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fer n o,m. n s. fer Sg 190b3 , Wb 10b23 , 11c17 , 22c9 .fear IGT,
Introd. § 151 .v s. fir Wb 10a10 .a s. fer 9d16 ; 31 . 10a3 ; 9 .
fear IGT,Introd. § 75 .g s. fir Wb 13a12 . LU 3453 . 7085
30 IGT,Decl. § 65 .d s. fiur Wb 3c8 . 10b22 . 22c9 . Ml 34d6 .
Sg 66a6 . (in MSS of the Mid. Ir. period often speltfir:
LU 8722 . Hib. Min. 14.472 . PH pass. IGT. Decl. § 65 .
Early Mod.fior IGT,Introd. § 73 . §81 . Keat. iii 2535 . TSh.
pass. )n p. fir Wb 22c10 . IGT,Decl. § 65 .a p. firu Sg 28a6 .
35 LU 7529 .fira YBL 123ay . IGT,Decl. § 65 .fiora IGT,
Introd. § 78 , § 151 . BNnÉ 104.36 . TSh. 7248 .g p. fer
LU 7084 .d p. feraib Wb 12d40 . LU 7524 .fearaib IGT,
Decl. § 65 . (feir n s. Wb 13a6 ,a s. 13a20 ,g p. 22c10 is merely
an odd spelling). (a)aman(as opp. to a woman):gl.
40 mas Sg 156b3 ; gl.vir Ir. Gl. 395 .f. ¤ a uiro , O'Mulc. 519 .
is e in duine cómlan in f. ¤ ┐ in ben PH 5720 .corp na mna
no in fhir 7425 .eter fhir ┐ mnai 564 .iter mnai ┐ firu
2796 .bása mac la maccu; ba fer la firu LU 9336 .in
n-uair ropo thressiu flaithfiru when ale proved stronger than
45men
(acc.for dat.) LL 173a29 ( CRR 13 ).dorochair coíca
láech lais ┐ dorochair f. ¤ cach ḟir dia muntir a man for each
man
(i.e.the same number) TFerbe 675 .regaid f. ¤ dar f. ¤
Sc.MMD § 15 .edhbrais é féin, fioru, macca, mna do Dhia
BNnÉ 292.33 .notmuirfider fein feraib macaib mnaibh,
50 Eriu v 154. 133 .cu ro aīnitis uile feraib maccaib mnaib
PH 6309 . Used of Deity:F. ¤ cotnic brath, MacCarthy 24.16 .
don fhir do cum neam ┐ talma[i]n ZCP vi 87.15 .a Fhir
na ndúl, Dán Dé xxix 30 .
Often taking the place of a pronoun:faith cach f. ¤ dinaib
55feraib hí siu each of these men was a prophet Wb 12d40 .
etarcertar oinfer in chrudsin(gl.unus interpretatur) 13a6 .
is f. ¤ a ddiis one out of two(explaining Lat.uter) Sg 75b7 .
gabaid cach f. ¤ díb rind a claidib ... LU 7089 .da brathair
... f. ¤ díb for Temraig ┐ f. ¤ for Lagnib one of them ... the other
60 TBC 50 .f. ¤ is deichnemor diop eleven of them Fl. Earls 96.24 .
ocht rígh 's ceithre fichid fear eighty-eight kings TD 7.49 .
(b) a husband(opp. toben`wife'): a f. ¤ dligid her lawful
husband
Wb 3c7 .do fiur indligid 3c8 .mad co techt di co
fer`if it comes to her going to a husband' 9d32 .dorat
65Hiruath grád di, intan ba beo a f. ¤ fen PH 832 .tuccastair
a mac fein cuíce d'fir as husband MacCarthy 288.22 .aoighe
mná nach mair a fear TD 11.32 . Possibly in this sense in
poetry folld. by gen. of place-name in addressing a chiefe.g.
a ḟir Eithne TD 1.45 (see note), butcf.end of(c). (c) freq.
70folld. by a gen. of definition or description:Find f. ¤ Umaill
(= Umall's son) Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14.8 (cf. Aenfer Aife,
Ériu i 124 ).co f. ¤ ṅDe the man of God PH 1363 .fir nime
┐ soscela Crist(i.e. churchmen ) Laws iv 210.7 . f. ¤ fine a
tribesman,relative (within a certain degree) ii 282.7 .f. ¤
75fiadhnaisi rígh one entitled to be in the king's presence Acall.
2362 .f. ¤ gualann righ one entitled to sit beside the king 2361 .
f. ¤ leptha ríg aking's bedfellow 7752 .f. ¤ lethlamha rígh
(expl. ofpatric=patricius), CCath. 63 .f. ¤ lāime `per-
petrator' (operator) Laws i 244.1 Comm. With abstr.
