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gainithir vConjug. (1) In O.I. and gen. in Early Mid. Ir.
deponent. See Ped. ii 533 . Further :pres. ind. 3 s. genither
45 Laws iv 38.14 .rel. genethar, Corm. Y 1224 .pl. geniter,
LU 3477 .nadgenetar , 701 .fut. 3 s. gignither, Three Hom.
98 (LB).nochongignethar (s.l.), FM 472 .gigne, TBC 4015 .
gignidh, Anecd. ii 8.23 .rel. gignathar, Ériu iii 137.20 .
gignis, LL 380b47 .gēntar, ZCP viii 113.16 .pl. gignitir
50 RC xxvi 48.255 .gentair, LL 147a39 . (2) In Mid. and early
Mod. Ir. active forms with the stemgein(gen) are frequent.
See below. Further:pret. 1 s.(?)geinsiu, FB 22 ( LU 8287 ).
3 p. rogeinset, Rawl. 70a5 .ro-genset, PH 7060 .sec. fut. rel.
35 .nogenfed , LU 4261 .vn. gein,q.v.
55 IIntrans. (a) comestolife, isborn: is hé Crist rogenir,
Wb. 11a17 .corogenar sa ... triut su, Ml. 44c11 .nogigne[d]
(gl.nascebatur), Sg. 138b1 . 31a6 .annogenad(gl.nascente),
Enchir. Aug. 81b ( ZCP vii 483.34 ).génair Patraicc i
Nemthur, Hymns ii 1 ; vi 26 .Rí rogenair imBetheil, SR
60 7522 .gigned i flaith Ochtauein, 7524 .tuiregin ... .i. gein
ngenethár ┐ a dā chois riam, Corm. Y 1224 .in Tarso C.
ro-genir, PH 1648 .in berla i-n ro-genamar, 5380 .as amram
rogénair, Fél. Sept. 24 .co rogentea-su in n-uair genemna
do ríg, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 546 § 7 ( LL 147a8 ).géntair amal
65turcu`they will breed like wild boars,' 550 § 32 .rogēner co
ndechaid dochum neime, BColm. 4.19 .a comainm in lae
cétna geinfis in gein, RC vi 175.57 .cuirp na ndaine ... genit
┐ tusmitir, xxv 252 § 37 .mac gheinis inocht, Anecd. ii 1.9 .
ōn lo ro ghenis a huigh, Anecd. i 25.10 .Tāilcend gignid 'na
70ré, ZCP xii 238.3 .flaith fial ... nochon gignethair, FM i
472.16 .Níor ghein úr eile mar í, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 .gur
ghein eo na dtrí dtobar, Dán Dé xii 4 .geintear piasda i
ndeilbh dhuine, TD 4.26 .isprocreated: curo genir Abel mac
Adhaim eatura, D iv 2,42vb36 .Cf. in mac gēntar ūatha ar
75áen, ZCP viii 113.16 . With prep.ó isborn from,springs
from,descends from: intan gainethar hon mathir, Ml. 44a11 .
dun genim rongenair-som hua athir, 85b11 .ó oínsíl rogé-
nartar (leg.rogénatar ?) da macc de, Wb. 4c12 . SG 84.1
( LU 4261 ).Críst ó Mairi ... gēnair, Fél. Dec. 25 .na huli
80chenela ro-genset o thri maccu Noe, PH 7060 .cia ór' genis,
RC xxiii 406 § 16 .mormenma na fer mor or-geinis, TTebe
1114 .Breathnaigh uile ... uaidh ... rogheinsiodar, Keat. i
186.23 (poem). Withde:Ionan ... dia roghenedar Greic,
Auraic. 176.
85(b) With extension of meaning :isproduced, isderived,
isformed,arises,originates: nicon gainedar (sic leg.) ní ó
thucidib écsamlib, Thes. ii 5.30 ( Aug. 12b )inna ṅdobriathar
... huaṅgainetar comparaiti, Sg. 39a26 .ranic maige mós nad
genetar ciuil(Amra CC.) with gl..i. inid bes nemgenemain
ceol sed sunt semper in se, RC xx 174 § 36 ( LU 701 ).genithir
tri coire in cach duine, Anecd. v 24.5 .fo miad grian genither
`according to the size of the land it(i.e. the cumal) is produced,'
5 Laws iv 38.14 (`the land is graded(?),' Stud. in E. Ir. Law
143 ).it ē ... fodlai genethar ó ainmnit, ZCP iii 25.9 . ib.
23 .Is si tra cland gainethar on dualaich so, Ériu vii 138.12 ;
160.19 ; 164.29 ; 174.5 .fuacht a n-agaidh gignithir, Ériu vii
197 x ; `cold will spring up in one's face,' ib. 5.9 .gignithir
10breo a muig Breg, LB 220(marg. inf.).in cu hoband ro-
gein in rédlu? PH 6977 .in ball-sin in ro-gein in galar the
member in which the disease originated
, 4225 .an bás do ghein
a truailleadh an chraois, TSh. 2487 .an céolchuire fár ghin
goimh, Gleanings 14 § 2 .ge ra gin coll cana Cathaeir, Ériu
15 x 83 § 64 . Of a tree, wood, lake, river,etc. springs up,springs
forth : as innte (i.e.san oidhche sin) ro-ghenisiod crainn
thoraidh tré thalmhain i n-Eirinn, ML 94.21 ; 96.12 .Eo
Mugna ... rogein a talmain, Ériu x 82 § 55 .nir genar fiodh
ann riam`no tree ever grew there,' CS 8.5 .genid buindi asin
20talmain, ZCP xiii 26.11 .genid tipra and, Met. Dinds. iii
326.35 .loch geinfes a sruthar na Slaine, RC xv 429 § 6
( Dinds. 40 ).
IITrans. andactive(a later usage). (a) begets,procreates:
(Crist) mar nar geineadh e fein o einneach is mar sin nar
25gein se nech, ITS xix 54.19 , 20 .an fheis ... dār geined
Bē-binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 .go raibhe Z. balbh an tan do
geineadh Eóin leis, TSh. 8692 .Eíst red athair, noch do ghin
thú, Prov. xxiii 22 .an té ghineas amadán, xvii 21 .níor
geineadh, ní geinfidhear ... a samhail, TD 7.8 .
30(b) conceives: as annsan oidhce cetna sin do geinedh an
nech naomhtha ... i mbroinn a mhathar, BNnÉ 190.21 .
(c) produces,bringsintobeing: cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích,
LL 380b47 .geinter balsamum anorach uadha, Marco P.
§ 43 .genid na neithi millsi tochus ┐ bruth, Irish Texts v
3580.2 .na biada genes fuil derg, 80.36 .geinter ... nesgóid ó'n
gerradh sin(=quibus ... apostemata gignuntur), O'Gr. Cat.
272.14 .an tan chríochnuighthear an peacadh, geinidh sé an
bás, TSh. 1496 .mar gheinter iómháigh ó dhuine ag féchain
a sgathán, O'Hussey T.C. 22.
40 III pret. 3 s.(3 p.occurs once in Ml. 90b12 ) is used with
mad-(laterma-,mu-,mo-,mon-) as a stereotyped phrase in
sense blessed(fortunate,happy) is.For exx. and usage see
mad-(a weakened form ofmaith).

