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gné nO.Ir.n., laterf.:n s. angné , Bcr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii 22.36 ).
angnǽ , Sg. 205a1 . Mid. Ir. survival ofneut.: gném-bróin,
20 FA 33 ; gnén-onore, PH 7001 ; gnen-aill, CCath. 1026 ;
MacCarthy 138.10 .a s. gnei, Sg. 166a2 .g s. ingnee , Goid.
67.23 ( Lib. Hymn. 11b ).n p. gné, Bcr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ).
(il)gné, Ml. 97a1 . LU 7533 .gnee, BB 297b35 .gnei, 321b51 .
A common Mid. Ir.pl. gnéthi, LL 265b20 .gnethi, PH 7471 .
25 gnéithe, IGT Decl. § 2.18 .
(a) kind,species: fúadetgné form and kind, Wb. 32c9 .
gnǽ for leth ... far leth .i. tresṅgné`a species apart ...
"apart" that is, by the species
,' Sg. 73b1 .tri gné forsin apgitir,
Bcr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ).bieit ilgné indi son there will be many
30kinds in it
, Ml. 97a1 .gne gneach a specific species, Laws iii
96.10 .in gne no in cenel in fidh ? ... masa chenel cadet a
gnee ? Auraic. 853 - 854 .atat cóic gnethi icon duine-marbad,
PH 7471 .da gne for leth dechnaid .i. sned ┐ trebradh,
BB 297a37 .for tri gneib in three kinds, Fél. 4.30 .gné
35ḟerrdha díb ┐ gné bannda(of diamonds), Maund. § 138 .gné
pupall`a kind of tents,' § 49 .an ghne as anbhfainne
d'apoplexia , 23 K 42,23.1 .na gnéithe don Gháoidhelg, IGT
Introd. § 2 .Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid`each
of its species
,' TD 32.15 .maille ris an uile ghné airm, Ezech.
40 xxxviii 4 .cred an ghné dhuine an té sin, 2 Kings i 7 .gné
óir nó airgid do chor amach to issue a new coinage, Mac Aingil
305.1 .tairgit gnē chomhadh dōip`they offered them some
gifts
,' Fl. Earls 14.15 .dognīt gnē chiūnais ┐ chomnaidhe
ann`they had some rest and repose there,' ib. y .gne d'imegla
45... orra ..., 32.7 .ge gur fulaingset gne shaot[h]air, 88.10 .
(b) form , (1)ofoutward appearance,appearanceof
countenance: issed a ngne cétna foir, Bcr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii
22.36 ).saingné fornaib gnímaib inna preceptore ... a special
form
, Wb. 5a5 .gné fírinne fuiri the appearance of righteous-
50ness
, Ml. 95b6 .is follus co mór gné m-broin fair-seom, LU
2279 ( FA 33 ).fond ... na cathrach ... co ngné gréne fair,
LU 2039 ( FA 11 ).ro soí gné Emer, LU 3890 ( SC 40 ).is
derb limm nochloemchlaifed gnee (leg.-fe a gnee ?), TBC
284 .imsod a gne do gruaide, TFerbe 720 .ra sáit gnéthi
55da gnúsib, MU² 500 .slóg rosóiset gnee, Ériu vi 149.72 .ni
rangatar gaill a ngné, `did not recover their countenance,'
Cog. 98.19 . Aen. 2642 .co mad gné forbáiltechuis no-beth
fair, PH 3075 .doraitne gné báis foraib, 3488 (cf. A. Ó
Dálaigh xliv 7 ).robo ghlas a ainech ┐ a ghne`countenance,'
60 Coir Anm. § 8 .ba cael gné a chuirp, ZCP xi 108 § 2 .gnē
feola deirgi fair oc a chaithim(of the Sacred Host), xii 373.12 .
gein co ngrinne gnéa`winsome of mien,' Met. Dinds. iii
300.44 .is olc do gne cid mor do meisnech`thou lookest ill...,'
Cog. 170.11 .gne do ghnuisi, TTebe 3599 .ar ghabhabhair
65do ghné an chróigh, IGT Decl. ex. 318 ; 199 .caillid a ...
ngné ┐ a maise, TSh. 546 .béal ... ar ghné ógróis, TD 39.4 .
nach i ngné Gaoidheal gairmthir`...their names are not like
those of the G.
,' Content. xxix § 31 . Of gramm. inflexions :
huare rombói la grecu a ngnæ the Greeks had the form, Sg.
70 205a1 .ailigid gnei changes the form, 166a2 . (2) way,manner:
fon ngne seo (gl.in chruth-so), Laws iv 214.19 .for gne gille
`after the manner of a pledge,' i 276.17 Comm. ; 188.30 Comm.
ar oen-gne in the one way, ZCP viii 266 § 34 .da leana tú he
is na gneithi seo in these ways, Ériu v 138 § 122 .da ngabham
75is an ghné chóir(sic leg.)if we take it in the right way, Dán
Dé xxii 1. (3) Prep. phrases :ar gne like: fuair a ghruaidh
ar gné mónann`his cheek as the berries,' Content. v 121 .
proportionedto (?) : ar gne dia ccēill ┐ dia thuixin, Fl. Earls
182.2 .fo gné (gnéithibh) under theappearance(semblance)
80of,in the manner of,as: a m-bachla ina lám[h]aibh fo gné ...
imdechta, PH 5104 .fo gné bairgine ┐ fhína, 5183 .caith
corp fo ghnē rūine in Righ in mystical fashion, RC xxxvii
345 § 5 .cibe noscaith co dana | fo gné cech bīdh immana
(of the body of Christ) ...as he would any other food, 349 § 80 .
85 Corp Críost ... fá ghnéithibh na fola, O'Gr. Cat. 39.23 .fa
ghnéithibh aráin ┐ fíona, Eochairsg. 20.30 .fo gne síthe
`under the guise of peace,' ALC i 84.2 . FM ii 996.1 .fa ghné
mhaitheasa fíre, TSh. 8135.
(c)alegal point, anargument, acase: seo na gneithe er
nach roichenn Muircertach ... in cét gné dib ... gné eile,
O'Don. 1956 - 7 ( Eg. 90 f. 7 (8a ) ( O'Gr. Cat. 77 ).er na gnéithib
seo, O'Don. 1959 (ib.b).an tres gne, ML App. 180.10 .
5(d) leg.aversion: gné n-aill a different version, O'D. 568
( H.3.17, c.440 - 41 ).deithbir na na (sic!) cantana fodera
dam in da ghne sin do scribhad, O'Don. 213 (scribal note,
H.3.17, c.169 ).
Compds. ¤ buan oflasting form: sgath an dána gnéabhuain,
10 TD 31.16 . ¤ bude ofyellow appearance: a chiabh ghnéa-
bhuidhe, TD 2.28 . ¤ gen:a maise 'sa gnéghean`her loving
countenance
,' Oss. iv 266.3 . ¤ glan:seabhac ... gné-ghlan,
Ériu v 172.2 . ¤ nuaide`youthful looking,' TD 2.45 ;
`glistening,' 28.11 .

