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grís n ā,f. m.andf.in Mod. Ir.grís(=gríos)f., IGT Decl.
§ 39 .gríss(with slender -s-)f., ib. § 14 .grís(=gríos)m.,
ib. § 38 .
I heat,fire,embers,hot ashes: tene taidlech co ngris
75goirthi ... na macc mbethad, Trip. i 256.23 .hi tellach ...
coratgori a grīss`that its embers may warm thee,' Aisl. MC
95.26 .crābud in buirb co n-indmus | los diūit, nit goire a
grīs`the piety of the wealthy churl is a flame without fire,
whose embers warm thee not
,' ZCP vii 311 § 16 . Of the heat
80of the sun:ó gríis imurcrach na gréine, RC xxiv 378.10 .
Of the searing of fetters:roscacht i ngrísaib gemlig | fri
tri mísaib mór-gemrid, Met. Dinds. iii 370.55 . Of the burning
of fever:gríss bronngalair glanas broinn, Triads. 224 .go
gcaomhnann sí grís gan mhúchadh ar feadh bliadhna, TSh.
85 385 .fá ghrís ndeirg`under lurid glow,' O'Gr. Cat. 451.11.
Mac Aodha aighne go dtreoir | gríos oireas dfhuacht fhear
n-aineoil`a fire fitted [to warm] the coldness of ignorant
men
,' Content. xxv 10 .a ghluine mar néimh nuaighrís,
Dánta Gr.² 16.68 .luaith-ghrís ashes: m'inginí is gruag
fa luaith-ghrís d'fhágain, ZCP v 212.298 .
II Fig.glow,ardour,valour,passion: clanda Cēin co ngrís,
KMMisc. 266.15 . Of Colum C.:ūasal a grīss (: chíss),
5 Arch. iii 217.24 .o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss ocan-
imressain, SR 1881 .ri cen grain, cen gris, cen greiss, 2561 .
a pl. cen grissa, ba cain intṡluaig, 3959 . Of the Ark of the
Covenant:robai ann fo gris grada | secht mís..., 5423 .
grís ghrádha Dé ┐ na comharsan, TSh. 1707 .ó ghrís an
10chreidimh, ó ghrádh lasamhain, Parrth. an Anma 331.12 .
an tshacramuint ... do bheith na béoghrís gacha subhailce
dham, ib. 381.15 .re digail an grisa n-imdergtha doberar
air a n-a mhnai, Laws v 298.2 Comm. hed beit 'mole fo gris
grinn, SR 1435 .co ro bhethaidhsiot béoghrís a sengomh
15doridhisi a ttús samhraidh na bliadhna so they requickened the
ancient flame of their hatred
, FM vi 2054.2(an.1598).gris
a crisi. crisis graece, iudicium latine , O'Mulc. 664 . ? As epithet
ardent: re Domnall nglonnmar ngris, Celt. Rev. iv 216.30 .
Compds. ¤ ainech adj. with ruddy face, TBC² 3186 .
20 ¤ bhéilín a rosy little mouth, ITS xvii 213.158 . ¤ beó:Mur-
chadh ... grisbheó gan bhádhadh`a burning coal,' FM
v 1636.7(an.1570). ¤ goradh burning heat: tré ghoimh an
ghríos-ghortha TSh. 4071 . ¤ leaca a rosy cheek, ITS xvii
120.225 . ¤ maileach withshining mail: gormluireach
25grismaileach, CF 475 . ¤ nim glowing virulence: íslig ... |
grísnimh anfuid th'intinne, O'Gr. Cat. 457.12 . ¤ taitnem
burning glow,brilliancy: grístaitnem na narm nglanórda,
TBC² 1777 .gristaitnem ┐ taidlenach na tuag ┐ na claidem,
CCath. 5881 .re gristaitnem ┐ re gleordealradh na greini,
30 ib. 4986 . ¤ taitnemach burning,glowing: la ruithen na
greine griostaithneamhaighi, FDG 255 (note).san ghrianán
... ghríos-taitneamhach úd na glóire, TSh. 2714 . ¤ te:
tar muir ngríste nguasachtaigh`over the raging, perilous sea,'
Studies 1921, 75 § 16 .

35 1 grísach n(grís)a,f. grísach f.(gen. gríscha), IGT Decl. § 37 .
burning embers,fire: g s. tainigh dath na grísouidhe da
gruadhaib, IT ii2144.570 .a thenchuir ghrīosaighi an ghrāidh,
Ériu viii 10 § 113 .dath na grīscha ar grūadh Í Rōigh,
IGT Decl. ex. 953 .d s. domarbudur cuid dona banbhuibh
40┐ robadur aga n-ithi do grísaigh`by a fire,' ZCP vi 275.33 .
a nurtlaige do grísaig ina casslaib`their lapfuls of ember,'
Fél.² xxxii 26 .a s. lāid ... inn m-bior issin grīsaigh, Aisl.
MC 128.11 .fear íoca ar son fíona as a dhórtad sa ngrío-
saigh, ITS xvii 124.297 .do chunncadar griósach ... ┐
45íasg ar na leathnughadh uirrthe, John xxi 9 .carnfuidh tú
gríosach air a cheann, Rom. xii 20 .na hoighne gríosaidh,
2 Kings xxv 15 .Fig. is stollta garbh do bhagaras graoiseach
...I threatened flame and vengeance, ZCP v 219.560 .