80noun:is tú f. ¤ aurbága fil la Ultu LU 8147 ( FB 11 ).f. ¤
comtha acompanion PH 2630 .v s. afirchumtha KM
Miscell. 242 .rem fear cadaigh ┐ cumainn my confederate
and comrade
TBC 3115 St.f. ¤ comlainn cet a match for a
hundred
3883 St.f. ¤ in braith thetraitor PH 5131 .f. ¤
85éicne amanofviolence 7600 .f. ¤ na sáinnte the covetous
man
7727 . Esp.to denote anoccupationorcalling(often in
stereotyped phrases, the pl. being formed byáesorlucht):
f. ¤ tige sáet [ = sét](gl.arcarius) Wb 7c9 .fear aire awatchman
Kirk s.fīs( Eg. Gl. 299 ).f. ¤ altrama afosterer , see Laws ii
184.14 .fear bratuighe astandard-bearer FM vi 2272.4 .
5 Isa. x 18 .f. ¤ cerdda acraftsman RC xxvi 44.2 .f. ¤ dána
apoet CRR 30 .fear dlighidh lawyer Titus iii 13 .f. ¤ eclasa
churchman Laws v 132.4 .f. ¤ fiadaig ahunter Fianaig. 56.31 .
f. ¤ fognama serving-man Laws ii 390z .f. ¤ forcsi spy LU 5404 .
fear friotuil, mînighte`anInterpreter ' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 278 ).
10 f. ¤ grād a man in orders Laws v 132.4 .f. ¤ inaid adeputy;
d'fior ionaid a bprionnsa FM vi 2116.16 .f. ¤ léighinn a
professor , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP iv 234 .
coibnius hi fer léighinn ib.` lector ' AU 1034 , 1040 , 1042 ,
etc. f. ¤ uird rainne dispenser,butler TBC 134 .f. ¤ suic plough-
15man Laws i 194.26 .f. ¤ suirge alover RC xxxii 134 .fer
tecuisc ateacher , one of the six officers of a monastery ZCP
iv 234 .f. ¤ tige ahusbandman,house-holder: fear tighe
(synon.withtúathannach), Kirks.v. criadhaire( Eg. Gl.
111 ).fear an tighe host TD 12.8 .is cóir dona fearaib
20tighe ... a mbeangáin do scathadh husbandmen Corp. Astron.
46.20 . Folld. by vn. phrase:f. ¤ brithe lésboiri acandle-
bearer,acolyte Wb 25d3 .f. ¤ dénma bairgine(gl.pistor)
Sg 184b3 .do fir fert[h]ana na cneidhe the inflicter of the
wound
Laws iii 368.5 .fear a furtochta her deliverer TD
25 1.39 .fear tabhartha an dlighe lawgiver Numb. xxi 18 .
In sense of owner,possessor: ig fir in craind ... ig fir na
mbeach, Laws iv 188 Comm. Cf. Fer baile na gcerd .i.
Maoilre Búrc; Fer baile úi Bharra .i. Séfrún, Caithr.
Thoirdh. i 161 . (d)inpl.folld. by gen. of place,inhabitants:
30 fir betho Ml 16c5 .di feraib Herend nach di feraib betha
BDD 94 .rí fer Fáil LU 2811 .tar cenn fer in betha, Fél.
Ep. 414 .fir domain PH 1074 .fir in airthair ... fir in tuais-
cirt 5381 .f. ¤ in tside men of thesídhe,elves BDD 3 .fir
hÉrenn, Hy ii 52 ,cf. TBC 499 ; 659 .cethra fer nAlban
35 IT i 74.2 .la firu Herend fri firu Alban BDD 106 .fir Ulad
IT i 138.1 .fir Saxan TD 16.2 . Commonly used to form
tribal names (often applied to territory as well as people,
the wordfirbeing inflected),e.g. Fir Bolg,Fir Domnand.
Fir Galeoin,Fir Manach,etc.;Fir Ól n-écmacht. See
40Hog. Onom.s.v. Fir; Rawl. Index. (e) transf. of things
or animals;f. ¤ fidchilli chessman LU 9073 ( FB 82 ).cindas
gontar ind fir ? how are the men taken? (at chess) Ériu
v 32.19 .Of adrinking-horn: f. ¤ uaine, corn do bhí ac Finn
... f. ¤ tuillidh corn Glais, Acall. 151 ; 154 .Of abird: f. ¤
45fann ... focain aird ucht RC v 202.10 .Of afish: cend fir
tuinde(glossedcaput piscis) Hib. Min. 47.19 .Cf. fer tuinn[e]
.i. brattan asalmon O'Dav. 1014 .ceol ... fern-eidin` ivy-
men' (some kind of bird ? seeeidenn) ZCP xiii 8 . Excep-
tionally of animals to denote sex:ar geig on fir torrach
50in banēn, Hy Many 103 vb24 .bainéan ... ┐ dias ḟear a hen-
bird and two cocks
TD 15.26 . Humorously applied to
butter,ib. 37.6 . (f)in gramm.,person: cētfear illda
sumus.i. atamait first person plural Auraic. 307 =ceud-
persa 2675 . (g) With follg. gen. or adj., forming n.pr.