15 gnéach adj(gné)o,ā specific,pertainingto aspecies: gne gneach
ocus cenal cenalach`a specific species...,' Laws iii 96.10 .
cenel cenelach gneach a genus generic and specific, Auraic.
858 .Cf. 861 , 3740 (gneithech), 3736 (gnethach).

(?)gneide: n g s. intan dia mba suillsi na gneidhe, O'C. 2025
20(H.4.22, p. 49).

gneiugud n(gné) variation,differentiation(?) : is mor in
rodiall .i. in rogneiugud ┐ in cruthugud ┐ in diol doratus
forsna foclu-sa anuass, LB 240b49 (ACC Comm. `forma-
tion
,' O'Beirne Crowe 74 ).

25 gnéthach xseegnéach.

gnéthech adj I o,ā active,busy: g s m.(gl.operosi), Ml. 48d1 .
i tig in fir gnimaig no gniththig, Laws i 134.1 Comm. eitged
gnéitheach active criminality, iii 90.22 (explained `gnímach,'
92.9 ).beatha ghneitheach .i. gnimhach(=vita actualis),
30 v 22.15 Comm. do pecud gnéthech na bunad-gennti, PH
4826 .infinit gnima on breithir gneithig`an infinitive
active from the active verb
,' Ir. Gl. 136.25 ( Gild. Lor. 2 ). n
II ā,f. active voice: cumtach gnéthigi do chestaig the
construction of the active for the passive
, Goid. p. 67.5 .