2 grísach adj(grís)o,ā fiery,ardent;hot: ān grīan grīssach a
50glorious, fiery sun
, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15.9 .berb iat fo luaith
grisaig coquatur sub cinere calido, Ir. Texts v 84.2 .

grísacht n(grís)m., IGT Decl. § 25 . instigation: uam dá
ngabhtá do ghríosocht, O'Gr. Cat. 387.9.

grísad (grís)u,m.(vn.ofgrísaid) I the act ofinjuring,blistering
55(by satire),the act ofcausingtoblush,burning: éiric in grista
truim(gl. na greise truime), Laws i 66.32 Comm. dligid
.u. cumula dergóir ... dia diguin, dia esain, no dia grised
gruad, ib. iv 346.1 Comm. ar n-dergad a drechi, ocus ar
n-grīsad a gruaidi, MR 196.3 .ba mba gargluinne fria
60ngrīsad, Arch. iii 294 § 2 .bidh ann grīsadh co rot-āigther,
ib. 295 § 26 .or fri grisad carmogail, ZCP xiii 256.20 .Crīst
d'ar furtacht | nāra[b] gnūisi carad grīsadh, ib. 297 § 54 .
gríosadh gacha galair, TSh. 4066.
II inciting,eggingon: daoine ionnraca do ghríosadh ré
65déanamh uilc, TSh. 7259 ; ib. 9776 .

grísaid v(grís) I causestoglow, causes toblush: an í an ferg
do gríos a gruaidhe`is it anger that made his cheeks glow,'
KMMisc. 172 § 21.
II incites,eggs on: ro gríosadh ... Cú Chulainn ... ┐
70adhnaidh a ghliaidh ngaisge, CRR² 35 .ro gab L. ag griosadh
agus ag glámadh Conculainn, TBC 3867 .ara n-derna-su
mo grísad ┐ mo glámad ┐ olc do rada rim, ib. 3751 .iarna
grísad dond araid, LU 8574 ( FB 43 ).rusgab an bachlach
grisad lasodain, RC xiii 30.33 .do gríosadh mise dochum
75na stáire seo do scríobhadh, Keat. i 76.51 .do ghríosadar
clann Gharuidh ... Cairbre ... d'aithríoghadh Mhogha Corb,
Keat. ii 5518 .ní héidir a mheas nach gríosann an peacadh
Dia ré déanamh díoghaltais, TSh. 9710 .dar grīs an fuil
Ḟiachrach ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1899 .ar bhfromhadh na
80neimhe dhí do ghríosadh a dearbhráthar da hól, Keat. ii 5776 .
guin nach gríosfa ár nim`that shall not call forth my venom,'
O'Cr. Cat. 463.12. Cf. gressaid.

grísaigid v(grís) incites,inflames: is é iarraidh an deilg go
ainmhianach dóibh do ghríosuigh Aedh ré n-a n-athchur,
85 Keat. iii 1234 .do ghríosuigh fearg Mhaóisi ┐ do theilg
sé na cláir as a lámhuibh, Exod. xxxii 19.