gainmech (gainem) adj I o,ā sandy: in gaeth ganmech`sandful,'
45 Ir. Gl. 74.9 .rolá curu in gāeth ganmech, Otia Merseiana
ii 82 § 7 .tír ghainmech mín, Maund. § 246 . LB 122b13 .
múr gainmech`a sandy rampart,' Met. Dinds. ii 46.6 .gáir
na Gairbe gainmige, SG 367.85 .san tseanAfraig gainmhigh,
TD 1.19 .rofháccsat ... Luimneach na ghual gann gain-
50mheach, FM ii 882.13 (poem). ?fo gre[i]n gil ganmigh (: Laigh-
nigh) flecked (?), RC xvii 242.7 (Tig.) = FM i 334.4 . n
II ā,f. sandy ground,sand: co frítha ar in gainmig glain,
Met. Dinds. iii 384.27 .mar thuargther íasc for ganmig,
RC xiv 408 § 19 .os gainmechaibh glasmara, LL 386b39 .

55 gainmed o,m. vn. strewingwithsand(?) : gainmheadh, IGT
Decl. § 11 , No exx.

gainmén n(gainem)o,m.dimin.smallgravelorsand: g s. do
bhris sé fós m'ḟiacla le clochaibh gainmhéin`gravel stones,'
Lam. iii 16.

60 gainmide adj(gainem)io,iā sandy: talam garb ganmide, FA
§ 30 .deog usci fūair gainmidi a drink of cold water from the
sand
, TBC² 2353 .úir glan gainmidhe, Anecd. ii 22 § 3 . IGT
Decl. ex. 1246 .co glan-tobar ngainmidi`sand-strewn,' Met.
Dinds. iv 12.8 .in cæmtracht gainmide, Aen. 1473 .gur
65bruighedar an gealtracht gainmighi, CF 492 .conuigi an muir
ngainmhidhi, Maund. § 245 .mar chith gainnmhidhe`a
shower of sand
,' Maguires of F. § 3 .oitir gainmhidhe asand-
bank , L. Chl. Suibhne § 21 .an uair bíd clocha beaga gain-
mhidhe isin bfual gravelly, 23 K 42,137.16 .arán gainmhidhe
70 bread mixed with sand, Mac Aingil 351.

? gainn n scurf: nech ithes a mila nó gainn (sic leg.) a choirp
cét aidche for aisci ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 150 § 21 ( 3 B 23,20b6
where editor reads gauin).Cf. 1 gainech.

gainne n(gann)iā,f. (a) want,scarcity: do bai gainne lachta
75ann, BNnÉ 151.6 .gan ghainne innill ar a n-oirrigaib
`their captains constrained to [warlike] preparations,' ITS
xxvi 46.29 .arán gan gainne, Deut. viii 9 .gaende no caile
(of a wasting disease), O'C. 2309 ( Eg. 88,f. 23b ).dá ghoinne
an ghaoth however scarce be the wind, Measgra D. 48.26 .
80(b) Hence in moral sense parsimony,stinginess: mas ar
daigin secdachta no gaindi na tuc in fer in biad, Laws iii
206.13 .ní bía rath nā féile | ach déine ┐ gainde, ZCP x 49.33 .
ro choillistar in ṅganni (gl.neoit), RC xx 276 (Amra CC.
Comm.).fleadh dó cach seachtmhadh Samhna | is a cur dó
85cean gaindi, BR 240.8 .cleireach nach ccleachtadh gainne,
Mart. Don. Dec. 26 .Gilla Caemain cen gainne, LL 129
marg. inf.As fictitious name.pn Gainne ingen Diultadhaigh,
Anecd. ii 54.3 .
(c) hardness(?) : amail lic im gaindi ... a thol`like a flagstone
for hardness
,' BColm. 6.25 .lán cruaís is gainde, ZCP x 49.11 .
?asort slúag co ṅgainni, Fél. Oct. 7 . hardship(?) : go ngainne
.i. go ndocamhla, O'Cl. s.v. gann(probably a ref. to preceding
5example). In chevilles (meaning doubtful, prob. indefinite) :
céim-cen gainne, LL 49a9 .toraim ngainde, Arch. iii 294 § 6.