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glún nO. Ir.s,n.:g s. glunae, Sg. 47a3 .g p. glunae, Ml. 138a2 .
a p. glúne, Sg. 172a3 .n du. a dáglún , BDD § 88 .g du.
cechtar a dá glúne, § 58 . In Mid. Ir. becomesfem.but
retains its declension not passing over to ā stems.Glún m.
40(g s.andn p. glúinorglúine), IGT Decl. § 44 .re cois ngluine
neimhghil N., Decl. ex. 1233 .
(a)aknee:gl.genu, Sg. 63a7 .dona glunib(gl.genua),
Gild. Lor. 185 .almne glunae(gl.geniculum), Sg. 47a3 .Cf.
Gild. Lor. 183 .otha mo glun com imlinn, IT i 125.12 .
45 tabair do chenn for mo glún, Fél. 12.18 .for óen-glún ┐
óen-chích roalta ┐ Eogan, RC xiii 434 § 2 .rosiachtus glún
Amargin filed, LU 10298 .Cf. ZCP iii 236 § 24 .a thraighthe
┐ a luirgne ┐ a glúne, TBC 2595 .nisarlaic sech ard a glúne
súas, 901 .firfid gléss fort de nim co ticfe glúine it will reach
50thy knees
, Trip.² 1371 .fillsit glúine(of Joseph's brethren to
him), SR 3466 .fillis mog Dé a gluine, PH 1282 .rolig a
glún des ┐ clé fai, ZCP vi 48.35 . Maund. § 200 .go tarrla[dar]
a gluine fa each Fortibrais`F.'s horse fell on its knees,' RC
xix 38 ( Fier. § 43 ).da ngluinib ... comfhillti i cliabaib ... a
55chele, TTebe 401 .crom do cheann a's feac do ghlún, Oss.
iv 60.24 .níor mhúineas damh ... feacadh mo ghlúin, TSh.
5994. 1 Kings xix 18 . Is. xlv 23 .Glún fri lár(sobriquet)
`Knee-to-ground': Murchadh Glún re lár, RC xvii 337.6 =M.
glún-i-llár, LL 182a3 ( Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 ). Idioms:luid
60amach ... do dul do fhillid a glún=cacare, Hib. Min. pp. 71 - 2 .
?feb ro fecht is ro firad | ro sgribadh fora nglúinib, Lec.
6rb48 .dobeir glún fri gliaid (gail) bracesoneself to the
fight,engagesincombat: tucsat glún re gail ┐ re gaisced,
Acall. 3149 n .tabhrum ... glun re gliagh, Caithr. CC. § 21 .
65 tucsat an Dubloinges glun re gliaid do'n Gamunraid, Celt.
Rev. iv 118.14 .tócbáid (do fuargaib) glún re n- raises the
knee to
(as an act of respect or homage).Cf. Joyce, Soc.
Hist. ii 489 .dlegair do c[h]omarbu Pátraic a glún do tecbail
(leg.thócbáil) réna c[h]omharbu, Trip.² 474 .tuarga[i]b espuc
70dano a glún ria ríg, Críth Gablach 606 . RC xiii 104 § 134 .
A `céle' was bound to rise three times daily before his
`flaith'; ┐ ni fuil acht innscuchad gluine o sin amach,
O'C. 621 ( H.3.18,p. 300 ).inus lugha a nemureirge, ised is
moam a nemindsguchadh taoibi na gluine, O'D. 514 ( H.3.17,
75c.417 ).berid glún betakes oneself(?): taeb hi ruc rind
gaesi glūn pinnacle of wisdom wherever he betook himself
(? of Bishop Aed), Arch. iii 306 § 4.
(b)Fig.of persons (from the idea of the infant on the
knee or at the knee of parent or nurse) prop,support,sus-
80tainer: Cairbre ... glun oileamhna na heccno`the fostering
knee of wisdom
,' FM iv 670.10 . TD 25 § 39 ; 3 § 46 .glún
far hoileadh an fhoghluim, Content. xxv § 5 .a ghlún
chothuighthe an chreidimh, ib. n. 5 .a shamhail do ghlún
gaisgidh, v § 173 .
85(c) Fig.offamily relationship (see genu,Ducange ):
(1)ageneration: dot oighredhaib co cenn an nómad glún
úaitt fein, Maund. § 131 .Adam is a shliocht ... glún ar
ghlún, MS. Mat. 556.25 .Cf. Eochairsg. 3.21 .as eidir do
bhreith ó ghlún go glún gusan Tadg cédna you can be traced,
generation by generation
, FM i lvii 26 .saor an glún degenach
dhiobh | genealach ūr na n-airdriog, LL 394.53 .glún
uaislighthe an fhine ó bhfuil, Studies 1918, 281 § 9 .do
5chaitheadar seal glún ar an ordughadh sin, Keat. ii 4283 ;
558 .iorchaire ... .i. an glún tig a ndiaidh dhuine, O'Cl.
(2) degreeofconsanguinity: in treas glun d'fhialus, Marco P.
§ 180 .gaire do glún duinn hiat na Donnchad, O'D. 1962
( Eg. 90 f. 7 (8)c .) (3)g. ¤ geinelaig (g. ¤ geinemna) apedigree:
10 fíorbhun do ghlún ngeinealuigh, Arch. Hib. i 89 xxxvi .
draoithe aca do choiméadadh a nglúine geinealaigh, Keat. i
92.3 .do thaobh a ghlún ngeineamhna`by virtue of his
ancestry
,' TD 31.12 .
(d) `part of theframe-workof aboat ' ( Dinneen ):conrucsad
15'na nglúinib soir | Fomore i ndegaid Balair`in their boat-
frames
,' Ériu iv 156.23 .
Compds. ¤ dalta afosterling: TBC p. 412 n. 5 ;cf. Loth,
RC xl 147 ff . and Thurneysen, KZ lvii 69 . Often combined
with adj. to form descriptive epithet orpnsobriquet: ¤ dub:
20Niall Glundubh, Cog. 4.8 . ¤ ḟind:Eber Glunḟind .i. comar-
thada gela badur for a gluinibh, Cóir An. § 292 . LL 3a19 .
airsid Lifi, gluinfind Codail the white-kneed one of Codal,
RC xxiv 192.8 . Asnpr m.:Glunḟind mac Lamfind, Rawl.
117g56 . ¤ gel:Aimirgen Glúngel, Ériu iv 136.19 . LL
25 175b15 . CRR § 29 . ¤ glas:Emer Glunglas E. Bruised-
knee (?
), Fianaig. 70 § 17 .Glún lairn:npr m.is a translation
of the NorseIarn-kné, which name in its earlier appearances
in AU isIercne, Ergne, see Sommerfelt, RC xxxix 195 .
ó Ghallaibh Atho Cliath .i. o Gluniaraind, AU i 412.3(an.
30894).ria nGluniarn mac Amlaim, 492.20(an.982).G. ¤
Iaraind mac Amlaim, rí Gall, RC xvii 346.12 (Tig.).Gilla
Ciaráin mac Glúiniarainn(of a Norseman), Ériu i 90.8 . FM
i 548.7 . Also used by natives:Glūn Iairn mac Cellaig, Rawl.
117c56 ;G. ¤ mac Fáelāin, ib. 117c49 .