55 e.g. Fer báeth: LU 6024 .i ndegaid Fir Baíth 6025 .voc.
aFirBaith 6023 . As name of a horse, Acall. 271 .F. ¤ bend
(`man of horns' ? See Heldensage 94 ),gen. Firbend TBC
2149 . 2164 .F. caille(`man of the forest,'cf.Lat.Syl-
vanus, Silvaticus) BDD 39 .voc. aFirchaille 110 . ¤ cethar-
60raid:gen. Fircetharraid, Rawl. 144a30 , 162d44 .F. ¤ coctha
(seecocad):gen. Firchoctha, Rawl. 159b35 .F. ¤ corb,
Fianaig. 12.13 .gen. Firchorb, Rawl. 128b33 .d'Fior
corb mac Modha Cuirb FMA.M.4727 .F. ¤ da chrích:
Fer da chrích, Trip. 520. 8 ; 542.30 ; AU 767 . Rawl.
65 146f43 .gen. Firda crich AU 746 . Rawl. 127b45 . Ferdá
liach, Rawl. 149a43 .F. ¤ dét(cf.Lat.Dentatus):do Fir
dét TBC 2147 .F. diad(`man of smoke') TBC² 2215 . TBC
3004 etc. ra Fer ṅdiad 3231 . 3979 .gen. Firdiad LU
6707 . TBC² 2210 . TBC 3217 .voc. aḞirdiad 3111 .F. ¤
70febe. (cf. feb)gen. FirFebe TBC² 159 =Fir aba TBC 393 .
F. ¤ filed(seefili), Rawl. 156b2 .gen. Firḟiled ib. 3 . Lism. L.
p. 342.1 .F. ¤ glan,gen. Firglain, Rawl. 158.40 .F. ¤ gráid:
Fer graidh ri Caisil AU 960 =Fer graidh mac Cléirigh FM
958 ; 959 .Cf. Fer Graid mac Ailgenain(a king of Munster)
75 ZCP xix 94.1 (Synchr.).F. ¤ le(lé): BDD 9 (om.LU)
cf. BDD² p. 73 .F. ¤ lí, Fianaig. 68.28 .gen. Firlí 74.22 .F. ¤
Lugdach(`son of Lugaid' ?):gen. Fir Lugdach, Rawl.
119a23 .F. ¤ mara(`m. of the sea'),gen. silFirmara, Rawl.
130b12 .F. ¤ mór gen. Firmoir RC xvi 135 ( Dinds. 131 ).
80 F. ¤ raith:gen. Firraith, Rawl. 144a31 ;cf. Fir roith 119a26 .
F. ¤ rogain RC xv 421 . BDD 46 .F. ¤ rogein 9 .voc. aFir;
Rogain 66 ( LU 7006 ).gen. Firrogain BDD 79 .F. ¤ taí, Fianaig.
68.27 .gen. Firtái 70.19 .Fir thái 70.26 .F. ¤ Techet:
gen. FirThechet, Rawl. 158.40 . See Rawl. Index . Compds.
85 (1)to denote sex,feris prefixed to the name of an animal
or to a nomen agentis which may be used of both sexes;
rarely with a subst. exclusively masc. in application,
e.g. fermac; (2)with adjectival force =pertaining to a
man or men,intendedfor aman,manly ,etc. fer-amus
amercenary: feramus, Rawl. 113a9 ( ZCP xv 310 ).fer-
5amus no ban-amus` man-servant ' Ériu ii 204.22 . ¤ bol-
cum draughtfor aman: cethri fichit ferbolcumm as much as
eighty men will drink
Aisl. MC 101.7 . ¤ bratán:in fear-
bradan, Hy Many 103vb13 . ¤ chara amale friend CCath.
1137 . ¤ chend aman's head TBC² 1453 . ¤ chland:eitir
10ferchloinn fhinn`the fair children of men' (orof Finn?)
