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1 gaim n(n s.alsogamandgem) winter-storm,winter: snigid
gaim ro faith sam, LU 852 ( RC xx 258 [ Amra CC 63 Comm. ]).
cid nach gaim tira bithu sam, SR 7920 .gamquasi gamos...
nouimber, Corm. Y 672 .dirsan marbān im-mí gamh
75(: īaramh), 673 =a mí ghaim, LB.i mmī gaim .i. i ngaimreth,
687 .gaim ... .i.hiems , O'Mulc. 615 .sam, gam, errach,
fogamur, Ériu ii 100.2 .nī folabrainn ilach gamh (: tan),
95 .fomus iar ngaim(stroke over`g'), ZCP xii 362.9 .nīm-
thorba gaim, Bruchstücke § 28 .icol isiṅn uargaim, ZCP ix
80339 § 2 .gem cáin cuisnech, Tec. Corm. § 36 .gamh ilṡíonach,
FM ii 1100.12 .
Compds.gaim—, gam—, gem—: ¤ adaig:ciach do gair gem-
adaig, LU 10418 .misi Gaeth garb ... is Gemadaig m'ainm,
RC xxiii 418.2 .fot na gem-óidche, PH 2415 .gaduidhe na
85geamhoidhche, Studies 1920, 99 § 10 .an ghamhadhaigh
ghamhrata, MD i 16.60 . ¤ biad winter-food: itir gaimmbiadh
ocus saimbiadh, Laws iv 312.5 . ¤ chorgus winter-Lent (i.e.
Advent):samchorgus nō gemchorgus, ZCP xiii 29.15 . L. Chl.
Suibne § 51 . ALC i 403.11 . FM iii 346.22 . ¤ fér winter-grass ,
Laws iv 96.1 . ¤ find winter hair: gaim-finn(etym. gl.ongai-
men), Corm. Y 242 . ¤ fuacht`the winter season' (O'Don.):
cúic misa ... fri gamfuacht, tri misa in gaimridh, ocus in da
5mí taisecha do errach fri gaimfuacht, Laws iv 88.23 .Smachta
cacha raithe acht ni cuma samfucht ocus gamfucht. ... Cesc
caiti in gemfucht innrad. ... Fer .uii. mís .i. in da mi degenach
do foghmar ┐ trí mísa gemhred ┐ in da mí tuisech do errach,
ise in gamfucht indrad insin, O'C. 23 - 24 ( H.3.18,10b - 11a ).
10 ocht meich ar geamfuacht, ocus a cethair ar samfuacht. Mad
gemfuacht ogh ro ortar ann, asreanidar a hocht ind(of tres-
passes on grassland), Laws iv 104.18 - 20 .smachta gaim-
fauchta .i. ... iní smactaigther a fuact in geímre, ib. 78.5 , 20 ;
146.15 Comm. (gemfucht). ar [a] tesaidecht i n-aimsir in
15geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . ¤ gelt winter grazing: gaim-gelt
(metaph. of a man), ZCP ix 454 § 37 . ¤ laithe awinter's
day: uide tri ngaimlaithe, Ériu ii 120.11 . ¤ lías awinter-stall:
méit gamlías hi tallat trichait n-gamna, LU 9186 ( FB 91 ).
¤ lóchet winter-lightning: co nā rīsadh gemlōichet hē, Arch.
20 iii 4.27 , 28 . Anecd. i 9.15 (gaimlochad). ¤ orgain winter-
trespass(?): Laws iv 88.1 . ¤ shecal winter-rye: do gebbad
guirt gemshecoil, Aisl. MC 85.4 .

2 gaim n hide,skin: hi folomrad. i. ticsel .i. i ngaim ro oged impe,
O'C. 798 ( H.3.18,371a ).An leg. gaimen?

25 ? gaimche: n duibithir (duibigterMS)dath a berrtha ...
ēdgadh luin lúaithe ngaimche, ZCP ix 167.18 (=gaim-ché
awinter-night?).

gaimen xseegemen.

gaimigidir v(gaim) denom. passesthewinter: fut. gaimigfer
30(gl.hiemabo), Wb. 14a9 .vn. dugaimigud(gl.ad h[i]emandum),
Thes. i 498.23 ( Ardm. 188b1 ).

gaimnén xseegeimnén.

gaimnín n(gamuin)o,m.dimin.afawn: eilit ghlēigheal go
ngaimnīn, Fl. Earls 226.10 .

35 gaimred xseegemred.

gaimscedach adj(1 gaim?)o,ā hyperborean(?): rotinoil ... na
ciniuda gamschedacha (gaimscé ach, Eg.)Geittecda, TTebe
1718 .

? gaimti: ind fri gaimti gol gairthus genn, BB 308a45 .

40 gaín n gáoin f., IGT Decl. § 14.19 . Seegaíne(?), and Dinneen
s.v. gaoidhean .

ga-ín n(ga,gae) dimin.alittle javelin: d p. do gaínib ┐ birínib
┐ slegínib, TBC 2543 .Cf. gaán supra.

gainae n flint gl.silex, Sg. 61a10 .clocha gaine, RC xliii 94 § 97 .
45 Cf. gallán gaoine a stone of diamond flint, TSh. 1945.