35 glúnán n(glún)o,m.dimin.littlekneename of St.
Domangart's bell (from the shape ?):,ColganActa S. 743b .
Tr. Thaum. 431a .

glúnech xseeglúinech.

glúnmar adj(glún+már)o,ā big-kneed: glunmár, FB(Eg.)37 .
40 adbronnach leathan-sluaistech si, glunmar, RC xxiv 196.z .
caillech ... glúnmar glaisingnech, SG 328.24 .Irial Glúnmár,
ZCP viii 327.1 . LL 175a49 . YBL 177a14 .

glunsalach ind(glúnsalach?):biad fuirre glunsalach fine
forderga(sic leg.), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 52.27 .

45 ? glus n light:seems to be abstracted by glossators from
compds.glus .i. suilsi,unde diciturisna Brethaibh Nemedh:
dofed ōc iarnglus .i. airegdu (sic leg.) in t-ōc ndagrusc oldās
in sen co ndībelrusc, Corm. Y 689 .Cf. O'Dav. 1024 and
Laws iv 376.22 .glus .i. solus. Met. Gl. Ff. 74 .doglus .i.
50droc[h]soillsí, .i. glús soillsi, O'Mulc. 340 .soglus, Hib. Min.
47.22 .tall go nglus an ghlóire, Ó Bruad. iii 214 § xl .

? glutt: ind Fergus Glutt (: rofucc), ZCP xiii 6 § 23.

1 gnae ind beautiful,beauty , seegnóe.