Buile S. 24.17 . ¤ choic aman-cook Arch. iii 241 § 7 . ¤ chol
sodomy Ériu vii 144.16 . ¤ chrécht awound: pl. naferch-
rechta , Fianaig. 94.5 . ¤ chubat, ¤ chumat aman's length:
fercubat fir, Trip.² 2992 .fercumat LU 5858 . See separate
15article below. ? ¤ chur awarrior,champion: fearchur .i.
curaidh no gaisgeadhach feardha, O'Cl. ¤ dál:dá céad
feindidh ferdhála`of manly encounter' Duan. Ḟinn i 90.28 .
¤ dam abull Laws iv 100.21 Comm. ¤ dord:canaid ...
f. do contuli friss LU 6312 ( TBC² 1810 ). ¤ dorn aman's
20 fist Ériu iv 32.3 . As measure:medferdor ceachtar n-ai
YBL 118a40 .tri ferdhuirnn ar airdi three hands in height
Maund. 186 . ¤ druí adruid: n du. dáferdrai RC xliii 24.7 .
¤ ech astallion: in feirech ┐ in baineach, Acall. 256 .
¤ échtus amanly attack Laws i 64.13 (see ZCP xviii 102 ).
25 ¤ fuine bakingorkneadingdone by a man: damna teora
mbairgen ferfuine ┐ a sé do banfuine, Laws ii 176.18 Comm.
cf. iv 116.6 . v 30.23 . ¤ gaiscedach warrior: cona seisser ...
bangaiscedach ┐ cona seisser ... fergaiscedach, Acall. 5128 .
¤ glac aman's hand,grasp: (as measure): cainnel cethri
30ferglac, Cáin Ad. § 2 .ag teora fer-glacc, Aisl. MC 3.14 .
¤ glond amanly exploit ,pl. ferghlonna MR 264.7 . ¤ gním
aman'sact; abrave deed:(of Cú Chulainn :)is áes ingini
macdacht ... ┐ ní thángatár a fergníma beus LU 4851 .ben
cédmuinterais ... ar as i bfeirghniomha gaibhther, Ériu xiii
3531.30 .cf. ara fen fergnima(apparently =gníma a fir),
O'Mulc. 327 ( Ériu xi 217.1 ).tri fergnima Conaild, Fél. 70.35 .
fri coibled fergním LU 10268 ,cf. ZCP iii 235.2 . Hence
adj.fergnímach manly in action: cóic ingena ... bátar
fergnímaig forthriúin, Met. Dinds iii 88 . ¤ gnúis aman's
40 face: nā bānaiter fergnúsi LU 8426 ( FB 29 ). ¤ insce,
¤ innsgne masculine gender: ferinnsci lasin nGaidel .i.
mascul ... lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521 .ainm feirinnsgne
IGT,Introd. § 157 . ¤ lá `aman's day,' a dayluckyfor
men: tri ferlae .i. dardáin, áine, domnach, Triads 217 .
45 ¤ lám aman's arm,hand(as measure): fot ferlama da
crund, CCath. 5604 . ¤ leó alion PH 3439 .ferléo ┐ bainleo
BNnÉ 84.27 . ¤ les(s) a man's thigh(?): feraid fodil di
ferlessaib ar óenathib Ulad strews warriors' limbs(?) LU
6122 ( TBC² p. 61 n. 7 ). ¤ mac amale child: cach f. ¤ aros-
50loice broind a mathar, Laws iii 38.8 .v s. aḟermeic (of a
hound), Acall. 5578 .n p. fermaicc, Fél. Nov. 5 .cf. fear-
mhaic .i. fir neartmhara, O'Cl. ¤ míl amale animal: cach
fermil (.i. cach mil fearda), Laws iii 38.11 . ¤ mug amale
slave: fermogh, Acall. 7222 .noenbar banmhogad ┐ triar
55fermhogad 954 .caoca fermhogh, Buile S. 104.31 . ¤ óclach
awarrior: fertraig feroclaig LU 8400 ( FB 27 ).sliasait
ferócclaich, CCath. 191 .gérsat calma na ferogláigh, Acall.
40 . ¤ thincur thepropertybrought by amanwhenmarrying:
ben for fertincur, fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 .lanamnus
60mná for ferthinucur, 380.23 ( SM Facs. 42b ). See Ir. Law
83 ; 126 . ¤ thraig a man's foot(as measure): fertraig
LU 8400 ( FB 27 ).comla ... i mbatár tri fertraigid dia
tiget LU 1443 ( MU² 915 ).tricha ferrthraiged LL 265b28 ( MU²
508 ).tricha fertraighed ZCP viii 545.30 .se fichit fertraigh
65 RC xliii 80 § 82 . ¤ thraigthech afoot-soldier: ic fosugud
na ferthraigthech, Ériu viii 38.28 . See alsoferbolg,—chú,
—chubat,—chuitred,—doman,—gnia,—scál.