35 ? 1 gní ind .i. coccnam nó ithe,ut est, rogáét guaire ni gniet dét
dretell `gní, i.e.chewing or eating,ut est"the bristly one (?)
has beenwounded: (his) teeth chew not the pet hog,'"
O'Dav. 1057.

? 2 gní n voice: gni .i. guth, St. Gl. 419 . Lec. Gl. 538 . `gni
40.i. guth voice or sound,' P. O'C. con[d]ernum dore[i]r a rí |
issí domén rarmorgní`with our great voices,' RC viii 348.41 .
Compd. ? ¤ gal:gníd .i. guthunde diciturgnídgal, Thr.
Ir. Gl.(s.v. gníd). See alsogníth.

1 gnía n d,m. sister's son: gnía .i. mac seathar, O'Cl. Mugna
45moo gnía .i. mo macaib setharquia fitgnia mac sethar, Dinds.
§ 34 .Mugna, mo gnia feda féil`M. my sister's son of the
glorious wood
,' Met. Dinds. iii 144.1 .ag mal Múscraoidh
bheith na ghnia, Ó Bruad. iii 208 § xxiii .Cf. 2 nía, of
which this appears to be a by-form influenced perhaps by
50 3 gnía,q.v.

2 gnía n d,m. awarrior, achampion: n s. gnio nīthach
Nad-Buidb`ein streitbarer Kämpe war N.,' Ält. Ir. Dicht.
i 18 § 21 , where Meyer would emend tonio.ba gialltach
gnía, LU 4283 = LL 145b24 ( Königl. Sächs. Gesellsch.
55Berichte,1884, p. 194 ; SG 84.19 .).am gnia, IT i 142.2 .d s.
tressiu cach gniaid, LU 10265 .n p. is mōr tria gaile glīäid
gegnatar ann tria (leg.trí ?) gnīäid, ZCP viii 119 § 36 .gnía
.i. bile, O'Cl. Cf. ┐ níaof which this appears to be a by-form.

3 gnía n d,m. aworker, aservant: gnia(MSgnai) .i. mog,
60 Lec. Gl. 73 .gnia nó gnīm, O'Mulc. 658 .gnía .i. reachtaire
no fear foghainte, O'Cl. gníadh .i. foghantaidh,ib. Cf.
fergnia, Sg. 52a10 (gl.uirago).fergnia, O'Dav. 1536 .fergnío,
Laws iv 338.15 .uais gnia, Laws i 182.32 (inetym. gl.).
Fintech ... gnīad maic S., O'Mulc. 541 .g s. im chaire tigi gniad,
65 Laws i 124.4 (glossedfir gnimaig ... .i. in briugudh, 134.1
Comm. ).im lomuin (sic leg.) tige gniad, Laws i 124.15 .
(glossed... .i. in briugaid 140.5 Comm. ).a s. asbert fri
gniad (sic MSS) Milcon(of Patrick), Hy. ii 7 .Cf. Trip.
ii 404.16 .eter ríg nAnand ┐ a gníed, LU 10250 .a p. lasna
70gniadu(gl.operarios), Ml. 135d9 .amal bid inna gniadu
(gl.tanquam operarii), 136a1 .gnía légend a student(B. na
F.):treis gnía lēighind three students, Arch. iii 310.20 .
Cf. gnía .i. reachtaire, O'Cl. Asnpr m. Gnia(Gniadh,
BB)m. Tigernaig, ZCP viii 297.23 .

75 gníd xsee2 gníandgníth.

