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grían n ā,f. sun: grian(gl.lucifer), Sg. 61a25 .titan
grian, Hib. Min. 271 .sol .i. grian, Ir. Gl. 973 .Apollo
grian, ib. 952 .n s. luid in grian fora culu, Ml. 16c10 .amal
85as toisegiu grián indáas laithe, 85b11 .in grén tind tóidlech,
Hy. iv 2 .anaslui grién foa fuined`when the sun goes away
to its setting
,' Bcr. 33b18 .g s. la cumscugud inna grene,
Ml. 118c12 .for desleinn gréne on a sunbeam, Hy. v 34 .a s.
is nem im grein, Thes. ii 294.28 .etarru són ┐ in gréin, Ml.
112a8 .dodechuid temel tarsin gréin, 16c5 .d s. hi coim-
thect du gréin ┐ escu, Bcr. 32a6 .v s. a gelgrían forosnai,
Fél. Prol. 5 .du. dí gréin airthir Liffi, ib. Dec. 9 .
5 a n-ed rucc grían do rennaib nime, LU 8245 ( FB 19 ).figur
greni ┐ esca, IT ii2102.27 .a rí gréne gile!, Fél. Prol. 4 .laithe
na mís ṅgréine`of the solar months,' ib. 321 .amail doluid
grian hi folt ḟeda, TBC p. 882 n. 4 .ac súgud grene ┐ gáithe
uathu, ib. 5063 .di grein ...in una die , AU i 422.z (an. 910 ).
10 turgabail na gréine, Thr. Ir. Gl. 42(subtrogein).for Ríg
fallnathar gríana who rules the suns, ZCP vii 308.y .ingin
thaitnigfes amal grein etir renna nime, Lat. Lives 65.12 .o
thalmain co grein, MacCarthy 40.6 .nīsfil fo grēin fairind ...
basid fēiliu`there is not in the world...,' Arch. iii 297 § 61 .
15 Lucifer do na demnaib, grian do na rendaib, PH 6381 .g p.
maith mo dīl la teg Rīg grīan, ZCP vii 307.4 .aluminary:
oll natha nime nemgrian, RC xx 418 ( ACC § 144 ).tria
gai (?) ngrēine through a sunbeam, O'Mulc. 830e .ó ghoradh
na gréine, TSh. 2477 .ga gréine na ngrás, ib. 10736 .
20 luigeacht na gréine, ZCP v 214.365 . Used in pagan oaths:
co tart som grein ocus esca friu, MacCarthy 396.12 .in nath
dognitis na filid ... do gréin ┐ [do] éscu, RC xx 418 ( ACC
§ 144 Comm. ).gabaim-si in grian (sic) i n-a fiadain form,
PH 2696 .do cheangladar rátha gréine ┐ éasca orra féin
25`they pledged themselves by the sun and moon,' Keat. ii 1787 .
Fig.applied to persons:(Saint Íte) in grían bán ban
Muman, Fél. Jan. 15 .pais Guirgi, grían búadae, ib. Apr. 24 .
(Moling) in grían án úas túathaib, ib. June 17 .ba grīan
manach ... Columb Cille, ZCP viii 198.2 .grian na maighden
30Máthair Dé, O'Gr. Cat. 377.8 .(Pátraic) grīan gel Gōidel,
glére garta, Arch. iii 303 i § 8 .mianaiged gréin na
fírinde, PH 8065 .dorochair grian na nGáedel(epithet for
a chief), Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 35 . In the following exx.grian
appears to be anadj. bright,radiant: indred Cormaic,
35findgen grían, ZCP xi 109 § 15 .a Rí grían, vii 302.24 .an
t-iuidic gasta grian`the brilliant learned justice,' Ó Bruad.
ii 278.2 .nach grian ros .i. nach follus eōlus(B. na Filed),
ZCP v 485 § 1 .n. l. abbas Tomae Greine, AU i 274.6 (an.
793 ). Fictitiousnpr f. Loch Greine ingine Finn, Acall.
40 1013.
Compds. ¤ ainech sunny-faced: co hOgma ṅ-Grianainech,
TBC 4868 . ¤ amra:inna chuiriu grianamra | a dá apstal
dec imme, SR 8275 . ¤ brug asunny mansion: i ṅgrian-
brugaib Parduis, ib. 1868 .soillsi édrocht aingil ac comm-
45brised na n-gríanbrudh uile fútha`les palais du soleil,' RC
xxiv 382.13 . Also used to translate the Elysian plains, the
underworld generally:gusna grianbhrughaibh iffirn, Aen.
1199 .berid Caron iadsaide ... darin sruth-sa anund isna
grianbrughaib, 1326 .grianbruigi iffirn .i. muighi ailli
50edrochta, 1416 .i tulaigh na trocaire i ngrienbrugib ifirn,
CCath. 4274 . ¤ bruth solar-glow: co n-acces ... in grianbruth
amal gréin n-etraicht, Ériu ii 100 § 6 . ¤ chnoc:a fhérmar na
ngrianchnoc nglan thou grass abounding one of the sunlit
hills
, O'Gr. Cat. 476 . ¤ chrios:thezodiac , Coneys . ¤ dál
55 asunny meeting place(?): conid isin griandáil ... i Cluain
ata taisi Patraic, Fél 204.27 . ¤ érge sunrise: grīan gan a
grīanēirge | gidh glan a gnē, ZCP viii 212 § 61 . ¤ ga asunray:
ó chuaidh griangha an iarla i dtalamh`the splendour,'
Ó Bruad. i 146.17 .bearta gníomha gan ghriangha`deeds of
60darkness
,' Hackett xlii 79 . ¤ gnúis sunny,radiant counte-
nance: ni bai soillsi acu acht grianghnuis caich fri araili
dibh, RC xiv 56.12 . ¤ goradh basking in the sun: gurab
ann tigdís eunlaith Éireann dá ngrianghoradh, Keat. i
166.46 . ¤ maine blackberries(lit.sun-brake): grianmhuine
65.i. sméra .i. an ni as grianda bhios isin muine, O.Cl. Corm.
