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gae n m. Cf., however,dí gae, Rawl. 139a24 ( Ériu iv 102 § 43 ,
da ga v.l.);tuillidh sí ar lár a ladhra | gallgha 's as lán dí
a derna, IGT Decl. ex. 968 . In:dos-leicimse ... dosom in
ṅgai cétna, LL 113a11 ( ScM § 11 ), the -s- isotiose, see
30Thurneysen ( ScM²,p. iv ). In the following paradigm IGT
= IGT Decl. § 81 :n s. gae, Sg. 37b20 .gaí, Laws iv 310.13 .
g s. gai, IT i 76.10 ( LL 261a3 ). Laws v 490.8 .gae, TBC
3009 .ingha , IGT .ga, Laws v 216.21 . Met. Dinds. iii
460.7 .gói, PH 6779 .góei, 8044 .d s. gai, TBC 2306 .
35 gae, RC xv 423.5 ( LL 195b38 =gae, BB 369a7 . Dinds. 36 ).
donghai , IGT ,v.l. a s. gae, Ml. 55c1 .gæ, TBC 2373 ,
2375 .gái, Acall. 7223 .gæi, PH 141 .gói, 3357 .n p. gae,gaé
(v.l. gaoi)gae,gaíthe,gaethe, IGT .gaei, PH 8111 .gaoi, TD
11.20 .gaeithe(ora p.?), Acall. 7153 .g p. gaí, LU 8202 ( FB
40 15 ).ga, IGT .gai, LU 7982 .d p. gaib, LU 1354 .gaaib, TBC
3023 .gǽib, 6042 .gáiaibh, O'Dav. 497. gáib(=cáin),
Life of Naile § 51 .sínter béinsi geal do gháib (: láim), IGT
Decl. ex. 102 .goeib, ZCP i 462 n. 3 .gaoibh TD 16.52 .
gaíbh(v.l. gaibh,gáoibh,gáebh),gaíthibh,gaethibh, IGT .
45 a p. gaau, Thes. ii 48.7 .gau, 343.41 .goo, 335.26 .góo,
SR 719 .goho(disyll.metri causa), 8098 .goo, ZCP iii
212.13 (LU).gou, LU 3387 .gaó, LL 276a8 .,gaíthe,
gaethe, IGT .gaotha, Atlantis iv 188.12 (OCL).n du. da
gai , LL 261b7 .g du. dágai , LU 7984 . See O'Rahilly, EIH
50 459 , 461 .
(a)aspear, ajavelin; used esp. of thespear-bladeor
head :gagl.hasta, Ir. Gl. 216 .gaau gl. spicula, Phil. 14a
( Thes. ii 48.7 ). conoscaig in gae he removed the spear, Ml.
55c1 .gae gona éisc, Sg. 37b20 .no-elaind ... ó gaib íascaig
55 from fishing-spears, LU 1354 ( Im. Br. ii 292.14 ;a gaaib
línaigé v.l.) ;cf. ba do ghaibh ... do all A. ... a chenn
do mhac M., Oss. iii 300.10 .gaí gona cethrai, Críth
Gabl. 180 .tiscail gai a halad extracting a spear from a wound,
Laws v 490.8 .slicht in gói ... in-a thoeb, PH 6779 .
60 ro thelgis gai ḟormsa, LL 113a20 ( ScM § 11 ).gae semnech
slindlethan slegḟota, TBC 5261 .gae súlech, 5270 .da gai
cona n-assnadaib findruine, IT ii 177.97 .mic A. in ga
bernaigh, MacCarthy 406.30 .ceṅgait dar gaó glassa, LL
276a8 .ím gním ṅgá, 216b13 ( Met. Dinds. iii 160.1 ).gabait
65a ngó, Celt. Rev. ii 302.6 .da gae for cach óen crand leo,
gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond, TBC 4531 .adbur craind gai,
Laws v 484.16 Comm. dichealtair .i. crand gai cen iarn fair,
Corm. Y 698 ( O'Dav. 497 ).craind gae, Auraic. 1173 .budh
gao derg báis(of Maedoc's reliquary), SG 32.29 .gontar C.
70do gáiaibh catha, O'Dav. 497 .teilgis C. a trosdan ┐
dorindedh ga no fogha ... de, BCC § 111 .scolb do rinn
ghai, Keat. ii 4567 .gaoi dá n-ionnsma, TD 11.20 .go ngaoibh
corcra, 16.52 .gialla fri rind ga service at the spear's point,
Laws v 216.21 (Heptads).an ngiallfadh do rinn ghai dhó,
75 Keat. iii 951 .Fig. ba hussu lessium a thuttim do gaib
gaile ┐ gascid ... ná a thuttim de gaaib áire ┐ écnaig
than to fall by the shafts of satire and lampooning, TBC 3023 .
gae na haeire, O'C. 664 ( H.3.18,325 ).soighde na sainnte
┐ gaoithe na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 2463 .mad gabtha
80gāi duaine dō, Bruchstücke no. 28 .gae Bulga spear of
Bulga
, Cú Chulainn's famous weapon (see O'Rahilly, Early
Irish History,61 ff.).seideth gái bulgagl.flabella, Ir.
