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esbach adj o-ā(esbae) I Useless,vain,purposeless:
40 imchomarc (n-)espach an idle question Ml 35c26 .is
gním n-espach`a deed unprofitable' Met. Dinds. iv 16.9
(Dubthir).is esbach in tsuil glan fil at cind-sa gan a
beith...i bhfail fhir, Lism. L. 1334 = Three Hom. 64.22 .
hespach do neoch a thriall useless for any to set out on it
45 TBC 414 .esbach sin that is foolish (to no purpose) Thes.
ii 307.19 ( Hy ii pref .).espach sin that is folly(of the
act of destroying a town) BCC § 77 .ba esbach comrac ris
CRR 55 .mairg na dingne córa friu fobíth is esbach a
n-écoir do dénam LL 234b15 = TTr. 1303 .ní espach linne
50in flaithius Rómhánach do discáiliudh fódaigh nach beith
tarcaisne neich fort-sa, CCath. 636 .
II Idle,unoccupied: espach no deid(gl.otiosus) Ml
35c25 . Esp. in Laws, Comm.n anidler(stander-by,dis-
engaged person
), oft. opposed totorbach profitable worker: Laws
55iii 242.14 , 23 .nocon fuil dethbir [torbaig] no esbaig iii
482. 3 .slainti espaig ┐ etarbaig idlers and unprofitable
workers
iii 166 z ; 224.10 .is iat ata espaigh and, daine
rocotail iar cur in íaraind isin teinidh 190.23 (cf.:is iat
ata torbaigh and, daíne rocotail ria cur in iaraind isin t.,
60 l.21 ).ar na huile esbachuib uile 242.16 .
Cf. is marb Conn... | ┐ Cormac ┐ Art | easbach an mac
is an t-úa, Fianaig. 42.8 , where we should perhaps take the
meaning to be useless,unavailing i.e. their valour no longer
avails
(since they are dead), butcf.follg.
65 III without good,unfortunate(?): espach éc ríg Mugna
LL 32b12 ; 20 = BB 56a29 ; 37 .do thuitset isin cath... |
clanda C.... | is sluagh na P. gerb easbach, Caithr. Cell. 80 .

esbadach,-aidech adj o-ā(esbaid) (a) wanting,lacking,
deficient:in Laws, Comm.:mad esbadach ní do fleid if
5any portion of the feast be deficient
Laws i 126.28 .cen cumad
esbadach acht in aenmad rann fichit dib though but the one
and twentieth part should be deficient in them
iii 362.13 .
aithgin i[n] neich is esbadach`compensation for whatever
is deficient
' 460.27 .in tan as chutrumma sesid...is
10esbadach don chundrud, Cóic Conara 19 § 11 . Withar:
is leth-eneclann is esbadach aire`lost to him' Laws v 164.
9 . Withó:cuitig airm is esbudach uathu iii 510.19 .is
easbadach a leth-eniclann uad v 50.29 ; 34 z ; 164.3 .an
phian easbadhach pain of deprivation TSh. 2044 (con-
15trasted withp. ghníomhach 2025 ). Incomplete,imperfect:
a ní iomlán...a ní easbhadhach, 1 Cor. xiii 10 .sí uime dob
easbhadhach TD 24.7 . (b) defective,deprived,damaged: cia
ro thomail ní don uig easbadhaigh ?(of a partly-eaten egg)
MR 24.21 = FDG 178 v.l. cona terna acht aonchath
20easbadhach`one shattered battalion' FM ii 1098.18 . RC
xviii 173.15 .ba hesbadhach Goill ┐ Gaoidhil`suffered
great losses
' (in battle) FM iii 388.5 . vi 1986 . (c) injured,
disfigured: ó a mbeith ainmheach easbhadhach ML 144.4 .
go rabhadar taoibh ┐ ochta ┐ aighthe ┐ easnach go
25heasbhadhach aca on iomghuin 138.13 . (d) needy,in
want: na druinge bhíos easbadhach=egentium TSh.
4667 .an bocht ┐ an t-easbhuidheach, Ps. xxxv 10 .don
duine chráite ┐ don e. ¤ lxxxii 3 .do scrios an bhoicht...
agus a neasbhuighidh, Prov. xxx 14 . (e)in wider sense
30 lonely,forlorn: ra adlaicsed [an bantrachta] curpu a carad
┐ a cæmceilead ┐ dochuadar...da tigib co cæinteach
easbadach, TTebe 4919 .

1 esbaid,esbud f.(ess+both,buith,vn.of subst.
vb.) lack,loss,deficiency,defect: ogṡlan gin on gin ainim
35gin esbuid ZCP iv 42.4 .cen turbadh ┐ gen espud, Laws i
262.21 .bla easbaidhe; crich incoisce easbaigh talman .i.
fan no seisc...no lathrach seanroda`a defect mark i.e. a
district defined by want of land
i.e. a declivity or a sedgy
place...or track of an old road
' iv 144.7 .is mor for
40n-essbaid im gaes your want of wisdom SR 1245 . 2895 .
fuilledh a n-esbadh supplying their defects(omissions; of the
pagan laws) Laws i 38.19 .do dhealbh Dia...an teagh-sain |
ní fhoil...easbhaidh ann, Dán Dé xxxi 2 .chum easbhuidhe
want, indigence Prov. xxi 5 . xiv 23 . Affliction,injury:
45 doilghius im na [h]esbadhaib sæghalla temporal losses
ZCP iv 384.7 .na huilc ┐ na hesbadha [sic MS] móra sin
aga ndenamh ag na haithechthuathuibh, Ériu v 76.20 .