Y 690(s.v. grith). ¤ solusta radiantly bright: Dabilla
genmnaidh griantsholusta, Ériu v 150.70 . ¤ sróll bright
satin: ria bhar n-gaillmeirgib griansroill, MacCarthy 126.15 .
¤ tairisem solstice: da grientairisem, Bcr. 35b1 .la in
70griantairismi sin, Fél.² cvi 15 . ¤ taitnem:grían-taitnem na
greine, CCath. 4848.

grian n o,m.?n.? disyll. in O.I. I gravel,sand,seaor
river bottom: grían .i. grinneall mara, locha no abhann,
O'Cl. ruidfes grian`der Sand sich röthen wird,' TBC 4978 .
75 is gat im ganem ná im grían, 4057 .doficfad (leg.dobicfat)
Ulaid asa nōeindin ┐ cotemelad (leg.cotobmélat) ar mur ┐
grīan, TBC² 1077 .is amlaid cotomélani (leg.cotonmélani)
in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían that man ... will grind us to
mould and gravel
, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ).fodeice sís, ba buan a
80chis, grian an mara, Anecd. i 65 § 133 .cor bo réill in grian ┐ in
gainem in mara trit, RC x 54.5 .alainn do grian fad glan-
loch, KMMisc. 314.8 .slebe gainme ┐ grian it e guirt(h)e
in ogh, Ériu ii 120 § 58 .gainem a grīan`its soil is sand,'
Aisl. MC 17.1 .os grian mara mongairtrein, RC xiv 62.14 .
85 deotar itir uir ocus griaun (v.l.grian), Anecd. ii 59.12 .itir
ur ┐ grioan (v.l.grian)`among mould and gravel,' RC xii
86 § 92 .ro eirigh don grían go hairm i mbádar(of a drowned
body) `it rose from the bed of the river,' BNnÉ 295 § 23 .
srotha nofheas adosnai |i ngrian na haoi nī hosgar (.i. ar
grindel na eladhan), ZCP v 488 § 9 (B. na Filed).roscáich
cach cert co grian has gone to the bottom, Met. Dinds. i 28.6 .
ceatha ... do loim-ghriana luaithreadha`showers of the bare
5soil of dust
,' Todd iv 74.28 ( CRR² 23 ).co griantracht an
tobair to the gravelly brink of the well, Acall. 2331 .grian .i.
ō chri[aid.] crē .i.a creta , O'Mulc. 661 .Grian Glinne hUi
.i. uighi cerc, O'Dav. 1058 = Hib. Min. 47.11 .go bhfua-
duighthear go grian ┐ go grinneall an ghruaim-thighe sin
10iad, TSh. 6645.
II Fig. basis,foundation: ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige |
rongléat go grīan | na hocht trátha toghaide | dia ndíchar co
dīan, ZCP vi 271 § 1 .breitheamhnas díreach doibh soin
(i.e.of words with various meanings)| go grian a bhfis ní
15féadair`their fundamental meaning,' Content. v 43 .éisdeacht
do neach dobadh ciall | re glór nach ró a fhios go grian, ib.
xviii 91 .grian ar bhfis is dál domhain`the bottom of my
knowledge is a deep thing
,'ib. xxiv 6 .
III earth,land(held by an individual): fail folach ós
20grían`there is a hiding-place above ground,' Met. Dinds.
iii 140.1 .Ríí Caisil tra doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi tōib
Aurchuind, ZCP viii 308.29 .a grian techta do sannad
`to alienate from him his lawful land,' Laws v 436.x .na fuil
ar griun duine airithi, iii 384.15 Comm. an deoraid bis for
25griun no for snada, v 364.y Comm. fer grin .i. gradh flatha
`an original landowner' (lit.a man of land), v 184.15
Comm. fuidir griain, Irisches Recht 65 - 6 , 75 .is leo grian
na cille, Rawl. 118b30 .fine grin the original tribe of the
land
, O'Don. Supp. theglobal family: muna tainic damna
30apaidh dfine erlomha ... no griain, Laws iii 72.x Comm.
dfine grin`to the tribe to whom the land belongs,' ib. 72.16
Comm. fine in urruidh ar a taitt griun`on whose land
they are
,' ii 180.2 Comm. conid sīatt is fine griein (sic leg.)
ac Laind ōsin alle the glebal family, BColm. 38.2 .la Colmān
35hī sein ō griun co nem`from ground to sky,' ib. 66.2 .grían
.i. fearann, O'Cl. do dhermaid siad ... | a ngrian chatha a
gclesa lúith`they have forgotten their battle-ground,' O'Gr.
Cat. 472.20 .da bfághlaim a ngrían gach gleóidh,in every
battle-field
, Rel. Celt. ii 226.18 .
40 IV thebare surface (of the human skin):léne ... sídaide ...
ré grían a geilchnis, Fianaig. 84.25 .docuir sé leíne sroill ...
re grian a geilchnis, RC x 188.10 .