2 gnae n mockery , see1 gnó.

55 gnáithche xseegnáthche.

gnás n(gnáth)ā,f.buta s. gnas, AU i 404.19 (an. 886 );a p.
gnásu, LL 156b16 .m.(g s.andn p. gnáisandgnása), IGT
Decl. § 38.11 .o,m.in Mod. Ir.
(a) intercourse,companionship,frequentation :maith les
60a gnási he likes her companionship, Wb. 10a2 .dús inríct[h]ar
tria gnáissi, 10a3 .dofuthrisse a buith im gnaís, 32a9 .
resiu robetis im gnais(gl.priusquam mihi essent usui)
before they were familiar to me, Ml. 58d7 .doberaind-se
uile ... ar gnais(gnuis, Eg.)Noisi, IT i 81.11 .cach oén
65bís ina ngnáis ┐ inna lepaid, BDD 92 .robeó ... i mbith-
gnáis in tṡlúaig-se, Fél. Ep. 316 ; 375 .m' ænurān ... | cen
duinēn im gnāis, Ériu ii 55 § 1 .cett lim cia rabur na gnáis,
ZCP iii 37.17 .nī roächt gnās co marbu has not reached
the company of the dead
, Bruchst. i § 112 ( AU an. 886 ; FM
70 an. 884 ).rop sorche fri gnáis`brilliant in company,' Tec.
Corm. § 6.37 .serba sírgnáise(of women) `crabbed in
constant companionship
,' § 16.3 . Laws i 20.28 Comm.
FM i 308.1 .Ofhostile intercourse: mairc rachas i ngnas
(v.l.fíadnaise) Ulad do gabail ir-righe ... who shall go among
75the Ulstermen
, RC xxi 160 § 25 . Of places:i ngnais in
díthruib, SR 4740 .da m-bad lim Ériu ule ... dobéraind ...
ar gnais in bale ránac, LU 3737 ( SC 33 ).bud maith lim
ma (= mo) ghnās a nGartan I should like to dwell in G.,
Arch. iii 224 § 3 .mór in buaid don reilic bic | cibé rosic
80iarna ghnáis, SG 33.12 .Cnoc Tarbga co túath-gnáis`a
resort of the people
,' Met. Dinds. iii 370.63 . By extension:
cech slógh roscaoil gnás don ghliaidh every host that has
parted company from strife
, FM ii 898.12 (poem).gnās
na Sacramaintedh the frequentation of the Sacraments, Luc.
85Fid. 67.7 .Freq. ofcohabitation: co rosaraich hi ┐ co
ndeachaid na gnais da h-aindeoin, Ériu ii 180.1 . Laws iii
540.9 Comm. co ndeachaid ina gnáis ┐ ina caomhthach,
Anecd. i 78.7 . Cóir Anm. § 70 ( IT iii 320.11 ). SG 48.5 .
i ngnáis mná in rechtairi, 241.2 .dochúaidh Iácob na gnás,
Gen. xxx 4.
(b) custom,usage,practice,manners: tre gnais a ṁbuithe
in hilur through the usage of their being in the plural, Sg.
5 73a13 .i ngassaib garbdai cech cin, SR 7995 .gnása
ingen macdacht léo they have the manners of young girls,
BDD 92 .nathir cach ben, grīb cach ingen, | serbha a
[n]gnāsa, ZCP viii 196 § 15 .is comaith gnais caich diaraile
`the customs are equally good,' Laws iv 68.3 .gnás cumaide
10`the common usage,'(8 Comm. ).at mathi a chland .i. ...
fir Breg ... im gnáis, im alaig, im sotlotus, LU 4267 .eter
gnāis ┐ gaisced ┐ chenēl, Death-tales 6.9 . TTr.² 1666 .
scith mo mheanma, muad mo ghnas, Bruchst. i § 111 ( FM an.
884 ).gnás alaig erlabra, Triads 80 (v.l.).gairm fri gnásu
15`a customary title,' Met. Dinds. iii 302.63 .níor chuireamar
na cumhachta-sa a ngnás, 1 Cor. ix 12 .gnás geasróghach
a superstitious practice, Donlevy 436.16 . ?co tanic mac
Agnomain | Nemed nimtha gnás, LL 418.
(c) frequency: a gnas do-gabhais fád cenn | feilm cruadha
20 the frequency with which you put on your head a helmet,
Irish Texts ii 29 § 35 .