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gaíthe ind g s.(?):ina chathcharpat serda ... cona tharṅgib gaithe
(gæithi, H.2.17;goithe, St.),bítis ar fertsib ┐ iallaib ┐
fithisib ┐ ḟolomnaib dun charput sin`stechenden Nadeln,'
TBC 2631 =cona thair[n]gib gáithe, TBC² 1968 .bundsach
na goth gaithi`of the wounding spear,' Laws v 30.11 Comm.
Cf.npr m. Goth Gaithe mac Ronain, Acall. 6579.

5 gaithlenn n ā,f.?some kind ofspear(ajavelin?): deargaid
gaithlenn (v.l.gaitlind) ngrib ngerfota, IT iii 72 § 29 ( BB
289b51 ).pl. ro cliath-chomardaigit ... a leabar-gaithlenna,
MR 140.10 .re grain-faircsi a n-gaithlenn, 190.24 .ag droch-
dainohib na ngaithlend (: aifrenn), ZCP x 30.24 .Fig.
10aspearsman(?), atall youth(?): ropsat ... urscailti ar n-ath-
chuma a n-anrad ocus a n-gaithlenn n-gaiscid, MR 236.16 .
atall,slender maiden(?): n s. an ghaithlionn óg, Oss. vi 166.13 .

gaithlennach adj I o,ā armedorskilledwith thespearorjavelin:
Conall glonn-mer, gaitlennach, MR 150.21 .
15 II o,m. aspearman: galgata gaiscidh ┐ gaithlengaidh in
sluaigh`champions of valour and warriors of the host,' ALC ii
114.13 .do gleire gaithlennach ocus galgat, MR 224.10 .