? gaind: ind uair nachat craind gránna a muirn gaind nach
dailb, LL 265a32 ( MU 22 ).

gainde xseegainne.

gaíne n iā,f.(?cf. LL 140a24 ). (a) excellence, afine thing;
50 choice,quality: gaine .i. maith, H.3.18,625 .gaoine .i.
maith, O'Cl. Míchol mór, mó cách ṅgaine (: dagdaine), SR
5919 .as gáine leam ... ór as mac rucad ann, Acall. 547 .Cf.
551 - 2 .tancas sund tria gáine ngnó, dia cáine dia cét-gubo,
`for the delight of her beauty,' Met. Dinds. iii 8.1 .rongáet
55Fergna fo gaíne`...in his flower,' iv 176.5 .ger[bo] gāeth,
nīrbo gāine | marb in mac ..., ZCP xiii 15 § 4 .gach flaith
ghebhus gort n-gaíne (: somhaíne)`...rightful inheritance,'
BR 240.21 .rucsat leo fo gaíne a ngeall...among the pick of
their pledges
, BB 387b34 =fo glére a ngell, Met. Dinds. iii
60398.1 .fo ghaoine freastail ocus friothalma, ZCP xiv 220.6 .
nos friothailet do ghaoine cecha maithiusa, Leb. Gab. i 224.17 .
occ fledhuccadh ... do gaoine bidh ┐ leanda, Hugh Roe § 70b .
In chevilles:fri gaine ngart, MacCarthy 410.3 .gáine gaile
(: Māile), Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 11 . ?gaíni a comráid do neoch
65aile acht dósom, LL 267b6 ( MU 36 ).co cruaidh iar ngaoine
gan creancha, FM ii 962.24 (poem).
(b)afeat, aprank, ajest: is cluchi ┐ is gáini lem-sa cach
comlond ... darónus, TBC 4160 .cluchi cach gáine cach | go
roich Fer[ṅ]diad issin n-áth, 4164 ; 4170 ; 4176 (v.l.cluithe
70cach caine cach). ben rognathaig gaíni dligthig, LL 140a24 .
(c)npr m. Gaíne, CRR.§ 31 . Acall. 551 . Duan. Finn i
25.25 .Gaeine, Acall. 552.

1 gainech n(gainnech): scurf,scabon the skin: is uadha aderar
sgabies ria on gainnech bis ac tuitim de, Irish Texts v 78.1 .
75 is edh is tinea ann, brusgar no gainech in chinn, ib. 78.8 .
clam .i.occultus, ar doeim in gainech(s.l.) a chorp, O'Mulc.
198.

2 gainech adj o,ā:eisg beca gainecha, Irish Texts v 42.15 .

gainel n some kind ofkindlingortinder(?): cia mac beo genes ho
80mnai mairb ? Adudh i ngin gainel(riddle and answer),
ZCP xiii 272 § 15 (=fadadh ingni gaim v.l.). See under
gainemfor ex. ofgainemused for kindling.

gainem n ā,f.ando,m.In later MSS. occas. treated asn-stem
ind s.anda s. gainemh m. IGT Decl. § 53. (a) sand,gravel:
85 int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 .glé nodonselni sládar
iasc mbrec for ganim deirg, FB § 48 .amail tuaircther iasg
fór gainemh, TBC p. 881 n.1 .ro gab lán a duirnd don
ganium, LU 9728 ( ZCP iii 218.20 ).i ngainem na tragai,
Three Hom. 122 (LB).risin tracht .i. in gainimh, Laws v
270.24 gloss.cor'bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara,
RC x 54.5 ( LU 1883 ).gainem lir fo longaib, Three Hom. 34
(LB).a gainemh glan, Buile Ṡ. 156 .roerig a luaithred ┐ a
5langainem, TTebe 2933 .rotbía ... deog de ganim(i.e.a
specially cool draught,cf. 2353 ), TBC² 1170 ( LU 5648 =deoch
a gaineamhain, ZCP viii 550.21 [H.2.17] =deoch a gaineamh,
x 280.12 [Fr.]).gur lá ... in grian ┐ in gainemhain ┐ in gri-
nneall, TBC,p. 317 n. 1 (H.2.17 and Eg.).go ganem nglasruad,
10 TTebe 1967 .amhail shnigheas gainimh na huaire san
urláisde, TSh.² 112 .gur fholuigh san ghainimh é, 10540 .
san ghainimh, Keat. iii 1638 .is in ngaineamh, 1641 (poem).
Matt. vii 26 .bí an gaineamh muirighineach the sand is
weighty
, Prov. xxvii 3 .an ghaineamh mór mhuiridhe, TD
15 4.17 .is gat im ganem(of a cheat or illusion), TBC 4057 .
is gnim for gainem a structure on sand(of a useless labour),
RIA23 Q 6 ( O'C. 1613 ).g s. sreabh glas gainimh, IGT Decl.
ex. 1368 .landgur a ngainme, BB 495a4 .ríomh ... gainimh
ghil, Content. xxviii 24 .ag spréachadh ... na gainmhe, TSh.²
20 9289 .ós cionn ghainimh na fairge, Jer. xv 8 .n p. it mathi
inna ganema oc óul ind lenda, Ml. 129d14 .Ní mhar acht a
ngainmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1342 .d p. cethra srotha ... co
ngainemaib oir, Ériu ii 114 § 41 .gaineamh beó aquicksand ,
Acts xxvii 17 .tainic an peist ... ┐ tucc iascc chuccam, ┐
25gainemh do thellach do dhenamh teinedh eter a da cois tos-
aigh ... do benusa teine, ┐ doronus a fadodh leisan ngainemh
`hearth-flint (?),' BNnÉ 69 § 114 . The Latin original has
`fasciculum de sarminibus' ( BNnÉ ii 333 ), and the Vita
Secunda ( VSH ii 289 ) `sacculum similiter alga sicca plenum
30collo eius suspensum
.' In the French version of the legend
an otter brings the saint to kindle his fire `marin werec' (i.e.
sea-wrack).Cf. gainel.
(b)Med.gravel(in thekidneys): gaineamh no clocha na
n-aronn, Gwynn Cat. 317.