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1 ecna(e) n io,n.laterf., rarelym. nom. ecne
15 Wb 7c15 . 8b3 .æcne 8a10 .écnæ Ml 51b7 .ecnae
O'Mulc. 361 .ecnæ Ml 128d9 .écna SR 7005 (unrimed).
(in, ind)ecna PH 6862.7106 .egna, O'Gr. Cat. 556.18 .
(an)eagna Prov. viii 1 .voc. a ḟírecnai, Hib. Min. 43.4 .
gen. ecni Sg 2a2 . écnai(imláin) SR 7038 . ecnai(eruill)
20 7058 .(in(d))ecnai , Fél. Feb. 9 . PH 6861 . Lat. L. 110.6 .
ecna PH 3961 ,etc. (na h)eagna , TSh. 1847 ,etc. acc.
ecne Wb 8a14 .æccne 2a17 .ecnae Ml 89c5 .ecnai
PH 7103 .egna, Ériu iii 144 § 13 ,etc. dat. æcnu Wb 8a10 .
écnu SR 7001 . 7025 (: frecru).
25 I Wisdom,knowledge,enlightenment , used to render Lat.
sapientia, and frequently of Divine wisdom or of spiritual
knowledge, but also applied tohumanlearning in its widest
sense; ofacquiredknowledge ; rarely intelligence,skill
(see ex. fr. ZCP xi 151 below):philosophos .i. grádhuigh-
30theoir na heagna, Keat. ii 159 .is huad cach n-ecne(gl.
solo sapienti Deo) Wb 7c15 .aní nad comnactar doíni
tria n-ecne( 1 Cor. i 25 ) 8a14 .nad fes cid as maith no
as olc...manidtarti écnae Dæ Ml 51b7 .ind ecna diadai
PH 7106 .hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni(gl.in omni studio)
35 Sg 2a2 .éula i fiussetæcnu(gl.oportet episcopum...esse...
doctorem) Wb 28b23 .multitudo scientiae .i. immad fessa
┐ ecna PH 6237 .nad imradi ecna na crabad na suith,
Ériu vii 138.6 .buith cen æccne(gl.non est intelligens)
Wb 2a17 .tucad roga | do Solum... | da ruc egna
40d'ardrogain Solomon took wisdom as his choice Ériu iii
144 § 13 . PH 3961 . SR 7005 .o rath ecna ┐ fhatsine
PH 3659 . 4490 .tús na heagna omhan Dé(=initium
sapientiae timor Domini) A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 1 .luid do
ḟogluim ecnai cusin uasal-epscop(=sapientiam addiscens),
45 Lat. L. 110.6 . Arch. iii 12.5 .sinnsear la fine, feabta
la flaith, ecna la heclais, Laws iv 372.1 .secht ngraidh
ecna dno docuisin .i. rosai ocus saidh, anruth ocus sruth
do aill, ocus fursaintid,etc. 354.22 .imusfreccrat
gradha ecna ocus eclasa fri gradha file ocus Féne; acht is
50ecna mathair cacha dana dib conid as a bais uile hebhait
356.25 .egna gan fhos | fregra abaid gan eolos`wisdom
without stability
' (of superficial attainments), O'Gr. Cat. 556.
18 .damad derb leis dul go grod | ...ni dingnad egna na
modh | ar egla a dul don shaeghul ZCP vii 301 .go raibhe
55'na ollamh i n-eagna agus i n-eolus, Keat. ii 2059 .ná
meas m'eagna ar m'óige...is sine ná m'aois m'fhoghluim,
Dánfhocail § 114 .éolus...eagna knowledge...knowledge
Prov. xviii 15 .gach uile eagna all wisdom xviii 1 .Cf.
iar seanchaidib na gaedilgi annso anuas.iar senchus in ecna
60imurro so sís, Laws i 34.24 Comm.
Ofaneruditework (?): d'ēis a dhēnta sa dhīola | le
Dia ag deanamh eissīogha | bhur n-egna dobeir gan bhuil
| (a) fir na hegna d'iarroidh`poetry' (acquired knowledge?)
ZCP x 267 § 5 = Measgra D. 179 . pn
65In epithets:sruaim ṅ-ecnai(of St. Sechnall), Fél. Nov.
27 .sruaim ecna uaigh(St. Cainnech), Arch. iii 220.15 .
muir n-eccna(St. Colum C.) ZCP viii 197 § 13 .
In the follg. ex. the meaning is apparently understand-
ing,intelligence>skill: anmanda mōr | co n-ecnu ōg clessa
5combraiss ZCP xi 151 § 39 = Anecd. i 55.8 , see note on
eagnamhandeangnamhin Gadelica i 297 n.1 (cf. ITS
xxiv 149 ).Cf. co n-écnu óg, in ref. to Solomon, SR 7001 . pn
Personified:Ecna mac na trí ṅDea ṅDana, Imm. in da
Th. 139 ( RC xxvi 30 ).Ergna mac Ecnai 138 . see also
10cit. above fr. Laws iv 356 .
IIOf persons,adj wise,enlightened ; assubst. awise man,
philosopher,sage: n s. æcne(gl.sapiens) Wb 9c14 . 8d10 .
mainba æcne lib if I be not wise in your opinion 17c10 .
is and is ecneetis fissid cách, iar n-etarcnu Crist(gl.in quo
15sunt omnes thesauri sapientiae et scientiae) 26d25 .cith sui
cid espoc cith ecna, Ériu vii 138.6 .is angel is ecna
nóeb | cech óen dogní toil ind ríg| IT i 319.13 = LL
284b33 .g s. isnaib inscib...ind aecni words of the sage
Cam. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.25 ).n p. nitatæcnihuili all are
20not wise
Wb 8a17 .act rísam nem bimmi æcnietbimmi
foirbthi uili 12c9 .d p. arnaib huilib geintib écnib(gl.
Graecisopp. tobarbaris) 1b6 .nech di æcnib in domuin
8b4 . Of things:is ecnae ind ord preceuptae se Ml 68c9 .
Compar.:cenn caich...besa ecna who is wiser than he
25 Laws iv 374.4 (see ZCP xiv 369 ).