Gl. 217 (MS).cless in gæ bulga ac Coin Culaind, TBC
3009 ; 2107 ; 2306 .conattacht in ṅgæ ṁbulga bar Læg ...
85ra sruth ra indiltea ┐ illadair ra teilgthea, álad oengae leis
ac techt i nduni ┐ tríchu farrindi ri taithmech ┐ ni gatta a
curp duni go coscairthea immi, 3872 seq. 3942 - 3948 . Called
alsogae Aífe, 2372 , because she had taught Cú Chulainn the
use of it.Cf.also:dofaeth do gai bulggach | fri Laigni
i cath, LL 195b38 ( Met. Dinds. iii 152.7 ).acus gai boilggi
tentidi ina lámaib, Otia i 114.3 .nobriste in gae ar bulg
the spear used to be broken at the knob(?), RC xiii 454 § 48 .
5 gae clis aspearforjuggling: don ti eamnas na go clis
innairdi no na hubla clis, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. cleasam-
naig .i. cuirid na goo-clis a n-airde, v 108.31 Comm. gae
cró: orig.ajetorspurtofblood;haemorrhage(gen. caused
by wounds) anunhealed wound, possibly developed later the
10sense adeadly(lit.bloody)pang, by which it is usually
translated. Cf. gae leoin below. marb in Dagda do gai chró ...
dia rodgon C. in ben, LL 11b26 .do thairmesc a fola ... ┐ a
ngæ cró, TBC 3639. 6042 .amal ro thuitset a gái (sic leg.)
chró ass la meít na ferggi ro gab, TFerbe 735 .conar'
15ḟacadur galur na eslainte na gái chró ina chois na tucsat
aisti hé(of the wounded Cailte ; `clotted blood,' O'Gr.
`shooting pains,' W.S.), Acall. 7223 .Cf. ní fhágbhaid gaotha
cró, ná aicíd aingide ar aoin neach(of the apples of the
Hesperides), Atlantis iv 188.12 .gaeithe cró na n-es ┐ na
20n-abhann ... donithea-sa sin bloody vomitings(?) (after herbs
given as emetics), Acall. 7153 .ní fédaim le gaeib cró in
urchair sin, 4000 .a gae cro do thuill don triath | beth gan
sciath re saitib sleg`his mortal wound,' Fen. 146.1 .co
ndechaid cum bais do ghaib cró ocus troimeslainti from old
25unstaunched wounds
(?), RC xliv 28.6 . A. Ó Dálaigh
xxxviii 8 .go ffuair bás do ghaíb cró na ngon, FM vi 2058.4 .
iii 366.7 .Fig. nír b' ecail ní da marbad acht gái chró na
genmnaidechta`the pernicious effects of continence' (O'Gr.),
Acall. 3815 .gaothe cró gach coire lér cuireadh i n-ifreann
30iad ag a dtreaghdadh, TSh. 1964 .gae derg(lit.`a bloody
spear')amurderer :techt ar slicht ga deirg to go in pursuit
of a murderer
, O'C. 2314 ( Eg. 88,f. 24b ). O'D. 713 ( H.3.17,
c.521 ).iarmoiracht ghá deirg, O'C. 1766 ( 23 Q 6,36 b ).
la go dearga ... in fer guides na gae derga do gabháil ina
35láimh, O'D. 769 ( H.3.17, c.551 ).Cf. fer ghai deirc itt
ionadsa(a curse on an abbot), BNnÉ 306 § 23 .g. ¤ leóin:
Gaileoin ona gaib leoin robai aco oc tachailt na hūiri, ZCP
x 163.11 (cf. g. ¤ cró, above).astal .i. gai liubuir abook-
marker(lit. abook-spear), O'Mulc. 96 .gae máthri`spear of
40the mother-kin,' the distaff :
doberar gai matri do garmnaib
beus a n-Erinn that looms are still called `spears of the mother-
kin' in Ireland (?
), RC xii 94.24 .
Compds. ¤ buaibthech(sobriquet)of thethreatening
spear :Aengus gaibuaibtheach, Anecd. i 15.11 . Content. vi
45266 . ¤ derg of the redspear :bass Conaill Gáiderg, RC xvii
168.9 (Tig.). ¤ fuilech of the bloody spear: SG ii 489.26 .
Misc. Celt. Soc. 8.11 ¤ lethan having a broad spear, O'Dav.
1146 . ¤ neim venom of spears(?):fir Aradh go ngaoi-neimh
(sic leg.) nglic, Buile Ṡ. 56.15 .
