Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


gainem n ā,f.ando,m.In later MSS. occas. treated asn-stem
ind s.anda s. gainemh m. IGT Decl. § 53. (a) sand,gravel:
85 int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 .glé nodonselni sládar
iasc mbrec for ganim deirg, FB § 48 .amail tuaircther iasg
fór gainemh, TBC p. 881 n.1 .ro gab lán a duirnd don
ganium, LU 9728 ( ZCP iii 218.20 ).i ngainem na tragai,
Three Hom. 122 (LB).risin tracht .i. in gainimh, Laws v
270.24 gloss.cor'bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara,
RC x 54.5 ( LU 1883 ).gainem lir fo longaib, Three Hom. 34
(LB).a gainemh glan, Buile Ṡ. 156 .roerig a luaithred ┐ a
5langainem, TTebe 2933 .rotbía ... deog de ganim(i.e.a
specially cool draught,cf. 2353 ), TBC² 1170 ( LU 5648 =deoch
a gaineamhain, ZCP viii 550.21 [H.2.17] =deoch a gaineamh,
x 280.12 [Fr.]).gur lá ... in grian ┐ in gainemhain ┐ in gri-
nneall, TBC,p. 317 n. 1 (H.2.17 and Eg.).go ganem nglasruad,
10 TTebe 1967 .amhail shnigheas gainimh na huaire san
urláisde, TSh.² 112 .gur fholuigh san ghainimh é, 10540 .
san ghainimh, Keat. iii 1638 .is in ngaineamh, 1641 (poem).
Matt. vii 26 .bí an gaineamh muirighineach the sand is
weighty
, Prov. xxvii 3 .an ghaineamh mór mhuiridhe, TD
15 4.17 .is gat im ganem(of a cheat or illusion), TBC 4057 .
is gnim for gainem a structure on sand(of a useless labour),
RIA23 Q 6 ( O'C. 1613 ).g s. sreabh glas gainimh, IGT Decl.
ex. 1368 .landgur a ngainme, BB 495a4 .ríomh ... gainimh
ghil, Content. xxviii 24 .ag spréachadh ... na gainmhe, TSh.²
20 9289 .ós cionn ghainimh na fairge, Jer. xv 8 .n p. it mathi
inna ganema oc óul ind lenda, Ml. 129d14 .Ní mhar acht a
ngainmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1342 .d p. cethra srotha ... co
ngainemaib oir, Ériu ii 114 § 41 .gaineamh beó aquicksand ,
Acts xxvii 17 .tainic an peist ... ┐ tucc iascc chuccam, ┐
25gainemh do thellach do dhenamh teinedh eter a da cois tos-
aigh ... do benusa teine, ┐ doronus a fadodh leisan ngainemh
`hearth-flint (?),' BNnÉ 69 § 114 . The Latin original has
`fasciculum de sarminibus' ( BNnÉ ii 333 ), and the Vita
Secunda ( VSH ii 289 ) `sacculum similiter alga sicca plenum
30collo eius suspensum
.' In the French version of the legend
an otter brings the saint to kindle his fire `marin werec' (i.e.
sea-wrack).Cf. gainel.
(b)Med.gravel(in thekidneys): gaineamh no clocha na
n-aronn, Gwynn Cat. 317.

35 gaínem superl.ofgaíne,q.v., used as anadj.? (cf. gaoine .i.
maith O'Cl. ):samchorgus nō gemchorgus isa gāinem (cairem
v.l.) glēss, ZCP xiii 29.3 .

gainemda adj(gainem)io,iā sandy: ráthaigsit indsi moir ...
ganemdha a talum, RC ix 464.13 .isin Moab n-gainemdai,
40 Alex. 331.

? gainethar: ind gongáinethar cath for Gárich ┐ Ilgarich, TBC
4968 (retoric) =rogenetar, Lec. (leg. dogéntar, Wind.).