2 ecna(e) adj manifest,clear,visible: ní ecne dúnn(gl.
per fidem ambulamus et non per speciem; `it is not know-
ledge to us
', Thes., but the meaning seems to beit is not
known
ormanifest, visible, to us) Wb 15c18 .d s. ecnu
30(gl.scitā [figurā]) Ml 129d1 .nir faei i tig as mbi eggna
suillsi tenead immach...┐ i mbi ecnai dammuig visible
YBL 92a50 = BDD 16 . LU 99a33 .is ecna in mír sin
doberat inna mbéolo co teit sech a n-imlind sís BDD 94 .
búi dia domne co narbo hecno don anuim a ḟorcend, Aisl.
35Tund. 97.22 .conadcorastar i ṅgen ṅgaire acht naptar
ecnái a scaim RC xiii 438.12 = LL 288b18 .ecna do thír
ocus muir, Met. Dinds. iv 306.38 .Cf. andath .i. dub,
ut estfri hoile ecnam andath doberar, O'Dav. 52 , which
may be an ex. of thesuperl. ecna .i. follus, O'Dav. 785 ,
40seems from what follows to be a mistake forecnach.

écna n eating,consuming? écna .i. caitheamh; báoi an
giolla ag écna a choda .i. ag caitheamh,etc., O'Cl.

1 ecnach adj(1 ecnae) wise,learned: egnach ó Fherna
(of Maedóc) BNnÉ 252 § 207 v.l.

45 2 ecnach adj o-ā(2 ecnae? quantity of initial uncertain)
clear,visible: is ecnach .i. is follus, H. 3.18.p. 532 . H 4.
22,616 .ecna .i. follusut est┐ ni naisgther side fuirre
co[r] ecnach a mialtar .i. gurub follus`this is not fastened
upon her until her misfosterage is manifest
' O'Dav. 785 .hi
50tig as fa forréil soillsi...┐ imbi ecnach do maig RC xxii 392.
2 ( BDD 16 Eg.).ecnach nem ┐ grian fo gabal sky and sun
were visible between his legs
Ériu iv 138.26 .comtar
ecnáig a thruim ┐ a glainene his liver and...were visible RC
xiv 404.3 ( LL 108a ). TBC² 1943 .ba hécnach doip otā
55sin clogais ┐ ballaidhi na Romha they could see the belfries
and walls
Fl. Earls 168.1 .is follus ┐ is ecnach dona
huile dhaoinibh pictuir ┐ fidhair ghnuissi an Tigerna 214
y .mairidh aniu...go hécnach dona huilibh 200.14 .

écnach: xseeécndach.

60 ? écnacht: n luin ic ecnacht, Ériu vii 411 (v.l. luind
cendach, 197z ), apparently corrupt.

écnad? n co faca fis...co tart Adomnan chuige dia
hécnadh do`toexplain ' Fen. 216.2 .Cf. 2 ecna(e), and
2 ecnaigid.

65 ecnaid adj i wise,learned , assubst. asage,scholar: is
ferr in t-og eccnaidh nā in sen borb anecna=melior est
puer sapiens quam senex stultus Laws iv 378.2 .eter
ecnaidib ┐ anecnaidib, Thurn., Zu Ir. Hss. u. Litt. i 18 .
sean cach ecnaid, Arch. iii 228.82 .banscál ecnaid
5(: frecraib) SR 6961 (=mulier sapiens).ecnaid no drui
3231 .ro tinoiled a dhrúide ┐ a ecnaide PH 378 .
ecnaid cráibthech dot airli, Ériu i 197.10 .fo reir...
anmcharat ecnaid, Cáin Ad. § 34 .saethar ecnada 'na gin,
saethar buirb 'na laim the scholar labors with his mouth,
10the churl with his hand
Arch iii 314.27 .somilis fiad
borbaib, sérb fiad ecnaidib PH 4662 .amal atberait ind
ecnaid 7742 .fria suidib fria ecnadeib SR 3236 . (v p.)a
sruthi uaisle ecnaide PH 19 .don aos eagnoidh ealadhna,
Studies 1919, 440 . Luc. Fid. 390.13 .lasna hecnadaibh
15eolchu, Auraic. 2335 =lasna hegnadu eolcha 47 .in rig-
ecnaid(Solomon) PH 4060 .do Adamnán...do ard-ecnaid
iarthair domain LU 27a31 = FA 3 .Domhnall Ua M.,
aird-eccnaidh Laighean FM ii 1026.4 .
Cf. ind écnaide:etlaide(éttlaide) SR 8181.8389 .
20 Compar.:cona boi remut rig bus ecnaide ┐ bus eolchu
indai PH 3969 .eaccnaide Lism. L. 1088 .conid tre-
bairiu ┐ conid ecnaidiu more prudent and wiser RC xxv 244 .
3.cenn caich...besid n-uaisliu, besid trebaire, besid n-ecnuigiu
each one's chief is...one who is nobler, more prudent, wiser
25than he
Laws ii 278.23 ( ZCP xiv 369 ). Assuperl.:is é
Solam ba hecnaide do doinib domain PH 3953 .do bhí
C. ar na ríoghaibh is eagnaidhe do ghabh Éirinn, Keat. ii
4735 . See2 ecnaide.