding befall
,' Duan. Finn i 8.25 . Of a dead body:o
80rasiacht cucu ... corp Tith ... darindset guingaland [de] amal
nobeith beo,thrust their spears in him(?), TTebe 3476 .
(b) Abst. for concrete,ahero, achampion (?):fil galand (s.l.)
rosói dath, ZCP iii 206 , n. 5.buí dias galand la hUlltu,
Laegaeri Buadach ┐ Conall Cernach, O'D. 956 ( H.3.17, c.
85 670 ).adchiu galaind forsngabther enemies , ZCP xiii 46
§ 35 .is maith sin ... beith duit-siu ... etir galandaibh Ulad,
O'D. 957 .flaith Midhe milibh galann of thousands of heroes
(?), FM i 100.10 (verse). ?ala claidme galand .i. ... ferann
gaiscid is diles don ti noscosna sech cach n-aen, O'C.
2093 ( H.4.22,73a ).fortched n-galann`inciter of valour'
(slaughtering of warriors?), MR 170.10 .