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gainne n(gann)iā,f. (a) want,scarcity: do bai gainne lachta
75ann, BNnÉ 151.6 .gan ghainne innill ar a n-oirrigaib
`their captains constrained to [warlike] preparations,' ITS
xxvi 46.29 .arán gan gainne, Deut. viii 9 .gaende no caile
(of a wasting disease), O'C. 2309 ( Eg. 88,f. 23b ).dá ghoinne
an ghaoth however scarce be the wind, Measgra D. 48.26 .
80(b) Hence in moral sense parsimony,stinginess: mas ar
daigin secdachta no gaindi na tuc in fer in biad, Laws iii
206.13 .ní bía rath nā féile | ach déine ┐ gainde, ZCP x 49.33 .
ro choillistar in ṅganni (gl.neoit), RC xx 276 (Amra CC.
Comm.).fleadh dó cach seachtmhadh Samhna | is a cur dó
85cean gaindi, BR 240.8 .cleireach nach ccleachtadh gainne,
Mart. Don. Dec. 26 .Gilla Caemain cen gainne, LL 129
marg. inf.As fictitious name.pn Gainne ingen Diultadhaigh,
Anecd. ii 54.3 .
(c) hardness(?) : amail lic im gaindi ... a thol`like a flagstone
for hardness
,' BColm. 6.25 .lán cruaís is gainde, ZCP x 49.11 .
?asort slúag co ṅgainni, Fél. Oct. 7 . hardship(?) : go ngainne
.i. go ndocamhla, O'Cl. s.v. gann(probably a ref. to preceding
5example). In chevilles (meaning doubtful, prob. indefinite) :
céim-cen gainne, LL 49a9 .toraim ngainde, Arch. iii 294 § 6.

gáinne n adart, ajavelin:`areed,cane,arrow ,' O'R. le gai-
nnibh gera ┐ ... le soigdib, ZCP vi 46.26 .le slegaibh ... ┐ le
gainnib gera, 60.21 .fuile fuirtbe gainne .i. cend fuirtbe āir,
10 TBC² 1082 .Fig. gáinnidhe an ghráidh cholnaidhe ón chol-
ainn, TSh. 10778 . See O'Rahilly, EIH 519.

gainnech xsee1 gainech.

? gáinned ninn.l.:tor na ngáinnedh, ALC ii 448.12 .

gáir n f.Orig.i,n.(?) IGT Decl. § 14.18 .n s. angáir (reading of
155 MSS, Fél. Oct. 20 .n p. nagáre , LU 2215 ( FA 29 ).g p.
gár, Met. Dinds. iv 262.64 .ashout, acry(of exaltation,
grief,etc.), acall: ba mor a ngair (: dāil) forsin maig, SR
3743 .`cissi gáir so, a gillai ?' or se. `Inna gillai oc guin na
bo,' Ériu iii 141.8 .focherdat in macrad gair foa, LU 8849
20( FB 64 ).doberat gáir dó, ib. 8846 .tibit ... gáir commaidmi
ocus búada, ib. 8853 .ro lasat gáir mesca, IT i 67.5 .re
úathgráin na gáre, TBC 2443 .gáir míle, Fél. Dec. 6 .Trí
gáire buada do rígh ... gāir ilaig ... gāir molta ... gāir im
fleid, Ériu ix 46 § 9 .innithim immorro na nGréc gáir fói
25 the intention of the Greeks was to shout at him, TTr.² 1189 .
gair ri dogur, CRR § 38 .do-rat gáir tróm ┐ égium ... ass,
PH 2112 .o gul ┐ o gair ban, TTebe 2155 . 3472 .gáir na
mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 .truagh a ngáir i ndeaghaidh
Dé, Dán Dé x 10 .gáirguil (s.l.) grednaigh, Cog. 96.3 .do
30bhiodhg mé le a méad do gháir`I was startled at the tumult,'
TD 11.8 .atbertsat uli is-in aen gáir, PH 472 .Cf. ag a rádh
d'aongháir, Keat. iii 1592 .gair .i.cara graece .i. gaudium,
ar is fāilte fodera, O'Mulc. 627 .pl. at trúaga na gáre ocus
na golgaire doníat, FA 29 .rothócbatar ... a n-gáiri guil,
35 IT i 128.21 .gairi catha, CCath. 5908. 1953 .gairi coscair,
TTebe 3470 .gairi duba ┐ domenman, 4535 .re gairib suba
┐ somenman, 3002 .tucsat ... gáire ┐ hilgaire mora écnecha,
LB 143a32 . Later analogicalpl.(?) :tugadur tri gartha
bennacht don imper, ZCP vi 49.25 .dorōnsad gartha ... ┐
40nualla, xiii 234.6 .Cidh uma tat na gairthe-sea ?, RC xliii
100 § 104 .Dun na nGairthi ... o gairthib lochta in long-
phuirt, Met. Dinds. iii 434.41 . Psalms xx 1 . Of animals :ba
bind gāir caille lonche, Corm. Y 48 .gair in cailigh cearc,
Laws ii 108.18 Comm. ré gáir ghadhar, TD 34.24 .gáir na
45mbadhbh, IGT Decl. ex. 1341 . Of inanimate things :gāir
pe[i]nd do dromaib duillend, O'Mulc. 815 =gair penn, ZCP
ix 167.20 .gair na sciath oca n-imtuargain, RIA MSS. Ser. i
182.19 .gair ... geranach na clocc, ZCP vi 284.25 .le garthaibh
na clog, ib. 27 .g. ¤ cloccoften excommunication,malediction:
50 in mac ... fora tucsam in gáir clog, FDG 300 .maircc fa
ttabhraid mo cluig gair, BNnÉ 285.2 .eslainte legas gach
nech | gáir mo clocc is mo chleirech, ib. 286.14 .gáir cheall is
chlog na cruinne, Dánfhocail 11 . Alsogáiralonethe uplifted
voice
(i.e.excommunication, curse) :gair mo thermainn is
55mo mionn | acc cur anmann i nifrionn, BNnÉ 286.7 .Cf.
Congal Claen | in gáir tucsumar nir ḟaem, MR 40.6 .Fig. of
a personbattle-cry,rallying point: Dūnadach ... gáir fer
ndomain, Bruchst. i § 107 (= FM an. 871 ).Colman Cluana
gair gach tuir, FM ii 612.z (an. 924 ).
60Compds. ¤ glór shouting voice: gáir-ghlór ┐ grod-luamhain
na ngruagach, CRR 70.25 . ¤ guba lamentation: gairguba
┐ golgairi, Aen. 528.