50(b) In connection withgrían aray, abeam :caine már
góo gréne, SR 719. 8098 .foceird ... a cocholl. ... forsna
goo grene, Thes. ii 335.26 . Arch. iii 304.27 amlaid robatar
a roisc ... gai grene cechtar de, LL 210b15 .gnuis gai
gréine, O'D. 2215 ( Nero A vii,148a ).An mhéd nár theilg
55grían dá gáoibh, IGT Decl. ex. 705 .Nó gu súighe an ghrían
a gó, ex. 1614 .ba dornd i ngae ṅgreni(of a hopeless under-
taking), Cog. 162.24 .dia mbeith lāi gāi gann, `a slender
shaft of day
,' Four Songs 8.4 .Cf. is dorn im gae ngreine
(i. is etarbach), O'C. 427 ( H.3.18,232b ).Saor an gha ghréine,
60 Dán Dé vii 33 .Fig. an ga gréine grás, TSh. 2289 .Leg.
Aithech baitse ... ni téit a raith, na i naitire ... ar is gae greine
do gairter, Laws iv 352.26 .
(c) Themembrum virile, Laws i 54.19 Comm.

1 gáel n o,m. pl. gaelta, IGT Decl. § 60 . For history and
65etymology see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 365 . (a) kinship,re-
lationship: in fhuil gáel no munterus duit ris-in tii fo'r-
ghlaccais ? PH 7534 .ata in nádúir fén ica furail-so ...
ar gáel na fola, 7394 (of reverence to parents). MR 44.22 .
anuit a ngael ┐ chardius fri araili, Marco P. § 38 .tre bithin
70gaoil do beith aca fria cele, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . MS. Mat.
572.26 .tre goire a ngaoil, TFrag. 182.24 .bean fogus gaoil,
Eg. Gl. 61 .is gael re nathair neme ... is comaenta fri
Lucifer, SG 48.1 .drochdhaine gail bad kinsfolk, Ériu viii
123.3 .le baidhbh ngáoil, IGT Decl. ex. 1978 .fer gail no
75fialusa, O'Dav. 458 .braithreacha gaíl, Hy Many 161.29 .
dá chairdibh gaoil, TD 13.42 .bar ngaol ngeinemna`con-
sanguinity of birth
,' O'Gr. Cat. 354.26 .athair ┐ mathair
hIsu ┐ dream da lucht gail ┐ deala, YBL 148b23 .dias gaoil
two kinsfolk, Dán Dé xi 3 ; xxii 5 .connsuine gaoil do, IGT
80 Introd. § 26 .gaol sbioradálta,spiritual kinship(i.e.between
sponsor and godchild), Parrth. Anma 196 .The affection of
kinsfolk :
an t-ég araon aga sgarrthain | nior fhét gáol
Chathfuigh do chlódh, Rel. Celt. ii 220.22 .beag dá ngaol do
ghéabha Dia little of their love will God get, Dán Dé xxiii 8 .
85 olc an gaol do ṡíol Ṡuibhne | tabhach Fódla ... a láimh aicme
Néill, TD 26.42 . As pred. kindly,natural,congruous: drem
nár ghaol comfeirg ná cruas, SG 24.28 .raon ... nach gaol
don charaid do chom, Dán Dé xxiii 4.
(b)arelative;kin,kinsfolk (ins.andpl.) :Atá Temhair gan
a túar, | atá fo gredhaibh a gáel, Arch. iii 304 , III § 6 .gáel
ḟíann .i. ḟiann ghaíl lochta na dáirsi(etymol. gl.on Gaileóin),
Cóir Anm. 226 .d'fuasccladh a ghaoil geinealaigh , BNnÉ i
5227 .Mo chúmha! mo cháirde a's mo ghaol, Oss. iv 168.5 .
gaol fallsa do Mhoire mé,a false kinsman, Dán Dé ii 3 .an
gaol ór ghabhluigh, TD 34.19 .pl. a maithrecha ┐ a ngaelta,
Marco P. § 102 .drong do gæltaibh in diuice, ZCP vi 94.19 .
TD 26.32 .Cinnta suil chuire ar do gháoltaibh, IGT Decl.
10ex. 1458 .Ní námhaid do ghnáth na gáolta, ex. 1459 .a
chine ┐ a ghaolta, Keat. ii 5191.
Compds. ¤ bean akinswoman , A. Ó Dálaigh xix 1 . ¤ bráthair
akinsman , ib. xxxv 11 . ¤ buain:ní fhuil gaol-bhuain na
ríogh ribh `a link with the kings,' ib. lii 3 . ? ¤ genelach
15 genealogy: ar aon aicme iad araon iar ngaol-genealaig(sic
leg.?)with regard to their descent, Hy Fiachr. 42.19 .
(c) ?anagallda luathit lama .i. ... an gaoil gallda no luai-
dhit ó lama ... .i. an cach gonas na hurraidh tre gail naith ┐
án gach buaigh berar a n-aineol n-ecraite, O'C. 1765 - 6
20( 23 Q 6 36a37 ).Cf. ān cach chindes na buadha ar na hecarr-
dib isin crichid aineoil, O'C. 349 ( H.3.18,193a ).