gainithir vConjug. (1) In O.I. and gen. in Early Mid. Ir.
deponent. See Ped. ii 533 . Further :pres. ind. 3 s. genither
45 Laws iv 38.14 .rel. genethar, Corm. Y 1224 .pl. geniter,
LU 3477 .nadgenetar , 701 .fut. 3 s. gignither, Three Hom.
98 (LB).nochongignethar (s.l.), FM 472 .gigne, TBC 4015 .
gignidh, Anecd. ii 8.23 .rel. gignathar, Ériu iii 137.20 .
gignis, LL 380b47 .gēntar, ZCP viii 113.16 .pl. gignitir
50 RC xxvi 48.255 .gentair, LL 147a39 . (2) In Mid. and early
Mod. Ir. active forms with the stemgein(gen) are frequent.
See below. Further:pret. 1 s.(?)geinsiu, FB 22 ( LU 8287 ).
3 p. rogeinset, Rawl. 70a5 .ro-genset, PH 7060 .sec. fut. rel.
35 .nogenfed , LU 4261 .vn. gein,q.v.
55 IIntrans. (a) comestolife, isborn: is hé Crist rogenir,
Wb. 11a17 .corogenar sa ... triut su, Ml. 44c11 .nogigne[d]
(gl.nascebatur), Sg. 138b1 . 31a6 .annogenad(gl.nascente),
Enchir. Aug. 81b ( ZCP vii 483.34 ).génair Patraicc i
Nemthur, Hymns ii 1 ; vi 26 .Rí rogenair imBetheil, SR
60 7522 .gigned i flaith Ochtauein, 7524 .tuiregin ... .i. gein
ngenethár ┐ a dā chois riam, Corm. Y 1224 .in Tarso C.
ro-genir, PH 1648 .in berla i-n ro-genamar, 5380 .as amram
rogénair, Fél. Sept. 24 .co rogentea-su in n-uair genemna
do ríg, PRIA 3 Ser. iii 546 § 7 ( LL 147a8 ).géntair amal
65turcu`they will breed like wild boars,' 550 § 32 .rogēner co
ndechaid dochum neime, BColm. 4.19 .a comainm in lae
cétna geinfis in gein, RC vi 175.57 .cuirp na ndaine ... genit
┐ tusmitir, xxv 252 § 37 .mac gheinis inocht, Anecd. ii 1.9 .
ōn lo ro ghenis a huigh, Anecd. i 25.10 .Tāilcend gignid 'na
70ré, ZCP xii 238.3 .flaith fial ... nochon gignethair, FM i
472.16 .Níor ghein úr eile mar í, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 .gur
ghein eo na dtrí dtobar, Dán Dé xii 4 .geintear piasda i
ndeilbh dhuine, TD 4.26 .isprocreated: curo genir Abel mac
Adhaim eatura, D iv 2,42vb36 .Cf. in mac gēntar ūatha ar
75áen, ZCP viii 113.16 . With prep.ó isborn from,springs
from,descends from: intan gainethar hon mathir, Ml. 44a11 .
dun genim rongenair-som hua athir, 85b11 .ó oínsíl rogé-
nartar (leg.rogénatar ?) da macc de, Wb. 4c12 . SG 84.1
( LU 4261 ).Críst ó Mairi ... gēnair, Fél. Dec. 25 .na huli
80chenela ro-genset o thri maccu Noe, PH 7060 .cia ór' genis,
RC xxiii 406 § 16 .mormenma na fer mor or-geinis, TTebe
1114 .Breathnaigh uile ... uaidh ... rogheinsiodar, Keat. i
186.23 (poem). Withde:Ionan ... dia roghenedar Greic,
Auraic. 176.
85(b) With extension of meaning :isproduced, isderived,
isformed,arises,originates: nicon gainedar (sic leg.) ní ó
thucidib écsamlib, Thes. ii 5.30 ( Aug. 12b )inna ṅdobriathar
... huaṅgainetar comparaiti, Sg. 39a26 .ranic maige mós nad
genetar ciuil(Amra CC.) with gl..i. inid bes nemgenemain
ceol sed sunt semper in se, RC xx 174 § 36 ( LU 701 ).genithir
tri coire in cach duine, Anecd. v 24.5 .fo miad grian genither
`according to the size of the land it(i.e. the cumal) is produced,'
5 Laws iv 38.14 (`the land is graded(?),' Stud. in E. Ir. Law
143 ).it ē ... fodlai genethar ó ainmnit, ZCP iii 25.9 . ib.
23 .Is si tra cland gainethar on dualaich so, Ériu vii 138.12 ;
160.19 ; 164.29 ; 174.5 .fuacht a n-agaidh gignithir, Ériu vii
197 x ; `cold will spring up in one's face,' ib. 5.9 .gignithir
10breo a muig Breg, LB 220(marg. inf.).in cu hoband ro-
gein in rédlu? PH 6977 .in ball-sin in ro-gein in galar the
member in which the disease originated
, 4225 .an bás do ghein
a truailleadh an chraois, TSh. 2487 .an céolchuire fár ghin
goimh, Gleanings 14 § 2 .ge ra gin coll cana Cathaeir, Ériu
15 x 83 § 64 . Of a tree, wood, lake, river,etc. springs up,springs
forth : as innte (i.e.san oidhche sin) ro-ghenisiod crainn
thoraidh tré thalmhain i n-Eirinn, ML 94.21 ; 96.12 .Eo
Mugna ... rogein a talmain, Ériu x 82 § 55 .nir genar fiodh
ann riam`no tree ever grew there,' CS 8.5 .genid buindi asin
20talmain, ZCP xiii 26.11 .genid tipra and, Met. Dinds. iii
326.35 .loch geinfes a sruthar na Slaine, RC xv 429 § 6
( Dinds. 40 ).
IITrans. andactive(a later usage). (a) begets,procreates:
(Crist) mar nar geineadh e fein o einneach is mar sin nar
25gein se nech, ITS xix 54.19 , 20 .an fheis ... dār geined
Bē-binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 .go raibhe Z. balbh an tan do
geineadh Eóin leis, TSh. 8692 .Eíst red athair, noch do ghin
thú, Prov. xxiii 22 .an té ghineas amadán, xvii 21 .níor
geineadh, ní geinfidhear ... a samhail, TD 7.8 .
30(b) conceives: as annsan oidhce cetna sin do geinedh an
nech naomhtha ... i mbroinn a mhathar, BNnÉ 190.21 .
(c) produces,bringsintobeing: cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích,
LL 380b47 .geinter balsamum anorach uadha, Marco P.
§ 43 .genid na neithi millsi tochus ┐ bruth, Irish Texts v
3580.2 .na biada genes fuil derg, 80.36 .geinter ... nesgóid ó'n
gerradh sin(=quibus ... apostemata gignuntur), O'Gr. Cat.
272.14 .an tan chríochnuighthear an peacadh, geinidh sé an
bás, TSh. 1496 .mar gheinter iómháigh ó dhuine ag féchain
a sgathán, O'Hussey T.C. 22.
40 III pret. 3 s.(3 p.occurs once in Ml. 90b12 ) is used with
mad-(laterma-,mu-,mo-,mon-) as a stereotyped phrase in
sense blessed(fortunate,happy) is.For exx. and usage see
mad-(a weakened form ofmaith).