1 gair subst.andadj.:neut. n s. angair , Sg. 176b2 . Ml.
132d4 . gairn-aigenta, Auraic. 4375. (a) shortness; esp.
65ashort time:usedadverbially :cid a ngair romba hi fochaid
even the short time, Ml. 132d4 .gair biuc iartain shortly after-
wards
, Sg. 147a7 .Cf. gair bic ríana chésad, LU 2310 ( RC iv
246.9 ).cid cían cid gair be it long or short, Wb. 3c5 .cēn
gair sooner or later, Ériu ix 48.3 .do láib is d'aidchib cen
70gair | in bi[th], iv 106 § 60 .gair riana dīth (.i. ōenbliadain
... ria ēc), ZCP xii 235 § 51 .bid gair uair dossom, BDD²
1419 .gair siu (s.l.) condristais a sciss shortly before, IT i 158
§ 2 , §4 ( Oss. i .). With cop. as pred. :amal as ndian ade ┐ as
ngair mbis even as it is swift and lasts for a short time, Ml.
75 57c12 .Ní déne tenid ratha | is and is gair a bádud, Ériu i
194 § 5. Attrib. (rare) :iarna sáethur gair-som, Fél. Prol. 59.
Compd.gaire .i. gair-seclæ .i. gair-rē .i. rē gair, Corm. Y 698 .
gaire .i. gair-[r]ae .i. rē cumair, O'Mulc. 619.
(b)Rarely of distance ashort space: gāir glám dia guin
80cid cian gair`be it far off or near,' Ériu ix 46 § 10 .ar a gair
`convenient to him' (?), Laws v 84.24 (etym. gl.ongairid).
Fig. ba gair nisleceth a pater(=minimum aberat quin...)
her father would scarcely allow, Lism. L. 321.24 = Irish Texts
i 4 § 12 .
85(c) In gram. shortnessofquantity: eter fot ┐ gair, Sg. 5a9 .
ar gair aicnid, 69a5 .Cf. gair n-aigenta ┐ gair suidigthi i
bfoclaip gairdiph shortness by nature and position, Auraic.
4375 - 6 .a ngair robói hi `ruitus,' Sg. 176b2 .fri realadh
fuid ┐ gair, Auraic. 1552 .for fut no for gair on a long or
short [syllable
], 819 .Caide fot ┐ gair intib ? 1339 . 1547 . See
also1 gar.