1 gal n a,f. n s.alsogail;d s.anda s.occas.gal.goil, IGT
Decl. § 14.17 .gal(grēine)o,m. § 73 ;g s. anghoilgréine,
20 ex. 1564 ;d s. ōnghal , ex. 1567 . Used to formvn.of compds.
offichid,e.g. irgal,dígal,etc., prob. also inecal(<*ek(s)gal),
esgal(gl. [a]estus, Ml. 96b11 ). Possibly orig. sense is seething
heat, passing into that ofmental excitementorrage. Cf.
vbs.fischid fightsandfichid boilswhich are probably akin.
25See Ped. ii 521.
(a) warlike ardour,fury,valour: gail .i. beodacht, O'Dav.
1037 .ecal .i. cen gail, O'Mulc. 354 . ?gal .i. galar ...quia
motat mentem , 614 .cruaid a gal, IT i 107.25 .am amnus
ar gail ocus gaiscced, 142.1 .addaimet ... do gail ocus do
30gaisced, FB 11 ( LU 8150 );in gal ┐ fiuchiud na ferge ... i
n-erbruinnib na láech, TTr.² 860 .cor[o] islighea a ngal,
CCath. 2493 .bái side bar gail ┐ bar fogail Ailella, TBC
2894 . TFerbe 372 .amail sóersai Daúid de gail claidib Góli,
Fél. Ep. 484 .ní dechaid coll cána ar goil ...escaped his val-
35our
, Arch. iii 304.4 .ba gaoth i ngal`he was wise in con-
flict
,' Studies 1918, 281 § 11 .ba gal craidi leis perturbation
of heart
, Cog. 194.25 ; 72.3 .fuair bás ann do ghal retha from
ardour of running
, Acall. 1617 . ?nocho rabhasa fós ... bhaili
bud gairdi rem ghal ná na mesc`where my time sped more
40quickly
,' 1585 .g s. láith gaile fer nhÉrend, IT i 100.5 .
lathus gaile Góedel uile, FB 89 ( LU 9160 ).do chom-
ramaib gaili ┐ gascid, TBC² 1862. 2046 .ar nert gaile
by dint of valour, TTr² 55 .a n-n[e]urt gaile, 996 .cona
ṡlúag lán gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 .re huair ṅgaile, Ériu v 223.54 .
45 én gaile, seeE 123.65.pl. featsofvalour(?): ar gressaib
gal, Thes. ii 293.20 .for gói gnaith sraintear gala battles are
ever gained
, MR 120.19 .nirbu Gabran cen gala | i n-aimsir
meicc Murchada, Rawl. 84b40 .indsaighfidh gala, Lism. L.
2806 .a bhferga ┐ a ngala (ngaluMS)oc dula do chath,
50 Ériu ii 130.20 .da mac samla galaib gliad, TBC 4053 .ar
galaib dagḟer, Ériu v 222.39 .miser fiana iarna ngalaib,
O'Dav. 1037. Content. xxx 35 .ō galaib ōenḟer, ZCP xi
109 § 21 .ar galaib oenḟer (—ḟir) by unaided valour(often =in
single combat
):ar galaib ōenfer roggōeta uli, TBC² 1522 .ar
55galaib oenḟir, TBC 1642 .in triar thuc Mac C ... ar galaib
óenfer, BDD 94 .comrac for galaib oen-fir, MR 70.6 .gaibid
ar gail challenges: rogab Gablach Fuiter ar gail, RC xv 323.9
( Dinds. 23 ). Of animals heat,fury: fuil aidhe rogiallathar
gail, Laws v 152.3 , withgl. in adh da ngialland a gail
60merachta, 154.11 .Cf.(among legal exemptions)slan do na
damaib in gail doniat, iii 266.16 Comm. gala mathgamna ┐
brotha leóman, BDD 92 = BDD² 893 . Of natural pheno-
mena,etc.:a gail co timm rothaisig(of a whirlpool) `he
made feeble and faint its fury
,' Met. Dinds. iv 86.79 .ó
65chaitheasdair an ghaoth a goil`when the wind had exhausted
its fury
,' ML 48.22 .mar bráinṡnec[h]ta ó ghoil gréni, Ériu iv
226 § 51 .a bhfoil beo ní buaine | ná ceo re goil ngréine, Dán Dé
viii 2 .ní bhí ag sruth ... guth ón ghal, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 .
mar chuiris an ghrian a gal`as the sun doth send its heat,'
70 Arch. Hib. i 99 .fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = FM i 544.17 .
congaibet gola(of waves), SR 7899 .Cf.further:gal a
mbraighet the heat of their throats(from thirst), CCath. 2578 .
ticc goil a ngrúaidh Núaladha a flush(lit. heat), IGT Decl.
ex. 312 . Common in chevilles, esp. ing p. feochair ngoile,
75 ITS v 40.10 .dígrais gail, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 534.1 .dorairngert
Curnán cét gal, SG 235.29 .cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 .
fichtib gal, TBC 3206 .línib gal, 3693 , Acall. 1582 .miad
n-gal, MR 146.3 ; 132.15 .
Compds. ¤ chét avalorous hundred: galchét clerech, LL
80 131a45 ( Trip. ii 536.25 ). ¤ fine=fingal murderof akinsman:
bá himeccla lá hUa nD. gail-fhine do dhénamh dhóibh for
aroile, FM v 1406.4 .
(b) steam,vapour,mist: nírbo glac im gail it was
not a hand grasping smoke
(i.e.a futile achievement),
85 Met. Dinds. iv 10.17 . (Cf. dorn im diaid, O'Dav.
1586. )bal na gaile oc a broth, Laws i 128.2 Comm.
scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile`with its curls of steam,' Aisl.
MC 35.1 .do ling (i.e.an diabhal) in a ghal bhreun ... tré
mhullach an teampoill, Eochairsg. 90.26 .fleochud, snechta
co sirgail constant vapour (?), ACC Comm. ( RC xx 256.3 ).
re gail nglūair ngil(of a river), ZCP viii 106.12 .sreabh do
mhadhmuigh goil gheimhridh, IGT Decl. ex. 479 .téid gach
5iasg ré goil an gheimhridh | troigh i dtalmhain`from the heat
of the winter
,' TD 34.36 .