1 grith n u,m. g s. gretha.n p. grethae, Fél. Jan. 25 .gretha,
SR 8062 .a p. grithu, LL 275a19 . By Pedersen(i 367)con-
nected with W.gryd.Generally translated shout,outcry,
etc., and so explained by O'Cl. :greath .i. gáir; co lion
gretha .i. co n-iomat ngaire, Leb. Gab. i 20 , followed by
Stowe Gl. 421 :grith .i. gaire. The word, however, is often
5confused withcrith trembling(g s. cretha), the interchange of
c and g being not uncommon, and the older exx. in Mid. Ir.
point to a meaning somewhat similar:
(a) shaking,quivering;shudder,vibration;collapse ,
which may be the sense in the foll. exx.:condusrala i
10ng. ¤ ┐ uaman ┐ grindell do mullach in tighe, Anecd. ii 61.4 ;
ib. 54.2 .foceird g. ¤ shakes,vibrates,collapses(?): fochartatar
g. ¤ (focerd airmgrithv.l.) immi, co mbátar for lár in tige,
BDD 109 .rolasat g. ¤ co mbátar for lár in tige(of weapons
loosened from their racks by a concussion), 55 =rolaiset
15armgrith ┐ torcratar for lar, Eg. = BDD² 499 (`they
clattered ?
,' Knott, vocab.s.v. fo-ceird).Mairt hi Crinda ...
hi foichret sluaig hErend g. ¤ in which the hosts of Ireland shall
fall
(orbe shaken, panic-struck ?), ZCP xiii 376.23 . ?ro
comgabsat uili g. ¤ ina menmannaibh conid ic taircetal ār
20ndermair ... robadar na hairdi(they were perturbedor
panic-stricken ?), CCath. 1068 .Cf.further:rala Temair
tri crithu di Tara shuddered thrice (?), Anecd. ii 7.19 (leg.
grithu, Ed., but the MS. reading may be correct). Also
armgrith which in older exx. seems to mean panic: collotar
25i n-a. bha rennaib a sleg ┐ a faebor, TBC 5004 .nuall-grith:
n. na roth ┐ culgaire in charpait, TBC 3311 (where the word
seems to express the vibration of the wheels and the noise
produced), and in other compds. (see below).
Hence (b) agitation,frenzy,fit,spasm: cumgéba a g. ¤
30glórglonnach | co roa niulu nime(of the sea)it will rise in
wild and clamorous tumult
(?), SR 8107 .cūi cen cheol,
garg a ṅgretha outbursts, 8062 .inn uair ras-geib a g. ¤ slegi
when its fury-fit seizes the spear (?), MU² 727 ( LL 267b14 ).
iss ē tria gaile gretha | beb Laidcenn mac ṁBairceda, ZCP
35 viii 118 § 23 . Possibly also in:re hollg. ¤ a nechraidi, MR
184.6 .roba ghraineamhail g. ¤ na ngalghad risna harmaibh,
Ériu viii 48.14 (both late texts).
(c)Passing into sense ofseizure,attack:?co rodṁbroe
rí betha bailcc, | rodclái tria gretha (sic leg.) comthailc,
40 SR 5470 ( Rawl. 53a21 ).diar' hícc fer fo thedmaib ... do
grethaib dremnaib demna, 7620 .ni ba dānu fri grithu ni
ba [á]thiu fri cure in laech hé, LL 275a19 (rhet.).atá
Temhair gan a túar, | atá fo gredhaibh a gael`a blight is
upon his kindred
' (perh.outcries, lamentations), Arch. iii
45304 § 6 (see Meyer,Ancient Irish Poetry, 75 ).
(d)Fig. of that whichcauses fearorpanic, thepower
ofinspiring dread (cf.similar use of1 gráin):rosfuc sech
dóene ... in talman ar ... g. ¤ ┐ grain, LL 238a15 .ba mór
a gráin ┐ a g. ¤ , Met. Dinds. iv 20.4 .
50(e) In later texts the meaning seems to be that given by
O'Cl. , shout(din,uproar): cuirit gretha im nithgalaibh,
TBC 5511 St.glorgrith na habond, 3906 St. Possibly also
in foll. earlier exx. where sense is in some cases obscure
and in others might be referred to a previous head:co
55delmaim a ṅgrethae(sic leg., Stokes Gloss.), Fél. Prol. 154 .
líth fris cuirter grethae a festival (whereon) shouts are sent
forth
,' ib. Jan. 25 (cf. 4 grithbelow).Féil Phóil ocus
Phetair | co n-aidbli a ngretha`with vastness of crying unto
them
' (?), ib. June 29 .deilm in gaeth, granni in g. ¤ , TFerbe
60 100 .ba leor do brón in betha | a ṅglór is a ṅgarbgretha, Met.
Dinds. iii 256.14 .ni chlunim gáir nó gretha, RC xiv 416.y .
trí gretha tige degláich: grith fodla, g. ¤ suide, g. ¤ coméirge
`three shouts' (?), Triads 99 (cf. 4 grithbelow).ní gúach
in g. ¤ (chev.), Met. Dinds. iii 238.46 .rancatar scela co
65Foraind | la mét ṅgretha`with great éclat' (of dread import ?),
LL 133b40 ( Todd Nenn. 228.58 ).im gním ṅgretha`on a
noisy adventure
' (fear-rousing ?), Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 46 ( LL
184a38 ). ?acht mina riset mucca do grit leat, IT ii2
101.14 ( BB 496a25 ).sinne úaidhe ┐ chuige | mar ba grith
70áil aon-mhuice`as it were the brood of a sow,' DF i 9.12
(where ed. reads gritháil). Seegrithugud.
Compds. ¤ ecail, Met. Dinds. iv 320.6 (that never shook
for fear ?
) ¤ gair fear-inspiring shout (din, clamour ?), CCath.
4634 . RC xiv 46.3 . ZCP xiii 234.12 . ¤ nia, MR 170.
75See also foll. heads for further possible exx. of above
meanings.