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G, thetwelfth letterof the Ogham alphabet, in Irish called
gort`ivy,' Auraic. 1138 , 1187 = 4229 , 4285 . In early ortho-
graphy the lettergrepresents either the voiced stop or the
voiced spirant : in absolute initial position g is a voiced
5guttural stop ; medially and finally when preceded by a
vowel, and initially when subject to lenition, it is a spirant ;
when preceded by a consonant it may be either. The medial
stop, normally writtenc, is sometimes writtengg. In some
early instances the medial stop is written g even between
10vowels, Thurneysen, Grammar § 29 - § 32 .
In later orthography the stop is written g in all positions,
and the spirantgh. By the fourteenth century the voiced
dental spirant (dh) had become a guttural (O'Rahilly, Irish
Dialects 53 ), so thatghanddhare constantly confused in the
15manuscripts.

ga n dart , seegae.

1 gá Mid. Ir. forcia interrog. adj.:gá ogum sut ina taeb,
TBC 727 .ga Dia aile, PH 158 .gá méad fiche bliadhan,
TSh. 10933 .gá huair?, TD 1.28 .gár mhó ionmhuine, ib.
20 20.16 .ga lá(`lochdach'), IGT Introd. § 16.

2 gá ind=oca, seeoc:ga ḟurmiáil, TBC 5713 .in gabul ... gá
farcgaib, 786 .ra bai gá rád, 3486 .

3 gá ind= O. Ir.cid,q.v.:gá ttám`in short,' Studies 1922, 410.1 .
gá dtám ris, TSh. 783.

25 4 gá conj= O. Ir.cia although: ga no marbad fer no dís, TBC 1065.

gaán n o,m.(gae)a littlespear,javelin: do ghaánaibh bega
biracha, Acall. 1802n .

gaba n smith , seegobae.

gába: pnoccurs only in the nameOengus mac Oenláme Gábe,
30 TBC 4906. 2815 (=Caime, LU).O. macc Oenláma Gábae,
CRR § 8 .Lām Gābuid, ScM² § 10 , where origin of sobriquet
is given.Oengus mac Lāme Gābaid,ib. O. mac Āenlaime
gaibhe, ZCP xiii 169.36 .Cf. Cond mac Oenláma Caíphe,
Ériu vi 150.1 .

35 gábad n danger , seegábud.

gábadán xseegábudán.

gabáil xseegabál.

gabáilche n iā,f.(gábalach) prehensiveness,rapacity: cosmail
fri sēigh é ... ar a gabāilchi, Corm. Y 1165.

40 gabáiltech xseegabáltach.

1 gabair n horse , see2 gabor.

2 gabair n spear(?): iarmobi beclighi bangabra treith .i. iar
beith dona beoaibh ana lighi fo treith gabailrindedh,unde
dixit, gabair ainm do goei, O'C. 573 ( H.3.18,286 ).Cf.
45 treath trident,fishing spear , O'R.

gábait n(length of vowel doubtful)apiece, asection, adivision
of thebody(?) : co tarat bvlle do chlaidib dó co ndernai dá
gabait de, TTr.² 962 ,cf. TBC 1999 .dofuitet a c[h]eithri
gabaidi (gábaiti , LU)for talmain, TBC² 1310 .tucastar
50béim tanaise dó urtharsna conid in oenḟecht rángatar a tri
gaibti rainti co talmain uad, TBC 1901 .atchondairc a
archoin na gabtib rointi, 1038 .fecht dia tánic sunda, mar
cach ngábit ngalla | ... bó da búaib dar Banna [= ṅgaibit
ṅgalla, LL 214a37 ;ngabait (: tāinic) ngalla, BB 397a27 ;
55 ngábhaid (: ttainic) ngalla, B iii 1,78b6 ]like any foreign
object (?
), Met. Dinds. iv 70.10 .gabait cliss apart(usually
of the body)cut offby a skilfulsword-stroke: dobert athbéim
ina médi conid i n-oenḟecht condráncatar a da g. ¤ chliss
dochum talman, RC xiv 410 § 20 .Cf. 420 § 38 .cach bali
60ba réid dó na chomraictis a gabti cliss rainti mon echraid,
TBC 1927 .┐ se faen fotharsna ┐ a gabhaidi clis inairdi fair,
ib. p. 247, n. 2 (here it seems to be used of a sod cut from
beneath him and cast upon him).

1 gabal n afork , seegabul.

65 2 ? gabal n tribute,tax?(A.S.gafol, `rent tax, due').ro boí
rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 .a
lethgabol étaig do brutt no da léinid no inur`half of
clothes for mantle or for shirt or for tunic
,' Ériu i, 220 § 14
and 224 note ( H.3.17, c.854 ).leth-ghabhul diabalta d'íc
70ris(for example, in the relation between a `flaith' and a
`céile' if the fief consisted of stolen property and if the
`flaith' knew, but the `céile' did not know, the latter is
entitled to separate, and the `leth-gabul d.' is to be paid to
him in addition to `eneclann,' apparently a specific fine),
75 O'Don. 2262 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 21c ). See also Laws Gl. s.v.
leth . May be cpd. ofgabál,q.v. sét gabla,a minor chattel,
MacNeill, Law of Status 275, n. 3 . Asétof the lowest value,
contrasted with the normalsét(= asamaisc) and the highest
(clithar-sét=a milch cow or a ploughing ox).aen set gabla
80diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . Defined :sēt gabla ... is e as
laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach
firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 (s.v. clithar sēt).
cach tris sēt sét gabla, samaisc alaili, lulgach nō dam timchill
arathair araile(i.e.the threesétsin rising gradations, of
which the highest is the `clithar-sét' or `king'ssét'),ib.
Same definition, Irisches Recht(Dīre)§ 6 .Cf., however,
5 set gabla .i. samusc ┐ colpthach firenn no cetloegh ┐ colpach
boinen, O'C. 506 ( H.3.18,p. 257 ).brosna do setaib gabla,
Laws i 478.25 Comm. Cf. cuic seoit ..., acht it seoit gabla,
Laws iv 144.32 Comm. Often gl. in Comm. bygablaigid,
q.v. Cf. v 58.16 , 18 ; 388.4 , 14 ; O'C. 618 ( H.3.18,p. 299 ) ;
10 O'C. 1454 ( H.3.18,658a ).gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate
forbuain gablaighthear don fhlaith sech gach duine is isle
inás levy-shares are the taxes of a lord, O'C. 1623 - 4 ( 23 Q 6,
p. 7b ). O'Gr. Cat. 81.6. The earlier examples here may be
attributed togabáland the remainder togabul, so that the
15word is doubtful.