Fianaig. 70.27 .tar eis áir ┐ esbadha do tabairt ar
Midechaib RC xviii 164.9 .fíor-thairrngire na n-olc ┐ na
50n-easbadh, TSh. 6683 . Especially of lossbydeath, losses
inbattle,slayings: sé mili...esbaid Gréc o Troianaib LL
144a11 .co fintáis a n-esbada oc B. that they might find
out (the number of) their losses
(i.e. their slain) BDD 68 .
ni fes méd a n-esbadha RC xviii 299.12 .re himut a n-
55esfadha, TTebe 3868 .ro adhnaicset clanna N. a n-easbada
buried their slain ZCP xiv 241.14 .Mac M. do écc...
┐ ba moir-easbaidh eside a great loss FM iii 334.5 .tri
hesbada cutruma tucad ar Eirinn...┐ issí seo in
cethramad esbaid... .i. Find, Acall. 5275 . (Med.)
60 scrufuile .i. easbada┐ cnuic bragad`neck defects and neck
lumps
' (of scrofula) O'Gr. Cat. 196.27 .easbadha bragh-
at`scrofula, King's evil' BNnÉ 147.38 (ii 344) .
(accalife)...a cur amal ceirin ar na heasbudhuibh ┐ fóiridh
iad, 23 K 42,327.22 .
65With gen. of thing wanting or missing:secht cēt dēc
cen essbaid n-oenfir...rosmarb C., Rawl. 85b18 = RC xxxvi
262 .esbaid daim na bó loss of ox or cow CRR 4 .
comlantius cecha huilc la hesbaid cech maithiusa FA 20
(LB). PH 3638 . 6167 .essbuid cecha maithiusa 4344 .
5 tre esbhuigh an indḟuartha=propter privationem eventationis
Reg. San.c.iv .esbaidh díleaghtha, TSh. 1574 .o fuair
esbaid a ingine`discovered the loss of his daughter' TTebe 20 .
iomarcaidh no easbaidh sunnartha excess or insufficiency of
definition
IGT,Introd. 2.26 .d(i) e. ¤ for lack of: go
10rachadh cluain, d'easbhaidh ḟear | gan bhuain TD 27.32
d'easbaidh na ngrás, TSh. 7835 .Cf. d'easbaidh gan an
creideamh do bheith aca from the fault that they had not
belief
7835 .ar (for) e. ¤ missing,lost: co mbeth se ar
esbaid tri n-aidhci missing for three nights Laws v 324.11
15Comm. [in lucht] rochuatar for easbaidh o A. who had gone
astray from A.
Aen. 327 .áiremh ar easbuidh a
reckoning with a deficiency
ZCP xiv 232.1 .d(i) ¤ ord(o)
e. lackingto: nech hi pairilís ┐ cos ┐ lamh dia easbaidh ,
lacking (the use of) foot and hand BNnÉ 10.1 .nach
20biadh a mac...da easbaidh would not lose his son FM iii
634.19 .ropo lór in fer marb diar n-esbud, Death-tales
26.2 (as lór aoinfer do esbaidoirn v.l.) = LL 118b27 (in the
v.l. e.seems used asvn.;cf. iongna do ḟuilngeadar... | a n-
eighriocht orra d'easbhoidh TD 24.10 ). i n-e. ¤ (1)
25 missing,lacking,absentfrom: ni bai ní a n-easbaidh acht a
mbeith can gein there was nothing lacking save that they
were without children
ZCP vii 307.20 .ní roibhe ní a n-
esbaidh fer nÉrenn re lind an rígh sin, Ériu iii 150.9 .
ní fuil ní...ina esbaidacht fín, Maund. 159 .gan dul go
30Tír T. | go mbeinn bliadhain 'na heasbaidh a year away
from it
Ir. Monthly 1921, 28 .fuair sí... | gach ní dhá
n-uair 'na heasbhaidh everything she needed TD 15.32 . (2)
inwant: níor dhiúlt sise...neach i n-easbhaidh, Dánta
Gr.² 87.59 . Withar(for) of pers.etc., want,lack: intíí er
35a mbí esbuid na ngrás PH 7754 .nach aithnend in
esbuid indus do beth esbuid uirri ann 7466 .tucsat biad
cuca...┐ ni boi esbaid fair acht slicht a mbeoil amain ann
the food was not diminished Arch. iii 224.34 .má tá
easbhaidh | ar an ndúnadhGF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 .
40 ni bhiadh easbhaidh orm TD 11.2 .ní rabhattar...acht
easbhaidh ar tri céd did not amount to three hundred FM
vi 2316 x . Withd(i):as espuid dia airmitin a loss to his
dignity
Anecd. ii 67.11 . Withó:nad rabi ní bad esbaid
úad FB 4 .a hesbaid uathib its having failed them PH
45 7013 . In:in testa esbuid uaibsi a hEmain have you lost
anything from E.
? ZCP v 501.31 the first prep. completes
the verb. Note the following superficially similar con-
struction, with a different sense:easbhaidh ón toigh ní
theasdá`no privation is wanting there' Dán Dé v 39 .