gníid v iO. Ir. forms :
Ind. pres. 1 s. n-a-gníu-sa, Wb. 3c30 .3 s. gniid, Sg. 199a5 .
gniith, Wb. 21b2 . Withaffixed pron.,gníthi-sium, Ml. 30b20 .
rel. gnís, Wb. 21b2 . Sg. 143a6 .nodgní, 209b22 .3 pl. rel.
80 gníte, 156b7 .
Impf. 3 s. gniad, SR 2743 .2 pl. gnid, Wb. 33a17 .
Subj. pres. 3 pl. rel. gnete, Ml. 125c3 .
Subj. impf. con-gnemmis , Wb. 4a9 .trisan-gnetis , Ml.
23a2 .
85 Fut. 3 pl. rel. gēnde, Thes. i 714.10 .
Pret. 3 s. gēnais, Hy. v 11 .rogéni, Ml. 48c6 . Wb. 3c25 .
pl. rogenset, Ml. 80c6 . (Laterrogní,-gníset;gnisit, SR
4077 ;gnisset, 4197 .)
Pass pres. s. gnither, Sg. 140a2 .gnaither, Ml. 38a5 .
pl. gnitir,ib. rel. gniter, Ml. 21c3 .fut. s. génthir(sic),
Bcr. 44b3 .pret. s. rongníth, Ml. 14a18 .pl. rognítha, 115b4 .
-rognatha, ib.and39a24 .part. a p. inna gnimu gnethi,
5 Ml. 115b2 .Cf. remgnethi(gl.ante acti), 103d15 .mar-
gnethi(gl.magnifica), 126c6 .innacaingnethi (gl.bene acta),
22d18 .vn. gním u,m.,q.v.
In general sense acts,does,makes:gl.agere, Ml. 14a18 ;
125c3 . Thes. i 714.10 .peragere, Ml. 48c6 .actitare, Bcr.
10 44b3 . IIntrans. acts,works: amal gnīs tra Crist in iustis. ...
is samlid ... gniith demun in filiis defidentiae, Wb. 21b2 .
is hinonn persan gnís ┐ fodaim who acts and suffers, Sg.
143a6 .gníd, amal cech mog, Fél 4.12 .gníad ísel fri hard
let him act humbly..., Ériu iii 98 § 13.
15 IITrans. (a) makes,constructs: mur d'argut ... rognid
im cach oen ḟaith[chi], SR 384 .secht ṁbenna ... gnitis
dind or, 4343 .ra gniad ra Meidb dunibuali ... ar cind
Conchobair, TBC 5134 .rognithea a mbotha, CRR § 24 .
etrachta gnuisi ind Righ mair ro gni cach nduil, Ériu ii
20142 § 155 .Maelsuthain is he rosgni(of a poem), ZCP v
499 § 10.
(b) With abstract or vn. as obj. does,performs,executes ,
etc.:co ngnemmis gnímu colno, Wb. 4a9 .huaræ ata
ngnímai nui nadrognatha riam rognítha and, Ml. 115b4 .
25 ar cach n-omgním gníset for every cruel deed they did, Met.
Dinds. iii 4.47 .trisa n-gnetis aithirgi, Ml. 23a2 .is hé in
peccad rogéni anuile comaccobor, Wb. 3c25 .figell āine,
ernaigthe, | almsan tan nosgēne, Ériu ii 172 § 5 .ni gníand
nách ṅdímáin, PH 5917 ( LB 68b12 ).roniat-som airisiumh
30`rested,' Marco P. § 56 .rugéne ... A. atlugud búdi dona
déib, TTr.² 1935 .rogníset atlugthi buidhe, Arch. iii 10 §
11 .gníset cairddes, Met. Dinds. iii 244.31 .gnisit caratrad
fri Fomorib, RC xii 58 § 8 .gnisit cathu fought, waged...,
SR 4077 .gniid cathu, SC 18 .intí gnifes catha fria demhna,
35 Lism. L. 3778 .cindus rogentais cathugudh, Aen. 2074 .
āth forsinngēnathar a gleō, TBC² 1140 .gníset gleic gairb,
Met. Dinds. iii 372.69 .rogniad comairle la Ultaib the U.
took counsel together
, CRR § 9 .gnithir feis Temra la hE.,
Ériu ii 178.17 .gníset óenach cóir Carmain, Met. Dinds. iii
4012.151 .rogní ... int ord forcetail ┐ celipartha, Fl. Earls
136.34 ; ib. 9 .no gniad druidechta, LU 9007 ( FB 75 ).
gnít sealga they hunt, Cóir An. § 70 ( IT iii 318.24 ).Cf.
further:súil cháirech eter da rethi gnii-siu etrum-sa ┐
Eogan thou makest sheep's eyes at Eogan and me, IT i 82.1
45( Longes 315 ).gniat cach a aimsir let each man have his
day
(lit.do his time), Lism. L. 1547 .roraid ... nogenad
einech Troianna`...make the Trojans honoured,' TTr. 867
( LL 228b49 ).aigne .i. ... fer gníes ái, Corm. Y 74 .seol
gnius no gnimaiges fuithib(of chips)the direction he gives
50them
, Laws iii 226.24 .
(c) exercises(horses): do ghníeas m'eocha I have exer-
cised my horses
, IGT Introd. § 78 . See1 gnímfor further
exx.